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L) THE FACTUAL LIST OF NAZIS PROTECTED BY SPAIN

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LAAK, Wilhelm van der. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. Previously in Miranda concentration camp. DOB. Baarn, 22 August, 1914.

LABAN, Ewald. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

LABISCH, Max. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. Previously in Miranda concentration camp. DOB. Bolko, 8 October, 1921.

LABUS, Heinrich Friedrich Otto. Repatriated from Spain in September 10 1946.

LACHER, Alois. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

LACHS, Willi. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

LACKNER, Peter. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

LAESSING, Ernst Rudolf Paul. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 24/12/1901 in Kirchheim/ Teck Würt. Address in Germany, 1946: Markplatz 1, Kirchheim Teck (US zone).

LA GASSE / LAGASSE, Maurice. OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Records 1942 1946 226:

      (German flight of capital and assets in France, Belgium & Spain):" LAGASSE, stockbroker for the Bank of France, who had bought the Chateau Pontchartain (misspelling for Chateau de Pontchartrain), came to Spain in about July 1944. Source considered him to be the best informed of anyone in France on what had occurred regarding gold, jewels and platinum. LAGASSE, who might have worked for the Germans, is said to have become frightened as to what would occur in France and wished to remain in Spain for several months.

      LAGASSE, expert on gold transactions of the Bank of France, has made 20 to 30 visits to Spain and Portugal on questions of exchange. In Portugal treated with the Bank of Espiritu Santo and the other principal bank; was involved in endeavour to obtain from Amsterdam certain French gold, which was, however, seized by the Germans upon their arrival and believed to have been removed to Germany. (LAGASSE is stated also to have been involved in transfer of French gold from Dakar after the armistice to Spain, where the Spanish Government, subjected to pressure from De Gaulle and Vichy, blocked the gold. He is regarded by the French to be a collaborationist.

      LAGASSE is self/made, a bank messenger who rose to large financial and international gold transactions before the war (...). He has reportedly come to Irun with two sons because of fear of personal enemies and because he has property in Spain (...)

      Paul REYNAUD made his personal gold purchases through LAGASSE. He transferred 18,000,000 francs, paper, into gold deposited at Amsterdam, which was seized by the Germans, the vessel Siroco sent to get it being sunk by the Germans on their arrival, at the same time at Amsterdam.

      LAGASSE handled the negotiations above described with Spain to unblock the gold from Dakar which was intended to pay the French diplomats abroad. LAGASSE is the person best informed on gold transactions in the black market in France and also knows the Portuguese and Swiss situations.

      Maurice LAGASSE has been at Madrid and inl’ortted source that he was in contact with GREY of American Embassy, Lisbon. He gave the folliowing account of the gold transaction: The Bank of France had sold to Internatio, LAGASSEs own bank at Lisbon, 700 kilos of gold which was in the Bank of Morocco at Tangier. This was sold with security of 30 million francs of Bank of France share owned by LAGASSE. On Feb. 7th, the State Bank of Morocco advised the ultramarino Bank of Portugal that, in accordance with instruc­tions of the Bank of France, the gold was being deposited to the account of Ultramarino, the banker of the LAGASSE bank, Internatio. Source described the transaction as an official purchase of gold by LAGASSE, to pay on delivery. The gold is still blocked.

      Source stated that LAGASSE had also acted in silver transac­tions for Vichy contrary to German interests, but that LAGASSE had been black-listed for the above gold transactions - obviously being in the allies’ bad graces. LAGASSE had also bought old Hungarian loans for the Germen government.

      LAGASSE as stock broker had his main office at Place de la Madeleine, Paris, and many branches, source termed him as only interested in cash, very clever but not interested in politics»

      LAGASSE had called on the British Commercial Attache at Madrid but apparently without result, he may also know one Monseigneur BOYER-MAS.

     ENGE, EINHARDT and LAGASSE were supposed to be involved with the man who acted as Hermann Goering’s front in the transactions to acquire Suez Canal stock, value 50 million RM (deposited at the Bank of Monaco).

LAGOIS, Martin. Pastor. In Marine Perch file. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. German. DOB. 5/12/1912 in Langendorf Kr. Saltzwedel. In Marine Perch file. In Rome 1938/1940. Then went as a Pastor for Bilbao Bilbao, San Sebastián, Vigo, Zaragoza, Sevilla and Malaga, where he stayed until 1943. Military service as telegraphist in Madrid. Connected with KORTH.

LAMBRACHT, Gustav. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

LAMMAN, Werner. Decorated by FRANCO with the Encomienda Sencilla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (Decreto 29 julio, 1943).

LAMPE, Wilhelm. Oberstleutnant WL. Agent classified II-A in OSS records. Arrived Germany from Spain May 12, 1946. Born in 1908. Address in Germany: Oldenburg, Oldenburg, Hochhauserstrasse 6. Aviation technician employed at the San Pablo airfield, Sevilla.

LAMPRECHT Abwher KO, Spanien, Referat III (secret inks, photos).

LAMPRECHT, Emil Willi Otto. German agent classified B. Listed as B194. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. I-M, KO Spanien, Tangier (named in STUBBS and BUGGE’s report on I-M Spain).Expelled from Tangier to Spain, March 1944.

LAMPRECHT-POSLMANN, Alfred. German agent classified B. Listed as B195. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Address: Basilio Paraiso 9, Madrid. Employed at German Embassy.

LANG, Emilio. Intelligence Agent. Subject was born in Germany but became a Spanish subject a good many years ago (date unknown). He had excellent connections with the Direction General de Seguridad as well as with the Servicio Informationes Militares. In 1940 he and his father-in-law were employed by KO Spain to carry out a mission in defeated France. Subject became KUEHLENTHAL’s assistant and took care of most of the work, including liaison between Referat I and III and the Spanish Intelligence Service. He interviewed and hired agents, briefed and dispatched them on missions, and provided them with the necessary documents and finances for their particular missions. All the agents were required to report their activities to him. Subject was in constant contact with other agencies of Referat I and was often consulted by Referat III-F, where a certain HAUBERT was in charge of agents. Toward the end of 1941 he moved to Bilbao to open an Aust of Referat KUEHLENTHAL, where he could supervise agents more closely. It seems from this time on he did not enjoy KUEHLENTHAL’s confidence. Subject was active during 1944 and it is assumed by AMENDE that: he remained in Spain. AMENDE believes that subject possesses all the information necessary to uncover the activities of the German underground in Spain.

      Subject has connections with the following:

(a) Sr. FINAT, Conde de MAYALDE, Spanish Chief of Police. (Through subject’s father-in-law, who was employed in the Direction General de Seguridad)

(b) German SD and agents. (Through Adolf STEIN, a German school teacher in Madrid)

(c) GENSEROWSKY, an Abwehr agent and member of the German Consulate at Bilbao.

(d) Padre LANGE

(e) KUEHLENTHAL. (For connection with the KO and the SIS).

(f) Spanish government agencies in charge of issuing passports and visas, booking offices securing passage on boats for Abwehr agents, and other maritime services.

(g) Referat I-g for secret codes and inks.

      Working for Bureau FELIPE, Operation COSMOS, Algeciras (named in STUBBS and BUGGE’s report on I-M Spain but with a wrong first name, Fritz).

LANG, Eugen. In US list of hardened nazis for repatriation. Address: Ayala 10, Madrid. Liquidator of German stocks.

LANG, Josef. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

LANG, Georg Helmut. German agent classified A. Listed as A196. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Employed at German Embassy, Madrid. Address: Alameda Maxarrodo 10, 3o , Bilbao.

LANG, Willi / Willi. Agent classified IV-B in OSS records. Manager of German Automobile Club of Spain (N.S.K.K.). Managing director of Lacemo S.A. Born about 1904, Litzmannstadt, Germany. Of Russian origin. In Madrid since 1939. Address: Jose Antonio 15, Madrid and Plaza de Chamberi 10, Madrid,  and San Lorenzo del Escorial (villa).

LANGE, Augustin Clemens or Agustin Maria (Padre LANG / LANGE) . From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 9409: Agent classified III-B in OSS records. Still In Spain in December 19 1946. In files of the Office of Political Affairs, American Embassy, Madrid.

From: U.S. Army. European Command.Intelligence Division, Wartime activities of the German diplomatic and military services during World War II, November 18, 1949:

      "Intelligence Agent. Subject is considered by AMENDE to be a key figure in the Spanish Intelligence Service. He is German by birth, who, although completely given to the church, has not given up his love for and allegiance to Germany. During 1943 and 1944 when the GIS was very active in the Iberian Peninsula, subject was a principal link between the leaders of KO Spain and those Spaniards who were willing to do sabotage and counter intelligence work for the Germans. Subject is known to have last lived in the Pyrenees region where he often travelled from one country to another, keeping in touch with the Basque peasantry whose welfare he had at heart. His pro-Basque attitude and convictions alienated him from more nationalist -minded northern Spaniards. It is believed that he was never sympathetic to the Nazis because their views conflicted with his uncompromising Catholicism. His activities on behalf of the Abwehr are explained as stemming from his love of Germany. He was politically unfriendly to FRANCO. Subject was closely connected with the Basques living on the French and Spanish border, the people there having complete confidence in him as a spiritual leader and helping him with frontier crossings and related

      intelligence activities. AMENDE states that subject was able to maintain liaison with the church in Ireland and does not know whether priests were sent on missions to Ireland by the Abwehr or Spanish Intelligence Service. AMENDE believes that subject’s position as a member of the Missioneros del Sagrado Corazon de Jesus, a member of the order of the Society of Jesus with extensive missions in South America and Central Africa, may have been used to secure assistance for Abwehr agents on missions. Little is known of his influence in Italy other than that he was in contact with his superiors in Rome. Despite subject’s lack of popularity with certain Spanish nationalist groups, he was on excellent terms with the Spanish Intelligence Service and was always kept completely informed about internal and external matters. In addition, subject operated his own private intelligence net, which enabled him to provide the SIS with important information. Both the SIS.and the GIS considered subject’s net of agents to be invaluable, although he was never taken into complete confidence of the Abwehr. AMENDE states that KO Spain never made as full use of subject as mighthave been made. Subject’s whereabouts at present unknown; but it is believed that he is still in Spain and could be easily located. His last known residence was in a boarding school in Bilbao, where he was an instructor for sons of the Spanish nobility. Professor at Colegio de San Agustin of Las Arenas, Bilbao.

LANGE, Johannes. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

LANGE, Willy. German agent classified C. Listed as C197. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Partner and managing director of Lacemo S.A., which is virtually another name for him. Address: Av.Jose Antonio 15, Madrid.

LANGELOTZ, Arthur. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

LANGENBACHER, Alberto / Albert. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. DOB. Sulgen, 10 December, 1901.

LANGENHEIM, Adolf Paul Johannes / Adolfo, alias BOU CHARTA (’scarface’) among Moslems. German agent classified A. Listed as A198. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Listed as B-247 and II Priority List. Agent classified I-B and II-B in OSS records. German Consul in Tetuan. Expelled from Tetuan to Spain February 1945. Ordered to Malaga for internment, March 1945.

      From Spanish Primer of Attache D. P. MEDALIE’s office: Born in Furstenberg, 11 April, 1872 or 12 August, 1872; business man in Tetuan, where he is said to have lived since about 1905; reported in 1941 to be chief of propaganda at the German Consulate. Employee of KO Spanien in Tetuan since at least April 1941, running a number of agents, chiefly natives. Made frequent clandestine trips to French Morocco, after the Allied landings in North Africa in November, 1942, in order to establish and mantain contact with native agents engaged in the creation of border "incidents". Reported in March, 1944 to have established branch headquarters in Xauen (Spanish Morocco), where he frequently met Germans and natives working for the German I.S. Expelled from Spanish Morocco on 6 February, 1945 and went to Madrid, thence about April to Malaga, where he was last reported in June, 1945. Father of Heinrich LANGENHEIM and three other sons, one of whom was killed in Russian front in April 1942, another was probably killed in action, and the fourth, Oskar, was last reported as an agent of Grupe II in France. Scar on right cheek. Speaks fluent Arabic. Passports: (1) No. 23, issued Tetuan, 16 November, 1937 and (2) No. 9/43. Address (1944): Puerta Saida, Tetuan. Tel. 92. June 1945, a new pension, Paseo de Limonar, La Caleta, Malaga.

From a report by American Militare Attache at Tangier:

      LANGENHEIM, Adolf P, known in the Arab wold as BOU CHARTA. German National. Born 12 May 1872 in Furstenberg, Germany. A resident of, and engaged in business in Tetuan for decades, originally having come to Morocco to settle, and owner of considerable colonial real estate and other commercial property and interests therein. Listed on the P.L (Priority List) of the Spanish Zone of Morocco. Speaks Arab fluently, and wielded considerable influence among the local Moslems in this area. Because of a prominent scar on his face, the right cheek, familiarly known as BOU CHARTA (scarface) to the Arabs. Married to Margarita, nee GENTILE (sister of Elena LIKATSCHEFF, Tangier, also on the P.L. of the Tangier zone of Morocco), of Italo-Anglo origin, born November 20, 1888. Of three children, a son Henrich (...) is the most important. Both father and son were actively engaged in propaganda and all possible activities detrimental to the United Nations, and were of grat assistance and a source of invaluable information, atc. to the Germans when they were established diplomatically in Tangier by the invitation of Spanish authorities in 1941. The LANGENHEIM colonial and commercial dinasty, like the similar RENSCHAUSEN dinasty in Larache, Spanish Morocco, were the native twin German pillars upon which rested most of the German intelligence and espionage estructure in Morocco between 1914 and 1944. Granted aircart without return by American section of Allied Control. (Both father and son are dangerous individuals and subject to extreme caution).

      From his CV: From 1896 til 1906 worked as a mining and consulting engineer South America, USA, India. From 1907 to 1909 worked in Tangier as representative and mining engineer of the Union des Mines Marocaines, an international corcern in Paris and in 1910 he worked for Wm. H. Muller & Co, The Hague. Expelled from Tangier in 1914. Returned to Tetuan in 1921. From 1921 till February 1945 his cover firm was Sindicato de Exploracion Minera, a Spanish mining company in Madrid. Property named by LANGENHEIM to Allies: El Kataa el Mers, Rio Martin, Tetuan, Trust company in New Jersey, properties in England, Holland and Germany (Berlin).

From American legation, Tangier, 1 March, 1945

Safehaven Report

Subject: Moroccan art works shop in Madrid

      According to an OSS report dated February 7,1945, classified D3, Brahim WAZZANI, who is a German agent, and his partner KaIed RAISUNI, a relative, of the Pasha of Larache, are reported to have completed their arrangements to establish a Moroccan art works shop in Madrid. (Brahim WAZZANI is still in touch with RICHTER and WIEDEMANN who are also active German agents.)

      The following people are said to have been contracted by WAZZANI and Kaled RAISUNI to work in Madrid:

- Si Mustapha BEN HADJ ABDELKADER BEN LAMINE, about 20 years old. Gold and silversmith.

- Si Ahmed ben Mohamed Dibak SOUSSI, about 20 years old. Gold and silversmith. This Moor was at one time employed as a chaouch at the German Consulate, Tangier.

- Melam Behi SOUSSI about 45 years old. Gold and silversmith.

- Leon SABBAH (Moroccan Jew), about 28 years old. Gold and silversmith.

- Felix Ayad Levy BENCHETON (Moroccan Jew), about 19 years old. Gold and . silversmith.

      Leather workers and weavors and those versed in native arts and crafts are now being recruited, all in all, some 31 man and women will be employed in the enterprise.

      The family of LANGENHEIM, including Adolf LANGENHEIM (P.L.) are old-time Moroccan residents, and are known to the Moors as BOUCHARTA, residing at Tetuan, Spanlsh Morocco. This family is reported to have invested 1,000,000 Spanish Pesetas (approximately $ 50,000) in the Moroccan art Works shop in Madrid. Adolf LANGENHEIM has long been included in the British List of German agents to be expelled from Tangier and Spanish Morocco under the British-Spanish agreement of May 1944. Adolf LANGENHEIM actually left this area on February 6,1945.

      Margaret / Madge GENTILE, daughter of A. G. GENTILE, Secretary of Embassy in the Italian Legation in Tangier, grandaughter of Ion PERDICARIS, American citizen.

LANGENHEIM, Heinrich Cromwell / Enrique. In some documents listed as CROMWELL, Heinrich. German Intelligence in Spain. Agent classified A. Listed as A199. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Ordered to Malaga for internment March 1945. Detained at Camp 76 since February 1946. Repatriated by air from Spain 12 February 1946. Po. No. 0093. Interrogated 2 July 1946. British Reports, but not in London List. Listed as B-1032.

      From: U.S. Army. European Command.Intelligence Division, Wartime activities of the German diplomatic and military services during World War II, November 18, 1949: "Born on 29 August 1908 (24 August 1904 and June 29, 1908 also given) in Tangier, Spanish Morocco. From 1936 to 1937 subject was employed by Bureau VON RIBBENTROP in the Anglo-German relations section. In 1940 he was called for military service and assigned to the Abwehr where he was trained as a radio operator. Subject worked for three months as a wireless operator in Berlin detailed to station Eiserne Hand. Subject was made a member of the German-French Armistace Commission for French North Africa. He served with Abwehr I in North Africa and Spain. Subject was a member of they NSDAP, SA Allgemeine SS, DAF and the NSV (...). Subject released to

Oberaudorf/Inn, Oberbayern.

Law student but never graduated.

Party member since 1933.

In England Propaganda Section of Ribbentrop’s Office: 1936-1937

In I.G. Farbenindustrie, Berlin, as contact with "Official World": 1938-1941.

Representative of Unicolor S.A., I.G. Farben subsidiary in Barcelona

In Marocco from 1941. He was stationed at Sevilla to collect Operational Intelligence from North Africa (e.g., arrivals at Casablanca of Allied Troops and Supplies (1943-1946)

      Married with Jean Elizabeth BECHWITH / BECKWITH, daughter of Brigadier BECHWITH / BECKWITH, english, (The Little House Berwish, Sussex). Her wife and home in Tetuan in 1946. Property in Spain valued 1.000.000 pts. LANGENHEIM gave information about:

BERNHARDT (Sofindus) and his fortune: irregular money withdrawn from Sofindus; mines bought in Spanish Morocco "on which subject Adolf P. LANGENHEIM (father), mining engineer,(...) could give fullest details. A sum of Pesetas 18.000.000 is suposed to have been paid, but mines are said to be worthless, so there must be something behind it".

      Cotton plantations bought for Hisma near Sevilla at high costs, but became failures.

      Wolfram bought at high prices around Sevilla and Southern Portugal.

MARVICK, who was in Barcelona, then in Madrid and, in 1946, of locality unknown. Marvick sold all sort of products to Sofindus in a big way.

      In his MGAX form, Langenheim claimed neither his wife nor himself owned property outside Germany, but the MorrIown Trust Company, New Jersey, hold a trust for his mother Marguerita LANGENHEIM ( nee GENTILE), but his wife owned property in Tangier. His parents also owned a farm and plots of land in Tetuan and a farm in Larache.

LANGENHEIM, Otto. Agent classified II-B in OSS records. W/T operator. Attached to German Embassy, Madrid. Third son of Adolf LANGENHEIM.

LANGER, Erwin. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

LANGNER, Artur W. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. German. DOB. 12/7/1921 in Gross Neudorf Kr. Brieg. Address in Germany, 1946: Sperlhammer, Post Koetzing, Krs. Cham. Niederbayern. (US zone).

LANGNES, Wilhelm. Repatriated by air from Spain to Germany 12 February 1946. Po. No. 0090. Wife Hedwig LANGNES, repatriated on SS Highland Monarch 7 March, 1946.

LANGROOK, August. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

LANGWIESCHE, Wilhelm. Agent classified II-B in OSS records. Meteorological technician. Born about 1900. Vigo.

LANNINGER, Richard. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. Previously in Miranda concentration camp. DOB. Rodalben, 14 June, 1920.

LAPPE, Werner. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. Previously in Miranda concentration camp. DOB. Soest, 9 May, 1923.

LARISCH, Adalbert. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

LASCHEWSKI, Anton. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

LASSEN, Carl Theodor / Carl August. Cover names of DOBLER /DOEBLER, Herbert. See file supra.

LAU, Ewald. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. Previously in Miranda concentration camp. DOB. Kankel, 4 December, 1918.

LAUCHT, Gustav. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

LAUER, Otto. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

LAUFER, Karl. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. German. DOB. 30/10/1923 in in Oberwinkel Krs. Oppeln. Address in Germany, 1946: Bachstr. 89, Ellermosen, Moselland.

LAUMAN, Willy. German agent classified D. Listed as D200. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Address: Sagasta 30, Madrid.

LAUMAYER, Friedrich Wilhelm. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. German. DOB. 27/9/1907 in Ulm Donau. Address in Germany, 1946: Hirschstr. 8, Ulm/ Donau (US zone).

LAUSMANN, Johannes. In Reichs Labour Ministry in Madrid.

LAUTENSCHLAEGER, Hermann. In Marine Perch file. Still in Spain in Serptember 1946. Chief of NSV (NationalsozialIische Volkswohlfahrt) in Spain, offices in Madrid. Connected with Max SEIFERT and LIEBETRAU in concealing funds withdrawn from Banco Germanico.

LAUTERBACHER, Hans. Decorated by FRANCO with the Encomienda Sencilla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (Decreto 29 julio, 1943).

LAUX, Helmut. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941). Prensa Ilustrada.

LAYRET MASANA, Joaquin. German agent classified C. Listed as C201. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Address: Consejo de Ciento 433, Barcelona. Cotton broker.

LAZAR MISSO/ LAZARE, Dr. Joseph Hans. German agent classified A. Listed as A202. Condecorated by FRANCO "Caballero de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas con Encomienda" (BOE, 11 Septiembre de 1940). In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Press Attache. Still in Spain in September 1946. Connected with Apolinar SANCHEZ. LAZAR was considered one of the most dangerous Nazi-leaders in Madrid. He was in posesion of large means and values by:

- His high income of circa 40.000 pts/month.

-He received high payments at the end of the war.

- He received high subsidies for the Spanish press: for instance the newspaper Informaciones.

-He bought a most luxurious building in El Escorial for the director of this newspaper, Victor de la SERNA, etc.

- LAZAR bought in Spain antique furniture and artIic values. All these were highly insured and their value amount to at least 3 or 5 millions pts.

      LAZAR tried to escape the eviction by all kind of manipulations, for instance: he referred to his Turquish nationality due to his Armenian descent. He claimed to be an Austrian. When these excuses failed, he went to a clinic and asked to be operated. He never was extradited from Spain.

      According to MINAMEYER, LAZAR began his career at the time of the Austrian events.

      LAZAR se casó con Elena PETRINO BORKOWSKA, una baronesa de Transilvania. LAZAR había estudiado derecho, y fue a partir de 1915 y 1918 soldado en la Primera Guerra Mundial, más recientemente como primer teniente. A causa de una herida LAZAR se convirtió en un adicto a la morfina. Desde 1920 fue corresponsal de la Neue Freie Presse Viena en Turquía. En julio de 1927, fue corresponsal de la agencia de noticias Alemána en Bucarest. [1] Durante la Guerra Civil Española LAZAR trabajó como corresponsal de la agencia de noticias Transocean, que estaba bajo el Ministerio de Propaganda del Reich alemán bajo Joseph GOEBBELS.

       A 12 03 1938 fue Lazar Balcanes corresponsal del Neue Freie Presse y Agregado de Prensa de la República de Austria en Berlín. En la noche del 12 a 13 03 1938 fue llamado a Viena y fue nombrado Jefe de la Oficina de Prensa. Su única tarea era el 13 de marzo a las 20:00 el texto de la ley para la conexión de leer los corresponsales de la prensa extranjera en Viena. [1] En junio de 1938, Lazar se trasladó a España y se reunió el 5 de 07 1939 en el Servicio de Relaciones Exteriores de Alemánia y se convirtió en agregado de prensa de la embajada Alemána en Madrid, donde se convirtió en la eminencia gris. Como jefe del departamento de prensa de la embajada fue capaz de controlar numerosos periódicos locales, con una tirada de hasta 170.000 ejemplares, que se financiaan mediante Sofindus y en el que hacía propaganda a favor del Imperio Alemán Nazi. El Skoda representante Reinhard SPITZY recordó: Adolf Hitler no confiaba en Lazar, quería que lo sustituyera, pero no pudo. Lazar se instaló como una araña en su red en España. Controló 200 publicaciones comunitarias en toda España. ¿Tendrían su propio periódico le preguntó al sacerdote? Se financia a través de las empresas Alemánas de publicidad, tales como Siemens, Mercedes o Merck, que son pagados por Sofindus.
Lazar 1942 comenzó una campaña de propaganda sofisticada, el plan de El Gran, en la que trabajó con cientos de la Falange y de la Autoridad Postal española en 28 ciudades, la distribución de folletos y un mensaje de Hitler extendió de boca en oreja. Influyó en la opinión pública en la España fascista a favor del Nacional Socialismo alemán del Reich. [2]
Su villa lujosa atrajo no sólo aviones de reconocimiento estadounidenses y británicos, que lo estaban vigilando, pero también alentó la sospecha de winemaker Paul, el representante de la Gestapo en el mensaje.
A partir de 1950, Lazar fue director general de una empresa comercial en Madrid. En 1956 emigró a Brasil y más tarde regresó a Austria.

LECHNER, Herbert. German agent classified D. Listed as D203. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Ex-Portugal. Left Spain 8 April 1945. Whereabouts unknown.

LEDERER, Hilmar. Member NSDAP working for Banco Aleman Trasatlantico.

LEFFLER, Richard. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

LEGEL, Artur. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

LEHMANN, August Johann. In US list of hardened nazis for repatriation. Address: Carrera de San Jerónimo 35, Madrid. Born March 23, 1905. Married; two children in 1946. Employee of Sociedad Anónima Contratos y Obras. Member of NSDAP and fanatic Nazi.

LEHMANN, Erich. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

LEHMANN, Hermann. German agent classified D. Listed as D204. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Formerly at Artola, Marbella.

LEHMANN, Rudolf. Agent classified II-B in OSS records. Chemist. Connected with A.E.G, Geothom, Berlin. Address: Rodriguez Arias, Bilbao.

LEHMAN-RASCHIK, Siegfried (also listed as SIEGFRIED, Lehmann-Raschik). Agent classified II-A in OSS records. Engineer. Manager of A.E.G. Iberica de Electricidad, Bilbao.

LEICHNER, Adam. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

LEIDNER, Josef. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

LEIHERER, Josef. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. Previously in Miranda concentration camp. DOB. Unold, 9 November, 1914.

LEINER / LENZ, alias LENZ. Abwehr in Spain.

LEINHOS, Erich Hans. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 20/2/1903 in Weimar Thür. Address in Germany, 1946: Munchen.

LEISCHING, Wolgang. Agent classified II-A in OSS records. Doctor. Irun.

LEISSNER, Gustav, alias WALDEMAR. Col. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. Honorary attache in German Embassy, Madrid. Director General of Radio Mondial in Lisbon 1940. Address: Serrano, 175, Madrid. Born May 3, 1892, Berlin.

LEISSNER / LEISNER Wilhelm alias Gustav Wilhelm LENZ. German agent classified A. Listed as A205. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Po. No. 0077. Repatriated from Spain by air (dates from January 29 to February 25, 1946). Interrogated between February and May 1946. British Reports. Information about gold received from the Naval Attache, Madrid, Meyer DOEHNER in 1942 or 1943. FRANZBACH (alias PAGO), Head of the Finance Department of the Abwehr, said that this gold was what was left in the Canary Islands and was shipped straight through to Berlin.

      From U.S. Army. European Command. Intelligence Division, Wartime activities of the German diplomatic and military services during World War II: Freg. Kptn. LENZ, CO of KP Spain. Later the entire staff of Referat II was incorporated into the Embassy as a section of KO Spain, Thus LENZ became KRUEGER and BLAUM’s superior. Although matters of II interest were settled with Abwehr II in Berlin, LENZ still influenced II operations, since all general policies had to be approved by him. In February 1945 Leisner was in charge of political matters and acted as liaison with Spanish General Staff. He was directly under Chief of KO Spanien, Kleyenstueber. Connected with AUERBACH, FRENTRUP, KRUEGER, BLAUM.

LEIZ, Adolf. Member NSDAP working for Banco Aleman Trasatlantico.

LEMM, Hans Peter. Agent classified II-A in OSS records. Engineer. Born about 1900.

LENNER, Theodor. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: AEG. Electricien. Address: Ercilla 38, 1o izda., Bilbao. Born Wien, 25 May, 1901. Passport No 566 issued Valparaiso 20.12.1938. Member of DAF.

LENZ, Otto, alias August FINKE. Dr. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941). First consular secretary. SD.

LENZE, Carlos / Carl (father). In US list of hardened nazis for repatriation. Address: Barquillo 29, Madrid. Born November 2, 1882 at Dortmund. Married to Spaniard. Two children in 1946. Owner and operator of stamp shop Centro Filatélico. Subject made frequent trips to Paris during war with apparent blessings of German authorities who facilitated him purchases and transportation. He eventually opened a branch shop in Paris. Strong collaborator of German occupation in France.

      From FBI Memorandum No 180, Series 1944 for all FBI legal Attaches, Re: Flight to Axis Capital to Latin America, dated August 31, 1944:" Information has been received from a reliable source that stamps are being used for the purpose of transferring funds from Europe to Latin America. It has been reported that Carl LENZE, a German resident of Madrid, Spain, is the principal importer od occupied country stamps, specializing in Vichy, France issues. It is known that he makes frequent trips to Paris from Madrid with the apparent consent of the German authorities who facilitates his purchases and transportation. Vichy stamps demand high prices and can be purchased in Spanish and French Morocco and are much sought by stamps collectors. Recently an individual named DEJUGE, employed by the Rabat French Morocco Administration, was jailes by the French police for his implication in the trafficking in Vichy stamps. It has been reliable reported that collections of stamps find their way to Latin America in diplomatic bags and by using couriers aboard Spanish vessels in the South American trade (...)" Signed John Edgar Hoover

LEON, Emil. Cloak of Hans THOMSEN in Spain.

LEONARD, Gustav. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

LEONHARDT, Kurt. Commander Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

LEONHARDT, Theodor. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941). Kassenführer SS.

LEPIORZ / LEPIORCZ, Gerhard Adolf Immanuel, Dr. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. Repatriated on SS Highland Monarch 7 March, 1946. Employed in the Cultural section of the German Embassy, Madrid. Nazi Party member, former lecturer of the Deutsche Akademie in Gijon and Valladolid. Reported to have been employed by the Spanish radio station at Valladolid where he was known for his violent anti-British broadcasts. In 1943 he was called up for military service but returned after a fortnight’s absence and reportedly joined the Abwehr organization. A-319 on Oficial List and III Priority List. Wife: Ingeborg LEPIORZ. DOB. Stuttgart, 23 August, 1912.

LERSNER, Karl von. Commander Engineer. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

LERZER, Karl. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

LESCAT / L’ESCAT / ESCAT CHARLES (CARLOS HIPOLITO SARALEGUI LESCA)

"Antecedentes personales: 

       Charles LESCAT, nace en Buenos Aires el 19 de febrero de 1887. Con posterioridad hace sus estudios en Francia y en 1914 se enrola como voluntario en la guerra. Fue amigo personal de Charles MAURRAS. En las décadas de 1930 y 1940, hasta 1944, LESCAT milita en l´Action Française y preside el Consejo de Administración de la revista Je suis partout., Además es redactor en jefe y cronista de esta publicación. Cuando se produce la Liberación de Paris LESCAT se refugia en Alemania: Ese mismo año viaja a España. En 1946 inmigra primero al Uruguay y luego se establece en la Argentina, desde donde coordina una de las rutas que utilizan los prófugos y fugitivos –en su mayoría franceses y belgas- que buscan refugio en el país. Pierre DAYE es una de las personas que ingresa a la Argentina ayudado por Lescat. (Véase a continuación la documentación de este caso.)

       En mayo de 1947 LESCAT es condenado a muerte por Corte de Justicia de Paris. Muere en la Argentina en 1948.

Acerca de los trámites de extradición de Charles LESCAT:

      El día 26 de septiembre de 1946 la Embajada de Francia pone en conocimiento del Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores que el día 10 de Setiembre de ese año el colaboracionista francés Charles LESCAT se habría embarcado en Barcelona, España, en el barco "Cabo de la Buena Esperanza", con destino a Buenos Aires.

      El 30 de septiembre del mismo año, el Director General de Asuntos Políticos del Ministerio, Pascual LA ROSA, se dirige a la Oficina de Enlace con el Ministerio del Interior y la Policía Federal Argentina para informar que la nota recibida precisa que LESCAT viaja "portador de una considerable suma de oro y piedras preciosas". Como lo indica la documentación que se publica seguidamente , los bultos que le pertenecían no fueron revisados al llegar a puerto.

      El día 20 de Enero de 1947, la República de Francia requirió su arresto y proporcionó su domicilio. [1] Esta solicitud fue girada al Ministerio de Interior que, a su vez, lo giró a la Policía Federal Argentina.

      Según consta en el informe del Director de Investigaciones Alfonso IBARBAORDE, fechado el 25 de Febrero de 1947, se identifica con exactitud al matrimonio y su domicilio. Ibarbaorde también consignó donde se encontraba el matrimonio veraneando, así como la circunstancia de que LESCAT/SARALEGUI era nacional argentino.

      Con posterioridad, el expediente pasó a dictamen de la Asesoría Letrada delMinisterio del Interior, que aconsejó girarlo al Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores; luego quedó sujeto al dictamen de Pascual LA ROSA. Este afirmó el 5 de mayo de 1947 que, atento tratarse de un simple "Pedido de informe", el expediente debía girarse a la Dirección en lo Contencioso-Administrativo del mismo Ministerio. La extradición nunca se concretó el pedido y el expediente fue archivado en el año 1950, dos años después de su muerte.

Documentos de CHARLES LESCAT  (CARLOS HIPOLITO SARALEGUI LESCA)

Fuente: AMREC, D.P. Francia, 1946, Caja 17, Exp. No. 22

Nota  121-R-1946

      Constituido a las 15.00 del día anterior a la fecha en el Desembarcadero de la Dársena Norte, a la llegada del vapor de bandera española Cabo de Buena Esperanza, comprobé que en la lista de pasajeros del mismo figuran Carlos Hipólito SARALEGUI LESCA y su esposa María Emilia LEVRAY, pero, ambos no llegaron en razón de haber desembarcado en el Puerto de Montevideo, según constancias establecidas en la documentación de a bordo.

      A estar a la noticia procedente del citado país, publicada en el diario La Razón de esta Ciudad en su edición de ayer, cuyo recorte me permito acompañar, el nombrado SARALEGUI LESCA, habría sido detenido por las autoridades respectivas de ese país, a solicitud de la Embajada de Francia, siendo de presumir en virtud de ello, que se trataría de la misma persona aludida en la nota de fojas 2, aunque de acuerdo a los términos de ésta, resulta llamarse en cambio, Carlos SARRALEGUI.

     Ambos pasajeros conducían en bodega, un cajón y dos baúles, además de trece bultos en cabina, equipaje que en su totalidad aparece también desembarcado conjuntamente con los pasajeros citados.

      No obstante lo expuesto, he considerado conveniente impartir instrucciones a los Jefes de los Aeródromos Presidente Rivadavia y de Puerto Nuevo, a si como también al del Desembarcadero de la Dársena Sud, a fin de que a la llegada de todo avión o vapor que conduzcan pasajeros desde Montevideo, examinen las listas respectivas para comprobar si viajan cualquiera de las personas indicadas, debiendo en caso afirmativo poner de inmediato el hecho en conocimiento del suscripto, a efectos de ser sometidos a una prolija revisación.

                                                                        3 de octubre de 1946.-

[Rubricado con aclaración de firma]                  Cesar F. TASSI

                                                                INSPECTOR  DE ADUANAS

*******

Fuente: AMREC, D.P. Francia, 1946, Caja 17, Exp. No. 22

                                                                                    Buenos Aires, 20 de Enero de 1947 

Señor Ministro,

      Tengo el honor de solicitar, en nombre de S.E. el señor Ministro de Relaciones Exteriores del gobierno de la república francesa y a título de reciprocidad, el arresto y la extradición de Charles LESCA SARRALEGUI, nacido el 19 de febrero de 1887 en Buenos Aires, poseedor de la doble nacionalidad argentina y francesa, e inculpado de inteligencia con el enemigo, crimen de derecho común previsto a la vez por los artículos 75/5, 76/3 y 84/4 del Código Federal francés y por la jurisprudencia internacional sentada en particular por la sentencia del Tribunal de NUREMBERG del 1ro. de Octubre de 1946.

      Vuestra Excelencia tendrá a bien encontrar adjunto un expediente conteniendo:

1º) La orden de arresto.

2º) La copia fiel de la carta del Ministerio de Justicia, solicitando la intervención del Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores.

3º) La copia fiel de los cargos.

4º) La copia fiel de las leyes francesas motivando los cargos.

En total cinco documentos.

      Charles LESCA, cuya extradición había sido solicitada al Gobierno Uruguayo y concedida por este último, huyó a la Argentina y está domiciliado en casa de una parienta suya, la Señora Juana de SARRALEGUI, Santa Fé 1785, Buenos Aires.

            El Embajador de Francia. "

Beatriz Gurevich, “Prólogo. Etnicidad, ideología y política migratoria”, DAIA, Proyecto Testimonio. Revelaciones de los archivos argentinos sobre la política oficial en la era nazi-fascista, Buenos Aires, Planeta, 1998, pp. 52-53. Véase DAIA, op. cit., tomo II, pp. 15-16, caso Charles L’Escat; AMREC, D.P., Francia, 1946, Caja 17, Exp. Nº 22, Nota 121-R-1946, Buenos Aires, 3 de octubre de 1946; ibid., Buenos Aires, 20 de enero de 1947, cit. en B. Gurevich, op. cit., p. 53. Charles L’Escat nació en Francia y obtuvo la nacionalidad argentina. Fue inculpado de inteligencia con el enemigo, crimen de derecho común previsto por los artículos 75/5, 76/3, 84/4 del Código Federal francés y por la jurisprudencia internacional sentada por el tribunal de Nüremberg el 1º de octubre de 1946. Ibid., p. 71, n. 70. Véase también U. Goñi, op. cit., pp. 259-261, cuyas fuentes son: telegrama A-297 de la embajada norteamericana en Madrid, 8 de mayo de 1945, NARA, RG 59, Box 6748; nota de Messersmith a Washington, 4 de diciembre de 1946, NARA, RG 59, Box 6749; declaración de Hans Sommer, 27 de noviembre de 1946, NARA, RG 59, Box 6749; y su declaración bajo el nombre de Herbert Senner, 31 de julio de 1946, NARA, RG 59, Box 6748; Hoover a Neal, 27 de noviembre de 1946, NARA, RG 59, Box 6749. (Informe Final CEANA, Comisión para el Esclarecimiento de las Actividades del Nazismo en la Republica Argentina)

LESSEL / LESSER / LESSEL SCHONS, Bruno. Bruno. Ex-Portugal. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Agent classified A and I-B and III-B in OSS records. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. DOB. Merzig, 16 April, 1897. Formerly teacher in German school at Valencia. Former German army officer. Wife: Herma LESSEL SEIDEL. Children: Uta and Gerhard. Address: Villa Suecia, calle del Limonar, Malaga and Villa Vallet, Beraun, Irun.

LETTERER, Willi / Wilhelm Georg. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 31/12/1916 in Wörnitz Mittelfranken. Address in Germany, 1946: Woernitz, Mittelfranken, Bayern (US zone).

LEUBE, Hugo. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: Nova, S.A. Employee. Aguirre 1, 4° dcha., Bilbao. Born Pforzheim, 17 Oct. 1903. Passport No. 157 R/131/37 issued Bln. W’dorf 30.4.37. Member of NSDAP and DAF.

LEUGERING, Johann. Kath. Priest Missionary. Arrived Germany from Spain May 12, 1946. Born in 1891. Address in Germany: Muenster, Westfalen, Mozartstrasse 7.

LEUTNER, Walter. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. Listed as B207. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Repatriated from Spain by air (dates from January 29 to February 25, 1946). Po. No. 0078. Born on 10 January 1900 in Schramberg. Subject was an accountant for the Abwehr in Barcelona. He served with the Condor Legion in Spain. Interned at Caldas de Malavella, November 1944. Subject was released to Schramberg, Schwarzwald. Address in Barcelona.

LEVERENZ, Willhelm Th. Martin. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 22/10/1914 in Kirchwerder Hamburg. Address in Germany, 1946: Naumansweg 3, Hamburg (British zone).

LEVETZOW, Werner von. Still In Spain in December 19 1946. In files of the Office of Political Affairs, American Embassy, Madrid.

LEVY, Ernst. In mental institution. Repatriated from Portugal. Interrogated in Camp 76 by G-2 UFSET before 6 March 1946.

LEVY Hermann. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 1/3/1906 in Berlin.

LEWIN-RICHTER, Israel Richard. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: Azucarera Leopoldo, Miranda de Ebro. Cervantes 25 - 3°, Zaragoza, since 1941. Born Berlin 28 March 1902. Passport No. 181/40 issued Bilbao 26.11.40.

LEWINSKI, Werner von. Commander Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

LEY, Paul. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

LEYENER, Arnold. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

LIEBERT, Wilhelm. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

LIEBETRAU, Jolanthe. Interrogated conducted at Camp 77, Ludwigsburg on 12th July 1946. Daughter of the Reichsbahnofficial Otto LIEBETRAU. She went to Spain from Belgium in August 1943. In Belgium she claimed to have worked in the Land-Gruppe office under Landesgruppenleiter SCHOLZE. She was involved in a dubious affair that involved her, SCHOLZE, and KSCHWENDT, hauptamtliche for the Land-Gruppe Office.

      Member of the NSV where she worked as agent and book-keeper. Involved with Hermann LAUTENSCHLAEGER and Max SEIFERT in concealing funds withdrawn from Banco Germanico (1.800.000 pts). Connected with THOMSEN.

LIEBRICH, Peter. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: Socedad Bilbaina de Minerales y Metales. San Agustin 4, Bilbao. Born Kaiserslautern (Saarpfalz), 3 April 1882. Passport No. 51/38 issued Bilbao 15.7.38.

LIECHTENSTEIN / LICHTENSTEIN / LICHENSTEIN , Dr. Erich, Alfred Johannes. Agent classified A and I-B in OSS records. Listed as A208. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Repatriated by air from Spain between 29 January to 25 february 1946. Po. No. 0079. Interned in Camp 76. Interrogated in June 25 1946. He was lawyer and was asked by Dr. NOSKE, Leipzig, to work for KADNER in Madrid. Founded firm Azmarka in Spain with three Spaniards operating patents. Owner of three patents regIered in Spain: (a) chemical preparation for railroad ties. (b) a dentifrice (c) a technical skin preparation. Born August 7, 1904 in Plauen, Germany. Height 5’ 6’’ (168 cm), dark brown hair, brown eyes. Address: in November 1944, Calle Serrano 93, 5th floor Madrid, tel. 54443. Has travelled in U.S., U.K., China and N. Africa. Other address: Duque de Sesto 10B, Madrid and Hotel Lacorzan, Madrid.

LIEGEL, Max. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

LIERSCH, Alois. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

LIESAU ZACHARIAS, Franz alias Francisco LIESAU. Originally listed as B-472 and I, I Priority for repatriation. German. Born Frankfurt / Main January 5, 1908 of a French mother Elena ZACHARIAS and German father, Franz LIESAU. Married Sitta von LETTOW-VORBECK; sons: Francisco, Christian, Corinna. Died in Madrid, 31 December, 1992.

      Representative in Madrid of the German Firm Maschinenbau, A. G. Agent of I Wi Nest Cologne grom at least March 1942 until at least March 1945 (1). Engaged in the purchase of animals from Spanish Morocco, Spanish Guinea and posibly other localities, to be sent to Germany for experimental purposes. This activity was discontinued in March 1945 and Allied investigators thought he might have left Spain in April 1945, possibly having obtained Spanish nationality. Said to have engaged in counter-espionage for the Condor Legion during the Civil War.

      Passport Nº 2381/41 issued Madrid December 16, 1941. Address: (1945, office) Calle de Alcalá 52, Madrid. Tel. 21531.

      Listed in the Madrid phone book as Francisco LIESAU Oficina Técnica, Calle de Alcalá 52, Madrid. Tel. 21531

      LIESAU had two secret German patents in operation. One ZIMMER was involved in the deal and was reportedly a Gestapo agent.

      From a reliable source. May 17, 1945: Subject came to Spain ten years before as a commercial traveler representing German machines companies. He fought on the side of FRANCO during Spanish Civil War, thus earning the friendship of many influential Spaniards. In 1939 he became the owner and head of a large office, Oficina Técnica Francisco Liesau. Subject returned to Germany for military service and was back in Spain in 1944, where he was living wealthily in 1945. He was still German and member of the Nazi Party , but was applying for Spanish citizenship.

      According to another reliable source of B-2 evaluation, August 7, 1945, LIESAU had secured Spanish nationality through the Barcelona courts. He was engineer and technician by profesion and reputedly great scientific ability. In July 30, 1945 he regIered at the Hotel Ritz Barcelona as German, age 37 with German Passport Nº 678/43.

      LIESAU was on the Consolidated List for repatriation to Germany. Affidavit and curriculum by deportee in American Embassy Madrid, dated January 30, 1946.

(1) "The German Embassy reserved five places for return trip to Germany before 21 April ban on travel between Spain and Germany takes effect. These were for subject, FUHR, LUCHT, ZELLER, and SCHADE. According to source, subject will not depart but has gone on a trip without leaving any address." (Files of the Military Attaché, April 17, 1945").

From OSS reports:

1. Dr. Franz LIESAU (also known as Francisco LIESAU) came to Spain about ten years ago as a commercial traveller representing German machine companies. He was in Spain during the Spanish Civil War and fought on the side of the Nation­alists, thus earning the friendship of many influential Spaniards.

2. In 1939 Liesau established the firm of Oficina Tecnica Francisco Liesau, Alcala 52, which at times has represented as many as ninety German machine and machine tool firms, as well as some Swiss concerns. LIESAU transacted business principally with the Ministry of War, Ministry of Air, Ministry of Agriculture, Astilleros de Bilbao, Altos Hornos de Vizcaya, and Siemens.

3. In anticipation of his entrance into the German army, and in order to camouflage his interests, LIESAU in May 1943 transferred title to all of his possessions to the following three Spaniardst Manuel de BOFARULL Y ROMANO, a lawyer; a certain LLOPIS and Jose GARCIA, formerly a poorly-paid mechanic and at present a partner in the company. In May 1944 Dr.

LIESAU re-appeared in Spain and transformed his firm into a Spanish "Sociedad Anonima". Since no German machines were obtainable, he had the models copied and manufactured in Spain, and even expanded his business. He has often said that business was going as well as ever and that he planned to extend his activities to Portugal. After the company was reorganized, its principal business was that of manufacturing machine tools. Aocording to LIESAU -the latest establish­ment he has set up is an Eisengiesserei, or pattern-making and foundry establishment*

5. The following persons constitute the office staff of the Oficina Tecnica

Francisco LIESAU,

Luis CAMARA

Leopoldina PROELL, a German who is the private secretary of Liesau and a veteran employee of the office

Jose GARCIA, a technician, who has been made a partner.

Dolores AGUDO, a Spaniard, who is private secretary and a veteran employee in the office.

MUNOZ a salesman

MOHRING, a German salesclerk who has been with the firm since 1943. He escaped having to do military service because of his Jewish ancestry.

From SSU Report No Q 657 (OSS Records), 26 September 1945

      "All the machinery of the Oficina Técnica Liesau has been secreted at Calle Jordan 11, Madrid, which is a furniture warehouse belonging to a certain Gonzalez, whose central office is situated at Alcala 41.The machinery was transported by trucks owned by Baquera, Kusche y Martin".

      Interrogated by Allied Control Commision about German armaments trade with Spain during war.

Post-activities in Spain:

      El Mundo 13 March 1997:MADRID.- Un presunto agente del espionaje nazi era el presidente de la empresa que suministró al Cesid todos los equipos para la realización de escuchas.

      Franz Liesau Zacharias fue presidente de la empresa Sociedad para Investigaciones y Aplicaciones Industriales (SIAISA) hasta su fallecimiento en diciembre de 1992. Desde entonces la empresa la preside su hijo Christian Liesau Von Lettow y el vicepresidente es su otro hijo Francisco Gerardo. También consta en el registro como administradora la hija del presunto nazi, Corina, y su viuda Sitta Von Lettow Vorbeck.

     El nombre de Franz Liesau Zacharias aparece en una lista de agentes nazis protegidos por el régimen de Franco que figura en el Archivo General del Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores y que fue desvelado recientemente por El País.

    Su ficha señala que era un agente de la Abwehr, el servicio de contraespionaje nazi. Añade que «este hombre se hace llamar doctor. Involucrado en la compra de animales del Marruecos español y de la Guinea española para fines experimentales en Alemania, entre ellos la propagación de horribles enfermedades, como la peste, en los campos de concentración».

      Al acabar la Segunda Guerra Mundial el régimen de Franco le protegió y denegó su entrega a los aliados. Ahora, EL MUNDO dispone de documentación que demuestra que, durante los años 80, mantuvo su relación con los servicios secretos españoles. En concreto, su empresa fue el principal proveedor de equipos de escuchas del Cesid y mantenía magníficas relaciones con el entonces jefe de los servicios secretos españoles, el general Alonso Manglano. En la ficha del presunto agente, elaborada en 1945, consta como domicilio el mismo de la actual sede de la empresa, oficialmente dedicada a «servicios técnicos de precisión». La oficina de la empresa está también en el número 52 de la calle Alcalá de Madrid, en un edificio propiedad de la familia Liesau desde los años 40.

      Este periódico ha tenido acceso a la documentación que demuestra que esta empresa fue proveedora durante años del Cesid y fue la que instaló en 1992 el sofisticado equipo de escuchas con que cuentan los servicios secretos españoles. Así, obran en poder de EL MUNDO las complejas especificaciones técnicas de los equipos instalados. Los documentos llevan el epígrafe «Pliego de prescripciones técnicas para la adquisición de un sistema de supervisión de líneas telefónicas».

      Entre las características técnicas del equipo figura un sistema para duplicar la capacidad de las cintas en las que se graban las escuchas o un sistema automático de búsqueda. En años anteriores y posteriores esta empresa también contrató con el Cesid y con organismos relacionados con la seguridad. Así, en 1994 estuvo a punto de participar en un proyecto multimillonario para la construcción de un gran gabinete de escuchas en la Dirección General de la Guardia Civil. En poder de este periódico obra un estudio denominado «Proyecto de creación de un gabinete central de intervenciones e interceptaciones».

      Este Gabinete iba a instalarse en la sede de la Guardia Civil de Madrid, según el proyecto de la jefatura de Investigación e Información. Finalmente, el plan, que contaba con el visto bueno oficial, fue paralizado por la destitución del entonces director general de la Guardia Civil Luis Roldán.

      Según la declaración anual de operaciones de la empresa del año 95, en ese ejercicio recibió 3.177.240 Pesetas por el mantenimiento de los equipos de escuchas del Cesid.

      También ese año SIAISA recibió 22.137.847 Pesetas del Ministerio de la Presidencia por la instalación de diversos equipos de seguridad. Además, esta empresa es la principal suministradora de equipos de seguridad a otras administraciones públicas y la Ertzaintza y los Mossos d’Esquadra. Igualmente, es la empresa fabricante de los radares móviles de la Guardia Civil.

Las mentiras al juez Baltasar Garzón

      Christian Liesau Von Lettow Vorbeck, hijo del presunto agente nazi y actual presidente de Siaisa, tuvo que declarar ante el juez Baltasar Garzón en 1989. Y según la documentación que ahora obra en poder de EL MUNDO no dijo la verdad.

     Christian Liesau se encontraba la noche del 20 de noviembre de 1989 en el restaurante Basque de la calle Alcalá de Madrid. Mientras cenaba con unos amigos, a escasos metros de la sede de la empresa que entonces presidía su padre, presunto agente nazi, dos individuos dispararon contra varios parlamentarios electos de Herri Batasuna, resultando muerto Josu Muguruza y herido grave Iñaki Esnaola.

      Baltasar Garzón, instructor del sumario, tomó declaración a todos los testigos presenciales del atentado, entre ellos Christian Liesau y sus acompañantes en la cena.

     El empresario declaró entonces que estaba casualmente en el local y que su empresa se dedicaba a fabricar relojes, omitiendo que, en realidad, la sociedad era proveedora de equipos para los servicios secretos españoles y las Fuerzas de Seguridad del Estado, entre otros organismos públicos. En todas las declaraciones de ingresos de la empresa constan cantidades millonarias procedentes de distintos organismos públicos, especialmente del Ministerio del Interior, como la Policía Nacional y la Guardia Civil. FERNANDO GAREA y FERNANDO LAZARO.

LIMMER, Ewald. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

LINARES, Arturo. From Information of OSS, Art Unit, dated 20 August, 1945, Individuals involved in suspicious Art activities, Iberian Peninsula: "Art dealer, reported to have handled looted objects from occupied countries particularly those brought in by volunteers of the Blue Division".

LINAS, Luis. Agent classified II-B in OSS records. Mining engineer. Spanish of German origin. Address: Hotel Roma, Orense.

LINDE, Andre. Col. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. Barcelona.

LINDEMANN, Heinz. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

LINDEN Georg. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: Representative. Zorrozaurre 3, Deusto-Bilbao. Born at Frankfurt/M.-Hoechst on 18 November 1907. Passport No. 113 issued at Frankfurt. Member of DAF and NSV.

LINDENBERG, Gerhard Johann Kaspar. Col. In Marine Perch file. DOB. Lubeck, 15 October, 1895. A-325 on Official List and III Priority List. Deported on SS Haighland Monarch 7 March, 1946. Arrested April 4, 1946. In No 6 CIC (British Civilian Internment Camp) Neuengamme (Hamburg). Former chief of Lufthansa in Madrid. Repatriated on the Highland Monarch. In British Zone at Uetersen (Hamburg) for interrogation. Connected with Wolgang MINAMEYER. Interrogated by OMGUS Finance Division May 25, 1946. After the German defeat he provided to Allies valuable but incomplete information about German and cloaking activities in Spain and supplied names of persons engaged in cloaking activities in Spain.

LINDENBERG was born in Lubeck in 1895. At the time of the defeat of German armies in 1945, he was director for Deutsche Lufthansa A.G. in Spain. He gave information about:

- Lufthansa and its relations with Spanish Iberia.

- Cloak activities:

      Sofindus. LINDENBERG believed a bookeeper for the concern, one Kurt ROHE (still in Spain in May 1946) could have made good a boast of beign able to marshal cloaked assets of the company amounting to Pesetas 80.000.000.

      Eckhardt KRAMER (German Air Attache), Madrid and BERNHARDT, director of Sofindus, had been very busy cloaking German assets since May 1945. According to LINDENBERG, BERNHARDT had been the top man in Spain during war, with more power and influence than the Ambassador. He was a pastmaster at cloaking, with some of his operations running through four or five companies. Concerning Sofindus, subject added that the company dominated German-Spanish arms and munitions traffic and was the controlling factor in the Montana Mining interest in Spain. It had grown out of a base of the Hisma, which had been founded by BERNHARDT. The latter came to Spain from Hamburg as a penniless bankrupt in 1936 or 1937. Intending to go to South America, he was delayed in Spain through a meager acquaintanceship with FRANCO. By one or another intrigue BERNHARDT secured GOERING’s promise of German aid to FRANCO and thus began operations which grew into Sofindus. LINDENBERG said that probably both BERNHARDT and KRAMER were able to evade repatriation through intrigue with officials in the Spanish Foreign Office.

      Sofindus was wholly owned by Germans. It received a percentage of all clearing funds and it was most active in operations involving arms, munitions and in mines through the Montana interests. German Consul in Tetuan LANGENHEIM and BETHKE of the Reichschaftministerium (RWM), were BERNHARDT’s chief collaborators. All transactions in arms were centralized in KRAMER’s office. A Lt. Col. GOLDENBERG and one SEELEG were also important figures in arms traffic.

      Additionals Sofindus connections were: ZIESCHE, German in Spain particularly well informed on cloaking operations; Handelrat ENGE; BECKER; Major BREY, German who worked closely with KRAMER; Johann STURM, representative of the Heinkel aircraft people in Spain; KIECHLE; MOLLET, Dr. VOLLHARDT, technical advisor in the German Embassy, Madrid.

     Spanish collaborators with BERNHARDT and KRAMER were: General ROA, Lt. Col. NUÑEZ (misspelled NUNES); GALLARZA of the Spanish Air Ministry; NAVASQÜÉS (misspelled NAVASQUEZ), Economic expert with Spanish Foreign Office.

     Other safehaven candidates in Spain named by LINDENBERG were:

ALBRECHT, AEG official in Spain, was believed to have had Pesetas 20.000.000 on hand which were intended for German schools. The ownership of these Pesetas had probably been cloaked.

Kurt MEYER-DOEHMER (misspelled OEHMER in some documents), German Naval Attache, also collaborated with KRAMER and BERNHARDT.

LAZAR, German Press Attache in Madrid, had access to millions of Pesetas from German funds which he avowed he would keep for himself, hence he cloaked them.

Dr. LIESAU, technical representative of an office machine company, was also a cloaking artist.

      Information about relations between Lufthansa and Iberia: According to a Statement made by LINDENBERG in Spain, Lufhansa held a participation up to August 1943 of 49%, 25% in compliance with Spanish law and 24% un the names of nominees. The participation was acquired in August 1943 by the Instituto Nacional de Industria, Madrid. On the confidential files of the Berlin Devisenstelle, a letter, dated 22 September, 1939, from Lufthansa, Berlin to Reichminister of air, reveals that Lufthansa owned a Spanish subsidiary, Iberia. Iberia owed large sums to Lufthansa and discharged these obligations in part by making monthly remittances of Pesetas to the German Meterological Station in Madrid.

     Wife, Lilly and two daughters, Lilli and Huberta, repatriated in Highland Monarch.

***

LINKER, Kurt. Repatriated on SS Haighland Monarch 7 March, 1946. Released May 1946. Address in Germany: Erckenerstr 25, Munchen-Gladbach. Worked in German Consulate, San Sebastian. Wife: Mary Elizabeth. DOB. Wiesbaden, 23 November, 1922. E-128 on Official List.

LIPPE, Martin. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

LIPPERHEIDE HENKE, Franz / Francisco. In US list of hardened nazis for repatriation. Address: Norte 8, Valencia; and Via Layetana, Barcelona. Born December 31, 1907 at Neheim. French wife Julia STRACH and two children in 1946. On Proclaimed List. Agent for several German firms. Connected with firm Lipperheide y Guzmán S.A., Bilbao and other Spanish companies. Extreme Nazi and pro-Falange. Believed to have occupied important position in GIS in Spain, to which his economic success is attributed.

      From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: Suministros Industriales. Passport No. 173/42. Member of DAF.

LIPPERHEIDE, Friedrich. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. SS agent classified I-B in OSS records. Listed as B209. Born 1883. Industrialist. Address: San Agustin 3, Bilbao.

LIPPERHEIDE, Fritz. Via Layetana, Sociedad de Minerales y Metales, Gran Via 62, Bilbao. Born Neheim, 9 Nov. 1898. Passport No. 9/41 issued Bilbao 11.1.41. Member of NSDAP, DAF and SS (F.M.).

LIPPERHEIDE HENKE, Josef. In US list of hardened nazis for repatriation. Address: Alameda de Mazarredo 7, Bilbao. On Proclaimed List. Connected with Lipperheide y Guzmán. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: Born Neheim, 1 March 1906. Passport No. 63/40 issued Bilbao 24.4.40. Member of DAF.

LITTERST, Erich Adolf. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 14/5/1917 in Halbmeil Baden. Address in Germany, 1946: Kenzingen bei Freiburg, Breisgau.

LOBER / LOEBER, Hermann. Dr. Justice Counsellor. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

LOCH, Wilhelm. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

LOCHMAN, Ernst. German agent classified B. Listed as B210. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Ex-employee German legation, Tangier. Expelled to Spain, March 1944.

LOEBE, Franz. German formerly employed as technician by the Spanish Government.Listed for departure on SS Marine Marlin, scheduled to leave the Port of Bilbao about Agust 31, 1946.

LOEBELI, Siegfried von. Commander Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

LOEH (fnu). I-M, KO Spanien, Ceuta (named in STUBBS and BUGGE’s report on I-M Spain).

LOEHNERT, Gerhardo. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. San Sebastian.

LOESCH, Heinz Otto. Listed as to be repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. Arrived Septemper. DOB. Lubeck, 21 September, 1904. In his interrogation report mady by OMGUS, 22 September, 1946 he gave information about assets and firms cloaked in Spain.

LOESCHNER, Karl. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. Ex/officer. Been in Polish and Dutch campaigns.

LOETSCH, Rudolf. Member NSDAP working for Banco Aleman Trasatlantico.

LOEWE / LOEBE, Walter J.K.H.. Listed A/329 , I Priority. Repatriated from Madrid by army airtransport on 23 August 1946. Born at Jena, June 25, 1916. In Portugal (1920-1932; 1940-1942), Germany (1942-1944), Spain (1944-1946). HJ (HitlerJunge) 1931-1935. Oberleutenant WH Abwehr Ii in Madrid. Military Secret Police.Connected with MOLDENHAUER, HERZ, DEMBINSKY. Colleague of Emilio MUELLER, of the Gestapo. Description: Tall, blue-eyed, curly haired with left side -part. Married a Frl. WRUNDE (?), born in Lisbon where his father had a business.

      Spanish Primer furnished by Attache D.P. Medalie’s office: First reported at I-i K.O. Portugal in December 1940. Went to Berlin in October 1942. In Warsaw in December 1942. Travelled to Lisbon as a courier in March 1943, returning to Germany in April. Again attempted to go to Lisbon as a courier in March 1943 but was delayed until February 1944 (...) . Granted leave in Lisbon in March 1944 because of the illness of his mother, who lived there (...). Returned to Berlin in April 1944. Seconded to Madrid August 1944 as Referent Ii KOM Spain, and was still so employed in April 1945. Visited Lisbon and Oporto in October 1944 and December 1944. Awarded some decoration in August 1944. Promoted Oberregierungsrat (senior government official) prior to April 1945. Reported in July 1942 to be engaged to the daughter of Obst. von ESEBECK, who was then German Military attache in Lisbon. Height 5’11’’ (180 cm.). Passports: (1) No 28/42 and (2) No 9140/42 issued Berlin February 11, 1945.

LÖFFLER / LOEFFLER, Otto. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: Hotel Inglaterra, Bilbao. Born Musberg a.F.,11 Nov. 1895. Passport No. 98/40 issued Bilbao 28.6.40. Member of DAF.

LOHBECK, Wilhelm. Commander Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

LOHMANN, Hermann. Deportee Madrid-Germany by Army air November 22 1946. Listed as B-266 III priority.

     Spanish Primer from D.P. Medalie’s office: German agent who entered Spain via Irun in May 1944. Closely associated with Major Alexander von BENTHEIM of I Luft Abwehr Amt. Recomended for expulsion in February 1945.

      From British report dated December 28, 1945: LOHMANN and Walter SCHWAEDKE worked for PANHORST (PABHORST by error) in Barcelona

      Information from LOHMANN’s Affidavit, December 1946: He met Walter SCHWAEDKE (import-export), who introduced him to A. BENTHEIM. At the same time he made acquaitance of the partner of SCHWAEDKE, Jonny DECKER, of Paris. He met PANHORST through SCHWAEDKE.

LOHRUM, Walter. Classified III-C in OSS records. Colegio Aleman, Tenerife.

LOHSE. In Marine Perch file.

LOHSE, Edgar. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: Minerales de España: Shipping agent (now with Transportes Marion) . Last known address: Irún. Born Kiel, 31 May 1907. Passport No. 9/10/38 issued Santander 5.4.580 Member of NSDAP and DAF.

LOHSE, Gunther / Günther. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941). Counsellor.

LOLISCHKIES, Wilhelm. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

LÖNING, Erich Heinrich. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 19/9/1922 in Barop Salingen Kr. Hörde. Address in Germany, 1946: Oberbergische Str. 82a, Wuppertal-Unterbarmen (British zone).

LOPEZ, Antonio. From Records of the American Commission for the Protection and Salvage of Artistic and Historic Monuments in War Areas, 1943-1946. Subject File: Menten. (Attachement 2, dated 13 February 1945: Report on looted Works of Art in Spain--MIEDL Case): French, Commissaire special, Hendaye. Connected with OTELET, requested KONINCKX’s release. Now in Ondarreta jail, San Sebastian, arrested after attempt to kidnap Heinrich BAUER in San Sebastian, December 1944. With him in jail are Henri LATSAQUE and Henri BEGUE (BEC?)

LOPEZ MORENO, Militar Spanish agent for Abwehr. General Staff Abt. II (General Records Pertaining to External Assets Investigations, compiled 1948 - 1950, documenting the period 1939 - 1950 Series: Repatriates : Spain - General (June 1946- September 1947)

LOREK / LORECK, Hans. Comdr. Agent classified I-B and II-B in OSS records. Engineer. Assistant Naaval attache, German Embassy, Madrid. Born about 1908. Address: Calle Segre 7, Madrid. Promised but did not appear in November 22 1946.

LOREK, Emil. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. Attached to German Embssy, Madrid. Arrived Spain 1940.

LORENZEN Uwe. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 11/8/1910 in Hamburg. Address in Germany, 1946: Hamburg 13, beim Schlump 52 (British zone).

LORITZ Johann Konstantin. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 14/1/1918 in Schönau bei Lörrach Baden. Address in Germany, 1946: Schönau bei Lörrach Baden (French zone).

LORMES, Hans, alias MIRLO. From CI-CIR/12, 12 January 1946. Headquarters United States Forces European Theater Military Intelligence Service Center. APO 757.Subject: Referat II KO Spanien: Hptm referent for Italy,N Africa, Spain, and Portugal in Mil D, Spring 44- Apr 45. Born 1910 1.75 m, slender, blond hair, pale complexion, blue eyes.

      Career: 1942-Summer 43 with Alst Rome. Summer 43-Spring 44 Chief of Italy and North Africa Referate of Abwehr II. Misc: Married, 2(?) children. Served in Russia until 42

LOSBICHLER, Ludwig. Austrian. GIS agent and art dealer of looted paintings after the war. Gestapo agent classified A. Listed as A211. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. Attached at the German consulate Tangier. Born in Austria about 1898. Interned at Caldas de Malavella, January 1945. Repatriated from Spain by air (dates from January 29 to February 25, 1946). Po. No. 0080. Interrogated between February and May 1946. British Reports. He declared a business in Spanish Morocco in his own name, value 180.000 pts. Address in Barcelona: Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera 642.

      See Eliah Meyer, LUDWIG LOSBICHLER: MARCHANTE DE ARTE Y AGENTE DE LA GESTAPO y LUDWIG LOSBICHLER: MARCHANTE DE ARTE Y AGENTE DE LA GESTAPO (2), a complete study of the work and dealings of this Gestapo agent and art looter and the images of the existing documents in National Archives, Kew and NARA.

LÖSCH, Heinz Otto. German agent. Repatriated from Bilbao. In 1945 posed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

LOTTIER, Pierre. Pierre LOTTIER in collaboration with SCHIFFMANN and Israel van MESSEL (misspelled MOSCEL / MESCEL in some documents) opened the shop where they sold their looting. LOTTIER admitted this before the police: Muebles Manonellas, Avda. Jose Antonio, 521-583, Barcelona. Gestapo agent. From Information of OSS, Art Unit, dated 20 August, 1945, Individuals involved in suspicious Art activities, Iberian Peninsula: "Muebles Manonellas, Avenida de Jose Antonio 521-523, Barcelona. Subject has admitted handling works of art illegally smuggled into Spain. Is owner of antique shop in Barcelona with branches in Nice and elsewhere in France."

LÖW, Gustav. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. Previously in Miranda concentration camp. DOB. Thurn, 23 May, 1919.

LOWE, Hans-Martin. Member NSDAP working for Banco Aleman Trasatlantico.

LUBNITZ / LUEBNITZ. Military treasurer. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

LUBURIĆ, Vjekoslav / Vickoslaw LUBURIZ SOLDO, alias Maks, aka Vicente PEREZ GARCIA, aka Ladislao CERNOSKY SNOVODA aka Wieko LUBARICH aka Maximiliano LUBARICH aka DRINIANIN. Born June 13 / 20, 1913 in Humac, Ljubuški, (Western Herzegovina). Died 1969 in Spain. War criminal. Commander-in-chief of all the NDH (Free State of Croatia) concentration camps, under Ustasha terror. Commander-in-chief of Ustasha Defence Brigades. Commander-in-chief of Križari (Croatian anti-communist guerrilla army). Ante PAVELIC gave him the rank of General.

      Guilty of the following crimes:

1. Gudovac massacre (April, 1941). Murder of 196 civilian Serbs in retaliation for the killing of a Croatian soldier by an unknown person.

1. Veljun massacre. Mass killing of 400 Serbs by members of the Ustaše in the village of Veljun in the Kordun region

2. Second massacre in Glina. 30 July 700–1,200 Serbs were massacred by a group of Ustaše led by Vjekoslav Luburić after being invited to celebrate a mass conversion to Roman Catholicism. 

3. Jasenovac concentration camp. A range between 300.000 to 700.000 immates (Serbian, Jews and Romas) were murdered with the most atrociuos methods: cremation of living immates, gas poisoning, executions with hammers, knifes or saws. Jasenovac has been considered the worst concentration camp in WWII. LUBURIC ordered all and every murder and often he participate in the killing of prisoners.

From Crimes in the Jasenovac Camp. Zagreb 1946, report of the State Commission of Croatia for the Investigation of the Crimes of the Occupation Forces and their Collaborators from 1946. Translated by Sinisa Djuric:

      "The Poglavnik entrusted supreme control over all of Jasenovac’s camps to LUBURIC MAKS. In all of his duties, LUBURIC was responsible only to him.

      Before the war, LUBURIC was a common criminal and had been sentenced to prison for a variety of criminal offenses. From the original police reports found in the files of the Zagreb police, we can see that LUBURIC, by the sentence of 7 September 1929 No. 104.761, was punished with two days in prison for roaming the streets, and by the sentence of the District Court in Mostar of 5 December 1931 No. Kzp. 719/31, with five months hard labor for the embezzlement of 8,305 dinars belonging to the public stock exchange in Mostar. He was arrested again for a second act of embezzlement.

      His real name isn’t MAKS, the nickname he was given by his Ustase colleagues, but Vjekoslav. LUBURIC was a common rambler, despising all honest labor. When PAVELIC left the country, he went after him and refined his brutality in various Ustase camps in Hungary and Italy. PAVELIC so highly appreciated these Ustase abilities that he eventually named him an Ustase general.

      This monster, of an almost dwarf-like height and a face bearing strong traces of infantilism and the characteristics of a criminal, represented the supreme and only authority in the camps.

      LUBURIC came to Jasenovac two or three times per month. He stayed only a few days at a time, but even during that short period he committed so many atrocities that the prisoners were terrified when they would hear that he had “stopped by” Jasenovac.

      Knowing when new transports of prisoners arrived at Jasenovac, he wanted to hear why individual prisoners had been sentenced. He only heard and understood what his hatred, his base passions, and his most bestial instincts dictated.

      His first “reports” were terrible, characterized by his ranting and curses, and followed up by fists, rifle butts, bullets from his revolver and his knife across their throats. He constantly patrolled the camp, looking to discover any violation of “camp discipline,” to catch a prisoner slackening from weakness, old age or illness, to catch a hungry prisoner rummaging through the trash for food or not greeting him with a proper Ustase salute. His eyes would glisten, and a revolver or a knife would go into action.

      On 9 October 1942, LUBURIC arranged for a ceremony in Jasenovac and distributed gold and silver medals to his subordinates, sent to them by PAVELIC as a reward for “merit.”

     At the banquet, LUBURIC, as drunk as the rest, held a speech and according to the testimony of one witness stated, “And thus in one year here in Jasenovac we have slaughtered more people than the Ottoman Empire was able to do during the entire stay of the Turks in Europe.”

(...)

      " Around 15 November (1941), LUBURIC ordered that all prisoners who were physically unable to move to the new camp were to be executed. On that occasion, 600 to 700 prisoners were murdered.

      The same day, LUBURIC ordered another eighty-five prisoners to be killed, because they had dared to appeal to him to improve the quality of the food received by the inmates."

(...)

      "Near the end of the Summer of 1942, LUBURIC noticed the children in the attics of workshops and in the barracks, and he ordered the Ustase to search the whole camp.

      Thus it was discovered that there were over four hundred boys and girls in the camp, ranging from four to fourteen years of age. LUBURIC consulted with his officers and—to the inmates’ surprise—had the children registered and placed in special rooms. He identified several male and female teachers among the inmates, and ordered them to teach the children to read, write and sing. This little “kindergarten” became the sole joy of the inmates in the camp.

      Their happiness didn’t last long. MATKOVIC IVICA, KAPETANOVIC and SLISKOVIC IVAN weren’t satisfied with the results; it seemed to them that the children’s upbringing didn’t emphasize enough the Ustase spirit. Aside from that, they had established that these children were mostly Serbian and Jewish. When LUBURIC returned to Jasenovac, they reported their findings to him. He ordered that they be killed, particularly as they had become a burden to the supply budget."

(...)

      "I remember seeing another incident involving several other prisoners. In December 1944, LUBURIC, MATKOVIC, LJUBO MILOS, STOJCIC and KORDIC amused themselves by knocking down a 19-year old girl, LONCAREVIC MARICA from Plesma. She was nude on the ground, they spread her legs and then crucified her on a table and burned her genitals with cigarettes, they shook off the ashes from their cigarettes. (Witness Duzemlic Milan’s Statement).

      "On a Sunday just before Christmas of 1944, I saw at 11 o’clock about forty naked women and children herded out of the camp to the Granik, where LUBURIC cut their throats and PRPIC cut open their bellies and dumped them into the Sava. (Witness Kosina Franjo’s Statement).

(...)

      "The Ustase realized that the end of their reign of terror was near, so LUBURIC, BOBAN and other “knights” suggested slaughtering everyone who was not a part of the Ustase. Thus the Ustase from October 1944 until the last days of the war committed mass liquidations of all hostile elements.

      Again, transports began to arrive to Jasenovac from unliberated parts of the country. Whole prisons and camps were evacuated and their inmates transferred to Jasenovac. Throughout the Winter of 1944 and ’45 blood flowed from the “Granik” and from Gradina.

      At the end of war LUBURIC he escaped to Hungary, Austria, France and Spain. The Spanish authorities gave him protection and provided him with new identity papers with the name of Vicente PEREZ GARCIA. This protection needed the acquiescence (besides FRANCO’s) of the following ministers: Alberto MARTÍN-ARTAJO (Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores ), Agustín MUÑOZ GRANDES, whose friend was ( Ministerio del Ejercito), Blas PÉREZ GONZÁLEZ (Ministerio de la Gobernacion), and Antonio ITURMENDI BAÑALES (Ministerio de Justicia). In Spain LUBURIC founded in 1955 HNO ( Hrvatski narodni odpor or Croatian National Resistance). The HNO was a terrorist gang, faithful to Ustasha principles, involved in racketeering, murder, extortion, hijacking and bombing. According to Spanish press, LUBURIC lived in Madrid, Bilbao (where he married) and Valencia. He bought a farm Beniganim and in 1957 he went to live to Carcaxent or Carcagente. In Carcagente he opened a printing house named Drina, where he edited the HNO review Drina) and met his subordinates. LUBURIC was murdered 20 April, 1969, by Ilija STANIC.

      Married the Spaniard Isabel HERNAIZ SANTISTEBAN, according some Spanish press).

      They had 4 children Domagoj, known as Dronchi , born in 1954, Drina, born in 1956, Vjekoslav, born in 1957 and Miroslava Maria del Carmen LUBURIC HERNAIZ, known as Mirica or Mirka.

(See also ABC, 23 April, 1969, p. 73, 24 April, 1969, p. 65 and 25 April,1969, p. 75 to read the Goverment’s coverage of this case).

LUCHT. SD Gestapo in Spain.

LUDDEKE / LUEDECKE, Hans. In US list of hardened nazis for repatriation. Address: Montesa 32, Madrid. Married to a native of Uruguay. Two sons in Argentina. Agent for German and Italian firms.

LUDWIG, Franz Karl. Repatriated from Bilbao.

LUEBKE / LUBKE Gerhard Paul Ernst. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 3/12/1909 in Berlin/Mariendorf. Address in Germany, 1946: Ottokarstr. 5a, Berlin-Tempelhof (US zone).

LUIS, Werner. Agent classified III-A in OSS records. Professor. German University professor at German Cultural Institute, Murcia.

LUMB, Guillermo / Wilhelm, alias WILLY. Abwehr agent in Spain. In US list of hardened nazis for repatriation. Address: Ronda de la Universidad 10, Barcelona. Connected with Laboratorios Super, a pharmaceutical factory, which firm was closelly allied with commercial and spionage activities and doing contract work for Schering.

LUMPE, Kurt. Agent classified IV-B in OSS records. Local chief of DAF, Sevilla.

LUNGWITZ, Walter. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

LUTHER, Wilhelm. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: AEG. Engineer. Address: Primo de Rivera 16, pral. izda., Bilbao. Born Kassel, 9 October, 1901. Passport issued Bilbao 23.6.1938. Member of NSDAP and DAF.

LUTZ, Otto Hermann. German agent classified B. Listed as B212. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain.Interned at Caldas de Malavella, November 1944. Repatriated on SS Haighland Monarch 7 March, 1946. B- 272 on Agents’ List. Owned restaurant Lutz in Barcelona and land in Castelldefels, Barcelona, value 100.000 pts. Former german sailor. Reported to have been German I.S. agent in Belgium under cover of employment as restaurant owner. Shortly after the outbreak of the war, was expelled from Belgium and went to Barcelona as agent Ast Stuttgart, under cover of ownership of restaurant Otto Lutz, which was a contact address of the Abwehr. Brought to repatriation center under police escort. DOB. Duermenz, 21 June 1903. Address: Calle Mallorca 196, Barcelona.

LUTZEL / LUETZEL, Hermann. Economic inspector. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

Autor: Eliah Meyer

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Imagen de portada: Rolf Jaeger, consul alemán en Barcelona, en agosto de 1941, en Mollet, inaugurando el monolito en honor a Walter Eckert, miembro de la Legión Condor, muerto en combate.

13/04/2014 05:47. Editado por Gatopardo enlace permanente. ELIAH MEYER

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observador de la ley
y santurrón como buey,
le colgamos un campano.
Si mujer y sufridora,
y nos cuenta su diario,
que alegre su antifonario
y se haga acosadora.
Si tiene cierto interés
por mostrar carné y nombre,
que luego no se asombre
si recibe algún revés.
Bienvenidos los goliardos,
golfos, rebeldes y bordes,
mentes inmisericordes,
por apellido: Bastardos
Y que no nos den la lata
ni meapilas ni legales:
somos los Irregulares,
somos gente de Zapata.

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