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M) THE FACTUAL LIST OF NAZIS PROTECTED BY SPAIN

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MAAS, Wilhelm. In US list of hardened nazis for repatriation. Address: Calle Andrés Bello 6, Madrid. Born November 22, 1901 in Hamburg. Employee of Sofindus mining company. Reported to have been expelled from Peru for Nazi activities.

MAASSEN / MASSEN Johannes Otto. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 26/12/1908 in Lübeck. Address in Germany, 1946: Verlagsanstalt, Hamburg Altona (British zone).

MACKOWIAK, Martin. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MACLEAN SCHELLBACK, Liselotte. German agent classified B. Listed as B214. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Secretary at German consulate, Barcelona. Address: calle del Rosario 6, Barcelona.

MAEDING, Fritz. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850:

      Representative, Gran Via 3-52; dcha. Born at Leipzig on 26 January 1902. Passport No. not given. Member of NS-Reichskriegerbund Kyffhäuser.

MAHR, Adolf. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MAHR, Franz. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MAIER, Alex. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MAIER, Erich. German agent classified C. Listed as C215. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Travels between Germany and Spain allegedly on behalf of Maierform of Bremen, of which he is director.

MAIER, Hans. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850:

      Representative. Lic. Poza 1, 2o Izq., Bilbao. Born at Essen/Ruhr on 23 February 1906. Pass­port No. 14003/38 issued in 1938 at Frankfurt a.M. Member of DAF and NSV.

MAIER Josef. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 28/4/1917 in Baden Baden. Address in Germany, 1946: Friedrichsplatz 2, Mannheim (US zone).

MAIER, Richard Friedrich. Agent classified II-B in OSS records. Engineer. Zumaya.

MAIER, Wilhelm. Repatriated on SS Haighland Monarch 7 March, 1946. Dentist in Ceuta. Reported to have worked closely with German Consular Agent Otto ULRICH. MAIER was German agent. B-275 on Agents’ List and III Priority List. Brought to repatriation center under police escort. DOB. Hagenen, 11 June, 1905.

MAINZ, Oskar. PoW in Germany 1946. Mining Companies.

MAINZER DOLLE, Erich. SD and NSDAP leader in Zaragoza. Married a Spaniard, Maria de los Angeles RUIZ MARTINEZ.

MAKOWSKI, Guenther. Agent classified II-B in OSS records. Technician. Madrid.

MALING / MALLING, Friedrich. Repatriated from Bilbao. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. DOB. Kuestring, 10 November, 1901.

MALLET, Wilhelm / Guillermo F. German agent classified A. Listed as A216. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Representative in Spain of Messerschmitt, Dornier, Fokke-Wulf, Askania, ROHM & HAAS, Argus, M.W.N., Duerener Metallwerke and Oerlikon (Switzerland). Founder of the firm Panama S.A. Interrogated by Allied Control Commision about German armaments trade with Spain during war. Address: Alarcon 7, Madrid.

MALLINKRODT, Hans. Capt. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. Merchant Marine Service.

MALLINKROFT, Guillermo / Wilhelm. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. Born 1892, Anvers, Belgium, naturalized Argentine. Came to Barcelona in 1937.

MALY, Ladislav. German agent classified B. Listed as B217. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Spanish Morocco. Untraceble neither by US or Spaniards.

MALZAHN, Otto. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MANDEL, Hermann. Member NSDAP working for Banco Aleman Trasatlantico.

MANGER, Heinz. SS-Oberfuhrer. SS Polizei Prasident. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

MANNESMAN, Colonel. Fom OSS Secret IntelligenceSpecial Funds Record 9409: Agent classified I-B in Spanish Morocco, Melilla. Thought to be in charge of intelligence for Eastern Morocco.

MANNSBERGER, Josef. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MARBACH, Johann. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MARCHART, Max. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MARCO, Herbert. German agent classified A. Listed as A218. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Business man. Address: calle Madrazo 49, Barcelona.

MARINESSE, Willi. Agent classified II-A in OSS records. Aviation mechanic employed at San Pablo airfield, Sevilla. Born April 12, 1905.

MARQUADT, Max. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MARSCH, Fritz. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MARTENS, Ernest. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MARTIN, (fnu). From Records of the American Commission for the Protection and Salvage of Artistic and Historical Monuments in War Areas (The Roberts Commission), 1943-1946 ,Card File on Art-Looting Suspects, Blank: "German. Member of Gestapo; SD agent. In hiding in Spain. Refuses to return to Germany. Arrived in April with several million Pesetas and intends to remain in Spain until the end of the war. Like SHEPS, cited as example of Gestapo members transferring fortunes to Spain that they made in German-occupied countries recently." (...) SCHMIDT (qv) should be able to furnish information on works of art stolen by subject and SHEPS (qv) in Spain." Inspector of Reich.

MARTIN, Frederic Hubert, alias MERODE, Rudy von, alias MERODO, Rudolf Von, alias MARTIN, Rudolf alias UTOF, Rudy, alias MALTNER, alias de MONTAGU. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Agent of Otto BRANDEL. Classified A. Listed as A226. San Sebastian and Madrid. Probably with French and German papers. May claim French nationality.

From Synthesis of the Organization of the German Special Services and their Activities in France, 1940-1944 (compiled by French CI section and BCRA):

      "Born 28 December I905, Silly-sur-Neid (Moselle). French nationality. Engineer in ministry of Public Works. About 1.70 m; light chestnut hair, slightly wary; grey-blue eyes; fairly stout; slightly bald. Sentenced lo October 1936 by military Tribunal, Strasbourg, to ten years’ imprisonment and 20 years’ residence exclusion, for espionage. Freed by the Germans, appeared in Paris end 1940 working for their services. Cover function seems to have been within the OTTO organization. In reality, in 1943-4 appears as head of agent network tracking down Resistance elements and committing large-scale theft at their expense, in liaison with Section III of Alst or with Gestapo".

      From Wikipedia, Rudy de Merode:" During the debacle of the Battle of France, hundreds of thousands of prisoners roamed the roads of France. On 14 June, at Bar-sur-Aube, a group of prisoners was evacuated from the central prison at Claivaux, including Rudy de Mérode and other spies, who all took advantage of the anarchy to escape and request help from the Germans.

      In July 1940, he returned to Paris and set himself up at German military intelligence’s HQ in the Hôtel Lutetia. Attached to a supply office at 18 rue Pétrarque in Paris as a cover, he spied for the Abwehr alongside another SD agent, the Dutchman Gédéon van Houten (called the baron d’Humières). At first, he gathered intelligence via a team of thiry, under his orders, who he trained himself. Most of them were fugitives from justice, and he used them to gather equipment and buildings. His team requisitioned several apartments and hôtels particuliers under the cover of being French or (more often) German policemen. His speciality was bank convoys, of money gathered from different sources or in the form of gold, jewels, art objects or ingots. In 1941, he set himself up at 70 boulevard Maurice Barrès in Neuilly-sur-Seine, but van Houten and de Mérode separated after a disagreement in 1942. With the aid of the DSK (Devisen Schütz Kommando) he opened bank vaults, buying gold and silver objects from their owners at a debased price or, if they refused to cooperate, having them deported. If the property belonged to Jews, it was entirely confiscated and the Gestapo had the owner imprisoned and often deported. The "gestapo de Neuilly" team confiscated over 4 tonnes of gold, and de Mérode’s network accumulated enormous sums of silver and had over 500 people arrested and deported.

Escape to Spain

      At the start of 1944, the Abwehr charged him with secretly setting up an office in Spain. At first setting himself up in Saint-Jean-de-Luz, in mid 1945 he was initially to be found in San Sebastián before reaching Madrid, where he dubbed himself "the prince de Mérode". In 1953, he was still living in Spain, now 60km north of Madrid in a brick-manufacturer. He was never brought to justice, and the date of his death remains unknown to this day.

      According to Faligot and Crop he betrayed his Gestapo friend Szkolnikoff, who would be executed allegedly by four DGER men in January 1945. See SZKOLNIKOFF card file.

MARTIN, Hans. Born: 1904 1.78m balding dark blond hair robust appearance. German agent classified A. Listed as A219. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Living in Figueras. Cork expert. From Hans SOMMER’s interrogation (see SOMMER, Hans):" SOMMER had arranged another meeting with ESCAT for the coming week, but in the meantime he received a letter from an Abwehr agent, Hans MARTIN, alias Juan MARTIN. He was active in Figueras as a German agent until March 1945, at which time he became the German Red Cross representative. At the end of 1945 he was warned by Spanish friends to go into hiding, because Allies wanted to extradite him. He hid in Barcelona and presumably remained there, since SOMMER was asked to reply to his letter through Antonio RUIZ, Plaza Recomir 6, Barcelona or through a certain KUHN, Letra B, calle Molins Rey Barcelona. In this letter MARTIN informed SOMMER that friends had arrived at his hiding place and that they were all making preparation for a trip to their friend PERON, to start in two months."

MARTIN, Hans Leo. Commander. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

MARTIN, Hanstein. Agent in Spanish Morocco . II-Unclassified in OSS records. Tetuan. Engineer. Born Bielefeld, May 6, 1902.

MARTIN, Hermann. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MARTIN, Josef. Agent classified II-B in OSS records. W/T operator. Born December 13, 1907.

MARTIN-ARTAJO ALVAREZ, Alberto. (Madrid, 1905–1979). Spanish Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1945 to 1957.

MARTINEZ ORTEGA, Jose, Conde de ARGILLO. From Oss records, Washington Office, Special Funds Division Finance, Intelligence: Documents 3401-3450: Cava da San Miguel 6, Madrid.Vice President of Sierra de Gredos, Cia. Minera, and of Áralar, S.A, Subject is an important Spanish financier and it is probable that his name will be used as the owner of a considerable portion of Sofindus mineral properties. See Oss records, Washington Office, Special Funds Division Finance, Intelligence: Documents 3551-3600 about is role as dummy shareholder in Sofindus and its dubious transactions with Somar and Fluoruros.

MARTINI, Willi Albert. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 5/7/1917 in Königsberg. Address in Germany, 1946: In US zone.

MARX, Maximilian. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MASS, Albrecht Friedrich. German agent classified B. Listed as B213. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Employed at W/T station Ifni.

MASSA, Karl. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: La Cadena 43, Asua, Bilbao. Born Stuttgart-Zuffenhausen (Wurttenberg), 10.5.1888. Passport No. 1/36 issued Bilbao 8.1.36.

MATTHAEUS / MATTHAUS, Georg. Counsellor. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

MATTHAUSS, Hans. In US list of hardened nazis for repatriation. Address: Barcelona. Formerly acting chief of Sofindus at Hendaye. Reported as active Gestapo agent in Spain and Portugal and investigating possibilities of investment of German capital in Spain. Subject assisted persons who escaped from France since Allied invasion.

MATTHIES, Alexander. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: Laminadora y Trefiladora S.A. Lic. Poza 61 pral izq., Bilbao. Born Osterode (Harz), 9 March 1895. Passport No. 59/39 issued Bilbao 21.4.39. Member of DAF.

MATTHIES, Heinrich Aug. Erich . Agent classified II-A in OSS records. Technician employed at San Pablo airfield, Sevilla. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 29/7/1910 in Hamburg. Address in Germany, 1946: Kaiser Friedrich Ufer 12, Hamburg (British zone). Address in Spain: Hotel Marquez, Sevilla.

MATTI, Rudolf. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MATZ, Werner. Dr . Head of the German Institute in Rennes, 1942-44. Formerly head of the German Institute in Barcelona. In ALIU List Of Red Flag Names

MAUER, Heinrich. German agent classified B. Listed as B220. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Employed by Lufthansa. Address: calle Wagner 4, Las Palmas.

MAUR, Heinrich / Enrique. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. DOB. Sayn, 25 January, 1893. A-750.

MAURER, Georg. In US list of hardened nazis for repatriation. Address: Exposición 8, Sevilla. Born February 18, 1889 at Schmiechen. Director of Sevilla branch of Banco Alemán Trasatlántico. Member of NSDAP and informant for party on economic intelligence matters.

MAURER, Karl. Commander Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

MAURER, Henri. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. Officer. Madrid

MAUS, alias RATON. Kpt. I-M, KO Spanien, Algeciras (named in STUBBS and BUGGE’s report on I-M Spain). Returned to Germany in 1943.

MAUS BAAS, Lothar. Diamond smuggler. In Diamant Kontor Gmbh file. Daughters Carlota and Cristina (married with Luis Mills and Horst Braun). Had property in Colmenar Viejo, Madrid. He died in Madrid January 14, 1988. (Obituary in ABC, 17 January 1988).

MAUS, Paul. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MAUS, Wilhelm. Dr. Commander Physician. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

MAWICK / MAWICK-SHIEFF, Franz / Francisco. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. Listed B221. Owner of a shop, La Tannerie. Born July 12, 1881 in Kleve, Germany. Was in Spanish Morocco, Tetuan. Delegate of German Commercial Services in Spanish Morocco. Formerly in Barcelona. Partner with LUPO of Mawick, Lupo, C.L in Tetuan. B/282 on repatriation lists.

MAY, Gerhard. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941). Nazi leader in Yugoslavia.

MAYER (alias) With SCHULZE in SD Tangier, 1943-1945. 1.75m, slender, blond hair blue eyes. Deported from South America (perhaps Colombia). Speaks Spanish.

MAYER, Felix. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941). Counsellor. NSDAP jurist.

MAYER, Georg. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MAYER, Johanna. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: I.G. Farbenindustrie A.G. Secretary. Unicolor. Address: Aguirre 9, Bilbao. Born Landau/ Pfalz, 12 December, 1918. Passport No 83/43 issued Ludwigshafen 7.8.1943. Member of DAF.

MAYER, Wilhelm. Ex-Ceuta. German agent classified B. Listed as B222. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Interned at Caldas de Malavella in February 1945. Dentist.

MAYR, Anselm. Agent classified II-A in OSS records. In US list of hardened nazis for repatriation. Address: Hotel Capitol, Madrid. Born February 18, 1895 in Kempten, Bavaria. Wife and two children in Germany in 1946. Associated with Dornier Werke of Friedrichshaven. Went to Spain in 1944 to arrange sale of planes to Casa de Cádiz. Recommended for priority repatriation because of connection with armaments trade. Interrogated by Allied Control Commision about German armaments trade with Spain during war. Engineer. Employed as technician at the San Pablo airfield, Sevilla.

MAYWALD, Martin. Major. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. Businessmanager of dressmaking firm Salon de Modas. Born September 30, 1908 in Lepzig. Address: Hermosilla 12 and Serrano 95, Madrid.

MAZITSCHEK, Franz. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MEFFERT, Walter. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MEHL, Leonard / Lonhard KRENKLER / KREUKLER. Agent classified III-A also IV-B in OSS records. Director of German School, Andalucia. Address: Brasil 13, Andalucia (sic).

MEHLAN, Hans. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. Previously in Miranda concentration camp. DOB. Berlin, 3 December, 1913.

MEHLHORN, Albin. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MEHLIN, Fritz. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 28/2/1918 in Weil am Rhein.

MEHNE, Alfred. In Reichs Labour Ministry, Madrid. After the war he was living with EBERSPAECHER and LAUSMANN in General Goded 11, Madrid.

MEHWALD, Friedrich. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MEIER, Bernhard. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. Previously in Miranda concentration camp. DOB. Oberhausen, 11 August, 1904.

MEIER, Hermann. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MEIER, Robert. Military treasurer. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

MEILI. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. Commandant of Aviation. La Coruña.

MEINEKE, Heinz. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850:Minerales de España: Shipper. Barroeta Aldamar 3-2, Bilbao. Born Singapore (Straits Settlements), 27 Jan. 1914. Passport issued Bremen. Member of DAF and formerly Marine SA (1933-34).

MEINEL, Alfred. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MEINERT, Wilhelm. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MEINKE, Hans Hermann Rudolf. Repatriated from Spain by air (dates from January 29 to February 25, 1946). Po. No. 0769. Interrogated between February and May 1946. British Reports. Went in 1926 to Spain for Robert M. SLOMANN Jnr. of Hamburg. From April 1937 to March 1939 worked for Hisma, then weent to Morocco for Sofindus as procurI in the Bergwerk Companhia Minera Mauretania S. A. August 1942 went to Irun with Transportes Marianne. Went to Portbou, Tetuan and Valencia also for Sofindus.

MEINKEL, Hans. German agent classified B. Listed as B223. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Interned at Caldas de Malavella in March 1945.

MEISEL / MEISL, Johann. Agent classified II-B in OSS records. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. DOB. Munchen, 26 November (or January 26 in OSS records), 1916. A-866. Technician at San Pablo airfield, Sevilla. Address> Los Espartales, Sevilla.

MEISEL, Richard. Member NSDAP working for Banco Aleman Trasatlantico.

MEISSNER, Kurt. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: Sofindus (1943). Hormaeche 5, Neguri (Bilbao). Born Essen, 6 Jan., 1905. Passport No. S220/38 issued Sevilla 15.12.38. Member of DAF.

MEISSNER, Paul. Agent classified II-B in OSS records. Technician representative of Hungarian Wool Trust. Representative of Staudt & Co. Madrid.

MEISSNER, Rudolf. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MEIXNER, Georg Friedrich. German agent classified B. Listed as B224. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Expelled from Tangier to Spain March 1944. I-M, KO Spanien, Tangier (named in STUBBS and BUGGE’s report on I-M Spain).

MEIXNER, Johannes. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MELCHERT, Walter. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941). Reichbank counsellor.

MEMMEL, Karl Helmut. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. Assistant to German Naval Attache, German Embassy, Madrid. Born about 1920 in Saal, Germany.

MENGEL, Richard. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. Previously in Miranda concentration camp. DOB. Munchen, 14 May, 1928.

MENGEL, Willy. German agent classified C. Listed as B225. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Agent for Deutsche Gold und Silber Scheideanstalt, Frankfurt a/Main. Address: Plaza del Caudillo 7, Valencia.

MENSE. (fnu). I-M, KO Spanien, Ceuta (named in STUBBS and BUGGE’s report on I-M Spain).

MENSE, Klemens. Agent classified II-B in OSS records. W/T technician. Commercial agent. Madrid.

MENZELL, Alfred. Lt. Comdr. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. Assistant to German Naval Attache, German Embassy, Madrid. Address: Calle Cuesta 15, Madrid. Decorated by FRANCO with the Encomienda Sencilla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (Decreto29 julio, 1943).

MERCK, Karl Ernst von. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Gestapo agent. Address: Serrano 51 and Lista 72, Madrid.

MERKEN, Ernst. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941). Essener National Zeitung.

MERLIN, Fritz. DOB. 28/2/1918. Address in Germany, 1946: Degerfelden bei Rheinfelden, Baden (French zone).

MERODE, Rudolf von. See MARTIN, Frederic Hubert.

MERTES, Philipp. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MERTENS. Fw. I-M, KO Spanien, Tangier (named in STUBBS and BUGGE’s report on I-M Spain).

MERTZ, Walter Adolf Arthur. Repatriated from Spain by air (dates from January 29 to February 25, 1946). Po. No. 0094. Of Harms & Mertz, Hamburg, founded in Madrid in January 1946 a company Mermarex.

MESA, Hannibal de. From Hans SOMMER’s CI interrogation: Cuban. GIS Agent in Spain

      Present Address: Unknown. Born: 1886 1.68m oval face, gray hair.

      Career: Feared internment because of Cuba’s entry into the war and offered his services through REUTER to Amt VI of the RSHA; sent to Spain where he proved a failure.

MESSEL , Israel Van (misspelled MOSCEL / MESCEL in some documents) alias METSCH, Israel Van. Address: 155, Calle Muntaner, Barcelona (street wrongly located in France in some documents); Hotel Ritz, Barcelona. Subject collaborated with Erich SCHIFFMANN. Subject along with ARNUS DE FERRER FELIN, LOTTIER AND SCHIFFMANN operated L’Inter-Commercial Francais, whose business was to buy cars in France for resale to Germans. Partner in smuggling activities related to Muebles Manonellas. Suspect enemy agent.

MESSER, Eberhard. Lt. Comdr. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. Attached to German German Embassy, Madrid.

MESSERSCHMIDT, Prof. Agent classified III-A in OSS records. Professor. Sevilla.

MESSERSCHMIDT, Eberhard. Abwehr. Former parter of Hans F. STURM and Assistant Naval Attache, German Embassy, Madrid, from 1 September 1939 to 8 May 1945. Interrogated by Allied Control Commision about German armaments trade with Spain during war. Assistant of Kurt MEYER-DOEHNER. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. Address: Serrano 59, Madrid.

MESSNER, Christian Otto / Christian Michel. German agent in Bilbao. B-287 on Agents’ List and I Priority List and III Priority List. DOB. Nurember, 6 June, 1885. Passport lo. 3/38 issued Bilbao 29.8.38. Address: Calle Aguirre 16 - 4o In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain . Agent classified A and I-B in OSS records. Listed A227. Repatriated from Spain on the Highland Monarch. Brought to repatriation center under police escort.

      Manager in Bilbao with Depositos de Carbones de Tenerife. As far as he knew only 25% of the capital is in German hands, and that is owned by Deutsches Kohlendepot Hamburg. MESSNER had an account with the Rotterdamsche Bank Vereeniging.Arrested May 10, 1946. In No 6 CIC Neuengamme. Internee No. 609521

      Report of Interrogation by External Assets Branch, Finance Division, OMGUS. 29 May 1946:

      "MESSNER was born 6 June 1885 at Nuremburg. He stated that although retaining German citizenship, he has resided outside of Germany for 40 years. He left Germany in 1907, spent five years in France, and lived in Spain for the last 35 years. In reply to the ques­tion as to why he had been repatriated, MESSNER stated that he had become a Free Mason in 1926; in 1943 a Spanish law was promulgated which would sentence all Free Masons to a prison term of 12 years. MESSNER claims that he was put on probation and the sentence commuted to expulsion from Spain. He added that he had been re­quired to report his whereabouts to the police every two weeks. The subject was arrested perfunctorily in 1945 by the Spanish police, taken from his sickbed in Bilbao on a few hours notice to Madrid and held for re­patriation.

      According to the interrogatee, at the time of his arrest in I945 his salary was stopped and, with the ex­ception of some furniture owned by his wife, he has no property in Spain. MESSNER’s declaration on MGAX (1) form included Pesetas 3.000 and Portuguese escudos 1,020 in currency surrendered to the officials at the Neuengamme internment camp, and a cash balance of Netherlands Guilders 650 on deposit in the Rotterdamsche Bankveereningung. He also declared the ownership of a mortgage, (Hypotheken Pfandbriel), valued at Hfls. 1,000, said to have been bought through and held by the same bank.

      In 1925 MESSNER bought equipment for Deposito de Carbones de Tenerife, Madrid, valued at approximately Pesetas 60,000. He said that the equipment consisted principally.of a truck, a tugboat and lighters, which equipment constituted the coal import and shipping agency Deposito de Carbones de Tenerife, Bilbao, of which MESSNER became manager, He stated that the main office of the company is in Madrid, and was of the opinion that the capital of the Spanish company is Pesetas 1,000,000. To the best of RESSNER’s knowledge, Christoph JANSEN is general manager; the Board of Directors consisted of Don Luis DIAZ PINEDO, chairman, and Srs. LAVINA, BALACIOS and Emiliano BARDO. MESSNER denied the allegation that the company is 100% German owned (alleged to have been owned as to 50% by the Deutsches Kohlen Depotf Hamburgf and as to 50% by John T. Essberger and Company, Hamburg). He was of the belief that the Madrid company was owned as to 75% by Spanish interest, and as to 25% by German. He admitted to the probability that the Deutsches Kohlen Depot had an interest in the Madrid company. The only names MESSNER mentioned in connection with the German ownership were an individual named GODAFFROY, connected with the Deutsches Kohlen Depot in Spain and one ESSBERGER, owner of a fishing and shipping interest in Spain and considered an ardent Nazi Party member.

      The subject denied any agent activity in Spain, explaining the allegation as having a possible refer­ence to his activities as an insurance agent in Bilbao for determining shipping losses.

      Address: Calle Sendeja and Calle Aguirre 16, Bilbao.

METZGER, Hans. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941). Kriminalsekretär. Nazi diplomat. Former German press attache at Helsinki.

METZGER, Ulrich. German agent classified B. (OSS records).

METZIG, Reinhold. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941). OKW agent.

MEWIUS, Friedrich. Member NSDAP working for Banco Aleman Trasatlantico.

MEYER, Anton. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MEYER, Erich. Shipbuilding. He had a brother in America and he hided capital in San Sebastián through WEBER, born Austrian and naturalized Spanish.

MEYER, Friedrich Julius / Fritz. German formerly employed as technician by the Spanish Government. Listed for departure on SS Marine Marlin, scheduled to leave the Port of Bilbao about Agust 31, 1946. A-933 and IV Priority List. Born 13 June, 1894 at Hamm (Westph). Station at La Coruña.

MEYER, Gerda. Agent classified IV-B in OSS records. Local group leader for the NSDAP, Vigo.

MEYER, Hans Bruno / Juan Bruno. German agent classified B. Listed as B230. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. In US list of hardened nazis for repatriation. Address: Conde de Salvatierra 21, Valencia. Valencia manager of Baquera, Kusche y Martin. Member of NSDAP and DAF. Agent working I-M, KO Spanien, Valencia.(named in STUBBS and BUGGE’s report on I-M Spain). Recommended for priority repatriation. Born August 11, 1883 at Hamburg. Wife Hildegard ECKLEBE, born March 3, 1893 at Brechtorf.

MEYER, Jann / Hans. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. Previously in Miranda concentration camp. DOB. 28 March, 1907.

MEYER, Johann Adolf, German agent classified A. Listed as A229. Interned at Caldas de Malavella Novem,ber 1944. Agent for sanitary articles.

MEYER, Kurt Johann Adolf, alias MOVA. I-M, KO Spanien, Spanish Morocco, Ceuta.(named in STUBBS and BUGGE’s report on I-M Spain). In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 28/9/1883 in Hamburg. Address in Germany, 1946: Apotheke Bahnhofstr bei MEYER, Hamburg-Blankenese (British zone).

MEYER, Richard. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MEYER, Werner. Agent classified II-A in OSS records. Engineer. Born about 1900.

MEYER, Wilhelm Hermann Johann. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: Representative. Calle Nueva 4, Bilbao, born at Huellsen/Aller on 9 October 1909. Passport No. 1949/37 issued at San Sebastian on 21.5.37. Member of DAF.

MEYER ALTEN, Conrad Friedrich alias Conrad F. MEYER alias Conrado MEYER alias Conrado F. MEYER. Intelligence agent. Agent classified A I-B and IV-B in OSS records. Listed A228. Born on 26 February 1896 in Lehe, Bremerhaven. Adresses: Carrero 11, Vigo and Jose Antonio 158, Villa Carolina, Vigo.

      Subject worked for the Abwehr in 1939 and handled the information services, observation of foreign vessels and the acquiring of V-men.

      After 1942 he hadI the job of obtaininginformation about foreign agents. Subject held the rank of Hauptgemeinschaftsleiterand Ortsgruppenleiter. Subject released to Hannover-Buchholz, Jutelstr.7. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Repatriated by air from Spain between 29 January to 25 february 1946. Po. No. 0759. Interrogated between February and May 1946. British Reports. Declaration and oarth in Hohen-Asperg, 21 January 1947

      Member of syndicate, which owned the trawlers Manuel Gestoso / Jestoso Chicha and Purificacion Costas Maravilla, and with Otto GERDTZEN, consul KINDLING, Wilhelm BACHMANN, and Constante FREIRE. Also owned Villa Carolina in Vigo on the Orense Road.

MEYER-DOEHNER (misspelled MEYER-OEHMER in some documents), Kurt Captain. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Repatriated by air 23 August 1946. Agent classified A and I-B in OSS records. Listed A-357 and A231, I Priority. Naval Attache to the German Embassy in Madrid since at Least 1941. One of the 19 most important cases to be repatriated from Spain.

      Information furnished by the office of Attache D.P. Medalie: From a reliable source, August, 1945: Subject was Abwehr I.M Naval Attache, living at Calle del Pinar, 18, Madrid. Born in 1899. He was a NSDAP member. His assistants were MESSERSCHMIDT, MENZELL and Hans LORECK. He supervised the Pueblo del Rio group of Gestapo agents in Sevilla with headquarters on the estate of Emilio PLATE ( which had a radio transmitter) and was the head of the Porvenir group. Married to Goering’s niece, Margo. Greatly respected in Spanish naval circles.

      Before 1941 he was stationed in Lisbon, where he was reported in June 1942 to control all German merchant vessels in Spanish ports as well as a sabotage organization engaged in placing bombs in Allied ships. Reported in August 1943 to have suggested the setting-up of a W/T station in Brazil to transmit messages to him at Calle Juan Bravo, 4. Reported in March 1944 to have recruited an agent to submit C.E. reports concerning the Allied Intelligence Services in Portugal. Reported in June 1945 to be seeking employment in Spain in connection with a patent sold by his brother to the Spanish Government. Retired as a commander before the war and prometed to Captain in May 1940.

      Decorated with the Gran Orden Imperial de las Flechas Rojas given to foreigners in recognition of services rendered to the FRANCO regime (BOE February 26, 1946).

     Memo fron the Hague, April 25 1946, stated subject and family are among the group of Germans reported to be planning to leave Spain illegally by ship destined to South America. He also collaborated with KRAMER and BERNHARDT in cloaking assets, according to LINDENBERG.

Height 5’10’’ (178 cm.). Weight around 182 lbs. heavy built, cleanshaven. Address: Calle de Pinar 18, Madrid

MEYER-GRIMM, Bernhard. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. Previously in Miranda concentration camp. DOB. Lubeck, 31 January, 1921.

MEYER-KUSTER, Albert. In US list of hardened nazis for repatriation. Address: Calle Gurtubay 3, Madrid. Born August 26, 1883 at Heilbronn. Ex-captain of Luftwaffe. Worked for I.G. Farben and Krupp. Manager of Minas Reunidas. NSDAP member and active in propaganda work.

MEYERN-HOHENBERG, Hans von. Commander Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

MEYHOEFFER / MEYHOEFER, Franz. German formerly employed as technician by the Spanish Government. Listed for departure on SS Marine Marlin, scheduled to leave the Port of Bilbao about Agust 31, 1946.Marine Marlin deportees categories A, B September 1946. A-1003, A-993 and IV Priority List. DOB. Sommevalde, 27 October, 1904. First priority to be interrogated.

MEYNEN SUNCKENBEIN, Walter Dr. Died in Madrid May 17, 1967 80 years old. Buried in La Almudena Cemetery. Married to Isabel PULS DA MOTTA MARQUES. (ABC, May 16, 1968).

      (WWI) " Paralelamente a esta labor diplomática, que no dio resultados muy satisfactorios, los alemanes organizaron un importante servicio de información, dirigido directamente por el príncipe de Ratibor (Max von RATIBOR-CORBEY) , embajador en Madrid, el barón Von STOHRER, secretario de embajada, y el mayor Von KALLE, agregado militar. En estrecho contacto con la embajada alemana se creó la Sociedad hispano-alemana de Estudios Económicos, situada en la calle Campoamor nº 40 de Madrid, que servía para encubrir la red de espionaje y organizar una importante agencia de propaganda. Dicha sociedad, dirigida por Walter MEYNEN, director de la Sociedad de Seguros La Victoria de Berlín, Carlos KNAPP, industrial alemán, y por Gustavo MOTSCHMAN, verdadero cerebro de la red de espionaje, canalizaba y administraba cuantiosos fondos donados por empresas alemanas como la Krupp, AEG, Siemens & Schuckert, el Deutsche Bank etc., y que fueron destinados fundamentalmente a la compra de diarios, como La Nación o El Correo Español," José María Marín Arce, "El espionaje alemán en España durante la Primera Guerra Mundial" El Ateneo, IV-V, Madrid, 1994, p. 51.

MEZZA SILVA FOERSTER, Kurt von . In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain.

MICHAEL, Erich. Agent in Spanish Morocco . I-Unclassified in OSS records. Melilla. Member of Afrika Corps.

MICHAELIS, Rudolf. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 31/2/1907 or 31/3/1907 in Lepzig. Address in Germany, 1946: Bonnerstr. 9, Berlin-Wilmersdorf (US zone).

MICHEL, Helmut R.. Deportee Madrid-Germany by Army air November 22 1946. III Priority.

      Information from D.P.Medalie’s office: Born Tetschen on Elbe March 14, 1907. Married Else BALLIN of Hamburg. Member of NSDAP and Gestapo agent. Captain of the Abwehr. Worked in Czechoslovakia, Brazil, East Africa, West Africa. In Spain since 1943, with the Sociedad Exportadora de Pieles, S.A., Madrid, subsidiary of Reichstelle fur Lederwirtschaft, Berlin and part of Sofindus. Sofindus cover work dealt with exporting and importing of hides. Director of the commpany was E. KRUSE, attorney Hans WEISS and all were supervised by BERHARDT.

     Together with Bernhardt SCHULTZ, was suspected of retaining equipment from the Cultural Institute. Agent classified II-A in OSS records. He claimed to be a scientist before USA authorities.

MIEDL / MIEDEL, Aloys / Alois. Banker and Art looter, GOERING’s dealer and German agent classified B. Listed as B232. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. On Allied expulsion list still in 1947. Last reported in Madrid 26 November, 1944. Son of Alois MIEDL and Maria STREICHER. Wife Fodora / Thedora / Dorie FLEISCHER. Two children: Ruth Maria Theresia, born 1925 and Johannes Alois Nikolaus, born 1933

      From Records of the American Commission for the Protection and Salvage of Artistic and Historic Monuments in War Areas, 1943-1946. Subject File: Menten. (Attachement 2, dated 13 February 1945: Report on looted Works of Art in Spain--MIEDL Case):

      "German, born 1902 Rosenheim, Bavaria, or 3.3.03, Munich. Lived in Holland before 1939. During the early part of the war, served as German administrative official in Amsterdam. (Address: Tesselschadestradt). Represented the German banker HOFFMANN and was connected with following firms:

1. In Germany: Shantung Handels. A.G., Berlin. (Railways) Kaoko Land und Minen, Ges., Berlin. Moritz Ribbert, A.G., Munich.

2. In Holland: Veland Import, Export, M.V., Amsterdam Buitenland. Bankerversenizing, N.V., Amsterdam, Mijnbour Mij Hedjang Lebong, Amsterdam, Bookieskarrtoor Lisser Hosenkranz, N.V., Amsterdam.

      Acted as agent for GOERING, "commissioner" with a credit of 10 million gulden for the purchase of valuable paintings in Holland. In 1941 he bought the Goudstikker collection. Later, he is reported to have travelled extensively throughout occupied Europe in connection with this business. He is said to have been in contact with Professor Max FRIEDLANDER, and to have bought his "expertises."

      MIEDL is first known to have been in Madrid in May, 1944, when he went there with his family to establish "a financial basis’" for GOERING ’s interests in the peninsula through ’the purchase of various types of assets. Basic capital at his disposal for these operations was to be 10 million marks.

      He crossed the frontier with two American cars, one of which was stolen by DUVAL. In Spain he travelled between San Sebastian and Madrid, staying at the Continental Hotel. Pensión Ursula, and Hotel Londres in San Sebastian, and at the Ritz and Gaylord’s in Madrid."

" I Statement of Case

      In May, 1944, Alois MIEDL was reported to have come to Spain with a certain number of pictures by Old Masters which he intended to sell. These pictures are believed to have been looted from the Goudstikker collection in Nienrode Castle, Holland. MIEDL, judging from reports, appears to have kept some of the pictures with him, and to have sent a group of 22 to the Free Port of Bilbao. He is in contact with a well-known group of smugglers and with members of the German Embassy, either of whom may have helped him to pass his pictures over the frontier.

      This case naturally depends on the answer to one question: Were the Goudstikker paintings looted? Unfortunately, this cannot be properly ascertained from the information available in Madrid; and so, considering the potential importance of the case if the answer should prove to be in the affirmative, it has been considered advisable to proceed with the investigation which is described in the following pages.

II Sources

      The first source for this report is the interrogation on 7.10.44 in Bayonne of Georg KONINCKX, a Belgian who was arrested in France on 21.8.44. He had known MIEDL since May, 1944, and at one time acted as intermediary in an effort to contact the Director of the Prado to negotiate either a sale or a temporary exposition of the pictures. However, other reliable sources consider KONINCKX most suspect. He was formerly associated with a well-known ring of smugglers and black market operators, and he has since been released by the French border authorities under rather shady circumstances. His information, therefore, cannot be evaluated very highly.

     The other sources are various agents working for the British and American services whose statements will be evaluated as far as possible as they are quoted below. The Dutch Legation has also supplied some information; this is impossible to evaluate accurately.

Ill Chronological Development

      1944 May (Eval: D (KONINCKX)): MIEDL meets KONINCKX in the Bar Basque, San Sebastian, describes the pictures, and asks KONINCKX to put him in contact with someone who knows the Director of the Prado, MIEDL goes from San Sebastian to Madrid.

      Through KONINCKX’s intervention, MIEDL has a conversation with a friend of the Prado Director, one José UYARTE. On being asked whether he could prove that the pictures were not confiscated Jewish property, MIEDL answered that he had documents showing the origin of the pictures, UYARTE later told KONINCKX that he was not interested, apparently because MIEDL revealed to him that he had a German passport.

      June (Eval: D (KONINCKX)): MIEDL returns to San Sebastian and tells KONINCKX that he has succeeded in passing the pictures over the frontier into Spain, through the firm Baquera, Kusche y Martin, which has deposited them in the Free Port of Bilbao.

      MIEDL moves from Hotel Continental to Pensión Ursula, in San Sebastian

      July 24 (Eval: D (KONINCKX)): Three cases containing 22 paintings officially enter the Free Port of Bilbao. They are consigned in transit by the firm Baquera, Kusche y Martin in the name of Alois MIEDL. Ramón TALASAC is the local agent.

      Aug 21 (Eval: D (KONINCKX)): MIEDL seen at the Franco-Spanish frontier post at Irun in the company of DUVAL and GRAEBNER. They brought two American cars (Mercury I940) with Dutch number plates, into Spain. DUVAL drove one of these.

      MIEDL returned to France, reportedly to fetch a missing case of paintings.

      (Eval: C): MIEDL is released, reportedly through the intervention of Lt Col ORTEGA, Spanish frontier commandante, and returns to San Sebastian. (British: 10.44)

      Sept (Eval: D): MIEDL is in San Sebastian. The Prado Museum is reported interested in one of the pictures.

      Oct 26 (Eval: D): MIEDL is in Madrid. Has two GOYA pictures "stolen by Reds during Spanish Civil War." (Britisht: 26.10.44)

      (Eval: B): German pirate radio station Atlantik reports MIEDL as having entered Spain with valuable pictures stolen from Dutch dealer in Amsterdam.

      November (Eval: B): MIEDL still in Madrid. He issues a catalogue of the paintings. General KRAMER, the German Air Attache, warns him to withdraw this because a copy is said to have reached the British Embassy, (it has been impossible to confirm this).

      (Eval: D): There are some indications that KRAMER may have taken over the problem of disposing of the pictures. (British: 13.11.44)

      Spanish police reported to have issued an order for MIEDL’s arrest. (British: 29.11.44)

      November 23 (Eval: C): MIEDL returns to San Sebastian. stays in Hotel Londres. (British: 12.12.44)

      November 26 (Eval: C): MIEDL in Madrid. (British: 29.11.44)

      December (Eval: A):The Dutch Legation in Madrid initiates diplomatic action concerning the pictures in Bilbao. The Spanish Foreign Office answers the Legation favorably, stating that the matter is under investigation and Spanish government undertakes to forbid the entry of the pictures into Spain. (British:14.12.44)

      (Eval: A):The Dutch subsequently indicate that they do not desire American or British support in the matter and that they do not wish to insist with the Spanish Foreign Office because they fear that MIEDL may have some pseudo-legal documents proving his title to the pictures. (British)

      December 19 (Eval: A): KONINCKX is released from prison in Bayonne through intervention of the Belgian Ambassador in Paris (a friend of OTELET) and of Antonio LOPEZ, Commissaire special at Hendaye. He returns to San Sebastian. (British: 3.1.45)

      December 24 (Eval: B): LOPEZ and two companions arrested for the attempted kidnapping of Heinrich BAUER in San Sebastian. OTELET reported connected with the plot.

      January 1945 (Eval: B): MIEDL’s catalogue of the pictures is withdrawn, he is reported to have quarrelled with GOERING over a question involving gold jewelry and to have broken contact with the German Embassy. He is said to have contact with a certain RAHN, owner of the Bar Erika, in Madrid, whom he is said to have originally met through GRAEBNER. (British: 8.1.45)

IV Description of the pictures

      The pictures under investigation are divided into two groups:

1. The first group is definitely located in the Free Port of Bilbao. There are 22 pictures packed in three wooden cases, marked Aduana Central Paris *. Enclosure A to this report is the Spanish Customs List describing these pictures and from it the following facts can be deduced: Eleven pictures are definitely labeled as coming from private collections, one from the M van Valkenburg collection, Larne, Holland; and ten from the Goudstikker collection, Amsterdam. All of these have the original collection numbers. Of the others, four have torn labels with numbers resembling those on the Goudstikker labels, and so they may also belong to the collection. One bears the name "de WILD’’, and another is labeled "Gemente Museum von Amsterdam." (Commercial Museum, Amsterdam.)

* There are indications that Spanish authorities or German agents opened the cases before the Allied could examinate them: Aduana Central Paris is a Spanish term for Douane Centrale Paris or Douane Centrale Exportation Paris, which were the usual labels. It seems that French seals and labels were broken or disappeared: " Each one has a label of the Free Port stating that it has been deposited there by the customs agent, Ramon TALASAC, for the firm Baquera Kusche y Martin of Irun, in the name of Alois MIEDL on 24 July 1944. There was no sign of the markings of the Paris customs as had been previously reported.". Besides " Within the cases most of the pictures were wrapped in coarse brown paper of the type current In Spain"(Roberts Commission. Subject File: MENTEN Report No. 2 Identification and Description of the Pictures Deposited by Alois MIEDL in the Free Port of Bilbao.). The labels show also the interference of some illiterate Spanish "paw": the non-existant José PORCELLIS instead of Jan PORCELLIS (Juan is the Spanish version for Jan) (Note by E. Meyer).

      The following artists’ names are listed as appearing either on the labels or on the wrappings of the pictures:

José PORCELLIS

PERRONNEAU

Sir Thomas LAWRENCE

Van DYCK

Cornelis BUYE

F. BOLS

EL GRECO

PALMA VECCHIO

Thomas CRESWICK

DAVID

A. de GELDER

COROT

MAINARDIE

      Two of the pictures are definitely identifiable: the PORCELLIS (sea-scape) which is labeled as having been in the National Sea-scape Exposition at Luick in 1939, and the PERRONNEAU, Portrait of a Lady, which was number 93 of the Exposition Quentin de la Tour et des Pastellistes Français des 17ième et 18ième siècle, Hotel Jean Charpentier, 1927.

2. The information concerning the second group is still very confused. The number of pictures in it are variously reported as nine (Radio Atlantik); sixty (KONINCKX’s statement); one hundred and two hundred (British). There is no definite information as to their location. Some are reported in Madrid in the German Embassy (British); others in MIEDL,s apartment (Dutch); others as having been confiscated in France before the 21st of August (British, 5.10.44): and some in the possession of DUVAL, who is said to have stolen them from MIEDL (British). The following artists’ names are mentioned in connection with this group:

REMBRANDT

RUBENS

Van DYCK

Jan STEEN

TERBORCH

BROUWER (a landscape)

VERMEER (a Magdalene (?))

CRANACH

GOYA (two pictures, "stolen by Reds during Civil War")

VAN GOGH

CEZANNE.

      The pictures are reported to be the property of GOERING and valued from 100 to 500 thousand Pesetas, and in some cased, even more. The Prado is reported to be interested in the VERMEER "Magdalene" for two million Pesetas".

"1. Entry of Pictures into Spain

      In the case of the Bilbao group, this is not a problem. We know that the pictures came into the country legally and are registered in transit in the Free Port. It would be interesting, however, to know who in the Irun Aduana and in the firm Baquera, Kusche y Martin would handle such a matter.

      The second group offers two possibilities:

a. A diplomatic entry under the auspices of General KRAMER and the German Embassy. In this case their arrival into the country would be quite normal.

b. The smuggling of the pictures by DUVAL or by some member of the OTELET organization. DUVAL would probably have done this with the automobiles which he helped MIEDL to bring through the customs. The OTELET group was also well equipped to carry this out through their smuggling gang. Various aspects of the case seem to suggest the possibility of OTELET ’s and KONINCKX’s having carried it off in connection with some sort of German smuggling gang, headed, perhaps, by Heinrich BAUER. MIEDL’s early contact with KONINCKX; the latter’s failure in his statement to the French police to mention any pictures other than those which had gone to Bilbao; the curious Commissionnaire Special at Hendaye, Antonio LOPEZ, who asked for and was instrumental in obtaining KONINCKX’s release and who later was arrested in the attempt to kidnap Heinrich BAUER under circumstances resembling more a gang vengeance than a political or secret intelligence operation. It may well be LOPEZ rather than Col. ORTEGA, who freed MIEDL on 22.8.44. The unconfirmed FFI report that 50,000 Pesetas were offered for GRAEBNER’s release might suggest a tie-up with the Germans. Both OTELET and KONINCKX are well known to have worked with the Germans in black market operations. This whole situation might be cleared up by contacting KONINCKX or OTELET, both of whom may now be in difficult financial straits because of the Ximex’s company’s being on the black list and therefore anxious to alter their position as regards the Allies. A contact with the police who were questioning LOPEZ in San Sebastian might also bring out interesting new facts on this man’s personality. A contact with DUVAL, who is known to be seeking some way of approaching the Allies, might also shed further light on the question.

2. Disposal

      There is really no market in Spain for top-price works of art. However, as in Portugal and in most other countries today, medium-priced art objects are at a premium. Thus there is a real danger that pictures such as these brought into the country by MIEDL might easily be sold and become very difficult to trace.

      As far as can be judged from the description at our disposal, the 22 pictures in Bilbao are certainly medium-priced art objects, and thus perfectly salable today. In their case a public sale or exhibition will probably not be possible because of the Spanish note to the Dutch Legation which has been referred to above. However, there are two other possibilities. They can be smuggled into Spain to be sold under cover, or they can be removed officially from the Free Port and either sent on to Portugal or smuggled to South America. Considering the extreme facility with which a picture can be disguised and hidden, a careful watch should be kept to prevent this. However, such a watch can never be completely sure and the only way in which we can be certain to insure ajainst the disappearance of the pictures is to identify them positively either by examination by an expert—or even better— by having them photographed with the least possible delay, such a positive identification will not only go a long way to facilitate the restitution of the pictures to their original owners, but should also serve as a valuable weapon in any discussion which we may have with the Spanish government on the question of harboring the looted property. The various methods of achieving this end will be discussed in the conclusion to this report.

      The second group of paintings presents a much more difficult problem, since none of them has even been located so far. Only after this has been done through a careful study of the present activities of MIEDL, KONINCKX, DUVAL, etc., will it be possible to begin to look into the question of their disposal by the Germans. Whether they entered the country as diplomatic property or as smuggled goods makes little difference in the long run, since their sale will always be illegal unless they are first cleared through Spanish customs authorities, as a result of this, it is almost certain that they will be bought secretly and given away or smuggled out of the country. Since it is impossible to predict how soon any of this may happen, it is essential to investigate the matter with the least possible delay. The fact that the sale must almost surely be illegal might make it possible to enlist the help of the Spanish authorities in the case.

VII Conclusion And Recommendations For Action

      There follow a number of recommendations derived from the study of the facts as presented above:

1. The most important and immediate problem is the identification of the Bilbao group of paintings. Their location in a room adjoining the office of the Customs Director and the fact that they are enclosed in three cases make an official or secret examination practically impossible. It has therefore been decided to try to obtain official permission from the Spanish government to see the pictures. To do this, it was naturally necessary to act through the Dutch Legation. The Dutch minister, although, as we have seen, formerly reluctant to go into the matter any further, proved most agreeable and helpful on this occasion, showing the writer the official Dutch memorandum to the Spanish Foreign Office and the answer of the Spaniards, and then promising first, to take the matter up verbally with the Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs. and second, to present a note with the support of the U.S. Embassy, in case more forceful methods became necessary. He also agreed to have a representative of this project accompany him when and if he did go to see the pictures. He has promised to inform Mr Butterworth of the progress of events and the latter will transmit such information to a representative of this branch. Considering the importance of this case, it is considered advisable, if events allow, that the writer return to Madrid to see the pictures himselr. Should this not prove possible, it is hoped that his place can be taken by Lt. James Ford of the Naval Attache’s office. Meantime, study of the Goudstikker catalogue, if one can be located in London or in the United States. should provide us with a much more definite idea of what lies ahead.

In case this official approach through the Dutch Legation should prove unsuccessful, another plan has been evolved which, considering the Spanish character and its fondness for settling matters on a personal basis, may well prove more successful. This consists in persuading two childhood friends of LEQUERICA. the Foreign Minister, who happens to be a native of Bilbao, to request a private showing of the pictures as a personal favor, A representative of the project would also be present at this showing. The two friends of the Minister are CARIAGA and AZNAR, both wealthy citizens of Bilbao who have the additional advantage in this case of being interested in the construction of the new Bilbao museum and the building up of its collections. AZNAR ’t mother, the Marquesa de MACMAHON, has known LEQUERICA since he was a child and is said to have some influence on him. All these people are friends of a British resident of Bilbao who has undertaken to begin preparing the ground at once.

2. The second most important problem is to ascertain whether or not there are other pictures which are already circulating in Spain. This can be done by a thorough investigation of the following elements:

MIEDL, Alois. MIEDL’s present activities and whereabouts.

      Renewed questioning of the source of the original British report which mentioned the catalogue brought out in Madrid, along the following lines:

      Why did MIEDL return to France?

      Were there any pictures left there? If so, where? Were any pictures confiscated in France? Through whose intervention was he released? If through ORTEGA| then what was the quid pro quo; was it an exchange between ORTEGA and CHARLIER (the military commissioner on the French side of the frontier)? Or did LOPEZ have something to do with it?

      Has MIEDL any pictures with him now? If not, where are the pictures -which were formerly reported to be in Madrid? (In his rooms there.)

      What is MIEDL’s present relationship to the German Embassy and in particular to General KRAMER?

      How does he communicate with GOERING?

     Were any pictures confiscated in France?

      DUVAL, Jean. He is known to be in Madrid in difficulties and seeking to approach the Allies. If it is considered advisable to question him, the following points could be cleared up. (E.O.T. handles his contact)

      What was his relationship to MIEDL, to OTELET, to KONINCKX? What was his last contact with MIEDL? Did he ever carry pictures for MIEDL? Did he refuse to return the pictures to MIEDL?

      Does he know if any pictures failed to cross the frontier on August 21?

Does he know any details concerning the pictures?

      Does he know of MIEDL’s being engaged in the smuggling of anything else besides pictures?

      KONINCKX, OTELET, Ximex Company

      Both OTELET and the Ximex Company are at present on the Proclaimed List. It is, therefore, interesting to know how KONINCKX has carried on his connection with them since his return to San Sebastian. The following questions are of interest in this connection:

      Is KONINCKX still working in the Ximex Company? (in December he gave his business address as the Ximex office in San Sebastian). What is his present relationship with OTELET to whom he admits owing a considerable debt as far as his liberation from France is concerned? Is he in any way acting as a cover for Ximex business?

      Does he still live with Miss HOEBACH?

      What is the present Belgian official attitude to KONINCKX? His letters, written after his liberation from France, reveal that the Belgian Ambassador in Paris, Count ROMREE, intervened on his behalf.

     The question of KONINCKX or OTELET’s present relationship with MIEDL is also important. Does either of them still see or have dealings with him? If they do not, when did they cease to do so? Do they know anything about MIEDL’s present activities?

     A report considered reliable on the BAUER kidnapping speaks of funds hidden in France. Both OTELET and KONINCKX are linked with this kidnapping. Do they know anything about such funds, their whereabouts and if by any chance there are any pictures connected with this cache? Further details on the BAUER question might be obtained from these sources. For instance, what part does the Spanish police agent FUERTES, who is reported to have allowed the passage into Spain of LOPEZ and his companions, play in their original smuggling set-up?

      LOPEZ, Antonio

     Now located in San Sebastian (or Ondarreta?) jail. The source of our reports offers to contact this man. If this is done, the following questions are of interest:

      All details on the reasons for the kidnapping. What is the exact connection of KONINCKX and OTELET with the kidnapping? Did MIEDL have any connection with BAUER?

      What part did FUERTES play in the smuggling organization in the past?

     Are other French officials in Hendaye connected with the smuggling ring in the same way as LOPEZ? If so, who are they? Has LOPEZ any information on the cache of hidden assets in France already referred to?

      If LOPEZ proves unwilling to answer these questions, an effort might be made to obtain answers from his two companions, LATSAQUE and BEGUE (BEC?). Further details on their identity are of interest.

      TREIBER, bank director, and SMITS von (of?) FOKKER, Amsterdam

      Both these men are at the Hotel Esplanada, San Sebastian, but report of 30.1.45, considered reliable, states them to be in contact with MIEDL. If the source can be contacted again, he should be pressed for further information on the present activities of MIEDL. These two men sound as though they might be an interesting new line into the whole case."

From Records of the American Commission for the Protection and Salvage of Artistic and Historic Monuments in War Areas, 1943-1946. Card File On Art-Looting Suspects, 1943-1946. (Blank):

"Background.

      Born Rosenheim,. Bavaria, c. 1902 (2) or, Munich, 3 March I903 (3). Married and has daughter 18 or 20 and a son about 10.(2). Reported to be a strong Bavarian Catholic (3). Has German passport. Went to Holland some years before the war, address reported to be Tesselschadestraat, Amsterdam. (2). For activities in Holland, see card 1.

Recent Activities.

      Was in San Sebastian, Spain, May 1944, attempting to make contact with the director of the Prado regarding sale of 60-odd Dutch and Flemish paintings of great value. Jose UYARTE, former secretary. to Gen. BEIGBEBER and acquaintance of the director, to whom subject was introduced by the Belgian Georges Charles KONINECKX. (Interrogated 7 Oct. at Bayonne) refused to deal with subject, apparently because of his German passport (2). Reported in June to K. that he had got his pictures into Spain through Irun Branch of Baquera Kutsche y Martin S.A., Paseo Colón 931 which had deposited them in the "Free Port" (Bilbao probably). Subject lived at Hotel Continental at first but after returning from Madrid (June) moved with family to Hotel or Pensión Ursula. 21 Aug. KONINECKX saw subject on Spanish side of International Bridge at Irun with Jean DUVAL (q.v) and a German (Otto GRAEBNER (4)) trying to sell or get through customs two Dutch-registered Mercury cars. Same day K. was arrested at Hendaye and said subject was arrested that night and brought to Hendaye. Reported released, through intervention of Col. ORTEGA an. Spanish official in charge of frontier admissions, and in Madrid, having moved from the Ritz to Gaylord’s Hotel, Calle Alfonso XI 3 on 22 Oct.

1. Voucher Committee

2. London XX-4085, 2 December 1944. Roberts Comm.

3. State Dept. Despatch No. 19927, 24 Nov. 1944 (...)

4. State Dept. Despatch No. 19750 4 December 1944

      "At that time is reported to have in possession two GOYA’s allegedly "stolen by the Reds" during the Spanish Civil War (2).

      Paintings in subject’s possession are variously described as being nine 18th century Dutch and three CEZANNES, and, from SHAEF report, works by REMBRANDT, VAN DYCK, Jan STEEN and CRANACH (3). Report dated 16 Oct. says there is a catalog of some 200 paintings, property of GOERING, which had been imported from France to Spain for sale. These paintings were reported on 13 November to be in Madrid, having been brought in as Goering’s personal property, through intervention of Gen.KRAMER, German Air Attache (4).

Other individuals indirectly involved with subject:

WITZIG, Johannes, Munich

DUVAL, Jean, - alias Jean COLONNA

OTLET, Adrien - friend of KONIKECKX

ROHRBACH, Hans Bernard Joseph - business connection with OTLET

Also see dossier on MIEDL, 16 January 1945.

1. Voucher Committee

2. London XX-40855, 2 December 1944

3. State Dept. Despatch No. 19927. 24 November 1944 (from Roberts Committee files)

4. State Dept. Despatch No 19750, 4 December 1944

      A list of paintings consigned to subject, now in the Free Port of Bilbao has been given by Ramon TALASAC in "strict confidence". TALASAC is on British Statutory List for acting as cloak for German concerns but his rase is being reconsidered and he may be removed from list. His list and descriptions filed in MIEDL dossier (5).

      In Oct. 16, 1944 was reported at the Ritz Hotel, Madrid, "recently" . Source, Baron Hans Wolf von GOLDAMMER, was asked by Baron von DINKLAGE to meet subject as GOERING’s representative in Paris. Subject said he was sent to sell paintings and jewels for GOERING - about 200 paintings of note, stolen from Jews. Has just bought a castle surrounded by a moat, near .Amsterdam (6)

      Six looted pictures are reported being held for subject by Dr. Arthur WIEDERKEHR, (qv) in Switzerland, five of which are from ROSENBERG Collection (4 CEZANNES and a VAN GOGH); the sixth a Jan STEEN marked GOUDSTIKKER (7)

      Subject has unknown connections with Hans ZIEGRA, a German whose activities in Spain have resulted in his name being placed on an expulsion list now in preparation by the British Embassy (8).

      According to Director RECO of Deutschesbank, Berlin, through Helmuth MAURER in Stockholm, one Alois MUTHEL is in Spain to sell paintings for GOERING; same source says paintings in the Muhlhausen mine are GOERING’s personal property (9).

      Dr. Arthur WIEDERKEHR of Zurich has deposited in his name in the Volksbank Zurich, six pictures from looted collections given to him by MIEDL. For list of pictures and details of transaction, see Swiss Report from Cooper, 22 Match 45, Appendix A (10).

      Late in 1943 Dr. WIEDERKEHR asked Nathan KATZ (qv) to go to Zurich to inspect 11 paintings deposited with Schwizeriche Bank Gesellschaft for MIEDL. These consisted of 6 by VAN GOGH 3 by CEZANNE and 2 by Jan STEEN, one of which was a wedding scene* he had seen at /Amsterdam and which must have been stolen (11). (...)

* See Roberts Commission. Subject File. Swiss Reports: " Jan STEEN. Marriage of Cana. Owner: GOUDSTIKKER of Amsterdam. Dutch. Sequestered by the Germans in France in 1940. Passed to the Einssatzstab Rossenberg. Acquired by GOERING on 14.9.41, 2.12.41 and 4.12.41. Sold to Alois MIEDL , German national in 1942. Deposited by MIEDL with Dr. WIEDERKEHR of Zurich. Entered Switzerland by German diplomatic bag. Held by Dr. WIEDERKEHR of Zurich in the Volks Bank, for the account of Alois MIEDL, now resident in Madrid". (Note by E. Meyer)

      Von GOSCHENEN of Amsterdam once came to see WIEDERKEHR at MIEDL’s request, to see the pictures subject was holding for MIEDL. Von GOSCHENEN undoubtedly known to Nathan KATZ, who also saw the pictures (12)

Instructed Dr FRICK to hand pictures held by Dr Arthur WIEDERKER (qv-Switz.) over to Schweiz. Bankgesellschaft (13).

10. Swiss Report, 22 March 45, from Cooper. Orion pouch 6552

Also mentioned in State No. 22391, 13 April 45. Safehaven No. 203

11. Safehaven additions to Cooper Switz. rpt.

12. British Leg., Berne, Despatch 22844, encl. 1 of 16-4-45 (from Cooper).(XL-9404, Safehaven Report No 217, 3 May 1945).

13. MIEDEL letter of 2 Oct from Amsterdam (encl. to despatch No 22391,13-4145 from British Embassy at London)

See also Safehaven Report, XX 7376, 15 June 1945

      The name of E. KUMMERLE (qv) appears on the back of photographs found in the GOUDSTIKKER safe in an envelope, inscribed "Photographs and certificates of pictures sold to HOFER." Many of these photographs are of pictures taken to Spain by Subject in 1944 (14).

      According to ORION Report the Dutch have jailed all Dutch who collaborated with MIEDL in business transactions and are prepared to include MIEDL on their War Criminal List (15) and (17).

      Was interviewed by ORION in Spain and preliminary arrangements made for subject to be transferred to UK for further interrogation, subject demanded impossible guarantees, however, so project was abandoned (16)

(...)

      Manfred KATZ alias TOMAS (qv) instrumental in making first contact with subject. Being held by Spanish police in connection with murder of Michel SZOKOLNIKOV White Russian smuggler, found stabbed 9 June near Madrid (18).

      According to Theo GUSTIN (qv) the following were close friends and associates of subject:

1. Frau RIEGLE (GOERING’s sister)

2. E. HEINZ (director of I. G. Farben and leader of Dutch Nazi Party)

3. Dr. FLESCHE (leader of Fifth Column Espionage Group)

4. LAGER (Fifth Column Leader prior to 1940, now in custody) (19)

      Recovered documents belonging to GOERING indicate that subject swapped four pictures with the Marshall. For account of subject’s connection with sale of KOENIGS collection (qv) see source document. Report "MIEDL - GOUDSTIKKER documents and pictures" refers to HOFER and other German clients of subject, for details see source (20).

(21) XL 15175, 18-9-45 p. 13-14

(22) LSX-002-627 - info. of 7-2-45 - Interrog. Rpts. folder

(23) XX 8992 ( memo of 7-26-45) - Interrogation of SCHELLENBERG. Described MIEDL as notorious profiteer, picture buyer for GOERING. Once arrested in Holland, Active in Italy. German I.S. thinking of using him for intelligence purposes, but turned him down on his reputation. (Blank) In founding a bank in Spain, KALTENBRUNNER denied any knowledge of MIEDL at interrogation,

(24) FEA. Report, Aug. 1945, p. 6 - bought RENDERS (qv) collection for GOERING.

Also mentioned on pages 13, 14 (GOUDSTIKKER Collection), 20, 23, 24, 25,27,29,

30, 31, 32, 33

19. XX 8341, 30 July 45, see MIEDL dossier

20. MFA & A Report for May and June 1945 (pp. 20, 88, 89).

      DUVAL worked with subject in France as selling agent for Dutch pictures, with Adrian OTELET and KONNIS (sic) as contacts (25).

      Claims he gave GOERING a painting on 12 Jan 45 (GOERING ’s birthday) at FRITZE’s (qv) orders, and that FRITZE was acting on American orders (General MARSHALL) to establish a channel to GOERING (26). This claim denied (27).

      Dutch wish to take subject to Holland for trial. (26)

      Subject expected to be repatriated to Germany shortly for interrogation by ORION. Dutch want him transferred to their custody after. They will have to apply through channels to USFET to effect this (28) (29).

(30) XX 9663 C.I.R No 2, p. 18 - Brief review of his connections with GOERING.

      Subject a friend of HOFFMANN for many years. Sold pictures to LINZ through HOFFMANN’s influence. In 1941 subject had a number of pictures from the GOUDSTIKKER collection stored in Berlin, which HOFFMANN took HITLER to see; some later sold to LINZ. Subject also acted as agent for HOFFMANN (31).

25. RX-955, 8 Sept 45. Report on Heinrich BAUER, p.3

26. IN-27923, 6 Nov 45.

27. OUT- (Blank) 7 Dec. 45

28. XX 005-1022, 22 Oct 45 (memo from London to Portugal) see Registry.

29. XX 9545, 22 Oct 45 (similar memo from Spanish Desk, London, to Germany)

31. D.I.R. No. 1 - Heinrich HOFFMANN p. 6, 7

32. Safehaven Report No. 57, 19 Jan 45 (from ECONIC files)

33. Safehaven Report No. 283, 3 Aug 45 (from ECONIC files)

34. Safehaven Report No. 321, 22 Sept 45 (MIEDL file)

Enclosure No. 2 to despatch No. 19,750 of Dec. 8, 1944, from the Embassy at London, England.

Dated December 4, 1944.

Alois MIEDEL

With reference to our memorandum of November 24th, we have received the following further information from Secret Intelligence Sources:

(a) A report dated October 14th stated that MIEDEL arrived in Spain with two large .American cars, and a large number of paintings from Holland (Rubens, Van Dyck etc). The Prado Museum was said to be interested in one of them for two million Pesetas. It was suggested that MIEDEL was acting under order from GOERING to sell the paintings and keep the proceeds for him.

(b) A report dated October 16th stated that there was in existence a catalogue of some two hundred paintings which had been imported into Spain from France, most of the paintings were valued at from 100,000 to 500,000 Pesetas, but there were five or six of even greater value. All the paintings were alleged to be the property of GOERING. It was stated that when they crossed the Franco-Spanish border, the paintings were detained by the Spanish authorities, but were later released on the insistence of General KRAMER, who was thought to be in charge of the convoy.

(c) A report dated November 13th stated that after D-day GOERING had commissioned MIEDEL to convoy 200 paintings to Spain in two cars. MIEDEL crossed the Franco-Spanish border with the paintings just before it was closed. Difficulties were raised about the paintings on the Spanish side, and the German Air Attache, General KRAMER, had in the end to acknowledge them as GOERING’s personal property. The paintings were, at the date of the report, in Madrid, where they were going to be offered for sale, MIEDEL had distributed catalogues of them (see (b) above). He had boasted of his connection with GOERING and of the commission he would receive upon the sale of the paintings; German circles in Madrid believed his boasting to be justified.

      It was also stated that after he had crossed the Franco-Spanish border with the paintings, MIEDEL recrossed it again into France in order to pick up a box. He, and a companion named Otto GRAEBENER, alleged to be a Gestapo Agent, were arrested by the Maquis, but MIEDEL escaped the next day (see end of paragraph 1 (d) of report under reference).

      All this information has been made available to His Majesty’s Embassy, Madrid."

      Spanish Government denied the extradition of Alois MIEDL to Holland or to Allies. The works of art and assets were unfrozen in 1949. The number of works and whereabouts are still unknown.

      In 1949, the Dutch Government lost interest in Miedl’s crimes. He is invited to the Netherlands to give evidence in the trial against the art dealers DE VRIES and KATZ:

      "Various witnesses were heard in the following years, including the German Alois Miedl, who had fled to Spain just before the liberation. At the request of the Dutch authorities, who provided him with a letter of safe-conduct and a reimbursement of expenses, Miedl visited the Netherlands from the end of August to mid-September 1949 in order to give evidence against De Vries and Katz".“Advies inzake kunsthandel Katz (zaaknummer RC 1.90B)” (Restitutions Committee’s recommendation to the Minister for Education, Culture and Science on a claim by X.X. and Y.Y., also on behalf of other family members, to 189 works of art from the National Art Collection.)

***

de MIGUEL (fnu) Col Chief of Spanish Intelligence, Tetuan. Spanisn citizen lives Tetuan-Rio Martin 1.75m muscular grey hair. Career: With Blue Division in USSR. Married. Wears German Iron Cross.

MIHAN, Herbert Max. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. DOB. Dresden, 15 July, 1908. A-751. Classified III-C in OSS records. Teacher. Address: Calle Gran Bassas 13, Las Palmas.

MIKA, Johann. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MIKENDA, August. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MIKOWIAK , Jean / Johann de. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. Previously in Miranda concentration camp. DOB. Berlin, 22 April, 1906.

MILLRADT, Otto Ernst . Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 29.10.1880 in Lauenburg/ Pommern. Address in Germany, 1946: Ostseebad Gromutz bei Neustadt, Holstein Haus Ruhwinkel (British zone).

MILTNER, Eugen. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MINAMEYER, Wolfgang Wilhelm Adolf. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 2/9/1896 in Stolberg Harz. In Marine Perch file. One time Berlin factory owner. Connected with Gerhard LINDENBERG. Worked also as an agent for American Embassy officials. Address in Germany, 1946: Pension Ringe, Oberstorf, Allgau, Bayern.

MINK, Franz. Repatriated on SS Haighland Monarch 7 March, 1946. Cashier in Madrid of the Deutsches Kulturinstitut, which spent 40 to 50.000 pts. per month. On 8 May 1945 the remaining balance 72.000 pts. was handed over to TUCHOLKA, cashier at the Embassy.

      A-362 on Official List. DOB. Bietigheim, 4 May, 1900

MITJANS DE CASTANY / CASTANI, Pablo. SD and Abwehr agent. Owner of firm Mari & Mitjans, Antwerp, Rubenslei 13. Barcelona, Arenys del Mar. Las seen June in Antwerp. 1.63m, 47 years, brown hair, round face, blue eyes. Smuggler connected with ROHRBACH and Wilhelm PAHL.

      From From OMGUS, External Assets Investigation, Unit, General: Pahl, Wilhelm (Interrogation report): "ROHRBACH asked PAHL in June 1942, whether Westbank would agree to advance 7 million Belg. Francs to a friend of his with the name of MITJANS, for the purpose of importing spirits from France. He, ROHRBACH, would provide the necessary security.

      MITJANS was the owner of an import and export firm Mari and Mitjans. As MITJANS used to export food from Belgium to the Spanish Republican Forces, he lost all his claims in Spain after FRANCO’s victory, compelling him to declare it a failure. MARI, MITJANS’s partner, commited suicide in London in 1939.

      PAHL agreed to credit MITJANS with the required sum on ROHRBACH’s security.

      From 1942-1943, PAHL had only business connections with MITJANS arising from Westbank’s loan on 7 million Bfrancs and the subsequent imports of spirits from France.

      In August 1943, MITJANS asked PAHL whether he could help him to obtain a German exit visa for Spain as he had twice been refused this on the grounds of his connections with Republican Spain. MITJANS has twice been held by the S.D. for questioning and has been warned "not to return to Spain", although he was able to obtain a Spanish entry-visa at Paris.

      MITJANS was willing to work for any German Department and asked PAHL to forward the following information to the German authority concerned:

      A Dominion priest in Paris had received information via Spain from Free-Mason circles in England, that he should forward an offer from London to the German Government, provided the latter would abstain from any territorial claims outside Germany.

       PAHL agreed to meet the priest in MITJANS’ presence at Hotel Monsigny in Paris at the beginning of September 1943. During their conversation, the priest, whose name PAHL does not remember, asked to see a high German authority as he was talking as a representative of the Catholic Church in Spain.

      PAHL informed PIEPER immediately of the issue, who, again, informed Dr. KOCH who should contact the S.D., as PIEPER thought that the S.D. was the competent authority to deal with the matter.

      According to PAHL, Dr. KOCH had been authorized by the S.D to send his employee EDLER (cover name BIFFY) to Paris in order to extract more information from the priest. As EDLER’s journey to Paris took place six weeks after the initial talks in October 1943, he was told by the priest that it was too late now and "that Germany had lost her last chance".

      As a result of MITJANS’ information PAHL suggested to GROGER that MITJANS may be useful as an agent if granted a visa to Spain and Morocco.

      GROGER agreed to provide an exit visa for MITJANS and his wife in Paris and obtained it in March 1944. MITJANS was supposed to look out for information regarding British Navy, troop movements in North Africa and French Morocco.

      On his return from Spain one month later, MITJANS stated that he was not able to mobtain any information for GROGER who considered MITJANS to be a failure from Abwehr viewpoint.

      MITJANS left Belgium for Spain again in July 1944. This was the last PAHL has heard about him.

      He left his firm, Mari-Mitjans, at Antwerp, with an employee of his at 13 Rubens-Ley, Antwerp."

MITTELBACH, Rolf Oswald . Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 5/7/1925 in Leipzig. Address in Germany, 1946: Waldburgstr. 24, Boeblingen bei Stuttgart (US zone).

MITTELSTADT, Gustav. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MITTELSTRASSE, Carl Otto. German agent classified C. Listed as C233. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Formerly German consul in Las Palmas at one time manager of W.A. Moritz, Barcelona. Address: Mariano Cubi 85, Barcelona.

MODE, Carlos. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. Born about 1883. Calle Guillermo Tell 38, Barcelona.

MOEBIUS / MOBIUS, Kurt. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: I.G. Farbenindustrie A.G. Unicolor, Aguirre 9, Bilbao. Born Ammendorf Saalkreis, 24 December, 1901. Passport No 30/43 issued Merseburg 18 August, 1943. Member of NSDAP.

MOEGLE, Curt. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850:Aceros Roechling S.A. Aguirre 3-2° izq., Bilbao. Born Ulm a. Donau, 11 Oct. 1906. Passport No 49 /38 issued Bilbao 14.7.38. Member of DAF.

MOELLER, Rudolf. German agent classified A. Listed as A234. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. German vice consul, Madrid.

MOELLER, Korv Kpt. In Referat I, KO, I-M Spanien

MOELLHAUSEN, Eitel Friedrich. German agent classified A. Listed as A235. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Went to Portugal from Spain 30 March, 1945.

MOHN, Adolf. Commander Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

MOHNEN, Elisabeth / Elsbeth. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. DOB. Frankfurt, 19 January, 1910. A-812.

MOHR, Lt. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. German navy. Madrid.

MOHR, Heribert. German agent classified B. Listed as B238. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Arrived in Spain November 1944. Address: Hotel Ritz, Barcelona, 16 April 1945.

MOHREN, Mathias, alias NEGRO. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Agent classified A and I-B in OSS records. Listed A236. Repatriated from Spain by air (dates from January 29 to February 25, 1946). Po. No. 0771. From CI-CIR/12, 12 January 1946. Headquarters United States Forces European Theater Military Intelligence Service Center. APO 757. Subject: Referat II KO Spanien: (fnu) Gefr Driver, Alst San Sebastian. KO Spanien, 1941-45. Lives Koeln. born 1905 (or 1912 in OSS files) 1.68 m muscular black hair fair complexion dark eyes. Career; Driver 1939 with Nest Koeln; 1940-41 Alst Paris 1941 with Aust Biarritz. Misc; Lived Villa Blanca in San Sebastian. Speaks French, Spanish. Employed at German consulate, San Sebastian.

MOLDENHAUER, Heinz Paul. Sonderfuehrer. I-M, KO Spanien In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Agent classified A and I-B in OSS records. Listed A239. Formerly an agent of I Wi Ast Brussels, who left Spain in the summer of 1944. Cousin of Richard MOLDENHAUER. Connected with Unicolor S.A, Madrid. Interned at Caldas de Malavella, February, 1945.

MOLDENHAUER, Richard E alias Richard MOLDENHAUER SCHMIDT. German agent classified B. Listed as B237. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Interned in Caldas de Malavella early in February 1945. Repatriated from Madrid by army airtransport on 23 August 1946. Flight X. Born about 1910. Since 1932 in Spain. NSDAP since 1942; since 1934, DAF. ABWEHR Obermueller. Commercial agent. Worked for Unicolor since 1941 and later for Sofindus; for Wermacht Heer since 1942, for Abwehr Spanien since 1943. Returned in June 1943 to Madrid and went back to Mainz in July 1943 and was employed in Military AdminIration. In Madrid in June 1944, when he was apparently acting as deputy Leiter (Chief) IM KdM, replacing Gustav FOCK, who returned to Germany about that time.

      Connected with ENGE and THOMSEN. A French agent was told by the Germans in June 1944 that in the absence of POCK BIELENBERG, he was to deal with Richard MOLDENHAUER SCHMIDT (as he was called in Spain), at Alfonso XIII 50, Madrid.

      Married. Cousin of Heinz Paul MOLDENHAUER, formerly an agent of I Wi AST Brussels, who left Spain in the summer of 1944. Height 5’5’’ (165cm.). Slender build, brown hair going bald, turned-up nose. Address: (1944) Calle Alfonso XII (error in some documents XIX), 52, Madrid. Tfn. 20848.

MOLL, Franz. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MOLL, Hermann. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. Merchant. Born about 1902 in Neukirchen-Saar, Germany. Formerly in France. Operated in Spain. Las reported in San Sebastian March 1945.

LLER / MULLER, Karl Heinz. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. Previously in Miranda concentration camp. DOB. Barsbuttel, 12 January, 1920.

MOLLER, Julius. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MOLLET. Involved in cloaking operations according to LINDENBERG.

MOLTKE, Hans-Adolf von. German embassador in Spain, 1943.

MONAT / MONNAT, Andre Pierre Jacques, alias Andre JACQUES, alias Jean CLEMENT, alias Dr. MANGUET. French; born c.1910; reported to have been a large-scale smuggler in the Andorra region since at least 1938; formerly a member of the French Deuxieme Bureau; prior to the German occupation of southern France he ran a frontier-crossing organisation with headquarters at Ax-les-Thermes, and subsequently continued this activity for the benefit of Jews, Poles, French officers and other refugees, his motives being allegedly altogether mercenary; arrested by the Germans in March 1943 and, after several months imprisonment, decided to collaborate with the German I.S.; sent to Paris late in 1943 to penetrate the Deuxieme Bureau and denounce some of his former colleagues to the German I.S. Went to Perpignan, about January 1944, reportedly under the orders of the Paris SD and worked against Allied frontier-crossing groups until the liberation of southern France, when he entered Spain; arrived on 24.8.44 in Barcelona, where he was reported to have bwen in close touch with the German Consulate and with the Barcelona Committee of the Secours National Français, a Vichy organisation; collaborated and exchanged information with Maximo ILLARI CAMBRA (sic) of the D.G.S and was in contact with Teniente Coronel MORENO, Robert GUICHOU, Roger MOURAILLE, Hermann HAMFLER and Hans MARTIN; reported in January 1945 to have recruited agents and sent them into France on behalf of the German I.S.; was specially interested in the establishment of German communication lines across the Franco-Spanish frontier and in the uncovering of Allied frontier-crossing organisations.

      Reported to have been distrusted by the German I.S., and on 21.2.45 was arrested by the Spanish police, allegedly at the request of the Germans, but this arrest may have been a ruse designed to enable him to attempt to penetrate the American I.S. Reported to have been incarcerated at Nanclares de la Oca (...) on 3.5.45. Reported in March 1945 to have purchased passports of either Panama or El Salvador for himself and his wife or mistress, Dolores FELIPE CIRRERO. Height c. 5’11’’ (180 cm), hair combed back, light eyes, long thin nose, large mouth with gold teeth on one side, dark complexion, speaks Spanish and some German. Address: (January 1945) Calle San Elias 21, Barcelona"

MONCH, Alfred. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MONCKE, Ernst. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MONCLUS VILAR, Joaquin. Spanish. Agent of Ast Hamburg in Spain in July-August 1942. Address: Calle Gerona 55, Barcelona. (OSS records).

MONDÉJAR GÓMEZ, Francisco. Spanish. Formerly employee of the Administracion de la Plaza in Tangier. Went from Tangier to Seville, where he was arrested in December 1944 and taken to Madrid for carrying documents contrary to Allied interests, which had been entrusted to him by his brother-in-law.

MOOCK, Joseph / Jose. Agent classified II-A in OSS records. German formerly employed as technician by the Spanish Government at San Pablo airfield, Sevilla. Listed for departure on SS Marine Marlin, scheduled to leave the Port of Bilbao about Agust 31, 1946. Entered Spain August 20, 1942. DOB. Altumbecken, 1 April, 1898. A-818. Address in Spain: Paraje Dehesa de las Vacas, Sevilla.

MORA, Angel, alias DUQUE, alias RIFFI. From STUBBS and BUGGE’s report on I-M Spain: "Was an officer of the Servicio de Informaciones Militares at Melilla, and had direct radio contact with Madrid. He supplied reliable and accurate information on shipping in Oran and other North African ports, which were picked up in Madrid by alias NEGRO. Written reports were forwarded as negatives in light proof envelopes by ordinary mail or via a V-man."

MORA, Jose / Pepe, alias ROGER. From STUBBS and BUGGE’s report on I-M Spain:"Was Angel’s brother, and a high ranking military doctor in Madrid. He was a radical Falangist, a member of the Camisas Cruzadas (*), and his reports were mainly about Republican subversive activities."

 (*) There were no such group in Falange. There were a group called informally Camisas Viejas (Old shirts), formed by the first party members before the elections of February, 1936. Camisas Cruzadas was a phrase used firstly in US press and reports (see The case for the recognition of the Spanish republic, p. 22)

MORASKE / MORAWSKY, Walter. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. DOB. Koschinen, 5 June, 1904. A-569.

MORAVITZ, Johann. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MORENO REGO, Miguel. Spanish. "Detained and interrogated in Trinidad, MORENO was a Spanish ship’s steward who admitted being recruited by a member of the Spanish Consulate in Buenos Aires to act as a courier for German Intelligence. Brought to Camp 020, he confessed to having carried letters to the German Consulate in Bilbao and was assessed as a low grade agent." National Archives, Kew. KV/2/ 3416. PF 65888.

MORLOCK, Oscar. In US list of hardened nazis for repatriation. Address: Zurbano 55, Madrid. Born May 16, 1891 at Stuttgart. Armaments engineer and representative in Spain of Rheinmetal-Borsig. Recommended for priority repatriation because of connection with armaments trade. Interrogated by Allied Control Commision about German armaments trade with Spain during war.

MOSEL, Johann. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MOSIG , Walter Eugen misspelled MOSIGK alias BOEKER alias SCHMIDT. German agent classified A. Listed as A241 and B-301. , I Priority. Repatriated from Madrid by army airtransport on 23 August 1946. In Flight X file. Supreme Chief of SD in Spain. Chief of Sofindus counter/sabotage bureau. Partner and confident of BERNHARDT. Held rank of Colonel or Lt. Colonel in SS Guards. Belonged to RSHA VI of the Gestapo in Berlin. Chief of SS with Condor Legion during the Spanish Civil War.

      One of the 19 cases considered of the utmost importance for repatriation. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. SD/ Gestapo. Born about 1907. 1930-1931 Spain and Argentina; 1936-1938 in Spain; 1943-1946 Spain. Since 1935 in NSDAP. SS Sturmbannfuehrer in SD since 1939. Kriminaldirektor in the Prussian Landespolizei and in Referat Amt VI in RSHA. Head of department in Sofindus and commissioned in Sabotage-Abwehr. Connected with ARNOLD, KALLAB, THOMSEN. Address in Germany Fritzlar Bez Kassel Staedtsiches Forsthaus.

      From the office of Attache D.P. Medalie: "From a source considered reliable, November 5, 1945: MOSIG of Sofindus is identical with SCHMIDT of the Gestapo. His job is checking up on doubtful Germans, keeping an eye on the German colony and liquidating "traitors". Subject is known by the British to be very dangerous. "

      From a report dated January 27, 1944: German SS official, recently arrived in Spain (about November 1943). Agent of Sofindus working in furs. Was in Spain during Civil War, reportedly as a Gestapo leader. Said to be close to HITLER.

      From a reliable source dated June 9, 1944: One group of SD in Spain under joint direction of subject and Theo ARNOLD. Subject seemed to direct operational side. Source under orders of subject and ARNOLD. Subject seemed to be quite friendly with clergy.

      From a memo from Military Attache dated November 28, 1944: Subject has control over all Gestapo money in Spain.

      Information from a memo by OMGUS Financial Division, extracted from the interrogation of MOSIG about his connection with the sale of Banco Hispano Suizo S.A. Madrid to a German investment group headed by Johannes BERNHARDT: The purchasing group consisted of ZISCHE (misspelled ZCHIECHE or CHIECHE in some documents), Sofindus director and cashier, Ernest PECHE and Joachim SIEVERS, partners in Productos Agricolas (PRODAG), and included one Spaniard, CARUNCHO. In additon, MOSIG stated that the former owner of Banco Hispano Suizo (a Swiss) retained an unknown amount of stock in the bank. Subsequently, a disagreement arose between BERNHARDT and SIEVERS over the former’s desire to make the bank an adjunct of Sofindus. The result was BERNHARDT sold part of his shares.

      The Spaniard CARUNCHO was propietor of Hispano Export-Import, S.A., Gran Via 50, Madrid and a partner in Vinagre Vinicola S.A. (VIVISA). Export-Import, S.A. during the war, bought Spanish Pesetas in the Lisbon black market, to buy fruits and vegetables in Spain fopr shipment to France. CARUNCHO also was the middleman between SERRANO SUÑER and Sofindus in wolfram transactions. MOSIG recalled that on three, possibly four, occasions he had made delivery to CARUNCHO of funds received from the courier section of the German Embassy. The amounts totalled about 3.000.000 Pesetas and were channeled through Heinz SINGER, German Police Attache, to MOSIG who made the actual payments.

      Another tie-up of CARUNCHO with Sofindus was through his brother, a police official in Bilbao, who was actively engaged in wolfram purchases for the German firm.

      From a British report dated February 3, 1945: "Kriminal Kommisar. Works for Gestapo in German Consulate building and is very powerful. Subject is also in smuggling business, both of commodities and foreign exchange from German occupied countries. Subject is reported to be working with a Dutch girl, who is sister-in-law of Roberto SCHRADER. Subject got her permission to come to Spain after invasion had begun (probably Madame Tutas ROGGEWEEN).

      On September 4, 1944, The British Embassy sent a Note Verbal to the Spanish Ministery of Foreign Affairs stating that apprehension and internment was regarded by His Majesty’s Government as a matter of utmost importance and urgency.

      From a British report of March 26, 1945: "According to source subject is traying to get a Spanish passport. Described as tall and handsome, age about 40 and of high SS rank. He is a friend of the mining engineer, Georg BUERG.

      From a reliable source, September 7, 1945: Gestapo man and one of the leaders of the Georgi group.

      According to Washington and London reports August 24, 1945, MOSIG and TENSAMANI* may be guilty of complicity in the money affair and orders for their arrest were issued.

* TENSAMANI: Sidi Larbi TENSAMANI / TEMSAMANI Pasha of the Caliph in Tanger, promoted and protected by Spanish Government after Spanish troops occupied Tangier on June 14, 1940.

      Spanish Primer furnished by the office of Attache D.P. Medalie: " German. Born Giessen (Hesse) May 24, 1907. Officer of Amt VI, RSHA, in charge from at least 1940 until September 1943 of a section in Berlin dealing with military, economic and other information from France, Spain, Spanish Morocco and Portugal. May have been IdS (Inspektor der Sipo un des SD) in Breslaubin June 1941. Visited Madrid in August 1940, Lyon in August 1941, Madrid and Lisbon in September 1942, and Tangier in January 1943. In Berlin in the spring of 1943, when he was interested in obtaining general information concerning European (...) affairs in Spanish Morocco. Concerned in the summer of 1943 with an expedition to Persia and with a despatch of an agent to North Africa. Arrived in Madrid in September 1943, under cover of a Dealer in hides connected with Sofindus, and took charge of investigating the activities of all Germans in the Iberian Peninsula. Visited Lisbon in February 1944 and March 1945. Listed for expulsion, but because of his crucial importance to the war effort the German Embassy secured the revocation of the Expulsion order in November 1944. Reported in February 1945 to have been engaged, in addition to his SD duties, in smuggling commodities and foreign exchange in German occupied territories. Reported in March 1945 to have changed his name and address and to be trying to obtain Spanish passport. The Spanish authorities ordered his internment at Caldas de Malavella in June 1945, in which month he was reported to be connected with a clandestine organization to promote post-defeat activities."

      Wife’s name: Hildegard.

NSDAP No 11.670

SS No 46.671

      Address: (October 1943, Office) Av. Jose Antonio 38, Madrid; (November 1944, Private) Calle Brisa 4, Madrid; calle Olozaga 18, Madrid.

MOLL. I-M, KO Spanien, Algeciras (named in STUBBS and BUGGE’s report on I-M Spain).

MOLL, Hermann. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain.

MORENO BRAVO, Gregorio. Lt. Col., alias MORENO EL GUAPO. Spanish agent for Abwehr. (General Records Pertaining to External Assets Investigations, compiled 1948 - 1950, documenting the period 1939 - 1950 Series: Repatriates : Spain - General (June 1946- September 1947) . Living in Barcelona, Calle Bailén 230. Suspected of having held looted works of art and other valuables for German interests. In ALIU Red Flag Names List.

MOSCH, Georg von. Commander Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

MOSSGRA, Wilhelm. Commander Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

MOURAILLE, Roger. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. French. DOB. 10/6/1913 in Marseille. Member of La Cagoule (CSAR). Smuggler and art looter. Connected with the murderers of Marx DORMOY, French Minister of the Popular Front July 1941 assasinated by a bomb, set off at his house by cagoulards. Information from a handwritten note included in Roberts Commission, Subjects files: Spain:"French. Formerly worked in German consul(ate) Marseilles. Murdered French politician whom he was payed to take over the Pyrenees. Sought by French police (SENNER?). Has Monticelli (Montecelli) formerly in the collection of Frank Jay GOULD. Harbours PITOAU (sic), French thug escaped from Miranda del Ebro Camp. Also a murderer. MOURAILLE’s girl: Suzanne. (In) Connection (with) MASUY"

      "Roger Mouraille, qui retrouva la liberté dans des conditions mal éclaircies avant le transfert a Largentiėre, entra dans le service de renseignements de Hans SENNER á Marseille où il retrouva probablement son homonyme Annie Mouraille. Lui-meme donnera une version légérement différente et un peu plus flatteuse de son engagement aupres des occupants en declarant qu’il avait « travaillé » avec les services de presse allemands, avenue du Prado á Marseille, de mars á janvier 1944 et qu’il recueillait « des renseignements politiques ». Il se specialise dans le pillage des biens juifs, a Marseille, Cannes et Pau où il est condamné par contumace, le 25 juillet 1945, ā cinq ans d’emprisonnement.

      Se sentant menace par la Resistance, Mouraille quitte Marseille en août 1944, passe en Espagne par Hendaye « avec un passeport régulier » et se fixe á Barcelone où il aurait retrouvé Moynier et Annie Mouraille ä 1’hotel Regina. Mais moins chanceux qu’eux et que beaucoup d’autres, il est arreté debut avril 1945 par la police franquiste et se fracture la jambe en tentant de sauter du train en marche pres de Bilbao, au moment où il allait être remis aux autorites americaines. Affecté á un convoi de rapatries allemands, il est embarqué sur le Marin-Perch. Trois jours plus tard, il debarque á Bremerhaven, avant-port de Bréme, puis est envoyé au centre d’internement d’Asperg, prés de Ludwigsburg, où il est place a I’infirmerie. Deux inspecteurs des services de la police judiciaire a Paris viennent l’y arréter le 8 juillet 194652 pour donner suite ä un mandat d’arret du juge d’instruction de Pau, d’un second arret du juge destruction de la cour de justice de Marseille pour « atteinte ä la Surete extérieure de PÉtat, vol, complicité, recel », d’un mandat d’amener de Robert Levy, juge d’instruction au tribunal de la Seine, « pour recel malfaiteur, complicité d’assassinal ». Arreté pour la deuxiéme fois, done, il est conduit á Baden-Baden, siége des troupes franchises d’occupation, avant d’etre transiere a Paris." (Philippe Bourdrel,Les Cagoulards dans la guerre).

" La Cagoule sur la sellette pour des faits vieux de 12 ans

      Lundi s’est ouvert à Paris le procès de La Cagoule, le plus grand procès qu’ait eu à connaître la Cour d’assises de la Seine depuis l’affaire Stavisky, en 1935. La durée du procès est prévue pour un mois et demi. Quarante-neuf inculpés sont présents, douze d’entre eux sont libres, n’étant poursuivis que pour des délits bénins. Parmi les accusés présents trois sont déjà condamnés à mort par les Cours de justice , Harispe, Gaudiot et Mouraille. Quelques autres sont frappés pour faits de collaboration notamment Métenier et Gabriel Jeantet. Mais dans ce grand procès, où sont évoqué des faits vieux de 11 ou 12 ans, ne comparaissent pas les grands chefs : seize sont morts, parmi lesquels Eugène Deloncle, Moreau de la Meuse, le général Duseigneur, et quatorze en fuite.

      Le greffier a commencé la lecture de l’acte d’accusation , un volumineux document. Il était plus de 19 heures lorsque la suite des débats a été renvoyée à aujourd’hui. L’exposé des faits n’est pas terminé. " (Nouvelliste Valaisan, Mercredi 13, Octobre, 1948, p. 2)

MOUTES, Ferdinand. German agent classified B. Listed as B242. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Address: Alfonso 12 24, Madrid.

MOYNIER, Anne. From Hans SOMMER’s CI interrogation: GIS Agent in Spain. Present Address: Unknown. Born: 1906 1.76m oval face brown hair, blue eyes.

      Career: Wife of Yves MOYNIER whom she met in PPF circles. In 1940 accused of taking part in assassination of DORMOY, sentenced to two years in jail. After her release became an Amt VI agent. At present she works for VICENTE in Barcelona, supplying him with information on the French colony there, under cover as an entertainer et a Cafe.

MOYNIER, Yves, alias Gilbert MAGICIER. From Hans SOMMER’s CI interrogation: GIS Agent in Spain. Present Address: Unknown. Born: 1913 1.80m Slavic type face, reddish, blond heir

      Career: Former member of Action Francaise and Cagoule; arrested when letter was disbanded and obtained amnesty by joining French Army in 1939. Joined PPF and became agent for Amt VI in 1942. Sent to Switzerland to establish contact with de GAULLE’s Intelligence office in Geneva, but failed in this mission. Fled to Brussels with his wife in 1944. In July 1945 they went to Spain. Interned at Camp Miranda and after release went to Barcelona in January 1946.

MUCH, Hans Rudolf. Classified III-C in OSS records. Professor. Madrid. Born about 1900.

MUEHLPFORT / MUHLPFORT, Hans Max. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 21/3/1912 or 23/3/1912 in Berlin. Address in Germany, 1946: Simplonstr. 13, Berlin O 112.

MUELLER / MULLER, Emil. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 8/3/1916 in Gersfeld Rhoen. Address in Germany, 1946: Gersfeld/ Rhon, a. d. Rentelmuhle (US zone).

MUELLER / MULLER, Hans. Member NSDAP working for Banco Aleman Trasatlantico.

MUELLER / MULLER, Hans Joachim. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 30/9/1921 in Leipzig. Address in Germany, 1946: Taubestr. 14, Leipzig 24 (Soviet zone).

MUELLER / MULLER, Helga. Repatriated on SS Haighland Monarch 7 March, 1946. Secretary of Colonel KLEYENSTUBER, head of the Military Secret Service. A-372 on Official List and III Priority List. DOB. Karlsruhe, 9 December, 1920.

MUELLER / MUELLER-FIEDLER / MUELLER-FIELDER /, Horst / Jorge; alias Horst Theodor MUELLER .Classified A-655, I Priority and A243. Interned in Caldas de Malavella December 1944. Repatriated from Madrid by army airtransport on 23 August 1946. Born about 1912. claimed he lived in Spain, Barcelona since 1912. In Flight X. Assistant of Consul RUEGGEBERG in German Consulate, Barcelona. Address in Germany Hohensolms bei Wetzlar chez Frau Nadia BAEUMNER.

      Information from the office of Attache D. P. Medalie: German. Born November 9, 1911 in Magdeburg. Employee of the German Consulate in Barcelona, and also of I. Wi K.O Spain under Friedrich RUEGGEBERG. First reported in February 1942. Last reported in June 1943. Known in Spain as Horst MULLER-FIEDLER. Wife lived in Spain since 1943. Height 5’11’’ (180 cm.); strong bony build, light brown hair, aquiline nose, medium complexion, clean shaven. Address of father, Pablo MULLER, architect, with whom he lived: Calle Lanuza 36, San Gervasio, Barcelona. Tfn. 82962.

      From a reliable source, August 12, 1944. Subject received reports from German ship agents in Barcelona, especially from Jesus MORALES and Oscar RAGA (Written by error OSCARRAGA). He is located in German Consulate, Room 313, Banco de Vizcaya, Tfn. 14108.

      From a reliable source, February 23, 1944: In July 1943, the radio operator Jose OLIVERO DEL RIO, later arrested for smuggling was introduced by a Spaniard who had given him the Hinrichsen password to Horst MULLER, identified as well known German agent. OLIVERO handed over to him the US intelligence which he had previously written out and MULLER gave as a way of contacting him the phone number 80979, registered number under the name of Hugo RAHLENBECK. The address given was Lanuza 36, which is registered under the name of Pablo, subject’s father, and also under the name RAHLENBECK.

      From a British memo dated Barcelona July 3, 1944: subject worked for AST (Abwehrstellen or field office of the Abwehr), Hamburg. At the beginning of the Civil War he went to Germany, and then later to Burgos where he joined the Condor Legion. He belonged to the Hitler Youth and was in charge of list kept in the German Consulate of recipients of Nazi propaganda.

MUELLER / MULLER, Nicolas. Dr. Agent classified II-B in OSS records. Photographer. Was a lawyer in Budapest. Went to Paris about 1935 and was photoreporter for a Fascist paper. Also worked in Portugal. Went to Tangier in 1939. Hungarian or German jew. Became Roman Catholic. In Madrid in 1946.

MUELLER, Oskar Martin Klaus. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 12/12/1915 in Neustrelitz Meklenburg. Address in Germany, 1946: Langestr. 70, Baden-Baden (French zone).

MUELLER, Reinhard. Repatriated from Spain in September 10 1946.

MÜHRER, Heinz. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. DOB. Landsberg, 27 July, 1925.

MÜLLER, Alfredo / Alfred. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. DOB. Lindlar, about 1875. Wife: Juana.

MULLER. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. German Consul in Pamplona.

MULLER, von. Capt. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. German Embassy official, Barcelona.

MULLER / MUELLER, Ehrenfried. Dr. Commander Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

MULLER / MUELLER, Friedrich. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MULLER, Gerhard. Agent classified II-A in OSS records. Plane technician at San Pablo airfield, Sevilla. Came to Spain in 1942.

MULLER, Hans. Agent classified II-A in OSS records. Technician at San Pablo airfield, Sevilla. Came to Spain in 1942.

MULLER / MULLER-LICHTENAU, Hans. Comdr. Agent classified I-B and II-B in OSS records. W/T technician. Tarifa Lighthouse, Tarifa. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

MULLER / MUELLER, Heinrich, also called GESTAPO MULLER. Chief of the Gestapo, Amt IV (Department IV) of the RSHA; Wannsee Conference participant. SS Nº 107043. Joined SS 20 April, 1934. NSDAP Nº 533199Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941). El BOE lo llama "Jefe de Brigada" traducción literal de Brigadeführer (lo fue a partir de 14 de diciembre de 1940). Gruppenführer since?

      El 30 de noviembre de 1940, Heinrich Müller, jefe de la Gestapo, ordenó que los “rojos españoles” de hasta cincuenta y cinco años de edad que hubiesen trabajado para el ejército francés fuesen enviados a campos de concentración alemanes, fundamentalmente Auschwitz y Mathausen. Esta medida, acordada con la policía española, ya había comenzado a aplicarse en agosto de 1940 y dio lugar a la detención, la tortura y la muerte de numerosos exiliados españoles, catalanes y vascos en campos de concentración, así como en campos de trabajo.

MULLER, Karl. Agent classified II-A in OSS records. Engineer at munitions factory Constructora Naval de San Fernando, Cadiz.

MULLER, Karl. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: Ercilla 1, Bilbao. Born Sierning (Ostmark), 10 Aug. 1899. Passport issued Berlin 9.36. Member of NSDAP and DAF.

MULLER, Horst. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. Employee of Banco Aleman, Barcelona. Born November 9, 1911 in Magdeburg, Germany. Attached to German Consulate, Barcelona. Address: Barriada de la Bonanova, Barcelona.

MULLER, J. Agent in Spanish Morocco and Tangier, I-Unclassified in OSS records.

MULLER / MUELLER, Josef. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MÜLLER, Oscar. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: Continental Fabrica Española de Caucho, Torrelavega (Santander). Born St. Peter/Baden, 28 Dec.1909. Passport No. M 330/36 issued Hannover 3.10.36. Member of DAF.

MÜLLER, Oskar Konrad Philipp. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. DOB. Haart, 23 March, 1879. Wife: Elena.

MULLER / MUELLER, Pankraz. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MULLER / MUELLER, Paul. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MÜLLER, Reinhard. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. DOB. Obermoschel, 7 April, 1901. A-933.

MULLER / MÜLLER / MUELLER, Sven von. Dr. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941). Hamburges Fremdenblatt.

MULLER / MUELLER, Rudolf. Dr. Military auditor. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

MULLER / MUELLER, Walter. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MULLER-BERGH, Alfred. In US list of hardened nazis for repatriation. Address: Calle 5, Las Arenas, Vizcaya (Apartado 607, Bilbao) and Aguirre 12, Bilbao. On Proclaimed List. Chemical engineer and owner of firm Alfredo Muller-Bergh Maquinaria Industrial S.L. Represented several German firms. Born Koln-Lindenthal, 25 Nov. 1908. Passport No. 8623 issued Madrid 24.4.36. Member of DAF.

MULLER-BERGH, Alfred. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: Aguirre 12, Bilbao. Born Lindlar, 5 Dec. 1876. Passport No. 35/38 issued Bilbao 23.6.38. Member of NSDAP.

MULLER-BRACUM , Karl Franz. German agent classified A. Listed as A244 In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Employed by Bayer Co. Address: Balmes 299, 3o, 2a, Barcelona.

MULLER-THYSSEN, Alfred Paul Erich. Internee at Civilian Internment Camp Nº 76, Asperg. Interrogated June 25, 1946. Brother of Walter MULLER-THYSSEN. Alfred claimed that his brother Walter was not the owner but the manager of the firm Walter Muller & Co. in San Sebastián. The firm allegedly belonged to Tassara i Veltran, S. A (i.e. Tassara i Beltran, S. A ), Calle San Martin in San Sebastián.

MULLER-THYSSEN , Walter. Businessman. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. Address: Amorabieta, Villa Rosina, Apartado 133. San Sebastián. Still in Spain in June 1946, fighting his repatriation in some documents but repatriated by air from Spain to Stuttgart in May 10 1946 in another ones. Arrived Germany from Spain May 12, 1946. Born in 1903. Address in Germany: Landhause Leu, Murnau, Oberbayern. Proprietor of Cia Mercantil, San Sebastián. Connected to Otto GRAEBNER (see Alois MIEDL) and other art looters. See communications intercepted from Boerrenberg Hidalgostahl Gummersbach to Muelleros, Pasajes Reis, San Sebastián : "Please wire collect immediately whereabouts of goods" (January 25 1945).

MUND, Johannes. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MUNDLER / MUENDLER, Anneliese. Dr. Journalist. In Propaganda NSDAP. Married Marie-Ad. August Ferdinand / Fernando JUNGEBLODT SCHMIT. Born 6 January 1915 in Dresde. Died in Engen, Germany, 5 February 1999. Buried in Duchtlingen / Hilzingen Cemetery. Evangelic Church. Adopted Luxemburg citizenship in 18 August,1953. Included in Names definitely agreed upon by British and Americans for inclusion in the list of 175 candidates for repatriation, dated 16 January, 1947.

MUNDZUNE, Otto (probably misspelled for Otto MUNDT ZUNE). Agent classified II-A in OSS records. Technician. Born about 1900. Madrid.

MUÑOZ-VARGAS Y HERREROS DE TEJADA, Enrique. Conde de BULNES from 1976. Commercial attache to Spanish Embassy in Buenos Aires (BOE, 16 June, 1943).

      From Records of the External Assets Investigation Section of the Property Division, OMGUS, 1945-1949: Jurges HEYNRICH.

      "Dr. MEYNEN, who is today living in Portugal (added: where he originaly went) on orders of the German Foreign Office, was given the task of quietly smuggling Nazi property held in Spain and Portugal out of Portugal into Argentina. This task he performed in collaboration with the last naval attache of the German Embassy in Spain, Captain Kurt MEYER-DORNER, with the added assistance of some Spanish helpers, to whom I shall refer in more detail later.

      In his secret report to the German Foreign Office dated January 1943 Dr. MEYNEN already spoke of enormous sums which were smuggled through certain channels into Argentina. One of these channels involved the Spanish Embassy at Buenos Aires. The smuggling was organised by the Spaniard Enrique MUÑOZ VARGAS, son of the Spanish ambassador to Argentina, Conde de BULNES.

      This smuggling route was being used with particular frequency by General Wilhelm FAUPEL, President of the Ibero-Amerikanisches Institut, Berlin, during most of the war, for getting property from Germany via Spain into Argentina, by making use of the Spanish Cabo and Monte ships. The following two facts will prove that this smuggling flourished even before the U.S. entered the war, and continued for a long time after the collapse of the HITLER regime In Germany:

      On the 9th of October 1941, the author of this report personally watched the unloading of two large trucks (belonging to the firm Thyssen-Lametal) from the Spanish vessel Cabo de Buena Esperanza , both loaded with Persian carpets, as well as several large boxes. These were brought by German Nazis, accompanied by Argentine customs officials, from the harbor to the hotel Viena in Lavalle street. The owner of this hotel, Willi SCHECKENBACH, was one of the most active Nazi agents in Argentina and a confidential man-of-business for the German Embassy.

      Seven months after the end of the war, 9 December 1945, the above mentioned Spanish vessel again sailed into the harbor of Buenos Aires. On board was Mr. Enrique Muñoz Vargas, back from a "private" trip to Spain and Portugal. Upon his arrival he was welcomed by Colonel Artur BRINKMANN, of the Argentine Army, as well as by Mr. Hjalmar SCHACHT’s confidential agent in South America, Mr. Heinrich DORGE, to whom VARGAS delivered one large and two middle-sized trunks, as well as two small but heavy boxes. This luggage was loaded on a military truck which stood ready at the quay. The front seat was occupied by the former director of the Banco Aleman Transatlantico in Buenos Aires. Mr. Alfred HERRMANN. It was impossible to find out where he took the load. The mere presence of DORGE and HERRMANN, however, precludes all doubts as to the particular importance or value of the smuggled contents of the luggage. The presence of Colonel BRINKMANN was explained by the fact that as early as March 1944, immediately after the overthrow of the RAMIREZ Government, he was given a special order by President PERON to provide military protection for the Nazi smuggling of property.

      Up to June 1944 it was repeatedly noticed that Enrique MUÑOZ VARGAS, sometimes accompanied by high officials of the German Embassy at Buenos Aires (e.g. the Prince Stephen zu SCHAUMBURG-LIPPE, Wilhelm von POCHHAMMER, Bernhard von WOLFERSDORFF), went on board Spanish vessels in the Buenos Aires harbor to pick up smuggled items which had been brought over. These were then taken to the Spanish Embassy (in the Embassy’s car bearing the insignia of the Diplomatic Corps). After nightfall it was taken through the garden of the Embassy to Dr. Erich Otto MEYNEN’s house (2848 Rufino de Elizalde Street), which is located not far away, in rear of the Embassy.

      To complete the picture I must insert here the following confidential information which I received, while in Internment Camp 76, from a former high official of the German Embassy in Madrid. I was unable, however, to verify the correctness of this information myself or through other persons; therefore it is offered for what it may be worth. According to this information, General FAUPEL, Captain MEYER-DORNER. and, later on, Dr. HEYNEN, used a house at 63 Goya street, Madrid, as headquarters. The owners or occupants of this house, known to the informant only by the names of Don Manuel and Don Martin are reported to have taken an active part in the smuggling of property by the Nazis, and to have made extended trips to South America.

     To this story, I am able to add that, according to a report from Buenos Aires, which I received in Montevideo in April 1944, the arch Nazi, Ludwig FREUDE, had been vesited twice by a certain Don Manuel of Spain. I don’t know whether or not this Don Manuel of Spain is the same Don Manuel who was living 63 Goya street, Madrid."

MUÑOZ-VARGAS, Jose, conde de BULNES. Spanish ambassador in Buenos Aires, Argentina from 1943 to 1947. Falangist Camisa Vieja. During his period as diplomat, the Spanish Embassy apparently offered the ways and means to Nazi smuggling.

See astonishing contemporary news:

Los Judíos argentinos expresan su gratitud al Gobierno del Caudillo

Buenos Aires, 12. — El vicepresidente y el secretario de la Delegación de Asociaciones israelitas argentinas han visitado al embajador de España, conde de Bulnes, para expresarle su profundo agradecimiento por las humanitarias intervenciones del Gobierno español en favor de los judíos. También manifestaron su reconocimiento por el último rasgo de generosidad de España, al consignar un millón de Pesetas para ayuda de los sefarditas. — EFE. (La Vanguardia Española, 13 March 1945, p. 10)

MURECK, Herbert. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941). First counsellor of German Government.

MUSIAL, Alois. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MUSIG, Gerhard. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

MUT, Angel. Agent classified II-A in OSS records. Electrical engineer. Has electrical appliance shop in Malaga.

Autor: Eliah Meyer

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Título:  «THE FACTUAL LIST OF NAZIS PROTECTED BY SPAIN»

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* C) THE FACTUAL LIST OF NAZIS PROTECTED BY SPAIN

* D) THE FACTUAL LIST OF NAZIS PROTECTED BY SPAIN

* E) THE FACTUAL LIST OF NAZIS PROTECTED BY SPAIN

* F) THE FACTUAL LIST OF NAZIS PROTECTED BY SPAIN

* G) THE FACTUAL LIST OF NAZIS PROTECTED BY SPAIN

* H) THE FACTUAL LIST OF NAZIS PROTECTED BY SPAIN

* I-J-K) THE FACTUAL LIST OF NAZIS PROTECTED BY SPAIN

* L) THE FACTUAL LIST OF NAZIS PROTECTED BY SPAIN


Foto de portada: An American soldier admires a 15th century statue of Eve, just one of the pieces of art to be revealed in the hidden cave at Konigsee, where Hermann Goering stored treasures taken from all over Europe. Germany, 1945.

13/04/2014 10:52. Editado por Gatopardo enlace permanente. ELIAH MEYER

Comentarios > Ir a formulario

gravatar.comAutor: Helen Graham

Hay que tomar un poco de cuidado con esta lista - o sea no todos los alemanes repatriados desde Espana fueron nazis - p. ej. Rudolf Michaelis fue un anarquista aleman que habia acabado encarcelado en Espana (Barcelona) desde 1939 hasta 1944 (luego estuvo una temporada en libertad condicional en Carabanchel, Madrid, y luego la repatriacion a Berlin.) La vida posterior de Michaelis esta bastante bien documentada - y nazi no lo era.

Fecha: 17/06/2015 05:24.


gravatar.comAutor: Eliah Meyer

Sra. Graham:
Las listas y documentos de los que sale esta compilación no son repatriados, sino repatriados considerados por los aliados "indeseables" por sus relaciones con el régimen nazi. Es su calificación, no la mía, que es más dura.
Ser anarquista no da carnet de antinazi. Repase las amistades de una santa del anarquismo como Federica Montseny con Maurice Papon.
Si está elaborando el estatuto de limpieza de sangre del Sr.Michaelis, explique qué hacía en 1949 en el SED, partido que recogió a todos los nazis reciclables de la República Democrática Alemana.
Saludos cordiales

Fecha: 17/06/2015 12:17.


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