PABEL, Walter. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).
PABST, Ruth. Repatriated on SS Haighland Monarch 7 March, 1946. German Embassy employee. A-393 Official List. Member of a group of German women who entered Spain on 21 August 1944 on a collective passport. 10 September 1924.
PAEGE, Hermann. Representative. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).
PAEGE, Wilhelm. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: Nova, S.A. Employee. Elcano 23, Bilbao. Born Barcelona 10 Oct. 1911. Passport No. 102 R. 1232/ 36 issued Berlin 15.9.36.
PAHL, Erna. Agent classified IV-B in OSS records. Administrator of the Spanish group of women of the DAF in Spain. Sister of Wilhelm PAHL.
PAHL, Wilhelm Johannes, alias FERNANDO. From OMGUS, External Assets Investigation, Unit, General: Pahl, Wilhelm (Interrogation report): German. Born 5 April, 1905, son of Johannes Heinrich Otto PAHL and Helene Anna Katharina nee HOLST. Sisters: Erna PAHL and Frieda EPPERS. Wife Martha nee SELLENTIN. Children: Margit, Rosemarie and Amei . Bank manager. 1.91m height, slim, dark hair, face thinn, scar on right hand. Last address: Asternstrasse 31, Wandsbeck, Hamburg. Identity documents: Nil. Arrested by 30 F.S.S on 18 July 1945 at Hamburg.
-Apprentice at Deutsch-Sudamerikanische Bank 1922-1924. Head of the Commercial Department at Anglo-South-American Bank, Hamburg from 1925 till 1936. Employee at Deutsche Bank, Hamburg 1936-1938.
- In April 1938 he emigrated to Spain in order to work for Compañia Vasco-Africana Ltd., Madrid and San Sebastian.
- In January 1939 he became Administrative Manager of Vasco-Africana at Kogo, Spanish Guinea, there he remained until September 1941 when he fell sick and returned to France by plane.
- The German authorities returned him to Hamburg, where he reported to the Bank der Deutschen Arbeit.
- In January 1942 he was first sent to Brussels where he remained for one month and then to Antwerp by the Bank der Deutschen Arbeit in order to work as a manager at the Antwerp and Brussels branches of Westbank which was sponsored by the Bank der Deutschen Arbeit.
- PAHL remained in Antwerp until the German retreat in September 1944, when he returned first to Cologne and after 10 days to Hamburg,
- In December 1944 he was called up and joined an Interpreter company of Werhkreis X, Hamburg, to which he belonged to surrender of Hamburg on 3 May 1945.
Connection with Ast. X.
- When subject returned to Hamburg from Spanish Guinea via Marseille in September 1942 he was contacted by a representative of the Ruckwanderer Amt, Herr GOPPELT, who was an official of NSDAP.
- GOPPELT introduced PAHL at the Beginning of October 1941 (sic) to a member of the Abwehr Ast Bremen with the name of Regierungsrat FRISCHMUTH who requested from PAHL a detailed report on conditions in Spanish Guinea and observations he had made during his journey via Cotenou, French Daome, Gao-Sahara and Algiers.
- PAHL submitted a detailed written report to FRISCHMUTH giving information on economical, political and military observations. PAHL received from FRISCHMUTH 300 Marks as payment for his report.
- PAHL turned to the manager of the Bank der Deutschen Arbeit , GRAMKE, for employment and was accepted as manager of Westbank, which was sponsored by BDDA.
- In December 1941, PAHL passed a superficial training as Bank manager at BDDA in Hamburg. At that time he was granted exemption from military service through GRAMKE who had informed Major PIEPER of PAHL’s subsequent employment in Belgium.
- GRAMKE introduced PAHL to Major PIEPER who gave his name as Dr. FRITZ. Fraulein LEWERENZ, GRAMKE’s secretary, told PAHL that this was merely a cover name for Major PIEPER. Fraulein LEWERENZ knew this because of GRAMKE’s relations to the Abwehr and SD.
- PIEPER requested PAHL to look out for potential Abwehr agents during his work in Belgium. These were to be used as informants and W/T operators. PAHL agreed.
Jose TUERO DE CASTRO (see TUERO DE CASTRO, Jose)
Hans ROHRBACH (see ROHRBACH, Hans)
Pablo MITJANS DE CASTANY (see MITJANS DE CASTANY, Pablo)
- PAHL’s second and last journey to Spain took place in February 1944. He spent three weeks in Spain on a holiday. On his return, he summited PIEPER another report on the economical and political position in Spain etc.
In July 1942 GRAMKE requested PAHL to open a secret account in PAHL’s name from which Abwehr agents should be paid.
PIEPER would credit this account with a monthly sum of Bfrs. 10,000.
All correspondance between PAHL and PIEPER was to go via GRAMKE.
In June 1943 PIEPER informed PAHL that he could be contacted through an employee of Dr. KOCH by the name of Joseph MEYER, who, together with SERRIEN was in W/T communication with PIEPER.
PIEPER instructed PAHL to pay in Bfrs. to the u/m out of the secret Abwehr account:
- Oblt. SAUBER, cover name KOHLEMANN, Abwehr Antwerp, Hotel Century.
- Engineer WEIN. W/T fitter, Antwerp, Hotel Century.
- Joseph MEYER, employee of Dr. Koch & Co., cover name JUPP, Hotel de Londres, Antwerp.
- EDLER, employee of Dr. Koch & Co., cover name BIFFY, Hotel de Londres, Antwerp.
- SERRIEN, W/T operator, cover name SENEGAL, Antwerp. Working for Dr. Hans KOCH.
- KLAPDRUP, Belgian, employee of Dr. KOCH, Antwerp.
- Hpt. GROEGER, cover name HUTH.
- Dr. Hans KOCH, owner of the firm Hans Koch & Co., Antwerp.
- Mlle. Marcelle STROOT, Brussels, Secretary of TUERO DE CASTRO.
-Jose TUERO DE CASTRO
- Leutnant HOLLAUFER, of Ast Hamburg (...)
On the 26 August 1944, one week before his departure from Antwerp, PAHL handed over the remaining sum of the secret account, Bfrs. 50,000 to GROGER. PAHL has not received any money for his own benefit out of this account.
PALOWSKI, Franz. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).
PALT, Paul Johann. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. Previously in Miranda concentration camp. DOB. Kattowitz, 29 June, 1922.
PANHORST, Karl Dr. Major. Abwehr. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Mentioned as interned in Camp 76, Asperg on March 27, 1946. Born on 12 August 1899 in Eikel, Westfalen. Subject was the General Secretary of the Ibero-Amerikanisches Institut and from 1937 to 1939 was employed as writer on scientific and historical subjects in Berlin. From 1939 to 1940 was an Air Corps Communications Officer. From 1940 to 1945 he was with the OKW in Barcelona. From 1933 to 1937 subject was a member of the NSDAP . Abwehr agent. Subject held the rank of major in L I of the Abwehr. With camouflage firm. Drumen S.A., Ronda Universidad 17, Barcelona.
Repatriated by air from Spain between 29 January to 25 february 1946. Po. No. 0785. Interrogated between February and May 1946. British Reports. Owned with KLEYENSTUBER a printing firm, Zaragoza (Zaragossa) in Madrid. The firm was a camouflaged Abwehr centre. Subject released to Berlin, Fasanenstr. 5.
PANTAK, Rudolf. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. Previously in Miranda concentration camp. DOB. Wisterschoen, 23 August, 1909.
PANTEN, Heinz. Repatriated on SS Haighland Monarch 7 March, 1946. Brought to repatriation center under police escort. E-130 Official List. DOB. Altzowen, 20 May, 1915.
PANTEN, Kurt. German agent classified B. Listed as B256. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Runs a shop at Aribau 226, Barcelona. Address: calle Dorcor Roux "P" (sic), Barcelona. Leader of Frente Alemán de Trabajo in Barcelona1940.
PANTIN. Agent classified II-B in OSS records. Painter, Barcelona.
PAPCKE, Gustav. Dr. Commander Physician. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).
PAPPENHEIM, Georg Edward Paul Viktor Graf zu. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941). DOB. July 28, 1909 in Heves (Hungary). Father, Alexander Siegfried, count zu PAPPENHEIM; mother, The Hungarian Countess Elizabeth de Karoly Nagy Karoly. Entered diplomatic service in 1939. He was the following years in Sofia, Madrid and Tanger. In 1941 he was appointed Secretary of Legation.
PARLEN, Reinhardt Rud. Franz. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 30/1/1905 in Mährish Schönberg Sudet.
PASCH, Karl. SD agent. Partner in Pasch y Hermanos firm. Address: calle Larreategui 42, Bilbao. Included in Names definitely agreed upon by British and Americans for inclusion in the list of 175 candidates for repatriation, dated 16 January, 1947. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: Born Feldhof/Millrath, 4 Sept. 1892. Passport No. 33/36 issued Bilbao 7.7.36. Member of DAF.
PASCH y JUFFERNBUCH , Guillermo / Wilhelm. German agent classified B. Listed as B256. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. In the "Industry" group of agents in Spain. Connected with BERNHARDT and WAHLE. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. Industrialist. Connected with Sofindus. Principal partner in Pasch y Hermanos firm. Director of Minerales de España S.A. Born August 25, 1889 in Hochdahl, Germany. Address: Gran Via 71, Bilbao and Plaza Galdor 4, Bilbao and Paseo de la Alameda 4, Neguri, Bilbao. Condecorated by FRANCO "Caballero de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas con Encomienda" (BOE, 11 Septiembre de 1940). From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: Address: Carmen 7, Neguri (Bilbao). Born Hochdahl, 25 Aug. 1889. Passport No. 191/37 issued Salamanca, Member of NSDAP and DAF.
PASCHKES, Ewald Christian alias UBELE. (fnu). German agent classified A. Listed as A257. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. He was an RSHA official in I-L KO Spain from whence he came to the Office of Police Attache in Barcelona. Merchant. Previously in Central America. Born February 13, 1912 in Port Said, Egypt. Address: Fernandez de la Hoz 68, Barcelona and calle Berna 12, Barcelona.
PASEKA, Willy. German agent classified A. Listed as A258. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Tangier. Connected to German consulate.
PATRY / PATRICK, Wilhelm. Connected with SCHULTZE.
PATZELT, Andreas. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).
PATZER, Franz. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: Minerales de España: Employee. Apartado 121, Calle Moros 45 -.1°, Gijon. Born Duisburg-Hamborn 23 Jan.1910. Passport No. P 30/36 issued Duisburg-Hamborn 29.6.1936 Member of DAF.
PATZER, Josef. Counsellor. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).
PAUERL, Franz. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).
PAUKNER, Anton. German agent classified A. Listed as A260. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Agent classified II-B in OSS records. Photographer. Commercial agent. Manager of N. Deutsche Lloyd. Was in Canary Islands as vice/consul. Attached to German Embassy, Madrid (Shipping department). Born 1894. Address: calle Tambre 1, Colonia El Viso, Madrid.
PAUL. Agent classified IV-B in OSS records. Formerly chief of Cultural Department in Germany. Came to Spain in June 1944. Born about 1890. Address: Cultural Dept., Juan Bravo 8, Madrid.
PAUL, Gottfried alias Paul TABOSCHAT alias Paul GOTTFRIED alias Paul TABOSCHAT, alias TABUSCHAD, alias PAUL TABUSCHAT, alias TABOSCHAD alias PABLO GOTTFRIED. alias MAJOR PAUL. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. Major in Abwehr Spain. Granted one month (12 March 1945) prior to proceeding to Caldas de Malavella for internment. Repatriated by air from Spain between 29 January to 25 february 1946. Po. No. 0789. Mentioned as interned in Camp 76, Asperg on March 27, 1946.Interrogated between February and May 1946. British Reports. War firm’s manager of Osram A.G., Madrid from 1931 to 1939.
The restaurant Cactus, Avenida Pearson, 12 and the dress shop Renaud & Cia., Paseo de Gracia, Barcelona owned by his mIress Maria Teresa PENDAS, the two MIRO sIers and GRAF QUEROGA / GRAFF QUIROGA. The dress shop is known under name of Miro, former propietor and one of present directors. Firm included a beauty salon at Muntaner 339, 60, 2a.
In 1944 he received 200.000 pts. from FRANZBACH (Abwehr Finance) to be safeguarded, 100.000 of which were put down by Spaniards in Barcelona, the remainder being sent to BRANDES in Portugal. When the collapse came PAUL took his 6 months wages (26.000 pts), handed over 50.000 pts and spent the rest on a solicitor and HEID, a sick German emigrant.
PAUL was a full time operator in black market. He stated that he did a lot of money changing for the French Maquis (Pesetas into 20.000.000 French Francs) being directed to do so by the U.S. Consulate and British Secret Service. The profit he made was all lost in the companies Fecasa y Aglomera in Figueras, near Barcelona.
From: U.S. Army. European Command.Intelligence Division, Wartime activities of the German diplomatic and military services during World War II, November 18, 1949:
"Born on 9 June (July in OSS files) 1896 in Berlin. From 1939 to 1940 subject was working forthe OKW, Abwehr I H. In 1944 was transferred to Barcelona and was the head of the I H in Spain. His duties consisted of obtaining information from France and North Africa. Other information concerning any of the other Allied nations were none of his concern. Subject never admits having used and relayed those messages, when they happend to fall into his hands.A more detailedreport can be obtained from EUCOM Interrogation. Subject released to Dortmund-Hasselt (Erlenkamp). Address: Paseo de San Gervasi 161, Barcelona.
PAUL, Walter. Dr. Agent classified II-A in OSS records. Chemist.. Address: Calle Aragon 244, Barcelona. Connected with Union Quimica del Norte de España, Buenos Aires 4, Bilbao. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: Born Munchen, 22 March 1908. Passport No. 17 issued Erlangen 8.4.38. Member of NSDAP and SA (on leave).
PAVELIC, Ante, alias Antonio SERDAR, alias GIUSEPPE, alias Pablo ARANJOS, alias Pale ARANIOS, alias Pedro GONNER. "The world’s most wanted—yet least pursued—war criminal" (Cali Ruchala). Leader of Ustasha. Born Bradina (Konjic) Bosnia-Herzegovina; 14 July 1889. Died Madrid, Spain 28 December 1959. Wife: Maria PAVELIC nee LAVRENZI. Children: Mirjana, Visnja and Velimir.
As the leader of the Ustasha, he directly ordered, organized and conducted a campaign of terror and genocide directed against Serbs, Jews, Roma, and Orthodox Christians.
In May 1945, Pavelic and his entourage fled to Austria and then to Italy where he was shielded by the Vatican from extradition to Yugoslavia for war crimes. From 1948 PAVELIC lived in Argentina protected by PERÓN. After the war, Pavelic continued to exercise control over many of the Ustasha exiles and fugitives until his death in 1959 in Spain. An attempt on his life in 1957 left him injured and he fled to Franco’s Spain where he was protected by the FRANCO’s regime and died in Hospital Alemán , Madrid. The cause of his death was related to his injuries received in Buenos Aires. Dr Rudolf SAJITZ was the physician who attended PAVELIC. PAVELIC was buried in the Cementerio de San Isidro, Madrid.
Wikipedia (english) contains a very good survey of the subject. But the most accurate documental evidence can be found in the excellent research project The Pavelic Papers, edited by Cali RUCHALA and Sinisa DJURIC:
"Poglavnik ("leader"; in German, "fuehrer") of the Independent State of Croatia, founder of the Ustase movement and mastermind of the Holocaust in Croatia in which an estimated 600,000 to 1 million Serbs, Jews, Roma and political prisoners perished between 1941 and 1945. Leader of the extreme right, or "Frankist" faction of Croat Party of Rights after World War I. Following the assassination of Croat Peasant Party leader Stjepan RADIC and the imposition of the Royal Dictatorship in Yugoslavia on January 6, 1929, PAVELIC went abroad, first to Austria and then to Italy, where the nascent Ustase were provided training camps and afforded protection from the Fascist Italian government. Following the Nazi invasion and dismemberment of Yugoslavia on April 6, 1941, proclaimed poglavnik of the Independent State of Croatia (NDH by its Serbo-Croat acronym), but only after RADIC’s successor, Vladko MACEK, declined to lead the puppet state himself. Immediately implemented the Ustase plan for the "purification" of the NDH using the formula coined by his deputy Mile BUDAK: "kill a third, expel a third, and convert a third" of the Serbian population to Catholicism. Concentration camps such as Jasenovac were established as the Ustase Black Legion swept through Serbian villages and arrested Jews and Roma wherever they could be found.
After the collapse of the NDH, PAVELIC escaped to Austria and then to Italy, where he linked up with Vatican operatives of the "Ratline," dedicated to shielding accused war criminals from arrest and shuttling them out of Europe. Escaped to Argentina with the help of Catholic priest, Ustase officer and Ratline operative Krunoslav DRAGANOVIC. Immediately upon arrival in Buenos Aires, formed a successor movement to the Ustase with other NDH fugitives and accused war criminals, and later the Croatian Liberation Movement, which still exists today as a miniscule political party in Zagreb. Acted as security advisor to Argentine dictator Juan PERON. After an attempt on his life on April 9, 1957, fled to FRANCO’s Spain where he died on December 28, 1959."
1. The Ratline (1946-1955)
"(...) Following the collapse of the Independent State of Croatia in May of 1945, the leadership of the Ustase fled for the Austrian border. The Croatian refugees they fled with were handed back to the Yugoslav government, but an incredible number of the Ustase ringleaders managed to escape. Poglavnik Ante PAVELIC remained in Austria for a short while before proceeding to Rome. There he and several of his underlings concealed themselves on Vatican property while former Ustase officer and priest Fr. Krunoslav Draganovic masterminded their escape to South America. Agent William Gowen of the CIC was assigned to the case, conducted surveillance of Pavelic’s Vatican refuge and was prepared to make an arrest when his superiors intervened. Draganovic had been contacted at the same time and offered a quid pro quo by American agents stationed in Austria to smuggle their own assets - among them Gestapo Chief of Lyon Klaus Barbie - in return for their assistance to "persons of interest" to him. Pavelic remained in Rome for more than a year before departing for Buenos Aires, where he joined a dozen other officials from the Independent State of Croatia and began the resurrection of the Ustase movement in exile.":
I. Rome CIC on PAVELIC’s Arrest in Austria.
"Counter Intelligence Corps
A.P.O. 512, US Army
Case No. R-2803
25 August 1945
Re: Arrest of Subject.
1. Newspaper accounts of 24 August 1945 reported the arrest of Subject by Allied authorities in Austria. The article stated that PAVELIC was to be returned to Yugoslavia for trial as a war criminal.
2. It is recommended that this case be considered closed.
Francis R. FAVORINI, Special Agent, CIC.
Harry J. MURPHY, Special Agent, CIC.
Case No. 4522
22 January 1947
Memorandum For The Officer In Charge:
Subject: PAVELIC, Dr. Ante.
RE: Summary of Information.
1. Reports coming from many informants indicated that PAVELIC, Dr. Ante, the Croat Ustascia Chief, has been in Rome at various times since the war ended and might be in Rome at the present time. Pursuant to instructions from the Supervising Agent of this detachment, an investigation was initiated.
2. Information having its source in reliable informants indicates that subject is at the present time in the extra-territorial walled-in compound on the left bank of the Tiber, at Lungo Tevere Aventino, Rome. This compound has within its walls five Catholic organizations, a public wine shop, a public garage, a shop of one of the organizations, but open to the public, and one private residence.
3. The five religious organizations are: 1) The Monastery of St. Sabina of the Dominican Order; 2) The St. Alessio School for Roman Studies; 3) The Cavaliers of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta; 4) The Benedictine Monastery of St. Anselmo; 5) A children’s school run by Nuns. The compound itself is situated on top of the Aventine Hill which has been built on since Roman times. As a result a conglomeration of buildings old and new now stands. The Hill itself is reputedly honeycombed with subterranean tunnels which link the individual building.
4. The area of the compound has been as carefully checked by this Agent as legal methods permit. The informants of this office have been unable to enter the compound but add that once inside, finding PAVELIC would be a very difficult problem if he lives underground inside an old construction which has long since been built on top of St. Alessio was [page break: one or more lines appears by context to be missing, or the single sentence is a run-on which should be broken after "inside"] relatively easy to enter and one could move about rather freely. Due to the large number of Italian civilians who come and go and the easy entrance it seems somewhat doubtful that PAVELIC would use this spot as a hiding place. The Villa of the Knights of Malta was inspected too. Special permission is required from the Grand Master of the Order, Prince CHIGI himself who lives there 3 months of the year. Italian gardeners are at present the only inhabitants besides an Italian Monsignor who takes care of the Chapel, St. Maria delle Priorita. This too, would seem an unlikely location for the Subject’s hiding place as would the convent. The relatively new (1900) Benedictine Monastery St. Anselmo is very hard to enter. True, one can look at the Chapel and the Chapel Crypt and even the library by special appointment, but beyond that one can see nothing. Monks in this monastery are of all nationalities, American included. For this reason and also for the reason that a clandestine entry and exit, the building and walls being new, would seem not to be present. If PAVELIC is really in the compound, it would seem more likely that he would be in St. Sabina. lll St. Sabina is right on the Tiber river from the Church and the Monastery to the street level is a drop of about 150 feet which is enclosed by a 7-8 ft. wall. While checking this wall, this Agent noted at one spot two holes had been knocked laterally into it and two stones had been placed below them to serve as a step. On the stones, in the holes, and on top of the walls were what appeared to be recent footprints. At another place about 75 yards away a similar arrangement was noted. While checking this wall, this Agent further noted a civilian in the ruins on top of which the monastery was built.
Later, while this Agent was at several hundred yards distance said civilian descended from the Monastery, walked up and down twice along the wall as if finding the easiest place to jump from, and finally came down at the above-mentioned spot. This individual later walked down the road and passed this Agent; he was dressed very badly and seemed to be in search of rags and junk. However, his walking up and down the wall in apparent hesitation might indicate that he was not the regular frequenter. St. Sabina, it should be added, has the only Chapel open to the public.
5. The public wine shop was checked and found to be run by a modest Italian family. The garage set up in tunnels under the hill facing the Tiber was also checked; the tunnels are all apparently sealed off from any others leading deeper into the Aventine. The shop of the Order of Malta was also checked and found to be run by an Italian in the uniform of the Red Cross. Joined to the private residence is a garage which is apparently involved in a trucking building. Nothing suspicious was discovered in any of the above locations.
6. Other information from reliable informants tends to show that the tram line running beneath the Aventine Hill along the Tiber and thence to the Circus Maximus, the Colosseum and Via Cavour is the connecting link between PAVELIC and Via Cavour, 210 int. 3, which is an Ustascia base well known in Rome. (See attached diagram).
7. Every Friday night sometime after 9 PM an Ustascia meeting supposedly takes place at this Via Cavour dwelling. As a result this Agent checked the house on Friday, 10 January 1947 at about 9:30 PM. The train (tram) line had already been watched at a shop near the compound with no untoward activity noted. No suspicious activity was noted around the dwelling upon approach, however, a few moments later an individual made observations in the hall and immediately returned and bolted the main door of the residence. About five minutes later all the first floor shutters were closed by the same person.
8. The informants in question cannot enter the extra-territorial compound and not being Croatians cannot enter the various known Ustascia addresses in Rome. On the other hand it is virtually impossible to get Croats to work against PAVELIC since they are either scared or they think it unpatriotic. While the informants in this case are considered reliable it is difficult to evaluate their reliability in relation to PAVELIC who has been dodging around Europe as his own master for about 15 years. All the information seems plausible and paints a plausible picture when it is taken as a whole. However, it would seem that only direct action against the Via Cavour house, illegal entry into extra-territorial territory or action against such known PAVELIC contacts as DRAGANOVIC, KRUNOSLAV can ultimately reveal the hiding place of PAVELIC and lead to his apprehension. Observation continues.
William E.W. GOWEN, Special Agent, CIC
Counter Intelligence Corps
Allied Forces Headquarters
30 January 1947
Summary Of Information
Subject: Present whereabouts and past background of Ante PAVELIC, Croat Quisling
1. From a usually reliable source the following information has been obtained concerning the present whereabouts of Ante PAVELIC, Croat Quisling.
2. With the collapse of German resistance in the Balkans and the subsequent withdrawal of support of the puppet Croat government on the part of the Germans, Ante PAVELIC, fearing for his personal safety at the hands of the Partisans fled from Jugoslavia into Austria where he took refuge in the small village of Celovac near the Austrian-Jugoslav frontier. PAVELIC had an apartment and a villa there.
3. In April of 1946 PAVELIC left Austria and came to Rome accompanied only by an Ustasa Lieutenant named DOCHSEN. Both were dressed as Roman Catholic priests. They took refuge in a college there in Via Giavomo Belli, 3, which is the only college in Rome enjoying complete extra-territoriality, and which can be entered only by presenting the proper credentials. (Presumably the Papal seal is needed because it is said that this is the only college in Rome directly under the administration of the Pope.)
4. This informant further states that a short time ago PAVELIC obtained at the Spanish Consulate in Milano a passport under the name of Don Pedro GONNER. This passport is ready for Spain and has a visa either for South America or Canada. Three other members of the Ustashi are being taken care of in this same fashion but the only one so far identified is General Vlado KREN, Chief of the Croat Air Force under PAVELIC. KREN is an old-time Yugoslav officer who at the outset of the war deserted to the Germans taking with him as much loot and money as he could. He was decorated by the Germans after a lengthy inspection tour of the Craot [sic] Air Force on the Eastern Front.
5. This informant, directed by this Agent to try to penetrate the Ustashi intelligence network in Italy and Jugoslavia, has managed to do so and it has been determined that the network runs from Grumo-Rome-Venice-Trieste-Ljubljana-Zagreb. The whole affair is run under cover of the Roman Catholic clergy whose priests in these monasteries are nearly all of Croat extraction. Complete penetration of this organization is a rather lengthy process but efforts are being continued in that direction. There is no doubt that Ustashi elements in Italy communicate with one another, and that the focal point of all intelligence and activity is the Monastery of Saint Jerome [NB - Anglicized San Girolamo], Via Tomacelli, 132, Rome.
6. Ante PAVELIC was born in 1896 in Ivan Planina in Bosnia and practiced law in Zagreb. An extremist even in his youth he became a member of the arch-terrorist organization known as the Frankovci whose founder, Dr. Josip FRANK, was a Jew and the father-in-law of Slavko KVATERNIK, the first Croat to be elevated to the rank of Field Marshall. KVATERNIK had long been a strong advocate of Croat separatism and the German ideas on a separate Croat state found in him a reday [sic] tool.
7. The quarrelsome nature of PAVELIC became more and more apparent in the years immediately after the first war when he became involved in one dispute after another with the Centralist Party and the Croat Peasant Party of RADIC. He was the sole representative of his Party in the Skupstina (Jugoslav Parliament) but rarely attended sessions and when he did he sulked in his seat and only occasionally indulged in a long harangue in protest against some measure which he did not approve.
8. In the early 1920’s, PAVELIC began to establish his contacts with Croat emigrees in Vienna and Budapest and later on he established a close accord with the Macedonian terrorist society, Imro. In 1927 he acted as counsel for the defense of the Macedonian terrorists at the Skoplje trials.
9. Shortly after the proclamation of the establishment of the dictatorship of King ALEKSANDAR in January 1929, PAVELIC fled abroad and was subsequently condemned to death in absentia at Belgrade for his part in anti-Serb demonstrations organized at Sofia by Bulgarian and Macedonian terrorists.
10. From 1930 onwards while living abroad, a great part of the time in Italy, he became the leader of a terrorist organization eventually to be known as the Ustasha. This organization was financed by Rome and Budapest and given moral encouragement by the Germans. Together with [Branko] JELIC, ARTUKOVIC, and the younger [Eugen-Dido] KVATERNIK and others he was responsible for a serious flurry of bomb outrages, the weapons and explosives all supplied by Italy. This occurred in the period between 1930 and 1935.
11. Camps for training terrorists and saboteurs were set up in Italy and Hungary, chiefly at Brescia and Borgotaro in Italy and Janka Puszta in Hungary and an armed insurrection was attempted in 1933 when the Ustashi, armed by the Italians, attempted to invade the country by crossing the Adriatic in motorboats. This was unsuccessful but its lack of success probably was instrumental in the decision to assassinate King ALEKSANDAR. Two attempts were made, the last one successful and ALEKSANDAR was slain at Marseilles 14 October, 1943 along with the French Minister of the Interior, Jean BARTHOU. The singular lack of armed protection afforded by the Jugoslav monarch, and the general laxity of security precautions when it was well-known that one attempt had already been made on ALEKSANDAR’S life are rather ghastly tributes to the organizational ability of PAVELIC, who apparently had been able to bribe some high official in the Surete General. The Prefect of Police of Marseilles, JOUHANNAUD, was subsequently removed from office.
12. Yugoslavia took her case to the League of Nations offering evidence that Italy and Hungary had openly conspired against her sovereignty. However, for some strange reason Italy’s role in the affair was never considered and Hungary bore the brunt of the charges. Italy, furthermore, stubbornly refused to extradite PAVELIC who, along with the younger KVATERNIK, was placed under the permanent supervision of the Italian police until sometime in 1941. During the course of his "house arrest" he was subsidized by the Italians and he conferred long and often with Count Galeazzo CIANO on the prospective coup d’etat in Croatia.
13. In April of 1941 he arrived in Zagreb and proclaimed the Free and Independent State of Croatia with himself as the head of the government. What prompted the Axis powers to put a man like PAVELIC at the head of a puppet government is not too well-known for it was an established fact that he was an ardent extremist of the worse sort and an international gangster. Perhaps it was the fact that the Nazis and Fascists were not looking for leadership. The only thing that they needed was a fanatic, an ultra-chauvinist, who could and would do what they suggested and do it with a vengeance. At any rate in June and July, 1941 PAVELIC and his Croatian nationalists, representing the lunatic fringe of Balkan life, slaughtered in a few weeks tens of thousands of Serbians living in his "independent state" and along its peripheries.
14. PAVELIC remained as head of the "Free and Independent State of Croatia" until early 1945 when he disappeared from the limelight and little trace of him has been found since.
15. PAVELIC’S name tops the list of quislings whom the State Department and the Foreign Office have agreed to hand over to the Yugoslavs for trial. At the present time this Agent is expending every effort to try to trace PAVELIC and his wife. One source yet unconfirmed states that she is living in Venice under an assumed name while yet another says that she is living somewhere in Rome. Agents comments and recommendations: In view of the fact that this man, while generally considered a criminal, is not a criminal in just the ordinary sense but a political criminal as well, and in view of the fact that the Yugoslav Government through its controlled press has on several occasions accused the Anglo- Americans of hiding PAVELIC to further their own aims, this Agent recommends that every effort should be made to apprehend him and ship him back to the Jugoslav Government for trial. In so doing not only would the Yugoslav propaganda guns be silenced and the people of Jugoslavia forced to admit that their previous propaganda was all false, but also a serious threat to security would be removed and the position of the Anglo-Americans strengthened with regard to those south Slav elements who were pro-Allied before the war. The Ustashi organization in Italy is at the present moment a tightly-knit group still maintaining its "cell" organization, still publishing its papers, and still interested in the same aims that they professed before and during the war. The center of this organization is the Monastery of St. Jerome, Via Tomacelli, 132, Rome.
Robert CLAYTON MUDD,
Special Agent, CIC
Edwin F. COWAN
"From the US Army File on Ante Pavelic: This document confirms the information given in Agent William Gowen’s previous report, right down to the room number. This appears to have been prepared in final preparation for enforcing an arrest on Pavelic, on Vatican property if need be. The list of "other Ustasha personalities" is only a handful of the high-ranking officials who would escape from justice, contrary to claims made elsewhere that only Pavelic and one or two other Ustase escaped justice after the war. Within the next 18 months, nearly the entire cabinet of the Independent State of Croatia will have relocated to Buenos Aires." (Comment by Sinisa Djuric, Ante Pavelic Papers)
Subject: Ante PAVELIC and other Ustasha personalities
1. Ante PAVELIC is in hiding as an ex-Hungarian General under the name of "Giuseppe". He wears a small pointed beard and has his hair cut short at the sides after the fashion of a German Army officer.
2. Hi [sic] is living on Church property under the protection of the Vatican, at Via Giacomo Venezian No. 17-C, second floor. On entering the building you go along a long and dark corridor. At the end of the corridor there are two stairways, one to the left and one to the right. You must take the right. On the right the rooms are numbered 1,2,3, etc. If you knock once or twice at door No. 3 an unimportant person will come out. But if you knock three times at door No. 3, door No. 2 will open. It leads to the room where PAVELIC lives, together with the famous Bulgarian terrorist Vancia MIKOILOFF and two other persons.
3. About twelve other men live in the building. They are all Ustasha and make up PAVELIC’s bodyguard.
4. When PAVELIC goes out he uses a car with a Vatican (SCV) number-plate.
5. The following persons visit the convent occasionally:
- Ivica FRKOVIC, editor of the Ustasha Paper Hrvatski Narod;
- Dr. Feliks POLJANIC, Asst. chief of police Sarajevo;
- Ciro KUDUIA, Ustasha Colonel;
- Dr. VIDALI, Asst. chief of the Ustasha-Croat Security Police;
- Zvonko DUGANIC, Asst. chief of Croat Information Service (he lives in Rome, tel.N. 43302);
- Peter SIMIC;
- Dr. Lovro SUSIC, secretary of Ustasha movement in Italy. Travels frequently (Rome Bologna, Trieste). At present living in Caserta.
- Joso ZUBIC, police commissioner of Sarajevo;
- Husnija HRUSTANOVIC, journalist;
- Zdravko BJELOMARIC.
Counter Intelligence Corps
A.P.0. 512, U.S. Army
15 March 1947
Case No. 4760
Memorandum for the officer in charge:
Subject: Ante PAVELIC (Poglavnik).
Re: Summary of Information
1. According to a usually reliable source, information regarding Subject was submitted to these Agents and subsequently passed on for guidance and consideration.
2. Until a few months ago Ante PAVELIC, the ex-Poglavnik of Croatia was hidden in Carinzia (Austria) in the American Occupational Zone. Since his sojourn in that region has become always more dangerous, PAVELIC, it appears, has taken advantage of the strong protection of a high prelate and provided with false documents was able to reach Rome in November 1946. In Rome PAVELIC took refuge in a religious institution which enjoys the privilege of diplomatic immunity since it is under the jurisdiction of the Holy See.
This Institute is the "COLLEGIO PIO PONTIFICIO IN PRATI" (Via Giocchino Belli, No. 3) whose director should be a prelate of Croatian or Slavic origin who is probably aware of Poglavnik’s escape from Austria. With PAVELIC in the same seminary an intimate associate has taken refuge, a Certain Prof. SAIC, his former secretary and helper. PAVELIC and his secretary, provided with false passports, should soon be leaving for Spain where they would find refuge under the protection of the Spanish phalance (sic).
PAVELIC is being frantically sought by the OZNA [the Yugoslav equivalent of the KGB] and elements of the Soviet GHEPEU. They are offering large sums for his capture or information regarding the exact place of his refuge. In Rome, at the Croat Convent of S. Girolamo degli Illirici, can be found (or at least until a few days ago) PAVELIC’s wife, LOVRENCIC, Maria with her two children. They arrived from Tuscany and in Florence they had contacts with ZANNONI, Olga. Another son, Ivan, born in 1908 in Zagabriais is presently in Switzerland at Lausanne (Avenue de Rumines 5) and leads a happy life. Members of OZNA, it is reported, should be going soon to Lausanne, Switzerland and their assignment is to capture him or to force him to return to Yugoslavia.*
3. Additional information pending results of investigation now being carried out, will be forwarded as soon as available.
Louis S. CANIGLIA, Special Agent, CIC
George A. ZAPPALA, Special Agent, CIC
* According to documents in USACA Property Released from Salzburg S4 8010 Sa Marie Pavelic and USACA Records of Property Released from Salzburg, the PAVELIC family was living in St. Gilgen (Salzburg), in a boarding house, Villa Helene, chez Frau Fanny ELLMAUER till 9 April 1946. They left behind 18 pices of lugagge. This property, plus another three of Ante PAVELIC was released 21 May was turned over Vladimir VRANCOVIC, who was provideded with a power of attorney by Mrs. PAVELIC. (note by E. Meyer)
"U.S. EYES ONLY
G-2 Rome report dated 19 May 1947
File 610-3D folio (60).
G-2 Rome received the following information dated 15 May 1947
Reliable Vatican source reports Subject still living in Rome in a religious institute located in the Prati District, with extra territorial rights and in possession of a passport made out to a Minister of Religion Subject soon will leave for Spain from Genoa with no intentions of going to the Argentine.
G-2 Rome report dated 20 June 1947...Ref; P/4/AM
File: 610-3D (63).
Reference CIC report Summary No. 5109: The report from the usually reliable source has been received stating that PAVELIC, Marja, wife of subject, now living with her daughter (in) Cecina (Grosseto) will shortly be moving to Florence. Address in Florence is expected to be Via Sedirapino 6.
Information received from a Vatican source on 3 June stated that subject is living in the Religious Institute and holds a passport made out to Padre GOMEZ, a Spanish Minister of religion; that subject is shortly to leave for Spain and that his trip has been arranged for by some Jesuits in the Vatican."
CIC File: "Hands Off"
"SUBJECT: Pavelic, Anton
TO: Supervising Agent, CIC, Zone FIVE, APO 528, U.S. Army.
1. Reference is made to SOI No. 5109, your office, dated 9 June 1947, which indicates information to the effect that Subject is reported living in Rome on the second floor of the Via Giacomo Veneziano, 17, stairway "C".
2. Request advice as to results of your investigation at above address.
3. The Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, MTOUSA, desires that Subject be taken into custody on sight and that this office be notified immediately when such apprehension is made.
BERNARD J. GRENNAN,
Special Agent, CIC,
Chief of Operations.
New instructions: "Hands Off",
Source Mr. Grennan & Lt. Col Hartman
14 July 1947
GM.* (*Gono MORENA)
From (Informe Final CEANA, Comisión para el Esclarecimiento de las Actividades del Nazismo en la Republica Argentina)
"En la documentación del Ministerio del Interior, se ha podido detectar que e! 23 de abril de 1957, por medio de un radiograma se comunica al Jefe de la Policía Federal que se extremen las medidas para impedir la salida del país a Antonio SERDAR o Ante PAVELIC, exlíder del régimen ustasha en Croacia. PAVELIC, había ingresado con su nombre falso de Antonio SERDAR el 6 de noviembre de 1948, en lancha desde Brasil. Presenta al ingresar pasaporte de la Cruz Roja Internacional Al NR 74.369. Pese a esto, en la ficha de Ingreso de la Dirección de Migraciones figura con el nombre de ARANYOS, Pal.
El 4 de enero de 1950 el Secretario de Caritas Croata", declara que Antonio SERDAR, constructor, está radicado en el país desde noviembre de 1948. El 20 de enero del mismo año aparece una constancia donde se certifica que Antonio SERDAR realiza en "Madeiem" Soc. Comercial e Industria!, trabajos de albañilería y cemento y también montaje de maquinarias. El 1 de febrero, siempre de 1950, Serdar (Pavelic) solicita Cl y presenta pasaporte N° 1156, expedido el 12 de diciembre de 1944 por el consulado croata en Graz, en donde consta llamarse Antonio SERDAR. Justifica residencia desde noviembre de 1948 con un certificado sellado por el Arzobispado de Buenos Aires.
El 16 de octubre de 1956 solicita Certificado de Buena Conducta para viajar a Uruguay, Paraguay, Brasil y Bolivia. En ese momento declara su domicilio en Chacabuco 96, 40 piso, Capital Federal, La cédula de SERDAR en la Argentina tiene el Nº 4.304.761 y fue expedida el 1 de febrero de 1950.
El último dato que figura en el archivo del Ministerio del Interior es del 23 de abril de 1957 cuando Antonio SERDAR es solicitado por antecedentes (División Coordinación Policial) de la Sección Informes Internos."
PAVELIC and Ustasha Treasury
"Facts Pertaining To The Ustasha Treasury
"133. The Ustasha Regime’s looting of Serbs, Jews, Romas, and others was systematic and kept under tight control of the Ustasha Regime until 1944 when Pavelic took personal control of all liquid assets of the Ustasha Regime for the purpose of relocating them outside Croatia for safekeeping. DRAGANOVIC and BABIC were tasked with preparing the way in Rome and the Vatican for the Ustasha Treasury’s delivery.
134. During the Second World War the Swiss National Bank and other banks in Switzerland, as well as facilities in Croatia, acted as depositories for some of the Ustasha Treasury.
66 500 kilograms of gold were deposited by the Croatians in the Swiss National Bank along with 2.5 million francs during the Second World War. In early 1946 an additional 12 to 16 million francs in gold deposits were still controlled by the Ustasha in various other private Swiss bank accounts.
135. The Independent Commission of Experts - Switzerland - Second World War, known as the Bergier Commission, linked Swiss banks with Croatian wartime gold transactions (p. 25 of their report).
136. With the fall of the Ustasha Regime imminent in 1945, an effort was made by PAVELIC to move the remaining Ustasha Treasury outside the borders of the Ustasha Regime. In late May 1945 Ustasha Regime agents were found at the British-occupied Austro-Swiss border with gold, currency and other assets valued at 350 million Swiss francs. Over 200 million Swiss francs value of this particular hoard were eventually transferred to the Croatian Confraternity at Saint Jerome, MANDIC and DRAGANOVIC and then to the Vatican City financial system and elsewhere for conversion. One portion of the horde contained in two chests of gold was personally brought from Austria by DRAGANOVIC for the use of the Croatian Confraternity in late 1945. The larger portion of the Ustasha Treasury consisting of a ten truck convoy was commanded by Ustasha Colonel Ivan BABIC and trucked from Northern Italy to the Croatian Confraternity in 1946 by BABIC and Ustasha confederates wearing British uniforms. Other remnants of the Ustasha treasury arrived in similar fashion 1946-1948, first to MANDIC, DRAGANOVIC and the Croatian Confraternity and then dispersed though either Vatican City, Vatican extraterritorial properties in Italy, or OFM accounts.
137. In 1948 a tranche of 2,400 kilograms of Ustasha Treasury gold was moved from accounts in Vatican City to Swiss bank accounts.
138. In 1952 the Ustasha leader PAVELIC transferred 5 million Swiss francs from the Ustasha Treasury horde from Switzerland to Argentina.
139. PAVELIC and other exiled Ustasha war criminals, in order to bank and transfer assets from the Ustasha Treasury, depended upon the intermediation and cooperation of OFM and its agents.
140. A significant portion of the post war Ustasha Treasury was in the form of jewels and non monetary valuables that required either conversion by OFM or was retained by OFM and its agents to used to promote the Ustasha cause and Croatian nationalism. In 2008 it was revealed after the arrest of a former Croatian Ministry of Defense official, General Vladimir ZAGOREC, that in 1991 diamonds worth up to million with their origin in the Ustasha Treasury were in the possession of Cardinal KUHARIC of Zagreb who provided the diamonds to the Croatian Defense Ministry to purchase arms to be used in the war with Yugoslavia.
141. Ustasha Treasury assets were banked and converted by OFM using its accounts in the Vatican and elsewhere for use in Argentina, Brazil, Spain, Portugal the United States, and Italy by the exiled Ustasha and Dominik MANDIC-OFM controlled enterprises in Chicago.
XVI. Facts Pertaining To Post War Beneficiaries Of The Ustasha Treasury
142. In 1956 the overt successor to the Ustasha, the Croatian Liberation Movement (Hrvatski oslobodila…ki pokret, HOP), was founded by Ante PAVELIC in Buenos Aires as a beneficiary of the Ustasha Treasury along with its terrorist front group - the Croatian Revolutionary Brotherhood (HRB) and related organizations. When Pavelic died in 1959, HOP leadership passed to former Ustasha Minister Stepan HEFER, then to Ante BONIFACIC who moved the headquarters to Chicago and then to Pavelic’s son in law, Srecko PSENICNIK in 1981. The HOP operates in Argentina, the United States, Australia, Europe and Canada and is a minor political party in Croatia. Funds from the Ustasha Treasury banked and converted by OFM and Dominik MANDIC helped fund these organizations through 1991 when Croatia seceded from Yugoslavia and HOP relocated to Croatia.
143. The Croatian Custody of the Holy Family of Chicago and OFM have continued to use the funds derived from the Ustasha treasury to set up, facilitate, and coordinate the OFM operations at Medjugorje, Bosnia and to support financially Croatian paramilitary formations like the Croatian Defense Council (Hrvatsko Vijeƒe Obrane, HVO), who often used Ustasha indicia in their ethnic cleansing battles against Bosnian Serbs, Muslims, and Roma in Bosnia-Hercegovina and Serbian Krajina in the 1990’s and to support the Croatian nationalist shrine of Medjugorje in Herzegovina." (Case 3:99-cv-04941-MMC Document 413 Filed 04/14/2009. ALPERIN et alii v. The Franciscan Order (Order Of Franciscans Minor - Ofm) A/K/A Croatian Custody Of The Holy Family Of Chicago And Croatian Confraternity Of San Girolamo (Saint Jerome), Sixth Amended Class Action."
PECHE, Ernst Ulrich. In Marine Perch file. Nazi agent. Address, Calle Maria de Molina, 22 Madrid. Included in Names definitely agreed upon by British and Americans for inclusion in the list of 175 candidates for repatriation, dated 16 January, 1947. Gestapo. Smuggler and involved in arms traffic.
PEDELAT, Hans. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).
PEIN, Otto Hermann Karl. Repatriated on SS Haighland Monarch 7 March, 1946. German Embassy employee assigned to PLANKERT’s office. A-397 Official List and III Priority List. DOB. Goettingen, 20 February, 1918.
PELIZÄUS / PELIZAEUS, Wilhelm. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: Representative. S. Augustiņ 4, Bilbao. Born at Haus Niederheide b. Kaiserswerth a.RH. on 24. June 1891. Passport (No. not given) issued by Madrid in 1936. Member of NS-Deutscher Reichskriegerbund, Berlin.
PELLEJA, Alfonso. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. Spanish. DOB. 30/10/1916 in Ludwigshafen am Rhein. Address in Germany, 1946: Laubheimerstr. 4, Stuttgart-Wangena (US zone).
PELLEPOIX, Darquier de. Madrid. Vichy Commissioner for Jewish Affairs, 1942-44. Fled to Madrid, 1945. Worked with von BEHR. Involved in confiscation of the Schloss Collection. In ALIU Red Flag Names List
PELUGER, Wilhelm. Agent classified II-A in OSS records. Technician employed at the San Pablo Airfield, Sevilla. Lives at Hotel Italia, Bilbao.
PELZ, Martin. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941). Counsellor.
PELZER. From OSS Secret IntelligenceSpecial Funds Record 9409: Intelligence agent in Spanish Morocco. Ceuta. Navy. Classified I-B in OSS records.
PENA, Eloy. From STUBBS and BUGGE’s report on I-M Spain:"Was a high official in the Direccion General de Seguridad and the Brigada Movil. He provided the Abwehr with the reports on the movements of foreigners." From Hans SOMMER’s CI interrogation: Born: 1906 1.68m, oval face curly dark blond hair.
Career: old follower of FRANCO’s Falangist Party. Until 1944 with Spanish Embassy in Paris, he worked at the same time for the Abwehr. Went to Germany in 1944 and escaped to Spain at the end of the war. Since he was well acquainted with French affairs and had good contacts with former collaborationists, VICENTE employed him to recruit French agents among the refugees streaming into Spain at San Sebastian. He has greet influence and access to substatial funds in Spain. Speaks French with a strong Spanish accent.
PENKER, Benjamin. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).
PEPPEL, Johannes. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).
PEREIRA / PEREYRA, Carlos. Businessman Subject is about forty years of age, five feet eight inches tall, slender of build and has dark hair. He is Mexican and had residence in Madrid, Spain. He represented the Mexican movie industry and made his Mexican connections available to KO Spanien.
PEREZ DE LEZA / LESA, Angel. From Washington Office, Special Funds Division Finance, Intelligence: Documents 3401-3450:
Living in Hotel Gaylord, Madrid. Born about 1900, small, very dark, clever and unscrupulous. Reported in February 1944 as a Falange exterior agent in Argentina. In April 1945 it was reported that during subject’s employment with the Bilbao firm Importacion de Minerales, he supplied the Germans with wolfram and other minerals and made a number of trips to Galicia on behalf of German authorities. A May report shows that between July 1942 and August 1943, subject sold large quantities of fluorspar to the USCC. Rather than renew this contract with the USCC, he sold to the Germans. He reportedly gained control of a wolfram mine in Leon or Asturias by unethical means and resold it to the Germans for a large sum. During the Spanish Civil War, subject belonged to S.I.M. and is now thought to belong to the Gestapo. It is believed that he has assisted the Germans in hiding capital. Apparently subject has made or stolen a large sum of money, or has has large sums entrusted to him by Germans interests for placing in Argentina or other South American countries. On June 23, 1945 it was reported that subject is the head of a company known as Sociedad Americana de Fomentos Comercial e Industrial, which is also known as the Grupo Financiero de la Safoci, with offices in Madrid and Buenos Aires. It is believed to be connected with Juan OLASO.
PERSSON, Hermann. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941). German Embassy, Madrid.
PESCOLLER, Heinrich. German agent classified B. Listed as B261. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Posed as journalist. Address: Cala Rajada, Cas Bombo, Mallorca.
PESCH, Hubert. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).
PETER, Dietrich, alias Paul PETER, alias PAULINO. German agent classified B. Listed as B262. Ex/Portugal. Left for Madrid 6 April 1945. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 15/2/1917 in Hamburg Altona. Address in Germany, 1946: Hafenlohr a. Main, Bayern (US zone).
PETER, Josef. Still In Spain in December 19 1946. In files of the Office of Political Affairs, American Embassy, Madrid.
PETER, Karl. Dr. Commander Physician. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).
PETER-PRIKHAM. Consul General
PETERS, alias JIMENEZ. Agent working I-M, KO Spanien, Valencia: (named in STUBBS and BUGGE’s report on I-M Spain).
PETERS, Christoph. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).
PETERSEN, Alexander. Alias Alfred PULLMANN / PUHLMANN; alias PONTEN. Deportee Madrid-Germany by Army air November 22 1946. Listed as A-402 III priority. Interrogated December 16, 1946. Born January 2 1906, Hamburg. In Argentina since 1926. Return to Hamburg 1933. 1935-1936: Cuba, Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Panama, Colombia and Venezuela.
Information from the office of Vice Consul W.L. Shea:
British report dated February 1, 1944: Known German Agent. Working actively for the German I.S organization in the Straits area.
N. A. report from Tangiers, June, 13, 1944: PETERSEN was Vice Consul, Tangiers. Left by air from Tetuan but not definitely from Spain.
British report, October 10, 1944:
Left Tangier March, 14, 1944 on expulsion by air to Madrid.
Spanish Primer by the office of Vice Consul W.L. Shea: German. Born January 2, 1906. Ii (Chief W/T instructor) Ast Hamburg in 1942.
Posted to Tangier in August 1942 as deputy for Hermann GOERITZ, who was then Leiter III Stelle Spanish Morocco.
Left Spanish Morocco in October 1942, but returned to Tangier in October 1943 as leave substitute for GOERITZ and, as the latter was unable to return, replaced him in December 1943 as Leiter III Stelle Spanish Morocco.
Reported in March 1944 to have organized, in collaboration with Irene BERGER, who subsequently returned to Germany, a stay-behind network operation from Ceuta and independent from the German Consulate, and in the same month he was transferred to Madrid as a result of Allied pressure.
Recalled to Abt III Abwehr Amt in April, 1944, but returned to Spain, using a false name and under cover of Government economist in October 1944.
Hight 5’7’’ (170 cm), slim, dark hair, brown eyes, large nose, healthy complexion, cleanshaven. Passports (1) Nº 11/3995/40 and (2) Nº 22512251 issued Berlin July 30, 1942. Address (1942, home) Hamburg, Stockelhorn.
From the Petersen’s Affidavit signed December 16, 1946:
From May until July 1937: Military training with Flakregiment 6, Hamburg-Osdorf.
In July 1940, again with Flakregiment 6, operating in the zone of interior.
Promoted to Gefreiter in December 1940.
September 1940 in reserve detachment Leichte Flakersatz-Abteilung 91, as clerk of medical officer, Oberarzt Dr. BURDACH until end July 1941.
In October 1940 in Generalkommando X, Hamburg. He received the diploma Interpreter II
August 1941 in OKW (Command of the Armed Forces) Section Ausland, Department Abwehr III, Group III F, whose chief was Col. ROHLEDER. The chief of Col. ROHLEDER was General Staff Col. von BENTIVEGNI. Petersen was asigned He was assigned to the division Switzerland and his chief was Capt. PESCATORE.
Ordered to Tangiers in 1942 to subtitute Capt. GOERITZ. His mission was observe enemy’s intelligence services and conference with Col JUSTE of the Spanish counter intelligence until the suspension of the hostilities.
Connected with ROHLEDER, Lt. Col. von ROSENBERG, Major WERNER, Major MIMR?, CARGANICO, Capt. SALZINGER, Lt. Col. FREUND, Capt. E. R. SCHNEIDE
When he was ordered to go to Tangiers, August 1942, he was working for the OKW-Amt Ausland-Abt. Abwehr III F (Division for Foreign Countries, Section Counter Intelligence III F). The staff of the office in Tangiers was formed by TIETS, PIETS and Frl. BERGER. The offiice was subordinate to the head of the organization, at that time Col. RECKE, with headquarters in Tetuan.
PETERSEN Wilhelm Dr. German agent classified A. Listed as A263. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. Deportee Madrid-Germany by Army air November 22 1946. I. Priority. Former German Cultural Attache (Gesandschaftsrat) at German Embassy in Madrid. Friend of KADNER.
Information from D.P.Medalie’s office: Home address in Berlin. He was there beween August 19 and 29 August 1944 receiving instructions, talking about reduction of his staff and carrying out mobilization orders. He informed ELAUSER (probably misspelled), prominent nazi and intimate friend, that UFA’s (Universum Film AG) propaganda office was to continue its work in Spain.
A British report dated October, 1944 quoted a Gestapo official as stating that PETERSEN had been under close vigilance for some time, had been permitted to resume his work on September 15, had been summoned by charge von BIBRA September 29 and told he was again to go to Germany on order of former Ambassador DIECKHOFF, then reported to be in conference with HIMMLER, von RIBBENTROP and others. Subject did nor return to Germany and apparently continued his work.
Information from London: PETERSEN was probably of Ministry of Foreign Affairs, SI, Kurfurstenstr. 137, Berlin. Reported by reliable German source in 1943 that false American bank notes were distributed by his section. Ambassador Eberhard Von STOHRER (misspelled STEURER in some documents) in 1940 insisted on a new Embassy Cultural Section. PETERSEN was drafted and made Embassy Secretary under Foreign Office Cultural Section; named counsellor and in charge of the Embassy Cultural Section and Cultural Institute 1942. Nazi-Party 1940-1943 and handled their cultural sections. Internal quarrels 1943-1944 left him on inactive status. About July 1944 he was released of all party duties and dismissed. He planned to marry a Spanish woman and remain in Madrid.
Regarded by the interviewing officer as an inmitigated liar. Address: Almagro 26, Madrid.
PETRAS, Robert. Chancery counsellor. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).
PETTERSSON, Werner. Dr. Physician. Commander Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).
PETZELD, Willi. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).
PETZKA, Josef. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).
PFAU, Kurt (Helmut) . Repatriated by air from Spain between 29 January to 25 february 1946. Po. No. 0786. Mentioned as interned in Camp 76, Asperg on March 27, 1946.Interrogated between February and May 1946. Subject released to Berlin - Templehof, Burkhardstr 15. British Reports.
Cashier / Paymaster for the Abwehr. Born on 9 March 1901 in Berlin. In August 1944 PFAU and ZIMMER, both of whom work for the Abwehr, Finance Department, flew to Berlin and both returned with Pesetas and gold. PFAU himself brought back a total value of 3.000.000 pts., including gold, of which there were 2 or 3 sacks. ZIMMER, being his senior, would naturally have been given more money as well as more gold. PFAU left Madrid for Barcelona in November 1944 when he considered the Embassy had at least 6.000.000 in reserve. PFAU also said that in Tangier gold was bought by KRUGER (KRUSE), Vice Consul, and REKKE, Head of the Abwehr.
PFAU estimates the monthly total expenses of the Abwehr in Spain at 1.500.000 pts subdivided as follows:
Y. Services (under PLANKERT) 125.000 pts.
Naval Met. Trupp. 40.000
Total approx. 450.000
Department II. 100.000
Department III, Madrid 250.000
Headquarter’s Wages, etc. 300.000
Total approx. 1.500.000
PFAUS, Andreas. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).
PFEIFER, Wenzel. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).
PFLUGER SCHULTE, Maximo. Agent classified II-A in OSS records. Technician employed in the office of Construcciones aeronauticas, S.A. Born 1901 in Romscheid, Germany.
PFENNIGSDORF, Fritz. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. Previously in Miranda concentration camp. DOB. Ihleburg, 29 March, 1926.
PFISTERER, Alfred Oscar, aliases Oscar BINDER, Alfred SCHERZ, Albert PURZER: German. A member of the Waffen SS from 1933, by 1941 PFISTERER was a Haupsturmfuhrer and the representative of Amt VI in Spain. After the Second World War he married a British woman and settled in the UK. KV 2/3555.
PHILIPPI, Otto Karl. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: Representative. Ercilla, 37, Bilbao. Born at Aquadilla, Porto Rico, on 23 December 1903. Passport No. 45/38 issued at Bilbao on 7.7.38. Member of NSDAP and DAF.
PHL, Emanuel. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).
PICHELMAYER, Karl. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).
PIECKNICK, Max. Intelligence agent in Spanish Morocco, Tetuan & Ceuta. Classified II-B in OSS records. Engineer. Went to Morocco at request of Signalwerk representative.
PIELHOFF Y THOMAS, Ernesto. In US list of hardened nazis for repatriation. Address: Zarauz (Guipuzcoa) Industrial engineer. Director of F. Pielhoff y Cia. S.L. (PL).
Ernesto Pielhoff Zulaica ha solicitado de esta Alcaldía, que la ... Pielhoff Thomas y Ernesto Pielhoff Thomas, pase a su nombre, con carácter provisional de acuerdo con el art. ... [ Número 112 Fecha 14-06-2006 Página 14087 -
PIELHOFF Y THOMAS, Federico. In US list of hardened nazis for repatriation. Address: Zarauz (Guipuzcoa) Industrial engineer with F. Pielhoff y Cia. S.L. (PL).
PIENING, Hermann. In US list of hardened nazis for repatriation. Address: Rambla de Santa Monica 1, Barcelona. Employee of Baquera, Kusche y Martin. Recommended for priority repatriation.
PIEPENHAGEN, Wilhelm. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).
PIEPER, Anton. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: Representative. Rodriguez Arias, 32. Born at Eversberg, Meschede Westfalen on 8 August 1893. Passport No. 83/34 issued at Bilbao on 6.12.34. Member of NSDAP.
PIEPERJOHANNS / PIEPERJOHANNES, Wilhelm Friedrich. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. 30/7/1925 in Halsbeck Oldenburg. Address in Germany, 1946: Eggeloge, Oldenburg (British zone).
PILCHOWSKI, Hans Albert. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. DOB. Brazil, 1 July, 1925.
PILZ, Richard Emil Heinrich. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 8/ 7/ 1895. Chancellor of the Spanish Embassy at Madrid 1928-1945. In Spanish List. Address in Germany: Panoramastr. 82, Stuttgart-Gerlingen (US zone).
PITSCHAK, Johannes. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).
PITTACK, Hermann. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).
PIWONKA / PIWOENKA , Kurt. German agent classified B. Listed as B266. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Employed selling spare parts for cars. Address: Muntaner 83, 4o, 3a, Barcelona.
PLANERT, Arne. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).
PLANKERT, Hans Heinz. Oberleutnant. WH. German agent classified A. Listed as A267. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Interned Caldas de Malavella November, 1944. Arrived Germany from Spain May 12, 1946. Born in 1919. Address in Germany: Warstein, Westfalen, Hirschbergerlandstrasse.
From: U.S. Army. European Command.Intelligence Division, Wartime activities of the German diplomatic and military services during World War II, November 18, 1949: "Chief of the Wire Tapping Service. Born on 29 June 1919 in Duisburg. Subject was in charge of the famous wire tapping service. His last assignment was with the German Embassy in Madrid. A complete and detailed report can be obtained from EUCOM Interrogation Section. Subject was transferred to Obersursel on 26 May 1946".
PLATTE, Friedrich alias RUDOLF. In US list of hardened nazis for repatriation. Address: Ronda de la Universidad 33, Barcelona; and Alameda de Recalde 45, Bilbao. Born June 30, 1901 at Salingen, Norde. Member of NSDAP and DAF. Director of Renania S.A. and representative of Hugo Stinnes and other German firms. Passport No. not given issued Burgos on 10.5.1935
PLATZER, Johann. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).
PLEBAN / PHLEBAN , Alfred / Alfredo. German agent classified B. Listed as B265. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Repatriated on SS Haighland Monarch 7 March, 1946. Released May 1946. Address in Germany: b/ Zlatnik, Oberoesterreich, Alt-Munster. German agent engaged in sabotage and espionage activities in Larache , Spanish Morocco. Originally worked for the German firm of marchants Renschausen y Cia.,as cover. Shortly after American landings in Morocco PLEBAN was attached to the Consulate. Described as a dangerous agent. Expelled from Tangier Sept. 30, 1944, B-335 Agents List and III Priority List. Brought to repatriation center under police escort. DOB. Budapest, 32 January, 1903.
PLENIK, August. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).
PLOHR, Wilhelm / Guillermo. Head of Nazi Party, Bilbao. Connected with BUNGE. Address: Alameda de Recalde 21, Bilbao. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: Alfred Schuette. Elcano 2-4°, Bilbao. Born West-Hoyel-Melle, 14 Oct. 1893. Passport No. 21/37 issued Bilbao. Member of NSDAP.
PLOSS, Richard. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).
POBLADOR, Jose Maria. Intelligence Agent. Subject is forty years of age, five feet nine inches tall, is stout of build and has dark hair. He is a lawyer at Barcelona, Spain and contacted agents for German Vice Consul RUEGGEBERG.
POCHHAMMER, Ernst Otto Erich. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. Interrogated June 28 and July 5, 1946. German. DOB. 12/2/1885 in Berlin. Address in Germany, 1946: Kommandantenstr. 54, Berlin-Lichterfelde (US zone).
Connected to WACHER PFENNIG. In Rotterdam with Butting Budding before going to Malaga. Pochammer was interrogated about secret activities of German Consulate and hidden properties in Malaga. He gave no information. Government official, until 1918 in the Prussian Ministry of Justice, henceforth in the Consul Service (...) Thorn, Polish Corridor, 1925-1932; Le Havre 1932-1937; Consul General in 1937; temporary duty at Paris Embassy; Consul Rotterdam 1938-1940; Foreign Affairs 1940-1943; Málaga 1943-1946, with orders to take large premises against the eventuality of having to shut Tangiers. (Consul RICHTER, Tetuan, was to go to Berlin and to be replaced by Consul General PETER-PRIKHAM, who reached Madrid, but could not secure visa for Tetuan. As a consequence, Richter stayed in Tetuan and the Tangiers matters were transferred, not to Malaga but to Madrid for PETER- PIRKHAM). Pochamer name a Ortsgruppenleiter THIEZLER in Malaga.
He certified and undersigned under oath, before US authorities, that he never was connected or had had any connections with I.G. Farben, Sofindus or Flick
POCK, Anton. German agent classified A. Listed as A268. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Agent classified I-B and II-B in OSS records. SD Gestapo officer in Spain. Still in Spain in 1946. Krim Sek. German. Born 1905 in Innsbruck, Germany. 1.83 meters tall, slender, dark complected, with black hair and black eyes. He lives in Barcelona and speaks Spanish. He was sent to Spain as a Kripo employee and stayed a short time at San Sebastian before going to the German Consulate in Barcelona, He was in the NSDAP and SS. Attached to German consulate, Barcelona. Address: calle Modolell 56, 7o, Barcelona.
PODOBNIG, Josef. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).
POEPPLER. Agent classified II-A in OSS records. Meteorological technician. In Vigo since 1942.
POESCHEL, Robert. Information from Georges DELFANNE. POESCHEL owned a great capital with Otto BRANDEL, more than 1.500.000.000 French Francs. The custodian of this capital was Antonio VARGAS MACHUCA, member of the Spanish consulate in Lisbon. Since 1942 POESCHEL went frequently to Madrid and Lisbon in order to attend counter/espionage matters. VARGAS was his friend and collaborator. The wife of VARGAS was a German. In April, 1943 VARGAS, POESCHEL and Otto BRANDEL had several conferences in San Sebastián, in the course of which they decided to deposit the money and put it into security. In May, 1943, the transaction took place. DELFANNE, POESCHEL, BRANDEL and VARGAS went to St. Jean de Luz, Villaechesua. This house was rented by OTTO and was occupied by a radio-agent named UTHOFF. The house served for the transit of Spanish agents and as resting place for Colonel RUDOLF. The luggage was brought over frontier as "valises diplomatiques" and deposited with and agent of OTTO and POESCHEL named Baron von NAGEL in Villa Maripa Enea, Ategorrieta, San Sebastián. Then the luggage went to Madrid and finally to Portugal. BRANDEL gave VARGA’s wife a big diamond, remitted to him by his agent Rudolf MERODE. Possibly the money and everything was deposited at the house of Lisbon banker named LARDENT.
POGORZELSKI, Bruno. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).
POHL, Anton. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).
POHLE, Willi. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941). German Foreign Office in Berlin.
POHLY, Leonore. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. DOB. Mannheim, 3 May, 1895. A-935.
PONS, Philipp. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).
POOCK, Gustav. Agent classified II-A in OSS records. Engineer. Irun. Born about 1887.
POPPELREUTHER, Hans. Dr. Agent classified II-A and III-A in OSS records. Artist. Lectures on German art at the Instituto Aleman de Cultura, Madrid.
POREDA. Agent working for Bureau FELIPE, Operation COSMOS, Algeciras (named in STUBBS and BUGGE’s report on I-M Spain).
POSADOWSKY, Count. Agent classified III-B in OSS records. Teacher of German, Cartagena, Spain.
POSCHLER, Gotthilf. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).
POSNER, Karl. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).
POST, Erich. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).
POSTPICHEL / POSPICHIL, Hans. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. Previously in Miranda concentration camp. DOB. Modritz, 18 November, 1921.
POTTHOFF, Heinrich. Dr. Commander Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).
PRANGE, Conrad. Verwaltungsdirektor. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).
PRANGE, Otto. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).
PRATSCH, Lorenz. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).
PRAU. German agent classified D. Listed as D264. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Pension Augusta (Attached to Restaurant Deop), Barcelona.
PREIL-VEITIA, Otto. Hauptmann. German agent classified B. Listed as B270. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Larache. Captain in Spanish Foreign Legion.
PREISS, Guido. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: Larrea. Colon de Larreategui 10, Bilbao. Born Georgenberg, 26 March 1892. Passport No. 41/36 issued Bilbao 22.7.36.
PREUSS / PREUS, Fritz. Agent classified II-A in OSS records.Repatriated on SS Haighland Monarch 7 March, 1946. Military Secret Service. A-414 Official List and III Priority List. Attached to Madrid and Sevilla airports. DOB. Littschen, 22 January, 1914.
PREUSS, Martin Wilhelm. Repatriated from Spain in September 10 1946.
PRIEGER, Walter. Abwehr agent classified A. Listed as A269. In List of In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. Born 1901. Interrogated on July 8, 1946. Manager for Schering (Chemical and Pharmaceutical Products) in Cuba 1928-1931; Colombia 1931-1932; Japan 1933-1941. Address: Via Layetana 47, Barcelona.
He gave information about:
1. Flix. Flix was the best share counter on Spanish bourses; it was built by MÜLLER, being called Electro Chemical Trust Flix, and was at Flix. There were German capital behind the organizer, MÜLLER of the concern, and DUISBERG, of I.G. Farbenindustrie, visited MÜLLER, roughly yearly, showing close contact.
2. TOEPFER. TOEPFER was the Paris representative of VELTJENS, appointed in 1943 as Reichs Buying Agent in Chief. His organization was called Rohstoffhandelsgesellschaft.
3. BERNHARDT began by procuring a few planes from Berlin for FRANCO to fly his people to Spain from Marocco, to begin the Civil War. Later he tried to organize GOERING-FRANCO interviews.
4. Shering’s real representative was Count SIEFRIED (sic) and PRIEGER helped him. In particular he supervised certain new products at Barcelona: Veramon, Prjunion, Atophan, Emutroenien, etc. In his spare time, PRIEGER bought 5.000 blankets from a big company (Fabricas Unidas) in Antequera, on the order of the German Navy and handed these over to Baquera, Kusche y Martin, S.A., Transport Agency, who held the blankets for the Navy, having given PRIEGER a receipt. This was a sample transaction but Navy could not get authority to let PRIEGER go ahead. Sofindus was operating and BERNHARDT was given a monopoly because he had ways and means to getting blankets and other supplies moved, across the frontier, which less powerful people could not garantee. So 5.000 blankets of this sample transaction got handed over to the German Embassy.
PRIEGER was connected to WICHMAN (In Intelligence, Hamburg) throughout the war.
Abwehr in Spain. Repatriated by air from Spain between 29 January to 25 february 1946. Po. No. 0086. Interrogated on the 8 July 1946. British Reports.
Joined Schering A. G. in 1927. Manager for Schering Chemical and Pharmaceutical Products in Cuba 1938-1931. One year in Colombia. 1933-1944 in Japan as manager. He returned to Germany and then went to Spain to keep an eye on Schering’s interests.
In 1942-1943 PRIEGER received 400.000 Swiss Francs in the Kantonal Bank, Zurich from the Reichstelle fur Gartenbau for the purpose of buying cocoa. This was done on instructions from Rackwitz & Co. Hamburg, owned by Hugo PRIES, the largest German cocoa dealer with very close ties to Unilevers. In 1944, having bought no cocoa he paid the 400.000 Swiss Francs, on the instructions of PRIES, into a bank account in Zurich of a Mr. MOLLER (?) who was running this account for Harald van NEERGARD (German), owner of Moritz S. A., Barcelona and Spanish Guinea, who was a personal friend of PRIES.
PRIEGER said the 28.000 Swiss Francs transferred to account Nº 14478 at the Banque Suisse, Zurich, were sold by PRIEGER to BULDUAN, German lead of Leche Max, living in Madrid. This transaction was arranged by HYPKO, chief accountant with Schering A.G. Berlin. HYPKO, a German, carried out a number of such transactions. Established in business as representative of German machinery Carbotecherik G.m.b.H.
PRILIPP, Wilhelm. Dr. Commander Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).
PRINZ. German consul in Almeria. Agent working I-M, KO Spanien, Almeria.(named in STUBBS and BUGGE’s report on I-M Spain).
PROCH, Anton. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).
PROPFE, Dietrich. Information from OSS Wahington Intelligence records. Washington Office, Special Funds Division Finance, Intelligence: Documents 3401-3450:
Subject associated with the management of Sofindus. At one time in Board of Directors. Secretary of the following firms: Productos Agricolas S.A., Transportes Marion S.A., Aralar S.A., General de Lanas S.A.
PRUSS, Fritz. Agent classified II-A in OSS records. Technician at San Pablo airfield, Sevilla. Address claimed: Dehesa de las Vacas, Sevilla.
PRZIBYL, Anton. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: Representative. Logroño. Hermanos Moroy 7, 4o. Born at Ostrowo on 6 January 1878. Passport No. 22/38 issued Bilbao in 1938. Member of DAF.
PSCHERER, Franz. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: Representative. Dr. Areilza 55, Bilbao. (now believed to be in Allied prison camp). Born at Bremen on 21 February 1909. Passport No. 39/36 issued at Bilbao on 16.7. 36. Member of DAF.
PUIGBELLIVOL, Antonio. Working in Aduanas, Pujol-Rubio SA. Barcelona, Pasaje de la Paz 11. Agents for Fundicion Tipografica Neufville SA, Traversora de Garcia 183, Barcelona. Subject wrote Bauer Type Foundry in New York, from Lisbon 9 July 1945 asking their help in selling a Rembrandt self-portrait (60 x 75 cms), possibly a looted work. In ALIU Red Flag Names List.
PUTEAU, Adrien. From Hans SOMMER’s CI interrogation: Agent for Spanish IS.
Present Address: Unknown- 1.80m long face prominent nose dark brown hair
Career: Former member of the PPF. From 1942 until August 1944 Abwehr agent in Marseille Then went to Spain and was interned at Camp Miranda. Released in January 1945, he first worked for Lopez MORENO in Barcelona and was then engaged by VICENTE.
Speaks French with a typical Mediterranean accent.
PUTZKE, Hans Joachim. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 4/7/1920 in Köln. Address in Germany, 1946: Brunnenstr. 102, Hamburg-Bergedorf (British zone).
Autor: Eliah Meyer
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