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S) THE FACTUAL LIST OF NAZIS PROTECTED BY SPAIN

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SAALMANN, Otto. Instalaciones Industriales. Address Uzola 5, Bilbao. Born Lubast, 13 July 1893. Passport No. 201 issued Nago. Member of DAF.

SACHS, Ernst. Inspector of the SS Signals. SS Nº 278781 NSDAP Nº 4167008. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

SACHSE, Paul. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SACHSE, Wolgang. German formerly employed as technician by the Spanish Government. Listed for departure on SS Marine Marlin, scheduled to leave the Port of Bilbao about Agust 31, 1946.

SACK, Friedrich Wilhelm von. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941). Working for Nazi cabinet.

SACK, Wolgang. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. DOB. Elberfeld, 20 June, 1927.

SADOWASSER, Willi. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SAEMISCH, Erich. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. DOB. Berlin-Charlottenburg, 9 September, 1911. Marine Marlin deportees categories A, B September 1946. B-368 and III Priority List. First priority to be interrogated.

SAEMISCHE, Ernesto. German agent classified D. Listed as D290. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Address: Blasco de Garay 10, Barcelona.

SAENZ, Francisco. Spanish agent for Abwehr. (General Records Pertaining to External Assets Investigations, compiled 1948 - 1950, documenting the period 1939 - 1950. Series: Repatriates : Spain - General (June 1946- September 1947) ).

SAKIC, Ljubomir Bilanovic alias Dinko. Ustasha ." Nacido el 1 de octubre de 1921 en Studenci, Croacia. Ex-comandante del campo de concentración de Jasenovac, Sakic fue motivo de pedidos de extradición de Croacia y Yugoslavia, ambos presentados en 1998, luego de gestiones años antes de la B’nai B’rith International ante e! primero de los países arriba mencionados.

      Sakic arribó a la Argentina el 22 de diciembre de 1947 a bordo de¡ vapor "Tucumán, procedente de Genova, portando una identificación dei Comité Internacional de la Cruz Roja, y un permiso de libre desembarco otorgado por la Delegación Argentina de Inmigración en Europa el 3 de diciembre de 1947, que lo identificaba como mecánico.

El 3 de febrero de 1956 solicitó pasaporte y certificado de buena conducta para viajar a España. Para esa fecha se presenta como argentino naturalizado, domiciliado en Rosario, y de profesión comerciante. Tres años después, ei Consulado de la República Argentina en Barcelona ordenó la repatriación de Sakic, su esposa e hijos, radicados hasta entonces en Valencia.

       El 31 de agosto de 1961 solicitó duplicado de cédula de identidad, declarando ser comerciante domiciliado en San Justo, provincia de Buenos Aires, y cuatro años después documentos para viajar a España y Canadá. También solicitó pasaporte el 24 de abril de 1969 para viajar a ambos países, amén de los EE.UU. En esta última ocasión menciona a Lucas Juric como una de las personas que lo conocen y pueden informar sobre él.

       El 13 de octubre de 1971 y el 4 de noviembre de 1972 Sakic solicitó renovación de pasaporte para viajar a España en la primera oportunidad, y a los EE.UU. en la segunda.

       De noviembre de 1971 data la primera solicitud de datos de identidad y domicilio sobre Sakic, presentada a la Dirección de Investigaciones de la Policía Federal. El 2 de setiembre de 1976 ante una ulterior requisitoria de información del Banco Provincia de Buenos Aires, sucursal Lomas del Mirador, por una deuda en mora, la Policía Federal respondió que Sakic había revalidado su pasaporte para viajar a los EE.UU.

       El 14 de setiembre de 1976 Sakic renovó su pasaporte en España declarándose comerciante domiciliado en Valencia, y seis años más tarde denunció ei extravío del pasaporte expedido por las autoridades consulares argentinas en Valencia.

      Entre sus antecedentes registrados en diciembre de 1981 consta que había existido un pedido de captura por estar acusado de ser depositario infiel, causa por la que fue sobreseído definitivamente el 18 de marzo de 1983. Meses antes, en setiembre de 1982, se declaró prescripta la acción penal por los delitos de falsificación de documentos privados y estafa de Sakic.

      El 26 de setiembre de 1985 solicitó reválida de pasaporte para viajar a España, entre otros paises, donde fue detenido en el aeropuerto de Barajas el 31 de marzo de 1986*. Sakic figura como conocido "activista croata en Europa, relacionado con grupos terroristas, produciéndose su detención en compañía de Juan Luis Pelikan, este último vinculado a actuaciones sumariales instruidas con relación al tráfico internacional y falsificación de moneda. En el momento de la detención ambos poseían pasajes para viajar a Teherán.

       El 16 de febrero de 1990 Interpol Asunción requirió antecedentes sobre Sakic por ser presunto autor de esta millonaria estafa e Interpol Madrid informó que el causante había sido objeto de un control por parte de los servicios Marbelia/Málaga. La inexistencia de otros antecedentes y pedidos de captura en e! orden internacional desembocan en autorización para que se revalide el pasaporte para viajar a España y Alemania.

       El 13-03-93 Interpol Ottawa informa que la Oficina de Crímenes de Guerra estaba investigando al sujeto por crímenes durante la 2da. Guerra Mundial.

       El 14 de abril de 1998: La Delegación Dolores informa que Sakic no registra antecedentes y que se declara prescripta la acción penal.

       16 de abril de.1998: El Poder Judicial de la Nación encomienda investigar la residencia y paradero del causante, ante el pedido del Gobierno de Croacia.

       24 de abril de 1998: En la fecha y a requerimiento de Interpol se registró en el sistema de informática el paradero del ciudadano croata DINKO SAKIC.

      30 de abril de 1998: Se ordena, a través del Juez Federal Bernasconi, a inmediata detención de Sakic, en el domicilio de la calle 9 N° 258 de Santa Teresita - Buenos Aires, para trasladarlo a Dolores.

      Recibida la solicitud de extradición por parte de la República de Croacia, por presuntos delitos contra la humanidad y el derecho internacional (crímenes de guerra contra la población civil) el Juez Bernasconi resuelve: Ordenar la detención de Sakic y liberar oficios a diferentes autoridades.

(Informe Final CEANA, Comisión para el Esclarecimiento de las Actividades del Nazismo en la Republica Argentina)

* Spanish personalities involved: Jose BARRIONUEVO, Ministro de Interior in Felipe GONZALEZ’s cabinet, later found guilty and sentenced to ten-year in prison on charges of their involvement in "dirty war" against ETA on 24 January 1996. José Maria RODRIGUEZ COLORADO, Director General de la Policia, found guilty and sentenced in 2002 to six years in prison for embezzlement of Public Funds, and Fernando LEDESMA BARTRET, Ministro de Justicia. (Note by E. Meyer)

SALAMA, Jacob and Samuel. Owner of J. Salama & Sons. From Intelligence report issued by Intelligence Division Office of Chief Naval Operations Navy Department, dated 31 May, 1945 (OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Records 1942 1946 226): " The SALAMA family in conjunction with the BENDRAO clan controls the bulk of the import business in Tangier through their influential political connections; evidence of such connections is best found in the fact that this combination has hold contracts for many years supplying the Commissary Department of the Spanish Army of Morocco."

SALUSCHKE, Richard / Ricardo. DOB. Brieg, 6 October, 1893. Repatriated on SS Haighland Monarch 7 March, 1946. Rabid nazi. A-443 Official List and III Priority List .Lieutenant Colonel, Generl Staff paymaster in the Wehrmach pay office at Salamanca 4, Madrid. In 1941 the Deutsche Wehrmachtskasse was opened in Spain for payments to soldiers of the Blue Division and their dependents. SALUSCHKE arrived in Nov. 1942 and ran the Cassa till the collapse. The money was produced by the Spanish Government and charged against the Civil War Debt to a total of 370.000.000 Pesetas. This was all paid out except roughly 85.000 pts which were handed back to the Spanish Government in May 1945. The safe deposit in the Banco Hispano Americano, Madrid, regIered in the names of SALUSCHKE and Karl SCHATZMANN, property of the Wehrmachtkasse, was used by them to store German Marks taken from Blue Division soldiers home on leave in exchange for Pesetas.

SALVICHE (Family). Involved in Cloacking Nazi money (External Assets Investigations, compiled 1948 - 1950, documenting the period 1939 - 1950. Repatriates : Spain - General (June 1946- September 1947). Owners of Hotel Mijas, Mijas, Málaga, Spain.

SAMSTAG, Ernest / Ernesto. Agent classified II-B in OSS records. Mechanical engineer at Opel. Had controlling interest in the Granja Royal and the Hotel Oriente, Barcelona.

SÁNCHEZ, Apolinar. From Information of OSS, Art Unit, dated 7 March, 1945, Individuals involved in suspicious Art activities, Iberian Peninsula: "Calle Santa Catalina 5, Madrid. Antique dealer. Reported to have been in frequent contact with German and Japanese embassies". From OSS record dated 7 March, 1945 (...)"Decided Germanofile in permanent contact with the German Embassy in Madrid and particularly with Counsellor Hans LAZAR who buys antiques and works of art through him. LAZAR is one of SANCHEZ’s best clients and visits his shop several times a week, LAZAR presumably also acts as intermediary in the disposal of goods already brought or arriving from Germany. Another very good client of SANCHEZ is the Japanese Ambassador in Madrid. SANCHEZ has Made a considerable fortune during this war by his collaboration with the Germans." Another client was minister SCHROETTER and his wife (from a French report in same file)

SANDER, Friedrich. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SANZ, Felipe. Owner of an art dealer’s establishment in Madrid in Plaza de las Cortes No 3, tf.23596. In addition he is the owner of the Aquarium cafe and Casablanca night club.

SARTOR, Fritz. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. Previously in Miranda concentration camp. DOB. Honningen, 7 August, 1922.

SARTORRE, (fnu). From STUBBS and BUGGE’s report on I-M Spain:"Was the chief of the European Department in the Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores, and was the source of many of the dispatches from attaches to the Foreign Ministry."

SASS, Erich. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

SASSE, Karl. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SAUER, Heinrich. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: Maximo Aguirre 17, Las Arenas (Bil­bao). Born Saarbrucken 1878. Passport No 3560/ 42 issued San Sebastian 9.6.42. Member of DAF.

SAUERBREY, Helmut . Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941). Reichbank counsellor.

SAUERMANN, Walter. Agent classified A. Listed as A291. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. German consul. Las Palmas

SAUL Technical manager of Cia de Lanas. Smuggler.

SAUTER, Heinrich. Dr. Hauptschriftleiter. NS Propaganda. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

SAUTER, Josef. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SBARDELLA, Josef. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHAAF-BECĶER /SCHAAF-BERKER, Alfred. German agent. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. DOB. 21 October, 1903. . In 1945 posed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHAAL, Alfred. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHAD, Ernst / Ernesto. Agent classified C. Listed as C292. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Address: calle Concha 28, Bilbao. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: Representative. Colon de Larreátegui 18, Bilbao. Born at Frankfurt a.M. on 30 May 1887. Passport No. 135/40 issued at Bilbao on 22.8.40. Member of DAF and NSV.

SCHADE, Kurt. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHADE, Theodor, alias MARTIN. Major. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. SD Gestapo in Spain. Agent classified I-B and II-B in OSS records. Attached to German Embassy, Madrid. Born about 1900 in Dusseldorf. Aviation technician and pilot of Heinkel 111. Crash-landed 1st May 1945.

SCHAEFER, Eduardo. Dr. Agent classified B. Listed as B294. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Customz’ agent at Via Layetana 17, Barcelona.

SCHAEFER, Oscar. In US list of hardened nazis for repatriation. Address: Villa Maribel, Calle Cielo Azul, Chamartin de la Rosa, Madrid. Born June 18, 1903 in Bochum. Married; two children in 1946. Assistant director of Banco Germánico de la América del Sur. Aviation technician. Exempted from military service for being SD agent dealing with financial questions.

SCHAEIDT, Emilio / Emil. Agent classified B. Listed as B295. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Address: Zulueta 4, Las renas, Bilbao. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: Tresmafil S.A. Calle Errekagane 8, Las Arenas (Bilbao). Born Lebach, 22 Sept. 1883. v Passport No. 61/36 issued Bilbao. 27.7.36.

SCHAFER, Helmut Karl Wilhelm. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. Sargeant in German army. Madrid.

SCHAFF. Agent classified IV-B in OSS records. Local chief of DAF, Tenerife.

SCHAFFHUSER, Richard. Agent classified III-A in OSS records. Professor of engineering at School of Highway Engineers, Madrid. Born March 29, 1893, Emmendinger, Germany.

SCHALLER, Luis. Member NSDAP working for Banco Aleman Trasatlantico.

SCHALLSCHMIDT, Otto. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHANK, Hermann. Member NSDAP working for Banco Aleman Trasatlantico.

SCHANZE, Ludwig. Commander Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

SCHAPER, Friedrich. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHARF, Eduard. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHAUB, Alois. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHAUDINN, Gans. Counsellor. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

SCHAUFFEUR, Wilhelm / Guillermo. Agent classified II-A in OSS records. Aviation technician at Las Rozas airfield, Lugo. Born about 1900. Address: Hotel Mendez Nuñez, Lugo.

SCHAUHS / SCHAUSS , Günther Karl Hans . Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 14/9/1926 in St. Gallen Schweitz. Address in Germany, 1946: Helgenbach 37, Wetzlar a. d. Lahn (US zone).

SCHAUINSLAND, Dr. Walter. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. Marine Marlin deportees categories A, B September 1946. B-377 and III Priority List.

       First priority to be interrogated.

From: U.S. Army. European Command.Intelligence Division, Wartime activities of the German diplomatic and military services during World War II, November 18, 1949:

       "Abwehr Agent. Born on 21 March 1893 in Bremen. Subject formerly lived in the United States where he became a naturalized citizen. He holds a certificate of discharge, from the U.S. Armed Forces, dated 1927, as well as a U.S. passport, which, since he left that country clandestinley, contains no indication that he ever departed. In Madrid he was living from at least August 1944 to April 1945, during which period he was in contact with K.D.M Spain. Subject was an agent of N.E.S.T Bremen and proceeded on a mission for that organization to the United States. At the time he was apprehended he was in possession of a U.S. passport, a forged German passport, No 16534 issued in Barcelona in 1943. Subject released to Bremen, Humboldstr." In Hotel Nacional, Madrid, August 1944.

SCHEBSTADT, Paul. Repatriated on SS Haighland Monarch 7 March, 1946. Employee at Arganda radio station, Spain. E-23 Official List. DOB. 17 March, 1904.

SCHECKEL, Georg. Member NSDAP working for Banco Aleman Trasatlantico.

SCHEERBAUM, Hans. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHEIB, Hans. Agent classified II-B in OSS records. Representative for Riefenstahl Fil, Berlin. Address: calle Antonio Maura 4, Chamartin de la Rosa, Mdrid.

SCHEIBER. Intelligence agent in Spanish Morocco & Melilla. Classified II-B in OSS records. Radio Station operator. Address: Calle O’Donnell 41, Melilla.

SCHELLERT, Gerhardt. Repatriated from Spain by air (dates from January 29 to February 25, 1946). Po. No. 0097. Born on 28 September 1887 in Farsleben. Subject held various positions with the German Foreign Service as follows:

1931-1932 Consulate in Pressburg

1932-1934 Gesandschaftsrat of Embassy, Buenos Aires

1935-1939 Legationsrat, Berlin

1939-1940 General Konsul I Klasse, Antwerp

1940-1941 General Konsul II Klasse, Deutsche Handelsgesellschaft, Wiesbaden.

1942-1943 General Konsul I Klasse, Berlin

1943-1945 General Konsul I Klasse, Venice

      Subject had been a member of the Deutsche Corps since 1920. He became a member of the NSDAP only in 1943. Subject released to Berlin NW 87, Flothowstr. 9.

SCHEMPP, Otto. Dr. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941). Kolnische Zeitung.

SCHENHOFER, Fritz. Agent classified II-A in OSS records. Technician. Barcelona. Born about 1900.

SCHENK, Paul. German formerly employed as technician by the Spanish Government.Listed for departure on SS Marine Marlin, scheduled to leave the Port of Bilbao about Agust 31, 1946. DOB. Krefeld. 1 October, 1914.

SCHEPP, Josef. Dr. Agent classified II-A in OSS records. Chemist of Chemische Fabrik Marienfeld, Germany. In Spain in 1946.

SHEPS. Gestapo agent and looter. Card file from DGER, 1945: "Arrive en Espagne depuis 6 semaines; porteur d’une grosse fortune; san doute produit du vol et du pillage en pays occupes. Ne souhaite pas returner en Allemagne mais rester en Espagne jusqu’a la fin de la Guerre. Il y aurait interet a obtenir des precisions sur son activite avant et depuis la guerre. Son role dans la Gestapo. Sur les procedes employes dans l’etablissement de sa fortune. (...) Se cache en Espagne.

SCHERER, Hugo. Dr. and Lt. Col. Agent classified I-B and IV-B in OSS records. Lt. Col. in German army. Head of Hitler Youth, Madrid. Born about 1900. Address: Agustina de Aragon 5, Hotel Madrid, Madrid.

SCHERZINGER, August. Repatriated on SS Haighland Monarch 7 March, 1946. Secretary of German Consulate, Valencia. Employee with the German firm Maximo Buch S.A. Valencia. A-953 Official List and II and III Priority List. Brought to repatriation center under police escort. DOB. Guttenbach, 15 March, 1885.

SCHESACK, George W. / SCHESAK, Gregor. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. Address: Calle de Salmeron 38, Barcelona.

SCHEUBER, Irmgard. Repatriated on SS Haighland Monarch 7 March, 1946. E-131 Official List. DOB. Petersburg, 9 March, 1915.

SCHEWENNICKE, Ernst. Agent classified II-B in OSS records. Technician at San Pablo airfield, Sevilla. Born July 29, 1909. Address: Finca de los Espartales, Sevilla.

SCHIEFER / SCHIEFFER, Max. Agent classified A. Listed as A297. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Agent working I-M, KO Spanien, Malaga.(named in STUBBS and BUGGE’s report on I-M Spain). Manager of Scholz Hermanos. Wine merchants. Address: Villa Elvira, Paseo Mir, Malaga.

SCHIETH, Ewald. German formerly employed as technician by the Spanish Government.Listed for departure on SS Marine Marlin, scheduled to leave the Port of Bilbao about Agust 31, 1946. A-1005 and IV Priority List.

SCHIEWE, Gustav. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHIFER, Max Hermann. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 13/12/1906 in Pfullingen Württ. Interrogated July 8, 1946. Not in London lI. In Spanish list. Worked in Valencia 1929 and for Scholtz Hermanos S.A. in Malaga since 1938 to 1945. He gave little information about Ileva S.A, Malaga, GUISE, Rowak and BERNHARDT. Notwithstanding, he certified and undersigned under oath, before US authorities, that he never was connected or had had any connections with I.G. Farben, Sofindus or Flick.

       Address in Germany, 1946: Amselstr. 40, Schramberg, Wurttenberg (US zone).

SCHIFFMAN / SCHIFFMANN, Erich. Repatriated by air from Spain between 29 January to 25 february 1946. Po. No. 0095. Born March 29 1920. Address: Muebles Manonellas, Avda. Jose Antonio, 521-583, Barcelona. Former member of G.I.S in France. Barcelona Gestapo. Smuggled antique and Sevres china into Spain and sold above shop. In two lists: as repatriated by air from Spain between 29 January to 25 february 1946 and as repatriated from Spain on the Highland Monarch. Interrogated in the military hospital, Ludwigsburg, near Stuttgart. He claimed to be Austrian Jew and explained his physical condition as mistreatment suffered at the hands of the Germans. He knew Pierre LOTTIER (art dealer) , but said he had nothing to do with his shop. But, as a matter of fact, Pierre LOTTIER in collaboration with SCHIFFMANN and Israel van MESSEL (misspelled MOSCEL / MESCEL in some documents) opened the shop where they sold their looting. LOTTIER admitted this before the police. Listed in OSS, Art Unit, Individuals involved in suspicious Art activities, Iberian Peninsula, dated 20 August, 1945, "

SCHILBACH, Fritz. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHILKE, Peter. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHILLING, Paul. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHIMEK, Wenzel. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. German army. Born about 1908, Sudeten, Germany. Address: Calle Principe 13, Madrid.

SCHINDLER, Arturo / Arthur Karl. DOB. Schwenningen, 22 February, 1896. Arrested March 4, 1946. In No 6 CIC Neuengamme. Internee No 609390. Repatriated on SS Haighland Monarch 7 March, 1946. Chief of the Nazi party of San Gervasio, Barcelona. On May 26, 1945, Expulsion List, B-382 Agents’ List and III Priority List. Brought to repatriation center under police escort.

       Hold power of attorney in Kromschroeder, Barcelona and admitted that their total capital was held by Kromschroeder Osnabruck. He had an account in Banco Alemán Trasatlantico, Barcelona.

       Interrogation by OMGUS, External Assets Branch, Finance Division, dated May 28, 1946:

      "SCHINDLER was born 22 February 1896 in Schwennigen a/Neckar, Germany. He stated that he arrived in Barcelona, Spain, on 15 May 1923, where, except for an absence of six months training with the Condor Legion during the Spanish Civil War, he remained until he was repatriated to Germany in March 1946.

       The interrogatee told that he was employed as tech­nical director and "prokurist" for S. A. Kromschroeder, Barcelona, manufacturers of gas meters. SCHINDLER added that the Kromschroeder firm in Barcelona had been estab­lished in the years 1908 to 1910 as an affiliate of Krom­schroeder A.G., Osnabruck, Germany. The original share capital of S. A. Kromschroeder was said to have been Pesetas 300,000, being increased to Pesetas 600,000. The entire capital of the Barcelona company is owned by Kromschroeder A.G., Germany, SCHINDLER further stated that the physical properties of the Spanish company were worth approximately Pesetas 250,000. Concerning the oper­ating control of S.A. Kromschroeder, the subject asserted that it had been without German interference, except for annual inspections, since 1939.

       The capital of the Osnabruck firm was said to amount to approximately RM 1,500,000. This company was founded by four brothers, and Schindler believed that the entire capital has remained in the family.

       SCHINDLER said that S.A. Kromschroeder worked in close cooperation with Elster S.A., Madrid, receiving semi-finished parts and other materials from the latter. The Elster firm in kadrid is a branch of a firm in kainz, Germany, which firm Schindler believed to be Elster A.G. He estimated the capital of Elster S.A. to be Pesetas 350,000. According to the subject the Mainz business is owned by Jacob ELSTER and an individual named KRAMER, who is general director. It was SCHINDLER’s opinion that the Elster concern had supply agreements with Spain and a contract for operation in Italy.

       The Banco Aleman Transatlantico was named as the banking connection for S.A. Kromschroeder in Madrid. The Deutsche Bank was the banking facility for Kromschroeder A.G. Schindler stated that all financial transactions between the firms in Osnabruck and Barcelona were handled through the Deutsche Bank, the "Clearing" and the Banco Aleman Transatlantico.

      After the German capitulation the Kromschroeder and Elster companies in Spain continued normal production standards, although their accounts were blocked. SCHINDLER added that the last shipment of materials from Germany had arrived in 1940; after 1940 materials on hand were used.

       S.A. Kromschroeder, Barcelona, was said to be now directed by one Pietro HOPP, a German, who Schindler said came to the Spanish firm in 1933. Adolfo DOMINGES, pres­ident of Elster S.A., was said to be the present director of that company in Madrid.

       SCHINDLER disclaimed knowledge of attempts to conceal the ownership of the Spanish branches. He said that he had heard many rumors of efforts to cloak German interests in Spain, adding that he knew of no specific transactions.

       The subject admitted that he was a Nazi Party member and that he held a minor party position. He emphatically denied that he was party head in Barcelona, expressing surprise that he had been indicated to be party head any­where.

       MGAX(l) declaration made by Schindler lists a cash deposit of RM 2,300 in the Gewerbebank, Schwenningen. No explanation was given for the declaration of the bank account in Germany."

***

SCHIPP, Adam. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHLATERMUND, Hans. Agent classified IV-B in OSS records. Chief of Nazi party, Valencia. Representative of Schenker & Co., Hamburg. Has been in Central America.

SCHLATTER (misspelled SCHLATTERER in some documents), Alfred. Agent classified A. Listed as A299. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Repatriated by air from Spain between 29 January to 25 february 1946. Po. No. 0788. Mentioned as interned in Camp 76, Asperg on March 27, 1946. In summer 1945 he was proposing to set up a business with Hans HINTERREITER, a Swiss. ( investigar)

      V -Man. Born on 26 December 1897 in Freiburg. From 1937 to 1939 subject was in the Legion Condor. Illness forced him to retire in 1939 and in 1943 he was assigned to Abwehr I L. He went to Mallorca in February of 1945 and was transferred to the I M. Subject’s duties in the Abwehr were that of a clerk and later on as a V-Man. Subject released to Freiburg, Breisgau, Fabrikstr. 29. Address: Palma and Ibiza, Hotel Keeper.

SCHLEICHER, Heinz. Agent classified A. Listed as A298. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Madrid.

SCHLEIER. From a French handwritten report dated November 1944 included in Roberts Commission files, Individuals involved in suspicious Art activities, Iberian Peninsula: German. Hotel Palace. Known in Cafe Coruña. Round face, blue eyes. Involved in selling looted art.

SCHLEINITZ / SCHLEINTZ- PROKESCH , Nicolaus von. Freiherr. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. Chief of Consular section, German Embassy, Madrid. Address: Serrano 109, Madrid. Still in Spain in September 1946.

SCHLICHTING, Friedrich Karl. Commander Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941). German Air Ministry.

SCHLIE, Wilhelm. Member NSDAP working for Banco Aleman Trasatlantico.

SCHLINDLER, Edmund. Agent classified II-A in OSS records. Electrical technician employed at Arganda del Rey. Connected with A.E.G., Germany. Born March 31, 1892.

SCHLINDER, Erich. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHLINDER, Richard. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHLIPKOETER / SCHLIPKOLER, Edelhard. Agent classified II-A in OSS records. Technician at San Pablo airfield, Sevilla. Address in Spain: Finca de los Espartales, Sevilla. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 31/10/1918 in Nias bei Sumatra. Address in Germany, 1946: Haberland 8, Luebbecke, Wesfalen (British zone).

SCHLOSS. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. Born about 1900. Barcelona.

SCHLOSSER, Heinrich. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHLTZE, Ernst Alaxander Karl. Deportee Madrid-Germany by air August 23 1946.

SCHLUETER, Werner Gustav Karl . In Marine Perch file. Agent classified I-B and II-B in OSS records. Radio technician and smuggler in chemicals, drugs and "secret things" (sic). Been in Iberian Peninsula since 1943. In 1945 in Madrid. SCHLUETER made SINGER’S acquaintance owing to a demand by the former to use the Post Office facilities, which Berlin approved. Singer thought that SCHLUETER worked for Amt 6 (Economic Sub-section) which was directly under Berlin, just as was his sub-section (Amt 6-Political).

      Schlueter seems to have told Singer in June-July 1944 that he was acting as an intermediary in the transmission of Allied peace proposals to Berlin. Once Schlueter came with a man who seemed to work for USA, but appeared German, who spoke of a frenchman LECOINT and who wanted to "get a line" on Singer. Singer described Schlueter as dark haired, German looking, perhaps from Black Forest region, a good an adaptable business, smart but not a big man. He visited Singer’s house and spoke of wanting to go back to Germany a to a Russian occupied part. SCHLUETER lived with a divorced woman in Hotel Palace, Madrid.

Connected with FEHLEISEN. According to SCHUEBEL, he was a Stamp Dealer, but, by trade, an Airoplane mechanic.

SCHLUFFERT, Hans Heinz Siegfried von. Agent in Spanish Morocco and Melilla. Classified II-D in OSS records. Address: Villa Nador, Melilla. Engineer. Born 1892 at Ilmenau, Thuringen.

SCHLUENDER, Ernst. Standantenführer Hitlerjunge. Decorated by FRANCO as Caballero de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas con Encomienda. (BOE, 26 Octubre, 1941).

SCHLUNK, Helmut. Agent classified III-A in OSS records. Professor of Archeological Institute of Germany. Living in Spain in 1946.

SCHLUTER, Wilhelm. Repatriated on SS Haighland Monarch 7 March, 1946. Safehaven candidate. Mining engineer. DOB. Munster, 13 July, 1901. E-24 Official List.

SCHMALING /SCHMÄLING / SCHMAHLING, Paul. German formerly employed as technician by the Spanish Government.Listed for departure on SS Marine Marlin, scheduled to leave the Port of Bilbao about Agust 31, 1946. DOB, Hamburg, 16 May, 1910. Marine Marlin deportees categories A, B September 1946. A-1110, A-1006, and IV Priority List. First priority to be investigated.

SCHMALLOFER, Karl. Agent classified B. Listed as B300. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain.

SCHMALZ, Alfred. Dr. Counsellor. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

SCHMETZ, Josef. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHMICK, Heinz alias SINGER, Krim Kom. German. He is 1.70 meters tall, slender, with blond hair and a fair complexion. He is married and has 2 children. He was a police official, and was transferred to Amt VI RSHA and then to Madrid where he was attached to the Office of Police Attache. He was in the NSDAP and SS.

SCHMID, Elsa. Repatriated on SS Haighland Monarch 7 March, 1946. Kindergarten teacher in German School, Madrid. She was sent to Madrid in 1941 and was head of the female Hitler Youth until 1943. A-463 Official List. DOB. Stuttgart, 12 June, 1919.

SCHMIDT, Alfred. Agent classified II-B in OSS records. Engineer employed by Otto GERDTZEN (machinery), Vigo.

SCHMIDT, Alfred Michael. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 18/5/1919 in Oldenburg. Address in Germany, 1946: Heerstr. 51, Berlin-Spandau, Kirchengelande a. d.

SCHMIDT, Bernhard. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHMIDT, Bruno. Chancery counsellor. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

SCHMIDT, Christian. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHMIDT / SCHMITT, Engelbert. In Marine Perch file. In Madrid as a member of the Spanish-German Police Exchange Agreement. Connected to Edmond HEINZ, SINGER

      Krim Sek. German, 37 years old in 1946, 1.78 meters tall, muscular, with brown hair and a dark complexion. He is married and has 2 children. He was with the Office of Police Attache in Madrid from 1941 to 1945. He was a former official of the Schupo and then Sipo. He was also in the NSDAP and SS.

SCHMIDT, Ernst. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHMIDT, Ernst Emil. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Agent classified I-B and II-B in OSS records. Salesman for A.E.G., Madrid. W/T operator. Born September 4, 1899 in Konigsberg, Germany.

SCHMIDT, Friedrich. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHMIDT, Georg. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: Representative. Lic. Poza 21, Bilbao. Born at Mannheim on 4 April 1868. Passport No. 2552/38 issued at San Sebastian on 16.9.38.

SCHMIDT, Heinrich. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHMIDT, (Johannes), Hermann. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHMIDT, Karl. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHMIDT, Karl. Commander Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

SCHMIDT, Karl / Carlos. Agent classified II-B and IV-B in OSS records. Printer. Resident Treasurer of NSDAP, Madrid. Attached to German Embassy, Madrid. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain.

      In OSS records, from a Spanish source named X.19, dated 6 May, 1946: "Jefe de la "Organización directa" de la Compañía Anónima de Seguros Plus Ultra, con domicilio en Madrid, Plaza de las Cortes 8. Es cuñado de MÜLLER que recientemente ha sido llevado por los aliados para su vuelta a Alemania. Su cargo, es un magnifico"enchufe" que le reporta unos beneficios superiores a las 100.000 Pesetas anuales, con un trabajo mínimo. Personalmente ha sido el asegurador directo de la Embajada Alemana de todas sus cosas y de la colonia de este país en Madrid. Fué cajero de la obra alemana de"Auxilio de Invierno" (Winterhilfe), en cuyo examen de cuentas por los aliados en Madrid, se apreció un desfalco superior a los cuatro millones de Pesetas. Perteneció al expartido nazi (NSDAP) y lleva constantenmente el emblema del mismo."

SCHMIDT, Kurt. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: AEG. Electricien. Address: Ibaibide 15, 2o, Las Arenas, Bilbao. Born Gerlachsheim, 30 August, 1902. Passport No 104 R 298/37 issued Berlin 2.9.1937. Member of DAF.

SCHMIDT, Otto. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHMIDT SD/ Gestapo still in Spain in September 1946.

SCHMIDT, Waldemar. Agent classified II-B in OSS records. Technician. Member of DAF. Madrid.

SCHMIDT, Wilhelm. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHMIDT / SCHMIDT-THOME, Paul / Pablo. Agent classified II-A in OSS records. Geologist. San Sebastian. Repatriated on SS Haighland Monarch 7 March, 1946. Released May 1946. Address in Germany: Holzen 3, Hebenhausen b/ Munchen. E-26 Official List. DOB. Koln, 16 July, 1911.

SCHMIEDER, Karl. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. Previously in Miranda concentration camp. DOB. Hastach, 13 November, 1919.

SCHMITT, Georg. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHMITZ, Adolf. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHMITZ, Albert. Agent classified IV-B in OSS records. Director of German Lycee and director of NSDAP, Zaragoza. Address: Cervantes 8, Zaragoza.

SCHMITZ, Josef. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHMITZ, Rudolf. Agent classified II-A in OSS records. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: Engineer. Born, M. Gladbach, May 18, 1901. Partner in firm Maquinaria Demag, S.L., Alameda de Recalde 7, Bilbao. Passport No. 33/41 issued Bilbao 25.3.41. Member of NSDAP and DAP.

SCHMOELE, Theo alias LUCK, Theo Van. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. Madrid. Born 1911.

SCHMUCK, (fnu), alias SCHMIEDO. SS Schrf. Head of SD in Tetuan and Tangier until 1941. Later in Berlin and Portugal. 1.75m slender black hair dark complexion brown eyes moustache. Married. Speaks Spanish.

SCHNARRENBERGER, Gotthilf. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHNAUS, Erich. From Nuernberg Interrogation Records › ... OCCPAC Interrogation Transcripts And Related Records › Bohle, Ernst Wilhelm. SS Standf. Head of Personnel Dept in the AO, Berlin and liaison official with Abw and SD. Born 1905 in Thuringia. Slender, 1.78, oval face. Married. Formerly in Spain. Joined AO after 1933 and held positions in various depts until he took over the Personalamt. Uffz in a Flak unit at Bruex, May 1945.

SCHNAUZ / SCHNAUTZ , Albert Johann. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 19/3/1916 in Wiesloch bei Heidelbg. Address in Germany, 1946: Rohrgasse 17, Wiesloch bei Heidelberg.

SCHNEE, Hermann. Agent classified II-B in OSS records. Engineer. Retired Naval man. Employed by A.E.G for 25 years. Been in South America. Address: Carretera de Rellinars 49, Tarrasa, Barcelona.

SCHNEEGLUTH, Hans. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. Import-export agent representing several German firms including Rheinmetallwerke and Basenol Werke. In Barcelona since 1929. Born about 1903. Spanish wife. Address: Calle Camps y Fabre 7, Barcelona and Calle Buenavista 4/6, Barcelona (home).

SCHNEEMANN / SCHNEMANN,. Max Christian / Christait Johannes alias Angel BLANCO BLANCO. Listed B-390 I Priority. Born about 1901. In Flight X file. Repatriated from Madrid by army airtransport on 23 August 1946. In Colombia from 1925 to 1942. In Spain from 1945 to 1946. DAT member since 1942. Worked for Storch und Reichel Frkft. a.m. (air military firm) at Bockenheim in 1942; for Hermann Goeringwerke in Makejewka bei Stalino in 1942; for RSHA Amt VI D4 in 1944. Connected with ARNOLD. Address in Germany: Melling Haus strasse 6, Herdecke bei Hagen Westfalen. Information furnished by the office of Attache D.P. Medalie:

      Memo from Legal Attache, February 20, 1945: Subject attended German espionage school at the Hague in August 1944. Wife Julieta YRPES, formerly in Pereira, Colombia. In Spain 1943, wireless telegrapher.

       Memo from same source, August 13, 1945: Subject confined in Carabanchel prison on a charge of falsification of documents. Reported he had arrived from Germany by air with a Swisss passport shortly before the fall of Germany and planned to go to Colombia. Subject’s address in Spain> Calle General Pardinas 57, Primero E.

      Memo from same source, September 12, 1945: Wife Julieta YRPES. Three sons and daughter in Colombia. Subject claimed to be an expert mechanic. Worked in several steel mills in Ukraine after German invasion of Russia.

       After arriving in Madrid, his house was searched by individuals posing as police agents who searched premises and carried off a Leica camera and a collection of diamonds. A complaint lodgeg by friends present during this search resulted in arrival of genuine police who took him to prison for producing by way of credentials only a military carnet in false name of Angel BLANCO BLANCO. Said he purchase this in Bilbao from an unknown individual. On August 25, 1945, he was released from prison and given a three months’ residence passport by D.G.S. Moved to Calle Goya 118 (or 116 in other memo). Lived there with a Colombian woman, known as Emma PEREZ, suspected of being a German agent. Subject is known to belong to German IS directed by Karl ARNOLD.

      Description: 5’11’’, strong, broadshouldered, dark, grey hair, considerably white, receding at temples; lobe of right ear missing. Sailor’s appearance and tatoo on right arm.

SCHNEIDER, Albert. Agent classified D. Listed as D305. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Repatriated on SS Haighland Monarch 7 March, 1946. Consular employee at Melilla. A report from the American Legation in Tangier, 7 March, 1944 stated subject was a German sabotage and espionage agent in Tangier. He was expelled from Tangier on 15 July, 1944. M.F.A. orders immediate internment. A-787 Official List and III Priority List. Brought to repatriation center under police escort. DOB. Untersimonswald, 26 May, 1911.

SCHNEIDER, August. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHNEIDER, Carlos / Karl Wolgang. Agent classified C. Listed as C306. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. In US list of hardened nazis for repatriation. Address: Gandía. Born May 26, 1898 in Deggenddorf, Germany. Chief organizer of Vital S.A. Worked for Bank fur Bauindustrie of Berlin and for Schneider & Co. of Munich. He claimed to be Spanish when he was interrogated by Allies.

SCHNEIDER, Conrad. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHNEIDER, Eduard Albrecht . Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 12/9/1914 in Rosswag b. Vaihingen. Address in Germany, 1946: Rosswag, Vaihingen/Enz (US zone).

SCHNEIDER, Emil. Agent classified B. Listed as B307. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. W/T operator. German consulate, Melilla.

SCHNEIDER, Federico. Agent classified II-B in OSS records. Photographer. Renteria.

SCHNEIDER, Fritz. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHNEIDER, Hans. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHNEIDER, Johann. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHNEIDER, Johann.Transport agent. Repatriated on SS Haighland Monarch 7 March, 1946. A German Embassy employee, PLANKERT’s office (corporal). A-469 Official List. DOB. Eckum, 5 March, 1914.

SCHNEIDER, Johann. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. DOB. Uberherrn, 11 April, 1895. A-772.

SCHNEIDER, Marius. Agent classified III-B in OSS records. College professor at the ethnographic organization, Barcelona.

SCHNEIDER, Max. Agent classified II-A in OSS records. Engineer.

SCHNEIDER, Paul. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHNEIDER, Victor Albert. Agent classified II-B in OSS records. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Radio technician and consular employee, Melilla. Born 1910.

SCHNEIDHOFER SPANNBLOCHL, Federico. Agent classified B. Listed as B309. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Photographer. Address: Plaza Feriol 1, 2o F, Renteria.

SCHNELL, Pepe. Agent classified II-B in OSS records. W/T operator. Address: Rocasolano 17, Barcelona.

SCHNIEDERMANN, Richard Heinrich. W. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 15/8/1903 in Gütersloh (misspelled sometimes Güte Sloh), Westfalen. Address in Germany, 1946: Gütersloh, Westfalen. Son: Klaus Manfred SCHNIEDERMANN.

SCHNITZ SCHAETZER, Paul. In US list of hardened nazis for repatriation. Address: Fernando Arguillo 462, Barcelona. Born September 13, 1902 in Cologne, Germany. Propaganda chief in Miland. In Nazi Party in Athens since 1934. Went to Spain in 1943 as managing director of Bayer. Member of SS, SA and Gestapo.

SCHNITZER, Rudolf. Agent classified B & C. Listed as B310. Attached to Embassy, Madrid (July 1944). Interned Caldas de Malavella March 1945.

SCHNITZER, Walter. Commander Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

SCHNITZER, Werner Rolf Edwin Rodolf / Rudolf. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Repatriated from Spain by air (dates from January 29 to February 25, 1946). Po. No. 0770. Interrogated between February and May 1946. British Reports.

      Acted as a buyer for EINHARDT, Madrid, after working for German firm Katzenstein in Spain.

SCHNOOR, Detlef. Repatriated on SS Haighland Monarch 7 March, 1946. Embassy employee, PLANKERT’s office (Corporal). A-471 Official List. DOB. Luetzenwestedt, 14 April, 1918

SCHNURR, Ernst. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: Representative. Heros 3, Bilbao. Born at Hamburg on 12 May 1884. Passport No. 149/39 issued at Bilbao on 2.8.39.

SCHNURR, Franz. Repatriated on SS Haighland Monarch 7 March, 1946. E-132 Official List. DOB. Appenmeier, 28, May, 1902.

SCHOBER, Karl. Agent classified II-A in OSS records. Engineer. San Sebastian. Born about 1895.

SCHOECHLIN, Otto. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 16/7/1910 in Emmendingen Baden. Address in Germany, 1946: Flachlandstr. 4, Lorrach-Baden (French zone). From May 1939 to November 1939 he was with the German Air Corps as Funker. In the same, year he was transferred to Nachrichten-Rgt. 10/3 in Belgium and France. In 1942 he was sent to Spain and worked in the monitoring, office which was,located in the Air Attache’s office. Subject was released to Flachlandstr. 4, Lorrach-Baden.

SCHOENE, Johannes. Repatriated from Spain by air (dates from January 29 to February 25, 1946). Interrogated between February and May 1946. British Reports. Chief Administrator for the Abwehr. He stated that from October 1944 to May 1945 he paid out ~ 500.000 pts. a month to outside stations of the Abwehr. On the 5 May 1945 he received the final sum of 300.000 which was all paid out except 90.000 put back into the Embassy funds.

SCHOENE, Dr. Hans. Agent classified A. Listed as A311. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. German Embassy, Madrid. Previously in Lisbon.

SCHOENE Dr. , Still in Spain in September 1946. Hauptmann Referat I I H, KO Spanien. Richtoffizier. From an US report: "He held great powers in the Embassy. He was instructed as Richtoffizier by the Sicherheitshauptamt, (Witness: Obersleutnant Keyenstueber, Group 2).

SCHOENFELD, Hans. German formerly employed as technician by the Spanish Government.Listed for departure on SS Marine Marlin, scheduled to leave the Port of Bilbao about Agust 31, 1946. Born in Dresden in 1905. Married. Two children. Worked for Pan-Am-Grace for three years. After 1937 he joined the Askania Werke in Berlin and in 1940 came to Spain with the Marconi Española, S.A. Subject reported as NSDAP member and notorious nazi.

SCHOEVEL, Willi. Agent classified B. Listed as B312. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Employed by Gestetner Co. Address: General Sanjurjo 18, Madrid.

SCHOF / SCHOAF, Joseph / Josef F. Dr. Agent classified B. Listed as B313. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Attache (propaganda) at German Embassy, Madrid.

SCHOFFEL, Josef. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHOLTZ / SCHOLZ, Comdr. Classified I-C in OSS records. One of the commanders of Dornier group in the Condor Legion.

SCHOLZ, Alicia. Repatriated on SS Haighland Monarch 7 March, 1946. E-91 Official List. DOB. Barcelona, 12 January, 1917.

SCHOLZ / SCHOLTZ Dr. Günther. Born in Lowen. Age 46. Lawyer. Passport Nº 2299 issued Madrid 11/11/43.

      Address: Fabrica Farmaceutica Salia, Avenida General Zumalacarregui, 3, 4ª.

      Report dated 27/11/45 (from Washington) stated subject was a member of the Nazi Party and agent Amt VI of SIPO and SD.

      He was on both the Proclaimed List and the Statutory List. Local Firm Salia, Rios Rosas 40, Madrid (?). In November, 1946 still in San Sebastián (Spain).

      There was a Sgt. Günther SCHOLTZ (A-474) believed to be in Madrid, and possibly the one connected with BUERO PLANKERT. Connected with Diwag.

SCHOLZ, Hans Wilhelm. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: Representative. Born at Nürnberg on 4 May 1911. Address: Heros 32, 3o dcha., Bilbao. Passport No. 330 issued at Sevilla on 17.8.35. Member of NSDAP and DAF.

SCHOLZ, Karl Friedrich Hans. Agent classified II-B in OSS records. Engineer. Has been in South Africa and Portugal. Born May 5, 1901, Altenburg, Germany. Commercial agent. Madrid.

SCHONE / SCHOENE, Willi. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHONER, Lt. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. In Spain since 1942. Madrid.

SCHONFELDT, Georg. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHONHERR, Josef. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHÖNHÖFER, Fritz. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850:

      Commercial Agent. Moved to Barcelona 5.7.40. Born at Jungbunzlau on 26 June 1900. Passport (No. not given) issued at Komotau on 25.5.1920. Member of NSDAP.

SCHONWALDER, Paul. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHOODL, Michael. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHOOF, Josef. Agent classified I-B in OSS records.Attache of German Embassy, Madrid.

      Nazi Propaganda Chief in Spain.

SCHORN, Christian. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 25/10/1914 in Köln Ehrenfeld. Address in Germany, 1946: Schoensteinstr. 13, Koln (British zone).

SCHOTT, Karl / Carlos. Agent classified C. Listed as C314. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Agent classified II-B in OSS records. Optician. Born 1899. German or Polish Jew. Commision agents. Represents only enemy firms. Address: Via Layetana 47, Barcelona. In Miranda detention center.

SCHOTT, Karl. Agent classified II-B in OSS records. Engineer. Address: Pension Figueroa, Via Layetana 47, Barcelona.

SCHRADER, Heinrich. Commander Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

SCHRAMM, Gustav. Agent classified II-A in OSS records. Chemical engineer. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. Danzig. DOB. 25/11/1885 in Schöneck Westpr.

SCHRECK, Ernst. Agent classified II-A in OSS records. Photographer. Orense.

SCHREIBER, Georg Wilhelm. German Government Counsellor. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

SCHREIBER, Maria. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. DOB. Mainz, 29 September, 1917.

SCHRODER / SCHROEDER Brothers:Erich and Paul / Pablo. From OSS records, Washington Office, Special Funds Division Finance, Intelligence: Documents 3401-3450:

      (Safehaven Report Talleres Hernani, dated 29 December, 1945)

      Investígations conducted by the British and by the American Consul at San Sebastian show that Talleres de Hernani, S.A. was organized on April 7, 1945 as a corporation with Erich SCHROEDER and Marcelino YEREGUI as Joint managers and with Carmelo GONZALEZ MANZANO as president. This Is considered by the American consui as a definite cloaking operation since the foundry at Barrio de la Florida 91, Hernani (Guipúzcoa), was Erich SCHROEDER’s property. Pablo SCHROEDER operates a hardware factory which is apparently a distinct business since Erich separated from Pablo in 1931. The American Consul has reported that Erich SCHROEDER was second in the Nazi Party organization in his region and that Pablo was an active Nazi and one of the group of nine Germans, who in August 1944 purchased the property of the German School in San Sebastian.

      The activities of the SCHROEDER brothers have been called to the attention of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs so that the full force of the blocking legislation may be brought to bear on them."

SCHRODER / SCHROEDER, Franz. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHRODER / SCHROEDER, Hermann. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHRODER / SCHROEDER, Johannes. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHRODER / SCHROEDER, Karl. Agent classified B. Listed as B315. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Manager of Deposito de Carbones de Tenerife, S.A. Address: Villa Blanca, Monte Miramar, Malaga.

SCHRODER / SCHROEDÉR / SCHROETTER, Valentine. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. DOB. Athens, 3 July, 1890.

SCHROER, Dietrich. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. DOB. Dinslaken, 10 May, 1906.

SCHUBEL / SCHUEBEL, Georg Wolfgang. Agent classified B. Listed as B316. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Deutsche Reichsbahn Chief in Spain from October 1940 to May 1945 and attached to German consulate, Barcelona. In Spanish list. Address in Germany: Holsteinerstr. 2. Munchen (US zone).

       In Marine Perch file. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. Interrogated 28, 29, 29, 1 July, 1946. German. DOB. 31/7/1900 in Rosenheim, Oberbayern. Catholic. In the party since 1938. Representative in Spain of German Railways (Reichsbahn). His office in Plaza Cataluna, 22, Barcelona. He conducted the negotiations of transfer of 9.000.000 RM between German rail wagons and Spanish National Railway Company RENFE, but the sale of contract was in the name of Vereinigte Stahlwerke, A.G., procurI WILKEN). He gave information about:

1.Sofindus: According to SCHUEBEL, Sofindus was entirely an official German organization totally controlled by BERNHARDT and was little supervised by Rowak. BERNHARDT founded Hisma in 1936. Financial director was Antonis WAHLE, but, in effect, he was subsidiary. ZISCHE was the chief bookeper and was still in Spain in July, 1946. Sofindus controlled all transit whether of its associated companies or not.

2. Ewald KRUSSE, in skin trade and shoe business. WEISS was his associate.

3. BESCHMULLER was very important in metal export, he was still in Sofindus in 1946.

4. Ernst KLINGENBERG, customs forwarding business man, specially in fruits, over all frontiers.

5. REIMANN was a important man of Nova, S.A., which was a purchasing company acting for many firms, especially mining.

6. PECHE was the principal man in Productos Agrícolas, S. A., Valencia, a concern which had export monopoly during and after Spanish Civil War. Siervers, Bremen, food importers were allegedly co-owners of the Spanish firm.

7. TOEPFER, who dealt in French champagne and sold 1000 tons of French champagne to USA, but the cases remained in Barcelona harbour in 1946.

8. FEHLEISEN, connected with Vinagres Vínicos, S.A and SCHLUETER.

9. SCHLUETER, Stamp dealer and Airoplane mechanic. Lived in Hotel Palace with his official mIress WEILEMANN (WIEDERMANN in some documents).

10. WEILEMANN (WIEDERMANN in some documents). A Berlin woman who had relationships with all sorts of nationalities at Palace Hotel. Divorced three times. Was the wife of Freddy SCHULTZ, a jew operatic stage manager in Zurich.

11. Engelbert SCHMITT, a Gestapo man.

12. LOHSE. SCHUEBEL pointed out Irun as the centre of smuggling activities. Most machinery came from France. Concerning supplies by ship, LOHSE, of Sofindus, knew everything even if not in the hands of Sofindus. He was, officially, transport delegate of Military Commander, Biarritz, with seat in Hendaye and was an extraordinarily important person in all this matters. SCHUEBEL had much to do with him directly. LOHSE (interned in Caldas) had an underling at Bayonne, named BAESELER who was still in Spain in 1946

13. The whereabouts of blankets (Miranda de Ebro and various northern towns); 8.000 tons of iron ore (in Barcelona Harbour); 200 tons of iron ore in Canfranc Railway Sation and 3.000 tons of more metal in Irún. The persons who knew all the exact whereabouts were LOHSE and FIESSLER.

SCHUBERT. Agent classified II-B in OSS records. Aviation engineer. Barcelona.

SCHUENEMANN, Otto Louis. Agent classified C. Listed as C317. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Agent for Siemens and Atlaswerke, Bremen. Address: Plaza de Compostela 24-25, Vigo and Carbonero y Sol 6, Madrid.

SCHUETT, Walter. Agent classified II-A in OSS records. Technician. Madrid.

SCHUH, Heinrich. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHULDT. Agent in Spanish Morocco and Tangier, classified II-D. Engineer.

SCHULIN, WiIhelm Friedrich. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 13/12/1914 in Schwabbach-Bayern. Address in Germany, 1946: Freiligrthstr. 28, Stuttgart, Bad Cannstadt (US zone).

SCHULLER, Arno. Gestapo. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850:Minerales de España: Geologist. Gran Via 62, Bilbao. Born Friedrichsgruen, 16 Nov.1908. Passport No. 44 Sch. issued Leipzig 28.1.1935. Member of NSDAP and NSDB.

SCHULLER, Rudolf. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHULTE HERBRÜGGEN / SCHULTE- HERBRUEGGEN, Heinz Friedrich / Enrique. Agent classified III-B in OSS records. Professor of German at the Spanish University, Madrid. He worked at Library of Institute of German Culture , Madrid. Went to Spain January, 1944. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 16/6/1919 or 1920 in other documents, in Mülheim Ruhr. Address in Germany, 1946: Maxstr. 12, lheim Ruhr (US zone).

SCHULTEN, Adolf. Dr. . Agent classified III-B in OSS records. Attached to German consulate, Barcelona. In list of Repatriates from Spain on the Highland Monarch but still In Spain in December 19 1946. In files of the Office of Political Affairs, American Embassy, Madrid. E-41 Official List. DOB. Elberfeld, 27 May, 1870 (?)

SCHULTHEISS, Friedrich. Agent classified D. Listed as B318. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Bodyguard and night watchman German Embassy, Madrid.

SCHULTZ, Werner Michel. DOB. 4 June, 1907. E-92 Official List. Safehaven candidate, reported to be SS man in Marseille, Abwehr and is suspected of Werewolf activities. Repatriated on SS Haighland Monarch 7 March, 1946. Arrested March 4, 1946. In No 6 CIC Neuengamme. Internee No. 609493.

      Report on interrogation by OMUGUS, Finance Division, External Assets Branch on May 29, 1946:

      "Information from the American Embassy in Madrid indicated that SCHULTZ was a most likely Safehaven candidate as a cloak for von RIBBENTROP, to whom SCHULTZ is related by marriage. The reasonable assumption was that the subject’s continuing interests in the cork industry -and operations about the fringes of the wine business - were complementary of von RIBBENTROP’s champagne business, Throughout the interrogation SCHULTZ attempted to emphasize his own importance in the cork industry, frequently calling himself a "senior clerk" in firms about which he had unusual knowledge of the capital structure and ownership personality.

Curriculum Vitae:

       SCHULTZ was born at Mainz in 1907. So he claimed, his father was of moderate circumstances but of unusual ambition for his children and anxious that they obtain a cosmopolitan experience. The subject first went to Spain in March of 1925, ostensibly to acquire a Spanish culture and to develop a knowledge of a recognized business. Almost by accident SCHULTZ got into the cork industry, remaining in Spain until 1928. He returned to Germany for the year 1929, during which time he was employed by cork interests in Wiesbaden.

       Returning to Spain, the subject went to work for the MONTANER family cork interests in Palamos until 1930, then engaged in a similar industry for Francisco SAGRERA in Palafrugell. SCHULTZ again returned to Germany (1936, where, until 1940, he was employed as a ’plant manager ’ for Corkfabrik Fr. Bender und Co. at Frankenthal. This concern was said to be a subsidiary of Vereinigte Korkindustrie, Berlin, whose owner is Wickander Cork, Stockholm,Sweden. The owners of the Swedish parent were said to be Carl Gustav WICKANDER and Carl August WICKANDER, who are reputed to be owners of 90% of the German cork industry at an extimated value of RM 3 million.

        (Giving some unsolicited estimates, SCHULTZ statad that the three largest cork interests in the world are recognised to be the Wickander, Armstromg and McManus).

       Korkfabrik Fr. Bender und Co. is estimated by SCHULTZ to have a total capital of from RM 1 to 3 milliom. While disclosing that there is a cork business known as Bender Ltda. Lisbon, SCHULTZ denied any knowledge of ownership by Bender of Frankenthal, adding that the Lisbon business is owned by a German named Hermann ZUM HINGSTE. The Bender, Frankenthal interests in San Felin, Spain were, so SCHULTZ averred, sold circa 1927-1929 to the Mcmanus (English) interests.

      The director general of Vereinigte Korkindustrie was said to be one Paul SCHICK. The company, according to SCHULTZ, owns the Deutsche Linoleum Werke, Bietigheim.

      Reverting to the question of the ownership of the Montaner enterprise at Palamos, the subject said that in 1926 (at the time he was associated with it), the cap­ital amounted to Pesetas 1.000. 000, of which 40% of the shares were hold by the MONTANER family; the remaining 60% being held by friends of the family principally a Mr. HABLOT and a Mr. BARRIS. And to further recapitulate, SCHULTZ added that the Francisco Sagrera concern ia also run by two brothers, Carlos and Enrico (spelling error: Enrique) SAGRERA. The business is supposedly pure Spanish.

      SCHULTZ is married to Gisela WEIZ, whose mother was a HENCKEL of the champagne family of Wiesbaden. He told tho interrogators that von RIBBENTROP had married Analise HENCKEL, a cousin of SCHULTZ ’s wife. A close relationship between von RIBBENTROP and SCHULTZ was de­nied by the latter, SCHULTZ said that neither himself nor von RIBBENTROP had enjoyed the particular blessings of the elder HENCKELS as they had never wanted in-laws to succeed to the family business.

       While at Frankenthal in 1937 SCHULTZ became a member of NSDAP. He made no attempt to conceal this fact from the interrogators, and added that he remained a Party member until the end of the war. SCHULTZ was in the German army from late 1941 until mid-1942. He said that he had been released from service for medical reasons. However, while in the army, SCHULTZ was with the occupation army in France, where ha was in charge of importing for Societe Hamendas da la Petit Kabili (spelling error: Société des Hamendas et de la petite Kabylie) which company was owned by Paoetarie de Belem. He denied that, as had been intimated in Madrid Embassy despatch, he was in charge of cork allocation in France.

       The subject became attached to the Abwehr and returned to Spain in late 1942 or early 1943. He claimed that his activities in the Abwehr were limited to busi­ness in the export of cork.

      From the time of his last entry into Spain until the end of the war SCHULTZ was in one or another way connected with Columbia Mercantil S.A., Madrid, and Discos de Corcho S.A. Gerona, both cork concerns. Al­though SCHULTZ knew the corporate structures of these companies and the personalities involved, he disclaimed any capital participation in them, (It is these companies that other sources have believed served as SCHULTZ’s cloak for von RIBBENTROP’s money.)

      Columbia Mercantil S.A was said to have been formed in 1945 by one Manuel NEIRO and his son-in-law, Jose Maria ORTEGA, in Madrid. Branches were established in Vigo and Barcelona. SCHULTZ said that Columbia Mercantil S.A had had a short life and, so far as he knew, had been liquidated. In reply to a direct question as to the possibility of its successor being a further cloak, SCHULTZ said that this was not at all improbable. While not naming the beneficiary interests, SCHULTZ gave the impression that Columbia had been established as a cloak for German interests. He said that one Gregorio MARAÑÓN, Madrid, was the attorney for the company, and would probably know the story of the organization and dissolution.

       Discos de Corcho S.A. had a longer history than Columbia, having been established in 1917. The capital of the company was said to be Pesetas 1.001.000. The present ownership of Discos de Corcho appears to be one CAMOS (first name or initial said to be unknown to SCHULTZ ). CAMOS, who seems to also have a holding company by the same name, obtained the business from two individuals, BOMBI and SOLER by name.

      SCHULTZ admitted that he had worked for and with these two businesses but minimized his connection there with, claiming that he was never more then a senior clerk, when reminded by the interrogators that his social background , marital connections and general knowledge of the business were such that it was doubtful that he played a minor role in these firms, SCHULTZ attempted to explain that as a senior clerk he had access to certain corporate information in his line of duty. It was also explained that his wife’a family name gave her social entree which he did not enjoy in a business way.

       The subject also belonged to the Germam goverament agency Wirtschaftsgruppe Holz His position with this agency was to effect collaboration between the French and German cork industries. ln mentioning this activity, SCHULTZ again tried to play-down his part.

       Questioned concerning his general knowledge of hidden German assets in Spain, the subject said that he felt sure that much clocking had been done but denied that he had corroborative details. As was answered by other repatriates questioned, SCHULTZ said that Gerhardt KRAMER, German air attache in Madrid, was undoubtedly the leading Safehaven candidate in Spain and had been able to evade repatriation because he was so well entrenched with Spanish government and business interests.

      Mention was also made by SCHULTZ of one Willie MUELLER, a German doing business in Spain. the GREINER family of Nurtingen in Wurtenberg was also said to have a factory in San Felin, Spain, and also in Portugal. And in Palamos. A German named Kurt WALTERS has em agency under his own came for Armstrong Cork Company.

      SCHULTZ denied any personal fortune outside of Germany, averring that he is "broke". He declared no assets on MGAX(1) form.

***

SCHULTZE, Ernst / Ernest Alexander Karl, alias TINTO, alias EL CITANO / GITANO,. Repatriated from Madrid to Germany 23 August, 1946. Agent I-M, KO Spanien, Algeciras (named in STUBBS and BUGGE’s report on I-M Spain).

SCHULTZE, Heinrich Ernst. Agent classified A. Listed as A319. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. In Sevilla. Formerly in Algeciras. Transferred to Madrid mid-1944. Interned Caldas de Malavella, November 1944. Address: Las Colinas, Puebla del Rio, Sevilla.

SCHULTZE / SCHULTZ, Ernst A. K.. Flight X file. Listed as B-403 II Priority. Repatriated by army airtransport on 23 August 1946. In Spain since 1933 to 1946. NSDAP member since 1933. DAF, 1940. Employee in German Embassy and delegate in Algeciras for Abwehr. Worked for Iberia 1939-1941; Abwehr, 1941-1943; for German Government 1943-1945. Awarded KVK (class II ) in September 1943. Address in Germany: Muellerstrasse 39, Munchen, chez Frau Afra STERRA.

       Born in Honolulu January 28, 1902 (1905 in OSS files).

      From British report, February 1st, 1944> Known German agent. Replaced Albert CARBE as Leiter Stelle in Algeciras in January 1943. In Algeciras until at least October 1943. Was one of the original members of German IS centre at Villa Leon which spied on Allied shipping from Algeciras. Since his expulsion from Algeciras subject travelled in Southern Spain organizing espionage.

       From US Consulate, Sevilla, March 9, 1944: Subject and Wilhelm PATRY (alias PATRICK) hold administrative positions with German concern which formerly had operated rice fields in that vicinity. Subject owned a truck in Coria del Rio or La Puebla del Rio. Left Sevilla under arrest, but on arrival at Madrid, he was released.

      From a memo written by Vice Consul Titus: When arrested by Spanish police on March 17, 1944 a portable radio was found in a travelling bag in his house. Spanish witnesses saw the police taking the suitcase radio. When subject was arrested three Germans who were believed to be operating a radio from Emil PLATTE’s house, a German, also disappeared.

       From a reliable source April 4, 1944: Subject, instead of being sent to the frontier when he arrived at Madrid, got permission to stay in Spain. Possibly returned to Cadiz or Colinas (the German farm near Sevilla) begore going to Sevilla where his wife was living.

       From US Consulate, Sevilla, November 2, 1944: Reports on convoys passing Southern coast of Spain. On an island at mouth of Guadalquivir River, facing the ocean, there were four houses, the center two belonging to subject and a swede called PATRICK whose wife is SCHULTZE’s mistress. When was necessary to report , the three went went to Sevilla, to the office of Rafael Beca Co., owners of the island. The active director of the company was Mr. CARRANZA* who arranged for subject to live on this island, and who was reported for his pro-nazi activities.

*CARRANZA, Fernando. Naval Commandar. Acted as assistant to Col. ZEA (Antonio ZEA OTAOLAURRUCHI) in Tetuan, head of the Spanish I.S in Spanish Morocco

       From a reliable source November 10, 1944: Subject, together with three other expelled Germans from Sevilla who are still under "libertad condicional" were ordered by the D.G.S to report at Caldas de Malavella to be interned before November 11, 1944. The Sevilla Commisariat reported that one of the D.G.S. men received him.

       From a memo to the Embassy from a reliable source dated February 8, 1946: Ernst SCHULTZE arrived from Caldas to Madrid and was interned in Yeserias prison. Subject was among the the first Germans who figured on an Allied list as early back as January or February 1944. He was protected by the German Embassy and managed not to leave the country.

      From the same source, April 25, 1946: Ernst SCHULTZE , freed from Yeserias prison by the intervention of Emilio KIECHLE, returned to Sevilla. Subject was close friend of DRAEGER. He continued to live in the Isla, where he owned extensive rice fields, with a huge palace on them, constructed some decades ago by an Englishman. A Swiss or Suede subject was playing a strange part on the Isla, whose name was PATRY or PATRICK (the name may be a pseudonym) was expelled from Spain by the Allies. He was SCHULTZE’s first inspector and right-hand man. SCHULTZE’s car was in PATRY’s name.

      Description: Height 5’11’’ (180 cm), robust build, wavy black hair, blue eyes, cleanshaven. Passpot No 1371/41 issued Madrid June 5, 1941.

SCHULZ, Dr. Agent classified III-B in OSS records. of German Cultural Institute of Speech, Instituto Cultural Aleman, Madrid. Connected with Lepiorz, Albert Hauf and Horwitz in Werwolf activities.

SCHULZ, Albert. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHULZ, Bernhardt Felix. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 9/7/1910 in Danzig.

SCHULZ, Erich. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHULZ , Fritz. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. Previously in Miranda concentration camp. DOB. Konigsberg, 4 January, 1911.

SCHULZ, Karl Heinrich. Commander Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

SCHULZ, Hans / Heinz Reinhold . Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 25 or 21 /6/1901 in Berlin Friedenau. Employee of the Nova S.A from August 1937 to September 1939. Address in Germany, 1946: Martinstr. 10, Wiesbaden (US zone). Passport No R 41/38 issued Bilbao. In Spanish list. He certified and undersigned under oath, before US authorities, that he never was connected or had had any connections with I.G. Farben, Sofindus or Flick. Member of NSDAP and DAF.

SCHULZ, Paul. German Government Counsellor. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

SCHULZ, Richard. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. Sonderfuehrer in German army. Formerly in France. Interned in Miranda del Ebro. In 1945 posed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHULZ, Werner Gerhard Hermann. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 15/10/1926 in Granow i. Pommern. Address in Germany, 1946: Leckermuhle Post Osterkappeln, Osnabr. Prov. Hannover (British zone).

SCHULZ, Werner *possibly SCHULTZ. Head of Referat II, KO Spanien (in February 1945).

SCHULZE, Ana Maria Hildegard. Agent classified I-B and III-B in OSS records. Professor at German College, Sevilla.

SCHULZE, August. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHULZE, Ernest. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHULZE, H. Peter Hans. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. Formerly Assistant Press attache in Tangier. Born about 1915 in Leipzig. Lived in Spain in 1945.

SCHULZE, Oswald. Agent classified II-A in OSS records. Technician at San Pablo airfield, Sevilla. Address: Finca de los Espartales, Sevilla.

SCHULZE, Wilhelm. Agent classified II-B in OSS records. Engineer. Agent for Siemens in Tetuan and Spanish Morocco. Naturalized Spaniard. Married to a Spaniard. Born March 19, 1896. In Spain in 1946.

SCHULZE MANTIOLA, Alfredo. Agent classified B. Listed as B320. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Attached to German consulate, vigo but deserted about March 1945.

SCHUMACHER / SCHUHMACHER, Jose. Agent classified C. Listed as B321. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Representative of the Deutsche Gold und Silber Schneideanstalt, Frankfurt. Address: Rambla de Cataluña 66, Barcelona.

SCHUMACHER / SCHUHMACHER, Kurt. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: Dr. Otto Gr.m.b.H., Bochum. San Mames 2, 4° dcha., Bilbao. Born Berlin 10 Sept. 1882. Passport No. 233/42 issued Bochum 11.5.42. Member of NSV and DM1.

SCHUMANN. Agent classified II-B in OSS records. Mechanic at San Pablo airfield with Lufthansa. Sevilla.

SCHUMANN / SCHUHMANN, Hans Otto Kurt. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 7/2/1914 in Chemnitz. Address in Germany, 1946: Hospitalstr. 10, Leimbach/Thur, und Groitsch bei Leipzig (Soviet zone).

SCHUMANN, Otto. Agent classified A. Listed as A322. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. German agent classified I-A in OSS records. German army, Sevilla. Cover job in Construcciones Aeronauticas in Sevilla until December 1944.

SCHURATH, Karl. Commander Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

SCHUSSER, Hermann. Agent classified A Listed as A323. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Agent classified IV-B in OSS records. NSDAP official. Born about 1900. Formerly in France. Has lived in Barcelona for many years. Address: calle Berna 12, Barcelona.

SCHUSSLER, Otto. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHUSTER, Friedrich. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHUTT, Waldemar. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHUTTAUF / SCHUETTAUF, Oswin. Obergefreiter. Counsellor. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

SCHUTZ, Josef / Jose. Agent classified II-B in OSS records. Engineer. Bilbao. Agent for Koch & Sterzel, A.G. Dresden (Ele. Medical Instrument Co.). From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: His own medical equipment business. Elcano 22 pral. izq., Bilbao. Born München, 8 Oct. 1873. Passport No. 26/36 issued Bilbao 24.6.36. Member of DAF.

SCHUTZ, Paul. German Government Counsellor. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

SCHUTZE, Richard. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHVENKER, Richard. Agent classified IV-B in OSS records. Nazi Party leader, San Feliu. Employed at H. Grainer & Sons, S. A. Born about 1905.

SCHWAB, Franz. Agent classified B. Listed as B324. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Technician. Address: Ronda de Capuchinos 36, Sevilla.

SCHWAB, Hans. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHWAGER, Lt. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. German naval officer. Cartagena.

SCHWAGERMANN, Friedrich. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHWARTZ -VON BERG, Karl. SCHWARTZ / SCHWARZ von Berg, Karl Oswald alias MEUSCHNER-MULLER, Karl Friedrich Max, alias K. F. MAXHEUSCHNER-MUELLER/ HAXHEUSCHNER-MUELLER , alias Karl Friedrich Max MEUSCHNER-MULLER. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Agent classified A and IV-B in OSS records. Deportee Madrid-Germany (Stuttgart) by Army air November 22 1946. Arrived at Civilian Internment Camp 74 near Stuttgart on 26 November 1946. Listed as B-470 I Priority.

       From the records of Attache D.P. Medalie:

      From M.A. Office before May 1943: Formerly painter in Palma de Mallorca (He arrived there firdt time in 1931). Said to have lived with English woman there. Until a few months before was temporary employee in German Embassy. In May 1943 he already had own office with Secretary, Ursula MUELLER, his mistress.

      From US Embassy file, September 6, 1943: Vice representative of local group leader, Nazi Party, Madrid. Financial official of Nazi Party.

      From British report, May, 1944: German agent. A source, B-2 evaluation, undated, stated that there was believed to be a sabotage organization headed by one CARLOS in the Algeciras area and that this man was identical with subject who boasted that he passed in and out of Gibraltar often and without difficulty.

      From British report, November 27, 1944: Juan APALATEGUI (APA. ATEGUI by error in some documents) collaborated with subject. Subject told source that he and VEY were closely watched by the Americans. He reported and was under the orders of VEY. Both names were on the list of German agents whose expulsion from Spain were being pressed for by the Americans. Subject was greatly worried over this.

       Information from Washington on February 20, 1945 stated that subject had been a member of the Sipo and SD since at least August.

      Subject had travelled frequently to Algeciras. Reported to have been in contact in September-October, 1944 with Hans Bernard Joseph ROHRBACH at Caldetas (Barcelona). Reported in June 1945 to be living in Madrid under the name of Direktor Karl Friedrich Max MEUSCHNER-MUELLER and to be short of funds

       From London, October 31, 1945: Known German agent connected with the SD in Madrid. He was deported by Spanish authorities late in 1944 but returned to Madrid in January 1945 under a different name and with dyed hair. He received money from a man called GUTBIER. Subject used to paint for a hobby and owned a house in Palma de Mallorca. Subject had taken new name: Director K. F. MAXHEUSCHNER-MUELLER.

      Address: (1944) Calle Lista 10, Madrid (Tel.53451; secret No 33722; (June 1945) Calle Olivos 4, Madrid (Tel. 46156).

      In connection with Antonio TAPIA. (Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores. Seccion Protocolo)

      From British memo dated December 3, 1946: Subject brought by aircraft from Berlin at the end of the war a large quantity of gold, which was distributed among jewellers and dentist in Madrid.

SCHWARZ. Col. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. Air attache at Madrid.

SCHWARZ, Erwin. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941). Gruppenführer SS in Jaffa.

SCHWARZ, Gunther. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941). Head of Reichsfilmkammer.

SCHWARZ, Otto. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHWARZ, Paul. Dr. Commander Physician. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

SCHWARZ, Willi. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHWARZE, August. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHWARZE, Hermann. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 8.8.1909 in Schwabbach-Bayern. Address in Germany, 1946: Cartenheim 51, Schwabach, Bayern (American zone).

SCHWARZMAN, Prof. Agent classified I-B and III-B in OSS records. Connected with German College, Vigo.

SCHWARZWEILER, Franz Nik. . Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 6/3/1908 in Pirmasens Pfalz. Address in Germany, 1946: Grosselfingen Celle Land Hannover (British zone).

SCHWEDKE, Maria. Repatriated from Bilbao.

SCHWEDKE, Miquel José. Repatriated from Bilbao.

SCHWEDKE / SCHWAEDKE, Walter Rudolf Wilhelm. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. DOB. Stettin, 15 September, 1904. Marine Marlin deportees categories A, B September 1946. B-408 and IV Priority List. First priority to be investigated.

      Worked for PANHORST (PABHORST by error) in Barcelona. Connected with LOHMANN, DECKER. From LOHMANN’s Affidavit, December 1946: "I know that DECKER with SCHWEDKE originally had founded a company, in connection with the attorney at law Gregorio MARAÑON DE MOYA, Madrid (Progreso Comercial, Madrid)". Wife: Maria; son: Miguel Jose.

SCHWEDT, Paul. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHWEIGER, Franz. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHWEIGER, Jose Bruno. Contractor. German formerly employed as technician by the Spanish Government.Listed for departure on SS Marine Marlin, scheduled to leave the Port of Bilbao about Agust 31, 1946. Entered Spain in 1926.

SCHWEIGER, Kurt. In US list of hardened nazis for repatriation. Address: Policarpo Sanz 35, Vigo. Born Berlin, Februery 28, 1897. Technician with Sofindus. Member of NSDAP and DAF. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: Hisma Ltda. Technicien. Passport No 415/36 issued Barcelona 16.6.1936.

SCHWEIGER / SCHWIEGER, Werner. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHWEINITZ, Hans Ulrich von. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

SCHWENSEN, Walter Otto Kurt. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. Previously in Miranda concentration camp. DOB. Hamburg, 6 October, 1921.

SCHWENZNER (misspelled SCHWENZER in some documents), Julius Eric Dr. Cover-name FARKOS. Residing in Moreto, 8, Madrid. German agent and former Naval Attache. In Agents lI. Promised by Spanish authorities to be delivered for deportation Madrid-Germany by air August 23 1946, but he failed to appear.

      German, born in Neu-Kaliss Sudwestmecklenburg, in 1901 or 1909. Expert in export-import statIics and a well-known geologI and geographer. Cable address SCHWENZNER, Hamburg, telephone 332940 and 494522, postal money account Hamburg 22467; checking account Deutsche Bank, Hamburg, depositing in Depositenkasse, Hamburg, Bugenhagenstrasse,5.

      According to British report March 1944, subject had established a vast commercial network in Portugal and Spain, used for German Intellicence Services, with branches in Argentina and in Spain at Bilbao, Cartagena and other ports. Alleged to protect several Argentinians who were refugees in Spain because of involvement in this pro-German mission, and protected by his organization here. One THOMAS (Alfredo THOMAS cover name of GIESE), who was frequently in touch with German Embassy, Madrid, was member. SCHWENZNER is closely connected with Paul FOERSCHLER.

       SCHWENZNER was liaison between France, Germany, Spain and Portugal for German agents to whom he gave advice on contacting Falange, local officials or the government. Travelled under cover of vocation. He was rich, cultured and worked through contacts with important people. He had large credits in many countries and would be able to finance his organization locally in the future through export-import houses.

      According to US Embassy Report August 1944, subject may be identical with a partner in commercial information firm of Krack and Schwenzner, Hamburg, credit reporter of which was Federico KEMPTER, later head of clandestine radio LIR in Brazil, the firm specializing in market reports to German firms regarding South American countries. The firm requested that KEMPTER also acted as a correspondent for the Hamburg firm Nordisch Durium Aktibolaget, reporting cargo shipments to England, which firm provided the cover for his subsequent espionage activities.

      On January 16, 1945 was expedited a Spanish visa to Julio SCHWENZNER, German, passport 1677, exporter, registered at Hotel Ritz November 7-9, 1945. British report of September of September 1945 stated subject arrived in Spain from Hamburg a few days before the German collapse and was in close contact with the known German agent Paul FOERSCHLER, in Agents LI and Second Priority LI.

SCHWINN, Georg. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SCHWOCH, Kurt. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: Hisma Ltda. Ships’ broker. Address: San Mames 31, 3, Bilbao. Born Bad Oldesloe, 21 September, 1908. Passport No 912/38 issued Halle/S 2.5.1938. Member of NSDAP and DAF.

SCHWOERBEL / SCHWORBERT / , Herbert. Lt. Col. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain.. Repatriated on SS Haighland Monarch 7 March, 1946. Honorary Consul at Vigo. A-970 Official List, I Priority List. DOB. Koln, 28 February, 1881. Was with German army in Russia. Address: Hotel Continental, Vigo. From Roberts Commission - Protection of Historical Monuments › ... Card File on Art-Looting Suspects › Card File On Art-Looting Suspects, 1943-1946: "High Gestapo official and German Consul General in Vigo. Miscellaneous info: Is in close contact with Meino von EITZEN, German I.S. official in Vigo. Subject was high German officer serving on Russian front where he was wounded and given the Vigo post because of wolfram business. Is a very capable man. Paintings: Subject seems in a hurry to spend money and, recently in Vigo, he hasbeen buying very expensive paintings, etc."

SEBASTIAN, Helmut . Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 13/5/1914 in Leipzig. Address in Germany, 1946: Antonienstr.43a, Leipzig W 32 (Soviet zone).

SEEBER, Paul. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SEEBERS. Chief treasurer of the German Embassy, Madrid, mentioned by WEHRLICH. Connected with LAZAR. Still in Spain in 1946.

SEEFRIED auf BUTTENHEIM, Franz-Joseph Graf von / Francis. Austrian (?).Born 29 Jul 1905 in Rozsahegy, Hungary. Died15 May 1969 in Madrid, Spain.Agent classified B. Listed as B327.

       In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain.Connected with Schering inquiry.

      "Once German troops were in Belgium and France, Schering’s Dr. Franz Josef Graf SEEFRIED, who was a well connected Nazi who later represented Schering in Spain, took steps to ensure that Norgine’s subsidiaries fell into Schering’s hands. He demanded that S.V.A. Norgan be Aryanized in France under the January and February 1941 orders issued by the Vichy government. Seefried pointed out that the firm, under the prevailing law, had to be considered a Jewish firm. In this case, no payment would be made to the former owners as Schering would increase the firms capital, purchase the shares itself, thereby controlling 80 percent of the company" Kobrak, Christopher. National Cultures and International Competition: The Experience of Schering AG, 1851-1950, p. 346.

      Address: General Mola 8, Madrid

SEEFRIED, Tutich von. Commander Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

SEEGEBARTH, Herbert. Engineer. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

SEEGER, Hermann. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 20/1/1915 in Gelsenkirchen. Address in Germany, 1946: Ahlmannshof 21, Gelsenkirchen (British zone).

SEEGERS. Agent classified II-B in OSS records. Mechanic. Almeria.

SEELEG important figure in arms traffic mentioned by LINDENBERG.

SEELIGER, Alfred. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SEELIGER, Gerhard. Agent classified B. Listed as B328. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Engineer. Address: Amazonas 5, Porvenir, Sevilla.

SEELIGER, Herbert. German formerly employed as technician by the Spanish Government.Listed for departure on SS Marine Marlin, scheduled to leave the Port of Bilbao about Agust 31, 1946.

SEELIGER, Wolgang. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941). Counsellor.

SEELMANN, Helmut. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 26 or 2 /6/1912 in Offenbach/Mein. Address in Germany, 1946: Marktplatz 6-8, Offenbach/Mein.

SEELOW, Kurt. Agent classified B. Listed as B329. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Madrid.

SEGER- SENT, Armando. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Probably an alias of Hermann SELFER.

SEIBERT, Theodor. Dr. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941). Wolkischer Beobachter.

SEIDEL, Alfred. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SEIDEL, Fritz. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. Previously in Miranda concentration camp. DOB. Bochum, 20 August, 1925.

SEIDEL, Johann. Agent classified I-B and II-B in OSS records. Engineer. Born about 1904 in Nuremberg. Address: Villa Leon, Algeciras.

SEIDL (fnu) German vice consul in Tangier and Tetuan, 1942-1945 last seen in Tetuan. Born 1907 1.7om muscular brown hair dark complexion blue eyes moustache. Married. Speaks French, Spanish, and Arabic.

SEIFERT, Max. In Marine Perch file. He was a ProkurI, a Banco Germanica official, and honorary treasurer in Spain for the NSV. LIEBETRAU worked for SEIFERT. Both SEIFERT’s and LAUTENSCHLAEGER’s signatures were necessary for withdrawing any money.

SEILER, Robert Oskar Edmund. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 20/7/1925. Address in Germany, 1946: Leitmar, bei Arolsen, Bez. Kassel (US zone).

SEIP, Andreas. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SEIPERT, Johann. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SEIPT, Max. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SEITZ, Gustav. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SELFER, Hermann. Agent classified B. Listed as B330. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Technician. Union Salinas, Cabo de Gata, Almeria.

SELITRENNY, Paul. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. DOB. Leipzig, 5 April, 1921.

SELS, Fritz. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SEMISCH / SAEMISCH, Erich. Repatriated from Bilbao.

SEMMEL. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. Ex German naval officer. Attached to German consulate, Las Palmas. Address: Hotel Atlantic, Las Palmas.

SEMMLER, Juan. Agent classified C. Listed as C332. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Agent classified IV-B in OSS records. Former administrator of the KDF, Madrid. Cover work: dealer in dental supplies. Address: Mexico 11, Madrid.

SENDEN, Edmund. Commander Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941). Working for Nazi cabinet.

SENGLER, Rolf Hamann / Hermann. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. DOB. Berlin, 13 February 1906.Marine Marlin deportees categories A, B September 1946. A-581 and IV Priority List. First priority to be interrogated.Wife: Ruth

SENNEFELDER, Henri. Agent classified II-B in OSS records. Physician. Attached to German consulate, Barcelona. Address: calle Septimania 60, Barcelona.

SENNER, Herbert (or Norbert). alias of Hans SOMMER (see SOMMER, Hans). Oberleutnant / Merchant. Arrived Germany from Spain May 12, 1946. Born in 1913. Address in France: Paris, VII, 22 Rue dela Paix.

SENSCH, Karl. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SERALLACH, Juan. Spanish agent for Abwehr. (General Records Pertaining to External Assets Investigations, compiled 1948 - 1950, documenting the period 1939 - 1950. Series: Repatriates : Spain - General (June 1946- September 1947) )

SEYDEL, Hans Ernst. Agent classified A. Listed as A333. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Ex-Tetuan. Expelled to Spain in transit for Germany, but in Spain 13 March, 1945. . Repatriated from Spain by air (dates from January 29 to February 25, 1946). Po. No. 0764.

SICK, Guenther. O/Fw. I-M, KO Spanien (named in STUBBS and BUGGE’s report on I-M Spain)

SIEGELKOW, Oskar. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941). Counsellor.

SIEGFRIED, Georg GREIFEL. Agent classified III-A in OSS records. Professor. Address: Hotel Palas, Vigo.

SIEGMUND / SIGMUND, Bruno. Repatriated on SS Haighland Monarch 7 March, 1946. Brought to repatriation center under police escort. Military internee. D-5 Official List. DOB. Rathsche, 6 October, 1904.

SIEMANN, Wilhelm. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SIEVERS, Joachim / Joaquin. Obersturmfuehrer. German. Reported July 4, 1944 to be working for German espionage in Vigo. Given in list of Lufhansa departures Barcelona Germany on Dec. 5, 1944. SD / Gestapo in Spain. Connected with BERNHARDT, MOSIG, CARUNCHO, Sofindus. Mentioned as prisioner in the American Internment Camp 91 in October 1946. Owner of Prodag firm, sold by BERNHARDT as a result of Rowak order to sell or liquidate all firms not connected with mineral production or supply. Prodag operated plantations and warehouses in the province of Badajoz and mantained offices in Sevilla, Barcelona and Valencia. Connections with powerful Spanish officials. Tall, blond and heavely built. ZIEGRA said that Prodag was taken out of Sofindus in 1939 and made a private company by SIEVERS (Bremen), LUETTEN (Hamburg) and PECHE. He was certain that BERNHARDT was in fact a partner as well. SIEVERS, S.S. Hauptsturmführer, who was head of Karl Heinz SIEVERS, and D. KIESELHORST, both of Bremen .

SIEVERS, Heinz. Agent classified C. Listed as C334. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Manager of Productos Agricolas S.A at Valencia. (18 June 1943).

SIEWERT, Hermann. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SIEWERT, Kurt. Comdr. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

SIEWKE, Theodor. Dr. Counsellor of German Government. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

SIFFERLE, Adolf. Agent classified B. Listed as B335. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Owner of Bar Hamburgo, Cadiz. Ship Chandler.

SIGLER, Heinrich. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SIHORSCH, Franz. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SILVERMANN / SILBERMANN, Carl / Karl. NSDAP. Engineer. Bilbao.

SIMETH, Max. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SIMMROSS, alias LAGARTO alias GITANO (same alias as SCHULTZE’s). Agent I-M, KO Spanien, Cadiz (named in STUBBS and BUGGE’s report on I-M Spain).

SIMON, Wilhelm. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SINGER, Heinz Edmond. Agent classified A. Listed as A336. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Attached to German Embassy, Mdrid. Address: Serrano 149, Madrid.

SINGER, Robert Moses. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. Austrian. 22/5/1900 Insbruck.

SKETTA, Bruno. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850:

      Representative. Heros 17, 2o, Bilbao. Born at Düsseldorf on 25 June 1916. Passport No. S-44/39 issued at Dusseldorf on 4.2.39. Member of H.J.-Fuhrer (6.33 - 3.35), SA (15.1.33 - 1.6.35) SS (3.55), and NSDAP.

SKORZENY / SKORZENI, Otto. alias Rolf SOLAR, alias Gruppenleiter SKORSINI, alias Dr. WOLF, alias Obersturmfuehrer SACHENIUS or JACHNIUS, alias Rolf STEINER, alias Jose FERNANDEZ, alias Otto STEINBAUER. SA Standartenfuehrer, SS-Obersturmbannführer by June 1944, Head of Amt VI S, RSHA by September 1943. German of Austrian origin: Born June 12, 1908, in Vienna son of Anton SKORZENY (1867-1942) and Flora SKORZENY (1875-1970). Brother Alfred (1900-1970).

Not forged Documents found till now. 

       German Identity Card (Deutsche Kennkarte) signed Rolf STEINBAUER, born 6 December, 1909 at Breslau. Nationality: German. Profession: Journalist. 1.93 m, stout build, grey eyes, no physical peculiarities. Issued by the Hanau Polizeidirektor. 12 August 1947. Expiry date 12 August 1952.

      Professional identity card (Ausweiskarte) No 785 of Rolf STEINBAUER, German nationality, born 6 December, 1909, living in Munich, Kaulbachstr 60. Profession: Journalist. Physical disabilities: Yes. No children. Issued by Arbeitsamt Munchen (Labour Office). 8 September, 1948.

       German Identity Card (Deutsche Kennkarte) No BD-A 16735 .signed Hans-Rudolf FREY. German. Born 21 March, 1909 in Breslau. Businessman, living in Freiburg, Mozartstr. 9. 1.93 m. Slender. Physical peculiarities: Scar on left side of face. Issued Freiburg 21 February 1950 by Freiburg Polizeidirektion. Expiry date: 21 February 1955.

      Swiss Driving Licence to Hand R. FREY no 862 issued at Constanz, 3 March 1950.

      Spanish Visa to Rolf STEINBAUER issued 7 September 1950 by Spanish consulate in Frankfurt/M, signed by Spanish Consul Jorge SPOTTORNO and validated twice by the Comisario Principal of the Direccion General de Seguridad 23 September 1950 and 18 January 1951.

      Spanish International Driving Licence to Rolf STEINBAUER issued Madrid 3 November, 1950. On this document, SKORZENY wrote the tf. number (212683) of the Director General de Aduanas, Gustavo NOVARO (misspelling for Gustavo NAVARRO).

      Spanish Special Passport No 1743-51 valid for three months, to Otto SKORZENY, issued Madrid 18 May 1951. Stateless,. Born Viena, 12 June, 1908. Profession: Ingeneer.

      Marital Status: widower. Address: Avenida Jose Antonio 44, Madrid. with visa stamps from Portugal and Caya, Spain

      Signed passport Otto SKORZENY issued by Spain at Madrid, July 11, 1958, valid for three months, 32pp., bearing his photo and brief description, birth date correct, marked “Stateless” and allowing travel only to Ireland, Germany and Cuba, with visa stamps from Germany and Ireland.

      Signed passport issued by the All Palestinian Government at Gaza on July 27, 1952 and valid for five years, 40pp., given to SKORZENY under the name HANNA EFF KHOURY and signed by him twice with that name, describing SKORZENY as a Palestinian national, and engineer born in Haifa on June 6, 1908 (SKORZENY’s true birth date), and bearing a “scar on his left cheek” and now residing in Cairo.

      Signed passport Otto SKORZENY issued by Austria at Madrid, Feb. 10, 1959, valid for five years, 48pp., bearing his photo and brief description, birth date correct, with visa stamps from Athens, Corfu, London, Dublin, Barcelona, Mallorca, Lisbon, Gibraltar, Zurich, Tangiers(?), South Africa, Nairobi, Cairo, Libya, France, Jordan, and Paraguay, and others, many multiples of each country.

      Consul of Argentina in Madrid special authorization for Otto SKORZENY to travel to Argentina on an “urgent” basis, 1p. legal folio, Madrid, Oct. 16, 1954, bears SKORZENY’s photo and signature of the consul, with two related documents.

      Safe-conduct pass issued to SKORZENY by the Spanish Government, 1p. legal folio, Mar. 26, 1956 (split).

      SKORZENY married first, March 9th in 1938 Margareta SCHREIBER. One daughter: Waltraut

       Second wife (1954) Ilse LÜTHJE also known as Ilse von FINKENSTEIN.

      Graduated in 1931 in Hochschule Wien with an engineering degree.

       The biographies and studies of SKORZENY, mostly based in his own accounts, are so mixed with hagiography and misinformation that I have decided to edit only the documents which can help to further researchs. SKORZENY was defined as an “psychopatic liar” by a CIA officer and “a thug” by Lt. Col. ROTHSCHILD. I agree with both.

Information from OSS records declassified under Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act (some of them are undated or sanitized):

Prior to 1932 he joined the Studentenfreikorps and the Steirischen Heimatschutz,

Joined Austrian Nazi Party DNSAP (Deutsche Nationalsozialistische Arbeiterpartei ) in May 1932

Feb 1934 member of the SS.

Joined NSDAP in 1936. Member No 1.083.671.

In January 1940 he volunteered for service in the Waffen-SS and became Obersturmfuehrer in the SS Reich Division, in which he saw active service in :the West, in the Balkans and on the Russian front.

May 43 SS Hauptsturmfuehrer in Amt VI RSHA. In Roma i/c of a Sipo and SD Kommando.

Aug 43 When on his way to Corsica to recruit men for a special job his aircraft crashed into the sea, but he received only slight injuries.

Sep 43 Promoted SS Sturnbaruifuehrer. Returned to Berlin Amt VI S (after rescuing the Duce) from which he directs Amt VI’s sabotage activities.

Jun 44 I/C of Group, possibly in Toulon area

Aug 44 Commandant of Special Waffen SS Training camp at Oranienberg

May 45 Captured in Annabers by US Army.

On 17 May 1945, SKORZENY was conducted to 307th CIC Detachment for preliminary interrogation.

Tried by a general military government (U.S. Army) court at Dachau from August 18,

1947 through September 9, 1947.

Special Activities of SKORZENY Group (1943-1944)

From OSS / CIA records declassified under Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act:

"Station SCI Heidelberg

Report date: 21 May 1945

      In December 1943 Untersturmfuehrer Otto SCHWERDT alias PETER organised a special mission including Unterscharfuehrer GFOELLER to go to Copenhagen. They had passport’s made out in the names of commercial travellers and were equipped with 9 mm. Colts, with revolvers with English silencers and with blackjacks.

      The party left 28 December 1943 for Flensburg and at Flensburg they were joined by KARSTENSEN of the Flensburg Gestapo who acted as interpreter. JENSEN, the head of the Ast at Flensburg, took them across the frontier to Boeterkrug where they took the train to Copenhagen.

      At Copenhagen thegroup was receivad by Oberscharfuehrer Ludwig HUF of the SD, a Viennese. They stayed in HUF’s flat at Flormemey 6 in the island of Amager. A meeting was held on 29 December at the BdS with two Gestapo chiefs, one the Regierungsrat ZECHENDER, the other a Hauptsturmfuehrer WAESCHE. The meeting was held to decide on activities against the Danish Resistance. It was agreed that the first action was to be taken against a Danish newspaper man Christian DAMM.

      On 30 December a party including SCHWERDT, KARSTENSEN and GFOELLER broke into DAMM’s office and after a few words with DAMM, SCHWERDT shot him and when DAMM was down,. SCHWERDT shot him again in the temple. The group left thinking that DAMM was dead but it was learned later that he recovered.

      On the same night, a group of men belonging to Schallburg attempted to kill a well-known Danish politician Ole Bjoern KRAFFT but the attempt was not successful.

      On 1 January 1944 instructions were issued to kill the pastor Kai MUNK, a well-known member of the Resistance. On 2.Januariy SCHWERDT, GFOELLER and KARSTENSEN went to Odensee to meet the chief of the SD of Eiceberg whose name is unknown and whose rank was Untersturmfuehrer. From Odensee the group went on to Ringkoepping and the next night they raided MUNK’s house and arrested him. On their return to Aarhus about 60 kms. from the city, SCHWERDT told MUNK to leave the car and when he did, SCHWERDT shot him in the back.

       These raids lasted for several months. In addition to killing people, the groups committed acts of sabotage on students’ quarters, movies, department stores and cafes. From twenty to thirty people took part in these activities under the command of SCHWERDT who changed his name toward the end to Kriminalkommissar Peter SCHAEFER.

      These activities were known to the Danish BdS represented by Standartenfuehrer MILDNER as well as to Standartenfuehrer von BOWEN-SIEPEN and Dr. BEST. SCHWERDT was congratulated by HIMMLER for his part in this work."

From Transcribed interrogation records relate to the prosecution of war criminals in proceedings at Nuernberg, 1945-47: GERHARD, Georg Reinhold:

       "Without having been interrogated in the Villa Krehl, I was transferred on 1 Mar 46 to CIE 91 in Darmstadt. There I met Stubaf Karl RADL, who also began to coach me on my conduct during interrogation. The conversations were carried on with the greatest of caution, and were spread over a period of almost nine weeks.(...). The following is a rough approxi­mation of his instructions to me:

       «If I, GERHARD, were interrogated about SKORZENY’s missions, I should only give such technical details as I could not avoid mentioning. I should make few general statements. The whole SKORZENY affair had been closed and perhaps I would not be called for interrogation, since the purely technical questions on which I alone could give an opinion were no longer of importance.

        In general one should explain to an interrogator that SKORZENY was a sec­ret service operator, rather than a terrorist or saboteur. Por instance, he, RADL, and SKORZENY had agreed that VI-S and the Jagd Verbaende were only to carry out tasks behind the enemy’s lines. Thus Unternehmen Peter, a defensive mission in occupied Denmark, did not come under the jurisdict­ion of Amt VI, but of Amt IV.

       I soon "became aware of extreme nervousness on RADLs part whenever Unternehemen Peter was mentioned. When SCHWERDT’ s capture (sic) was reported over the radio, RADL was obviously unpleasantly moved by the news. He clearly felt that Unternehemen Peter was the big pitfall for SKORZENY. The activities of the Jagd Verbaende had at least had a certain legal basis, since the opposing forces had been similarly active. Uhternehmen Peter *, however, might be inter­preted as sheer crime.

* Uhternehmen Peter was the name given to the brutal terrorist action against the Danish Resistance. The operation was named for one of SKORZENY ’s assistants, Peter Otto SCHWERDT, and was carried on under SKORZENY’s direction, according to GERHARD. RADL officially claims (see USFET IC CIP. No 4 dtd 23 July 45, Annex IV) that he does not know why the name Peter was chosen, and that actually it was an undertaking of HIMMLER’s, with which VI-S had no real connection."

SKORZENY and forgery.

From Transcribed interrogation records relate to the prosecution of war criminals in proceedings at Nuernberg, 1945-47: GERHARD, Georg Reinhold:

      "GERHARD considers himself an expert on the subject of forged papers. He attended a number of forgery courses while teaching sabotage at the intelligence school of Lehrregiment Kurfuerst. Later, in his capactity as expert for sabotage equipment under SKORZENY, he came in contact with those offices responsible for forg­ing the papers necessary for sabotage missions. One case with which he is famil­iar had to do with SKORZENY ’s plan to withdraw to the mountains. H/Stuf (Arno) BESEKOW, whom SKORZENY picked to obtain the necessary forged papers for this undertaking, made great use of the identification papers and civilian clothing of deceased in­mates of the concentration camps Oranienburg, Bergen-Belsen and Neuengamme".

SKORZENY and the use of aconite bullets and other poisons in sabotage.

From Transcribed interrogation records relate to the prosecution of war criminals in proceedings at Nuernberg, 1945-47: GERHARD, Georg Reinhold:

      "On the subject of toxicology RADL gave me an exact description of what he and SKORZENY had revealed, and at the same time instructed me as to just how much I should know. I should tell the interrogator that the 200 aconite "bullets in SKORZENY ’s possession (no mention was made of the other 200 for the Rabenhuegel mission) had been handed out without my official knowledge. I should know about the suicide ampules, but about nothing else. This was apparently a delicate subject.

      Other technical matters could be freely mentioned, except for the secret developments still in progress. In the case of technical matters violating international law I should particularly emphasize that they had been copied from English models: and, in the case of poison bullets, that they had been copied from the Russians".

From Transcribed interrogation records relate to the prosecution of war criminals in proceedings at Nuernberg, 1945-47: TREITE, Percival Karl:

      "In his capacity as one of the camp doctors, one day, he was called upon to perform an autopsy on a man who, presumably, had been imported for the occasion. This man, according to a report which Dr. TREITE had from the dentist, not being present at the experiments, was given a vial of poison to determine its affect on him. The results of the experiment were successful. The poison worked. This experiments was witnessed by SKORZENY and some officers from the Kriegsmarine who were said to be interested in the poison for U-boat crews. SKORZENY’s interested was not known".

From Kenneth Rose, Elusive Rothschild, p. 82:

      " The most feared German agent of all, Otto Skorzeny, a colonel in the SS, also passed through Victor’s hands, although not until the end of the war.(...). When eventually he was captured, Victor interrogated him about his supposed war crimes and a particular allegation that he had supplied German saboteurs or terrorists with bullets tipped with an excepdonally lethal poison. Botulinus toxin, scientists supposed, would be burnt up by the heat of the bullet, but cyanide would not. Victor, whose German was not good enough to detect nuances of meaning or hesitations, felt handicapped by having to question him through an interpreter. Skorzeny, six foot six inches in height, with a prominent scar across his face — ’a complete thug’ Victor dubbed him — bluntly denied that he had ever broken the conventions of war. Victor was not convinced, but in the absence of evidence the inquiry had to be abandoned. ’Most unsatisfactory,’ he concluded. Skorzeny was charged with war crimes at the Nuremberg trials, but acquitted."

The factual liberation of MUSSOLINI by SKORZENY, according to General DOERR.

From OSS / CIA records declassified under Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act:

Information Report No 00-B-36178

Date Distr.: 20 Jul 1951

Date acquired by source 10 Jun 1951

Place acquired: Frankfurt

Factual Report Concerning Mussolini’s Liberation

1. On 11 Sept 43, the commander of the First ParachuteTraining Battalion, Major Harald MORS, received a message in Frascati from the headquarters of General STUDENT, ordering him to report to the latter immediately.

2. Following his arrival, General STUDENT discussed with Major MORS the following mission and details:

(a) MUSSOLINI was to be liberated on 12 September 1943: Place: Hotel Gran Sasso. Time: 0700 hours.

(b) For the past several weeks SS-Lieutenant-Colonel SKORZENY had had the special mission of determining MUSSOLINI’s whereabouts. The mission as a whole had been entrusted to him (General STUDENT) by HITLER.

(c) SKORZENY had very cleverly found out where MUSSOLINI was. His mission was this accomplished.

(d) The First Parachute Training Battalion was to be committed; one company was to be dropped in the valley of the Gran Sasso massif, and the mountain massif (difference in elevation of 1.000 meters) was to be taken in an attack by the other companies which were to be marched up by land.

(e) Major MORS made a counter-propopsal: a surprise landing of one company by glider in the Gran Sasso, and. support by the other companies, which would be marched up by land. to the valley entrance and would then make surprise use of the cable railroad.

(f) Major MORS’s proposal was accepted.

3. During the period of preparation, on the morming of. 12 September, SKORZENY reported to General STUDENT and asked permission to take part in the operation. General STUDENT agreed, and placed SKORZENY, as well as 17 other SS personnel, for whom SKORZENY had also requested permission, under Major MORS.

4. SKORZENY reported Major MORS who, in accordance with General STUDENT’s order,. treated him as .a subordinate visitor. Note: Any other interpretation is incorrect, for General STUDENT had taken precautions against putting 478 parachutists under SKORZENY.

5. Events on12 September:

(a) Shortly after 1400 hours the approaching ground staff observed the gliders over the Gran Sasso.

(b) At about 1416 hears the ground staff occupied the valley station.

(c) At 1417 hours the flight staff reported by radio to Major MORS that the liberation had .taken place.

(d) . Some of the ground troops reached the mountain hotel by means of the cable railway.

(e) Major MORS reported to MUSSOLINI.

(f) SKORZENY was already at this time playing the role of liberator and had consequently angered the officers of the parachute troops.

(g) It was determined that SKORZENY had himself endangered the operation by having his pilot dive, in spite of the fact that he was only a guest on the flight.

6. SKORZENY flew with MUSSOLINI to East Prussia,. arriving on 13 September. He received, the Knight’s Cross and on 14 September he spoke over the Deutschlandsender (radio), completely distorting the entire event. Note: General STUDENT had asked SKORZENY to accompany MUSSOLINI so that he would not have to spare a parachute troop officer."

SKORZENY and Operation Cypress. (1944)

From OSS / CIA records declassified under Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act:

Dispatch or Source Doc. No MAVA-6103

Date 25 July 1950

"Subject is SEGUS, Dr. Otto

      ...In June 1944, Subject was recalled to Berlin and put in command of the projected Operation Cypress in Verona, Italy under the direct supervision of Lt. Col. Otto SKORZENY. This operation consisted of training Italians as saboteurs to infiltrate Allied lines and to stay behind when the front moved northward..."

SKORZENY and Special School for Agents. (1944)

From OSS / CIA records declassified under Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act:

London X-2 Pts. 39

Dispatch or Source Doc. No XARZ-3361

Page 18

      "S.S. Sturmbannfuhrer Otto SKORZENY, the man who liberated MUSSOLINI, founded about two months ago a school in which agents received individual training for specific purposes. The school itself is situated in the neighborhood of Berlin, and is under the personal direction of the S.S. Reichfuhrer.The courses, however, are set by HITLER himself. SKORZENY’s title in this service is Kommandeur."

SKORZENY and gold and assets looted from Reichsbank and from France.

From Records of the Foreign Exchange Depository Group of the Office of the Finance Adviser, OMGUS, 1944-1950: 940.32 Liaison Visits

       "After burying the money at Taxenbach there was still the problem of the disposal of 35-38 million Reichsmarks remaining in the truck and 100 boxes of counterifeit Pound Sterling in a trailer, which Oberstleutnant BOENING of Amt VT-F had turned over to PFEILER at Salzburg. According to SPACIL the truck also contained Italian lire, Lithuanian currency, Russian rubles, German printed Ukrainian karbowanetz and francs. The German money was in 1,000 Reichsmark notes, the British in various denominations, GRAZ seems to be the last area in German hands, so SPACIL sent MENZEL there at 5 May with the money. He doubted whether MENZEL got through and had not heard from him when questioned.

      Untersturmfuehrer ERTL, whom SPACIL sent to withdraw R.S.H.A. funds still with the Reichsbank Berlin came back on the 21 April 1945 with gold Pound Sterling, which was not counterfeit, dollars, Swiss francs, Danish crowms etc., totalling approximately 1 million RM.

      He reported that the Reichsbank was giving up all its foreign assets and that he had received more than was in the R.S.H.A. account.

      Of this money, 3 sacks of gold francs and a large amount of mixed funds, totalling approximately 350.000 RM were given to OHLENDORF for use by Fuehrungsstab Nord. 3 more sacks of gold and assets were taken to Salzburg by SCHIEBEL. SPACIL took the remaining I/3 to Salzburg on the 26 April. SCHIEBEL’s and SPACIL’s assets were divided among SKORZENY (2-3 sacks of gold), Obergruppenfuehrer FRANK (1 sack of gold and miscellaneous funds), Dr. HUEBER (some gold) and the Befehlshaber Oberdonau and Niederdonau.

      Hauptsturmfuehrer SCHULER kept considerable funds of the Amt VI at his office in Innsbruck. These funds were probably given to SKORZENY and consisted of approximately 2 million Reichsmarks and a considerable quantity of dollars".*

* Part of the loot hidden by SPACIL was recovered, but not the gold or assets kept by SKORZENY. The amount estimated is about $ 8.000.000 (about 3.000.000 in 2013)

See: Records relating to the administration and operation of the Foreign Exchange Depository Group within the Office of the Finance Advisor, OMGUS, 1944-1950. Central Files. Category: 940.4031 Shipment No.31

From Records of the Reparations and Restitutions Branch of the U.S. Allied Commission for Austria (USACA) Section, 1945-1950. French Claims 373.

Excerpt from letter by Chief of the Reparations, Restitutions & Property Control Division, J. Miroux, to James A. Garrison, Chief of the RDR Division, U.S. Element, dated 19 March, 1948:

"SS-Sturmbannfuehrer RADL, assistant of SKORZENY and 22 SS-Hauptsturmfuehrer also belonging to the Sonderverband SKORZENY (most likely SS-Hauptsturmfuehrer BESEKOW and SCHMIEL.) are presumed to have transported, during the first days of May 1945, and on mule back, considerable quantities of gold coins and precious stones contained in leather sacks, and to have buried them in the inmediata neighborhood of the Theodor Kornerhutte, a hut located under the Dachstein (Austria - 55 k, S-SE from Salzburg, presently U.S. Zone).

      These gold coins and precious stones, presumably stolen for the main part in France during the occupation, are supposed to have represented the war treasure of the Sonderverband and to have been buried at this spot on the orders of SKORZENY himself and his three lieutenants. A few days later RADL and the 2 Hauptsturmfuehrer were arrested by the American troops, interned in the Ludwigsburg Camp and immediately interrogated by the C.I.C.

     As for SKORZENY, he was made prisoner near Laufen (Austria) by the Americans about a week after the German capitulation.

      In July-August 1945 the C.I.C. presumably discovered the gold and jewelry at the Obeodor-Korner-Hutte."

About the ignorance of American interrogators (1945)

From Guy LIDDELL’s diary, 25 June, 1945:

      "I saw Stuart HAMPSHIRE for a moment- He has been at 12th AG briefing the interrogators of KALTENBRUNNER. He was not allowed to see K. neither has Victor ( ROTHSCHILD) been allowed to see SKORZENY. Victor of course is hopping mad. The Americans are pathetically ignorant but feel that as the man was captured in their zone they have got to put up a show. They are quite prepared to accept assistance in the matter of briefing which has been freely given. They have tried miking SKORZENY and KALTENBRUNNER together but both of them are clearly well aware of which is going on. Very little has been extracted from KALTENBRUNNER so far. He is taking the line that he is really a lawyer and politician, that he did not know anything about the atrocities committed under the orders of MULLER. He has given a certain amounc of political informa­tion which is true but is not being drawn into talking about the SD or about the planning of the underground movement. In due course he is go come back here when we shall be rather put on our mettle."

SKORZENY in Bolivia: the mess of dates in CIA reports (1945-1950)

From OSS / CIA records declassified under Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act:

Report No: TOP-1351

Date of Information: Current

Date Acquired: 17 January 1950

Date of Report: 24 January 1950

Subject: Otto SKORZENY

Source: Controlled American Source

1, Otto SKORZENY is a former Colonel in the German SS troops. He is a skilled aviation technician and reportedly was at one time an adviser to the head of Germany’s Luftwaffe.

2, SKORZENY arrived in Bolivia shortly following Germany’s surrender and obtained employment with the Bolivian Government as an aviation technician. He remained in that position until shortly before January 1, 1950, when he left for Buenos Aires to accept a position as aviation technician with the Argentine Government. At the present, SKORZENY is employed at the Palomar Air Field located on the outskirts of Buenos Aires.

3. Source declared that SKORZENY is using an assumed name in . Argentina but that the Argentina Government is aware of his true identity and. background. It is source’s belief that, the Argentine Government is not too interested in the background of individuals whom they are now employing at the Palomar Field. Their primary interest in the technicians is whether or not the employees can help Argentina.

4. Subject is residing in the suburb of Martinez, Buenos Aires. His exact address is not as yet known nor is his pseudonym. Any further information developed will be furnished the Buenos Aires station."

From OSS / CIA records declassified under Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act:

TAB-A-1270

17 February 1950

From: Chief of Station (sanitized)

To: Chief of Station (sanitized)

Nazi Activities

Colonel Otto SKORZENY

Ref: TOP-1351 of 24 January 1950.

1. On 14 and 15 February 1950, the local press carried stories concerning the alleged presence in Paris (and later in Rome) of Otto SKORZENY. In December 1949, the Communist paper La Hora of Buenos Aires claimed that SKORZENY was then residing in the United States.

      In Octob 1949, the local press reported him in Austria. In June 1949 he was reported en route to Argentina. In addition, frequent rumors (never confirmed) have reached us of his possible presence in Argentina.

2. TOP-135l of 24 January 1950 states that Subject arrived in Bolivia shortly after the war and obtained employment with the Bolivian Government as an aviation technician, a position which he held until late in 1949 when he reportedly left for Buenos Aires to accept a similar post with the Argentine Government. Your report placed Subject in the Buenos Aires suburb of Martinez, and suggested that he may be using a pseudonym.

3. In view of the general confusion which exists concerning Subject’s whereabouts, and the high evaluation which on have given your report, this Station would greatly appreciate any additional information you may be able to provide concerning his residence in Bolivia and his transfer to this country. If it is an established fact that Subject in Bolivia until a little more than a month age, we will then have something definite to go on.

4. Note for Headquarters: Since Subject reportedly was in the hands of the U.S. Military authorities in 1947, it is presumed that a photograph would not be difficult to obtain, if Headquarters could supply this station with a good full length photograph and physical description of Subject it would aid us considerably in our investigation."

The different dates and versions of his escape, according to CIA, FBI and Military Intelligence (1947-1948)

1. 25 July 1947:

From OSS / CIA records declassified under Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act:

Acting Chief, Foreign Branch

Operational

Otto SKORZENY

Date: 8 October 1948

Ref. Fran-1216 (Out-13939), Wash-2765 (Out-69071)

"1. A report from Frankfurt, Germany, reveals that the subject escaped from Ludwigsberg civilian internment enclosure on the night of July 25, 1947, while awaiting denazification.

2. It is further reported that no letter from SKORZENY has been intercepted by either the Combined Intelligence Service (CIS) or the Counter Intelligence Corps (CIC). In any case the CIS is the only agency authorized by the United States European Command to censor German mail. This, of course, does not elñiminate the possibility that the letter could have been received in other German zones or European countries from SKORZENY; nor does it eliminate the possibility that such a letter might have been intercepted by other Allied intelligence services."

2. November 1947:

From OSS / CIA records declassified under Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act:

"7712 E.C.I.S., APO 72

U.S. Army, c/o Postmaster

New York, New York

2 February 1948

Dear M:

With regard to the questions you ask in your last letter I can give you the following information for what it is worth.

The subject "escaped" from our interrogation center in Oberursel, a small town about ten miles from Frankfort on the road to Darmstadt, about three months ago. I would hardly use the term escape, for in reality he was aided and abetted in his desires in order to find out where he wanted to hide out, and who the people were who were willing to keep him. He is now once more with us, although no longer on this continent, and his services are being put to some use. It must be remembered that in spite of all his playacting and posing be still has a very excellent knowledge of intelligence and can be of definite use to our people.

As to the local authorities wanting him, I believe it would be more accurate to say that the Austrians rather than the Germans are interested in his whereabouts. He is, after all, an Austrian, and the majority of his more infamous acts were committed against his own people.

There are undoebtedly several German official’s who would like to have him, but this is mainly from a mercenary point of view, for they would be paid quite handily if they could succeed in turning him over to the gentlmen to the east. If anyone, other than ourselves, is really interested in him, it is undoubtedly the assorted members of the Politburo. My own personal opinion of the man is that we have already played him for what he is worth, but he is too dangerous to let go. He is in a position at the present time, where he would have to sell to the highest, or any bidder, and, being a professional soldier, I doubt whether he would have any scruples as to which political side he sold his services.

Insofar as the document I have already sent you is concerned, I should like to repeat that I sent it mainly for your magazine’s benefit. If it is any use to you as a check against the information you already have, I can assure you that the facts, even though they are somewhat dramatised by the author, are for a very large part correct. I have since talked to various other members of the expedition, and they concur with all the major points in the story. Of course they themtelves live in the reflected glory, but one German or Austrian if you wish, is not too prone to praise another (...)

Many thanks for what you have done in the matter. I’m afraid I can’t be too specific about the subject’s activities at the present :time for obvious reasons, however should the time come when we can give you all the facts without endangering security I shall let you have a detailed account. You can form your own conclusions from what I have already told you in this letter...(...)"

3. 25 July 1948

From OSS / CIA records declassified under Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act:

To: Director

Central Intelligence Agency

2210 E Street, N. W.

Washington, D. C.

Attention: Colonel Robert Schow

From: John Edgar Hoover - Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation

Date: 21 September 1949

Subject: Otto SKORZENY

Information concerning

This Bureau is in receipt of information concerning the captioned individual from a source of unknown reliability. For your information this source resides in the United States and it is not known if he is in a position to obtain information concerning the whereabouts of SKORZENY. The information is to the effect that a man who answers the description of this individual - even to a scar on his face - is said to be working in Spain with a group of Nazis with the blessings of Franco. Their meetings are alleged to be on a ship that comes into sport regularly on the west coast of Spain. Information available concerning SKORZENY indicates he is the individual who reputedly effected Mussolini’s abduction in 1943 from Allied hands. He was reported to have given himself up, tried before a court and released.

He was than taken into custody by the Germane but escaped on July 25, 1948.

The information Contained herein is being furnished for whatever action you may deem desirable, bearing in mind that this Bureau cannot in any way vouch for the source thereof.

SKORZENY seen in Spain (January-March 1949)

From OSS / CIA records declassified under Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act:

To: Chief (sanitized) Station

From: Chief Foreign Branch W

Subject: (sanitized) Report Otto SKORZENI (or SKORZENY)

Date: 14 June 1949

Eyes only OSO personnel

1. Otto SKORZENI, reportedly a former S.S Colonel escaped from a U.S. prison in Germany, has been seen in Barcelona and other cities in the south of Spain.

2. Sometime in March, 1949, according to a (sanitized) report from Madrid (24 April 1949) he left Spain for South America (destination unknown) with documentation prepared by the DGS.

3. Any information on his destination and the name under which he may be traveling will be useful to Headquarters."

SKORZENY in Argentina, July 1949.

From CIA records declassified under Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act:

Washington Post, 21 July 1949:

" Ex-Nazis Hired By Argentina,Says Government Foe

Buenos Aires. July 21 (AP). Opposition Congressman charged by inference today that more than 30 newly arrived Germans. including a number of Nazi aviation experts, are in the employ of the Argentine government. Silvano Sandtander, a member of the Radical Party. introduced a resolution asking the government to explain the situation. He made his charge in the form of a question and ponted out that Argentina still Is technically at war with Germany. Santander mentioned three former German officers--SS Guards: Col. Otto SKORZENY (...) and two high ranking members of the German Air Force: Gen. Adolf GALLAND and Col. Hans Ulrich RUDEL."

Meeting of SKORZENY with Ante PAVELIC (October 1949)

From CIA records declassified under Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act:

"Subject: Activities of Ante PAVELIC in Argentina.

Report No: L.3-1936

Evaluation: B-3.

Source: Both have contacts in Slav circles.

Date of Information: Current.

Date acquired: 7-12 October 1949

Date of Report: 24 October 1949

1. Source A reports that Ante PAVELIC, at a recent meeting of approximately 40 former Crest Government officials, revealed that he had been reliably informed that war in Europe was imminent.

2. PAVELIC stated that it was therefore necessary to lay aside all petty differences and prepare for active participation in the coming conflict. He added that all necessary means for organization and participation would be available to them (Source A).

3. To the surprise of everyone present PAVELIC assured the group that has been in the service of the United States and British Intelligence services for several years (Source A).

4. PAVELIC requested that the matters discussed at this meeting be kept confidential. A person who attended the reunion advised Source A that PAVELIC appeared to be well informed. Moreover, he is certain that the former head of the Croatian Independent State frequently meets with Colonel Otto SKORZENY and General Adolf GALLAND

5. Source B confirms that the meeting took place, but adds that PAVELIC described a pessimistic picture of the European situation (...)"

SKORZENY in France (February 1950)

ABC, 15 February 1950, p. 16

París 14 . Ha sido confirmada la estancia en París de Otto SKORZENY

      La Policía ha declarado que Otto SKORZENY, autor del sensacional rescate de Mussolini, en el Gran Sásso (Italia), ex coronel de las S. S. alemanas, ha huido a Roma, después de vivir en París durante una. semana con nombre supuesto. Residió en el barrio de San Germán, desde-el 7 de febrero, y se había identificado ante su patrona como Rudolf Stainer (STEINER) , periodista austríaco. Las autoridades alemanas buscan a SKORZENY, acusado de evasión de la cárcel, para, ser juzgado por un Tribunal desnazificador.

      En el registro practicado en su habitacion se ha descubierto una serie de documentos y notas sobre sus actividades de tiempo de guerra, como jefe de una unidad especial alemana. Dijo a la patrona eme se iba a Roma, pero que volvería "en breve". La identificación ha sido fácil para la Policía cuando mostró a la patrona un retrato de SKORZENY.—Efe.

SKORZENY in Germany and contacts with the neo-nazi Deutsche Union (August 1950)

From CIA records declassified under Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act:

To: Chief, Foreign Division M

From: Chief of Station, Karlsruhe

Date: 3 January 1951

(...)

1. ZIPPER has had several reports lately indicating that SKORZENY was in Germany this summer and that he may be now be in Spain.. According to their information, he is now engaged in establishing ,an organisation for the evacuation of Germans in the event of a Russian attack. According to one report, the number of Germans involved is as high as 200,000.

2. SKORZENY’s contacts to the Spanish military are reported to have been established by a Countess FINCKENSTEIN. SKORZENY is reported to be working onthis project in conjunction with certain American authorities, who are providing the necessary funds."

From CIA records declassified under Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act:

Incoming classified message

Central Intelligence Agency

Secret

From: Frankfurt

To: Special Operations

(...)

11 August 1950

      DI HICOG request any info whereabouts and current activities Otto SKORZENY HICOG source claims SKORZENY recently in contact Friedl GRIESMEYER, active Deutsche Union"

SKORZENY living in Madrid under cover name Rolf STEINBAUER (September 1950)

From CIA records declassified under Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act:

"Information Report No 00-B-38806

(...)

Country: Germany/Spain

Subject: Otto SKORZENY

Place acquired: Madrid

Date acquired by source: Sept to Dec 1950

Date of information: Sept to Dec 1950

Source: US citizen head of a (sanitized: US organization) who, since World War II has been a consultant to various foreign governments on electronic landing and approach systems for airfields. (...) *

* Edgar SMITH, source named in other documents

      "He (SKORZENY) is living in Madrid at the present time with a German woman about 38 or 40 whose name is Ilse, Countess FINCKENSTEIN. Their address is calle Lopez de Hoyos 70. The Countess is a very attractive and highly intelligent woman. I believe that she had a fairly high position in the German Intelligence during the last war. I understood that she spent a considerable time in the UK just prior to the outbreak of hostilities in the interest of the intelligence service.

      SKORZENY is conducting a business in Madrid chiefly for the development of solar heat for use in heating houses and hot water in Spain. I do not think this is a front, but that he is really in earnest about the business. I believe he also has some agencies for German firms. The only one I can remember is one for a manufacturer of pipe scaffolding for use in building construction. He is not using his own name, but is going under the alias shown on. his business card which is reproduced here.

Rolf STEINBAUER

Ingeniero Industrial

Alcala, 29

Telefono 317262

Madrid

      I believe SKORZENY came to Spain about August 1950,. having moved there from Paris because of his fear of Communist reprisals. He claimed that five attempts had been made on his life since the end of the war. He also told me that on infrequent trips to Germany he could be reached at c/o Finckensteint, Hotel Zuflucht, Fremdenstadt/ Schwarzwald, French Zone. I understood that he came to Spain at the instance of a high ranking Spanish general. I believe the Spanish Army is giving some sort of help such as allowing him conmissary privileges and seeing that he has a proper place to live (...)"

From CIA records declassified under Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act:

Third Naval District

New York Naval Shipyard

Naval Base, Brooklyn 1, N.Y.

Secret

ND3/OP322H2B5

1 December 1950

From: District Intelligence Officer, Third Naval District

To: Director of Naval Intelligence (OP322H2B5)

Subjs Col. Otto SKORZENY, Former Aide to Heinrich Himmler

(...)

      Subject is now living under the name of Rolf STEINBAUER Industrial Engineer, at Alcala 20, Madrid, Spain. In the course of numerous conversations with the subject, who is best known for his exploits as the leader of the elite Nazi paratroop group that rescued Mussolini, he stated he is at present the underground leader of approximately 800,000 Germans, former Army personnel, who are violently anti-Soviet, and whatever moneys subject is able to acquire at this time is forwarded to Germany in an effort to consolidate this groups and it is; the hope of subject to evacuate this group as a unit to Africa via Spain in the event of a Russian military movement on the Continent.

(...)

      Subject is being sponsored in Spain by General Fernandez Del Compo (misspelling for FERNANDEZ DEL CAMPO), a very wealthy Spanish Duke. Subject is residing with Countess Von Finkelstein, a Bavarian, whose estates have been sequestered by the Soviets: The Countess has a sister residing in New York, Mrs. Gertrude Barnett, 41 Central Park West. (...)"

SKORZENY and Banco Urquijo (December 1950)

From CIA records declassified under Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act:

"Air Pouch. Dispatch No WSMA-1354

Date: 19 December 1950

To: Chief, Foreign Division W

From: Chief of Station (sanitized)

Subject: Otto SKORZENY

      "This station has heard persistent rumors over the past three months to the effect that subject was now living in Madrid. Source (sanitized) now reports that SKORZENY is connected with the Banco Urquijo, apparently using the name of STEINBAUER. (sanitized) has been invited by an Urquijo Bank contact to have lunch with STEINBAUER shortly, so that more details should be forthcoming."

Contacts and Plans of SKORZENY in Spain and Germany (1951)

From CIA records declassified under Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act:

Information Report

Country: Germany (Western zones), Spain

Place acquired: Frankfurt, Germany

Date of Info: 8 September 1951

Date distr. 11 October 1951

This is unevaluated information

CIA only

Source: German rightist politician.

      Note: The signifiance of this report lies not so much in the information contained herein but in the fact that Otto SKORZENY and his aides readily revealed it to a group of German neo-fascists visiting Spain in 1951.

      1. After SKORZENY left the U.S. internment camp in Darmstadt, he lived for a short while with C. Ch. HEINZ, then a member of the ultra-rightist Hessish NDP, at 11 Abeggstr., Wiesbaden. From Wiesbaden he went to France and for eight months he was billeted at a safe house by (fnu) BERTEAUX*, then director of the Surete. When, after publication of the famous SKORZENY articles in the French Press, BERTEAUX was relieved as Surete chief.

* Misspelling for Pierre BERTAUX.

      Countess FINKENSTEIN, SKORZENY’s one-time mistress and presently his alleged wife, travelled to Madrid and quickly received a residence permit for SKORZENY after a short conference with the Chief of the Spanish General Staff * (*Teniente General Juan VIGÓN). Once in Madrid, SKORZENY was documented as a stateless engineer, one Rolf STEINBAUER and assigned quarters at Lopez de Hoyos 72, Madrid, together with Countess FINKENSTEIN. Since then SKORZENY has produced two plans for international military action against possible Communist agression.

Plan A concerns primarily Western Germany but could be utilized elsewhere. It calls for the activation of alert units among the people of every community in the country. Ostensibly, for the purpose of commitment in case of emergency, such as floods, earthquakes, riots, floods, etc., but the ultimate and hidden purpose is to prepare a militia against the day of Soviet agression. The units are to be known as Katastrophenscutz (catastrophe protection). According to SKORZENY the plan has been summitted to Dr. Robert LEHR, West German Minister of the Interior and the latter agreed to support the enterprise. Hans WEISS, a former Colonel in the German Air Force and one-time Inspector General of the German bomber force (...) is scheduled to head the organization. WEISS was one of the Germans who recently visited SKORZENY in Madrid. He returned to Germany with a complete plan for activation of the militia units.

Plan B is SKORZENY’s now well-known plan for activation of coramando type. consisting of 300 anti-Cormunistic men each, from 10 different countries in Europe. The units are to be trained in Spain, financed and equipped by the U.S. and act as a cadre and officer material for guerrilla, partisan, stay-behind and similar units operatinr against the Soviet Army in case of war (...). Plan B is said to have endorsment of the Italian Prince BORGHESE (...)"

Persons contacted by SKORZENY who could have endorsed the plans:

Teniente General Agustin MUÑOZ GRANDES

Teniente General Juan VIGON

Ramon SERRANO SUÑER, FRANCO’s brother-in-law

Nicolas FRANCO, FRANCO’s brother and special contact of SKORZENY.

Eduardo ROJAS ORDOÑEZ ,Conde de MONTARCO, Deputy to SERRANO SUÑER when he was Minister of Foreing Affairs.

Josef SCHOOF. Nazi Propaganda Chief in Spain.

Jean BAUVERD, notorious international neo-fascist.

as well as many members of the Spanish Army.

Generaloberst Heinz GUDERIAN

Generaloberst Johannes FRIESSNER, Chief of the New Veterans Organization, VDS (Verband Deutsche Soldaten)

Gerd SPINDLER, well-to-do industrialist and supporter of various rightist activities.

Admiral Hellmuth HEYER.

Generalleutnant August KRAKAU, Chief of the Schutzbund, Bavaria.

SS-Gruppenfuehrer Gerret KORSEMANN (misspelled in this CIA doc. Karet KORSEMANN)

Ex-General Karl GUEMPEL, member of the Executive Board of the VDS

Ex-General Guenther PAPE

Ex-General Karl KOLLER, Bavarian Chief of the BvW and VDS.

Ex-General Herman Bernhardt RAMKE, member of the Executive Board of VDS and Chief of the Paratroop Veterans.

Ex-General Hans SPEIDEL, ADENAUER’s military advisor.

Documents relating SKORZENY’s plan of a anticommunist stay-behind network:

From CIA records declassified under Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act:

Incoming Telegram

From Frankfurt (MCCLOY)

To Secretary of State

January 26, 1951

      "In my talk with ADENAUER last night he said he had received information from source of such reliability that ort could not be ignored. According to his informant, FRANCO was utilizing SKORZENY, former Nazi intelligence chief, for purpose of organizing military units in Spain. SKORZENY was said to be recruiting former Nazi officers and specialists among German refugees. What was particularly disturbing to Chancellor was indication this project which was intended primarily for purpose of creating a strong defense on line of Pyrenees had some support and encouragement from US. ADENAUER said that of course if such information was confirmed and became known, it would have most serious effects upon opinion, not only in Germany, but elsewhere in Western Europe, as obviously it would result in creation.of revived Nazi force. I said that I had heard nothing of the scheme and thought most unlikely that it had any US backing. I promised, however, to make inquiry and let him know. I should be grateful for any information which could throw light on this report. MCCLOY

SLUGA, Kurt. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. Previously in Miranda concentration camp. DOB. Marienburg, 16 November, 1908.

SLICKERS, Willi . Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 1/4/1922 in St. Toenis bei Krefeld. Address in Germany, 1946: Blumenstr. 18, St. Tonis bei Krefeld

SMOLNI, Franz. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 29/3/1920 in Petersgretz. Address in Germany, 1946: Zedlitz, Krs. Borna, bei Leipzig (Soviet zone). 

SOKOLOW Y MURAVIEW, Jorge Alejo: "Russian, naturalized Spanish. A businessman of Russian origin based in Barcelona, SOKOLOW was believed also to have been an Abwehr agent." National Archives, Kew. KV/2/3413. PF 602686

SOL, Jaime. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain.

SOLA, Francisco / Pietro. SOLA, Francisco. From Roberts Commission, Card files on suspects of art looting 1943-1946:

      Spanish. Born Tarrasa, Spain, c. 1909. Address: 18 rue Emile Klaus, Brussels and Hotel Albert I, Place Rogier. Description: 1.65m., 50 kgs, hair black, eyes brown, narrow face, long delicate features, small moustache. Speaks Spanish, French, English. Occupation: Veterinary surgeon ; discovered serum for cattle diseases.

      Activities: Smuggler of alcohol and gasoline between Brussels-Paris-Hendaye for use of German troops in Belgium ; Not an agent of Abt VI but paid for concessions from them. Reported agent of S.D. Twice imprisoned in Belgium once for smuggling Jews into Spain, second time for having bought coffee in France for the Luftwaffe and Todt Organization in Belgium.

SWEERTS (see Belgian crards) took subject’s name and papers for his own use in 1943, including passport in the name of Obersturmfuhrer SOLA. SWEERTS introduced CHERUY to subject and JORDA described as buyers for the wine importing firm of WEIDEMANN in Antwerp, then interested in avoiding customs duty by bringing their wine across Belgian frontier in German military lorries. Also interested in commercial aspect of Old Masters; asked CHERUY to sell a Rembrandt. Well-known Belgian art expert and SOLA and JORDA went to Monaco between May and July with a collection of pictures. Last seen outside the Bourse at Brussels a few days before arrival of the Allies, when they said they were off to Stfitzerland.

SOLGA, Harry. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 23/9/1918 in Berlin Spandau. Address in Germany, 1946: Zeppelistr. 75, Berlin-Spandau (British zone).

SOLITRENNY, Paul Rene. Repatriated from Bilbao.

SOLLF, Engelbert Benno Eugen. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 14/9/1902 in Jauer Schlesien. Official of the Embassy at Madrid and German agent in charge of delivering mail to Sofindus. From 1940-1945. In Spanish list. Address in Germany: Daianastr. 15, Michendorf, District Potsdam. Address in Germany, 1946: Dianastr. 15, Berlin-Michendorf (Soviet zone).

SOMMER, Hans, alias Herbert SENNER, alias Hans STEPHAN. Born 26 June 1914 in Nortorf, near Kiel. German. Son of Theodore SOMMER and Anna SOMMER, nee ROESCHMAN, both from Kiel. Occupation: Merchant. Religion: Protestant. 1.71 height, 140 lbs wight, medium build, face oval, brown hair, brown eyes, no physical peculiarities. Address: Calle Velazquez 134, Madrid. Languages: German, French, English, some Italian.

      Date of arrival: 22 August 1946 from CIE 76, Asperg.

WWII Nuernberg Interrogation Records › OCCPAC Interrogation Transcripts And Related Records › Sommer, Hans. CIF dated 10 December, 1946. Formerly with the SD in France and Italy, worked for the French Intelligence Service after the war and was sent to Spain, where he was engaged by the Spanish Intelligence Service. He has information of the new Spanish Intell­igence and of attempts of former GIS personnel to evade repatriation from Spain by emigrating to Argentina.

Pre GIS career

-1931: Joined the HJ.

-May 1933: Worked for the Paul Kunat export firm in Hamburg.

-October 1934: Went to Holtenau, near Kiel, where he found work as a clerk in the Arbeitsdienst.

-June 1935: Joined the NSDAP. Went back to Nortolf and worked in his father’s bank.

-October 1936: Joined the Wehrnacht and was sent to Halle for an English language course lasting eight weeks. Spent a week in London on furlough.

-December 1936: Stationed at Pasewalk with the 2 Sig Bn (attached to the 2 Inf Div of Stettin as a radio operator).

-October 1938: Discharged from the Wehrnacht as ROA (Reserve Officer Candidate). Went to live with his family, which had moved to Kiel. Unemployed until May 1939.

May 1939: Called into the 48 Sig Bn in Breslau as a sergeant. Fought in Poland.

GIS career

-April I940: Through the efforts of Helmuth LOOHS, whom SOMMER had met in Pasewalk in 1936, he was requested by the SD after an exchange of letters between SOMMER and LOOHS, who worked in Amt. III, Berlin. SOMMER was discharged from the Wehrnacht and reported to SS-O/Stuf Heinrich BERNHARDT of Amt VI, where he was given three months of intelligence training.

-July 1940: Went to Paris, where he was attached to the German Consulate as a Amt VI Deputy under the guise of an Assistant to the Cultural Attache. He had four agents, who furnished him with information on political, Free Mason fnd ecclesiastical matters. Promoted to SS-U/Stuf and later to SS-O/Stuf.

-October 1941: Jailed by the SS for having a French fiancee. Began sentence at Fresnes. Later removed to Berlin.

- April 1942: Released and re-employed by Amt VI. Sent to the German Consulate at Marseille, where he had 20 agents who kept him informed on matters pertaining to Switzerland and Spain.

-September 1944: Went to Berlin because of the invasion of Southern France. Assigned to the German Consulate in San Remo, Italy, as an Amt VI Deputy in charge of 30 agents collecting information on Italian internal affairs.

-April 1945: Went to Nice and contacted the French Deuxieme Bureau (French Intelligence Service) as to possible employment with them.

-August 1945: Started to work for the Deuxieme Bureau and was sent to Spain. Arrested at the border and interned.

-Freed by friends and proceeded to Madrid to begin his intelligence work.

-April 1946: Rearrested at the request of the US Embassy in Madrid and flown to Germany.

SOMMER’s connection with the Deuxieme Bureau.

      "It was October 1941 that SOMMER allegedly first become aware of the narrow’minded of the Nazi regime. He could not grasp why, for having a French fiancee, he was classified as unworthy to hold a responsible job and even jailed. This infringement on his personal liberty and freedom of movement made him realize that something was amiss with what he believed was a just war waged by Germany against the Allies. At the same time he recognized the insincere game Germany was playing with France. Having lived in France and knowing the mentality of the French, he suddenly lamented their short-sightedness in not perceiving how Germany was duping them. He felt obligated to his fiancee and to his concience to make amends and decided to shed his affiliations with GIS and the SS. SOMMER claims that he intended to join the Deuxieme Bureau immediately upon his discharge from prison in April 1942, but, aware of the omniscience of the GIS, he dared not attempt it. His first chance came in February 1945 while he was Amt VI deputy in San Remo, Italy, when a French agent by the name of SOLETTI was arrested by the Germans on the Franco-Italian border. SOMMER succeeded in having SOLETTI released in his custody and dispatched him to Nice with a view to establishing relations for him (SOMMER) with the Deuxieme Bureau. Because of the intervening collapse of the Italian front, nothing further came of this connection. SOMMER withdrew with the German troops from San Remo towards Genoa in April 1945, left the troops at Savona at reached Nice about 1 May 1945. His colleagues of Amt VI, San Remo, Werner NEISSER and Guy DELIOUX, went with him. Once in Nice, SOMMER contacted an old friend, Paul KOEHLER, living at Pagomas, near Cannes, and learned from him that he (KOEHLER) was now a member of the Deuxieme Bureau and could bring SOMMER in if SOMMER so desired. SOMMER agreed, under the stipulation that French citizenship should later be provided for him. KOEHLER indicated that this would be an easy matter. NEISSER and DELIOUX also decided to join the Deuxieme Bureau.

      The following day SOMMER met the Deuxieme Bureau of Nice, who was known to everyone only as Le Capitaine. Nothing definitive was decided at this meeting, however, as the Regional Chef at Marseille, Commandant Georges HENRY, was expected momentarily in order to pass on all applicants. SOMMER was approved and was to go to Spain via Toulousse. NEISSER was to go to Italy via Nice and DELIOUX’s territory was to be Switzerland, with headquarters in Lyon.

      When SOMMER arrived in Toulouse, he was put at the Hotel Terminus, using the false French carte d’identite made out to Hans STEPHAN which had been given to him by the Deuxieme Bureau in Nice. According to plan, SOMMER reported to the Commisaire de la Securite Militaire where he was told to sit tight until the arrival of Monsieur LEON, the Deuxieme Bureau’s Branch Chief at Perpignan. When LEON arrived, accompanied by his deputy, Monsieur MICHEL, SOMMER was taken to Narbonne, put in a hotel, and told to remain there for another four weeks to await further instructions. In case of emergency he was to call Perpignan or get in touch with the Captain of the Gendarmerie, who would notify MICHEL.

      Three weeks of idleness passed before SOMMER was ordered to proceed to Carcassone about 1 July 1945. He met LEON and MICHEL in a private house near the RR station. For his immediate task, he was instructed to go to Spain and there to contact old German Abwehr and SD agents. He was to tell them that he had escaped from San Remo and now wished to be of service to them, preferably in France, as the one place intimately known to him. LEON wanted the names and addresses of German and French agents who had formerly operated between Marseille and Bordeaux and were still not arrested by the French.

      As LEON was fully convinced of the existance of the remnants GIS agents in Spain, employing French nationals, it was also to be SOMMER’s task to uncover them and under some pretext bring them back to France.

      The possibility of SOMMER’s joining the Spanish Intelligence Service was also touched by LEON. This plan was only to be used if all others failes. LEON told SOMMER not to worry too much about Spanish Intelligence Service, which he termed fumbling and impotent. SOMMER received no schooling on the present Deuxieme Bureau and its methods, but was told to go ahead and operate on the basis of his many years’ experience as an Abwehr officer. It was understood that SOMMER was not to be a paid agent, but he did receive 20,000 Pesetas from LEON as expense money. According to SOMMER, his motives for joining the Deuxieme Bureau were personal and not monetary.

      LEON informed SOMMER that he could be reached through Paulina ALTUVEZ, calle Villadornat 44, Barcelona. All the letters sent through this address were to bear the signature Juan, but no replies would be sent to SOMMER. On 10 August 1945 LEON drove SOMMER down to the border town of Puigcerda, at which point he was to enter Spain.

      LEON, counting on the inefficiency of the Spanish Government, believed that SOMMER, as a former intelligence officer, would encounter no difficulty whatsoever in Spain and should therefore be able to report back to Perpignan with the desired information within six weeks. LEON’s miscalculations, however, resulted in the arrest and detention of SOMMER by the Spanish at Camp Miranda from August 1945 until February 1946. It was relatively easy for SOMMER to send letters to LEON through ALTUVEZ, because many people entered and left the camp without being searched.

      When SOMMER was finally released from the camp, he went to Madrid to carry out le long-delayed mission for the Deuxieme Bureau.

The alleged New Spanish Intelligence Service.

      (...) When he was arrested in Puigcerda, SOMMER revealed his real identity, which LEON had told him to do. It was a necessary step, because SOMMER was known in Spain as a GIS agent and his further plans made it imperative for him to be recognized.

      When SOMMER was released from Camp Miranda in February 1946, he went to Madrid. His attention was first called to the matter of a New Spanish Intelligence Service through a meeting with a former agent of the Central Abwehr Agency in France, Raymond HEVRARD, alias ANDRE, alias, GAILARDO, now living in Madrid. HEVRARD had been sent to Italy by Mil Amt in March 1945, had been overtaken there by the defeat of Germany, had infiltrated into Italian Partisans as a Spanish Loyalist, and had then escaped to Spain.

      He is married to a Spanish woman and took active part in the Spanish Civil war on FRANCO’s side. On his arrival in Spain in February 1946, HEVRARD ran across the Spanish PENA, whom he had known in the Central Abwehr Agency in France.

       PENA told HEVRARD that his friend VICENTE was forming a new Spanish Intelligence Agency in agreement with FRANCO. VICENTE is a Falange leader and is in close contact with FRANCO in his capacity as Head of the Falangist Servicio de Investigaciones (e) Informacion, an organization serving internal security. VICENTE proposed to FRANCO that an intelligence service on an entirely new basis be formed. He believed that the Servicio de Informacion Militar, an army information service, had proved a failure, that its officers were corrupt, and that it was regularly penetrated by enemy intelligence. He thought that after the downfall of the Axis powers, Spain was fated to play a leading role in Europe and would therefore need an efficient intelligence service. The sum must have been considerable, since VICENTE paid HEVRARD, who had been hired as an agent, 8000 Pesetas monthly plus expenses and the other agents were receiving 5000 Pesetas, an unheard amount in previous Spanish intelligence circles.

      As his first priority project, VICENTE applied himself to building up a net in France and North Africa, together with the establishment of contact with possible German and Italian resistance movements. Aping the methods used by the Germans, he intended to entegrate his people regularly into the Spanish Foreign Service, plant agents in Spanish embassies and consulates, and make use of the Falangists already in the service of the government. He envisioned the use of many former Axis agents of Spanish nationality and made some of his men take diplomatic courses and examinations for future assignments. Juan de ARENZANA, son of the Spanish Consul-General in Marseille, remarked to SOMMER that these future intelligence agents, passing as diplomats in the eyes of the world, would destroy whatever reputation Spain might still have in other countries. VICENTE repeatedly high-pressured the Foreign Office to make the diplomatic examinations easy for his men.

      SOMMER had only one interview with VICENTE, shortly before his second arrest in April 1946. He gave SOMMER the impression of being a man of exceptional energy and capability, and a convinced Falangist and idealist who was stubbornly set in his political outlook. VICENTE was unable to recognize the de Gaullist rightist tendency in present-day France, but insisted rather on helping and making use of the French collaborationists now living in exile in Spain. Some of these people were:

- MOYNIER, Yves, alias MAGICIER, Gilbert. Barcelona.

- PUTEAU, Adrien. Barcelona.

- TICHEYRE, Jose. Barcelona.

- FRECHOU, Paul. Madrid.

- VOINEAU, Robert. Madrid.

- GUICHARD, Guido. Madrid.

- DODO, Michel, alias LARA. Miranda.

- TENAILLE, Andre. Madrid.

- AUGUSTINE (fnu). Madrid.

      SOMMER believes that AUGUSTINE suceeded in bringing two agents, QUEYRAT and AUMOND, into VICENTE’s service.

      For the building of the organization in France, HEVRARD was brought forward by PENA and received identity documents bearing the Spanish name of GALIARDO from VICENTE. HEVRARD (...) recruits his agents from the fertile field of French emigres, which he knows very well. He has installed wireless stations in San Sebastian and Barcelona and a net is soon to extend to France, covering Toulouse, Marseille, Bordeaux, Lyon, Paris Rheins and Lille. (...)

      When HORCHER (see HORCHER, Otto) informed SOMMER of his intention to go to Argentina, SOMMER sensed immediately that something important was going on. Since Gen. KRAMER, H/Stuf FULMES, Obst/Lt FUCHS, O/Lt MOLL and quite a number of other officers in active service were hiding in Spain (SOMMER claims that he had a list with addresses of hidden officers which he destroyed when arrested by Spanish police) and since SOMMER had found it impossible to contact them at that time, he got in touch with ESCAT, a Frenchman and former member of the Action Française and the editor of the magazine Je suis partout in Paris. ESCAT is known as an active pro-German Frenchman and had close contacts with the German General Staff and with the Foreign Office (...) In December 1944, ESCAT, together with his wife and two of his co-workers (names unknown to SOMMER), were sent to Madrid by plane with a special mission. There was a general rumour to the effect that ESCAT, by order of the German Foreign Office, was to sound out the Allies on the possibilities of a separate peace. Now, however, SOMMER is convinced that ESCAT’s true mission was an entirely different one, possibly that of financing the Germans who were already in Spain and those who would have to hide there in the future. ESCAT had allegedly received large sums of money in Berlin for just that purpose. (...)

      SOMMER knew ESCAT from France and met him again in Madrid through his intimate friend, Robert VOINEAU, in whom ESCAT had absolute confidence, having known him for many years. Before the planned meeting with ESCAT, VOINEAU informed SOMMER that he had very good news from VICENTE. VICENTE has given VOINEAU the confidential information that now, after PERON’s victory in Argentina, the plan concerning the departure of Germans for that country had taken a tangible form. The problem of securing false papers in order to deceive the Allies had already been solved. VOINEAU gave SOMMER estimates that between 150 and 200 Germans were to be shipped from Cadiz to Argentina, a few at a time. The first shipment would start in August or September 1946. SOMMER’s presumptions on this were confirmed by HORCHER.

      At the meeting with ESCAT (...) in Madrid about 27 March 1946, SOMMER proceed carefully on the subject of Argentina. ESCAT told SOMMER that he had known PERON for many years and that they were close friends (...). SOMMER believed that ESCAT had been in communication with PERON through the Argentine Embassy in Madrid. During the meeting, ESCAT told SOMMER that he himself would undoubtedly leave for Argentina soon. SOMMER does not whether or not he did actually go there. The conversation was interrupted at one point by a phone call for ESCAT. When he returned he said: "Still another one who cannot stay hidingany longer. Everybody is asking when things will get going." This remark confirmed SOMMER’s opinion that ESCAT may be leading the departure of Germans for Argentina (...)

      SOMMER had arranged another meeting with ESCAT for the coming week, but in the meantime he received a letter from an Abwehr agent, Hans MARTIN, alias Juan MARTIN. He was active in Figueras as a German agent until March 1945, at which time he became the German Red Cross representative. At the end of 1945 he was warned by Spanish friends to go into hiding, because Allies wanted to extradite him. He hid in Barcelona and presumably remained there, since SOMMER was asked to reply to his letter through Antonio RUIZ, Plaza Recomir 6, Barcelona or through a certain KUHN, Letra B, calle Molins Rey Barcelona. In this letter MARTIN informed SOMMER that friends had arrived at his hiding place and that they were all making preparation for a trip to their friend PERON, to start in two months. He also advised SOMMER to hide, as the pressure of the Allies was increasing every day. He therefore proposed that SOMMER join him in Barcelona. A few days after this letter, SOMMER received another one from Jose TICHEYRE, a Frenchman who had been an Abwehr agent in Paris and who was sent to Spain at the beginning of 1944. He worked in Spain together with LOPEZ MORENO, a member of the Spanish Intelligence Service and now of the Spanish General Staff. The last known address of TICHEYRE is 58 Ronda San Antonio, Barcelona. In the letter TICHEYRE also mentioned his intention of going to Argentina.

      At the second meeting with ESCAT about 10 April 1946, there was talk about hiding German officers, especially General KRAMER, who, betrayed by a German, had just managed to be brought from his hiding place in Madrid to the rural estate of a Spanish officer. It was mentioned that all those Germans who gave the American authorities information were known to these men in hiding places and to the Spanish and were listed on a black list. It was further stated that proper measures had been taken and that the situation could be regarded as safe (...).

      ESCAT’s group, consisting of political fanatics joined together by a common bond of friendship extending over many years, is not an easy circle to penetrate. SOMMER feels himself fortunate to have been able, as a newcomer, to gain knowledge, little as it is, on the Argentine question.

       This entire group is also closely tied up with Spanish authorities, police and army. Any members of this group wanted by the Allies is being warned ahead of time by the Spanish police, giving him time to go into hiding. SOMMER is firmly convinced that in back of the whole Argentine scheme there is a well considered plan to quietly create a central German intelligence agency with the assistance of the Argentine government. These Fascists circles are of the opinion that the relations between the Allies will grow steadily worse and that anotherv war is inevitable (...).

      SOMMER could not attend the proposed third meeting with ESCAT because he was arrested. In the prision of Carabanchel he met Standf Miquel ESQUERRA*

(* misspelling for SS-Obersturmbannführer Miguel EZQUERRA), Spanish citizen in the Waffen SS who had seen action with the Blue Division which fought on the Eastern Front. ESQUERRA also mentioned Argentina, having heard something on the subject through his wife when she had visited him.

French Collaborationist now in Italy

       During his work with GIS in Marseille and later in San Remo, SOMMER has many opportunities to observe the infiltration of former French collaborationists into Italy. This observation was augmented by information received by him from SS-Stubaf GOHL, Amt VI Chief in Milan.

      In August 1944, during the German evacuation of France, many leading figures in the French collaborationist groups, together with a great number of other members, withdrew to Germany with the retrating German troops. An estimate 5,000 (Militia) members, 6,000 PPF (Parti Populaire Français) members and several smaller groups boosted the agregate figure to 15,000. These so-called French refugees constituted a much sought-after reservoir of potential material for the Abwehr and Amt VI.

      DORIOT, Chief of the PPF, Joseph DARNAND of the Milice, Marcel BUCARD, leader of the Fascist Franciste, and Marcel DEAT of the RNP (Rassemblement National Populaire) were approached by Abwehr officers, who had already made plans for the use of this Frenchmen. They were to return to their native land and engage in intelligence work for the Germans. The party chiefs agreed to the plan with the proviso that transportation was to be assured by the GIS and, once the agents were back in France, that they should be permitted to take up the reorganization of their respective parties. The plan was approved by SCHELLENBERG, Chief of Amt VI. SOMMER claims that the 15,000 Frenchmen in Germany did not comprise 10% of the Fascist-minded open collaborationist still living in France. It would have been an easy matter to undertake reorganization with a receptive body of such magnitude, especially since countless other French people were not too enthusiastic over losing their homes and other possessions as their price of liberation. In Germany it was decided to send agents back to France via Italy, through Innsbruck, Verona and Milan, instead through Alsace-Lorraine, thereby reducing the chances of apprehension. The Amt VI offices in Milan, Turin and San Remo were instructed to look out for these agents and assist them in every way possible. SOMMER met some of them in September 1944 and April 1945.

      The Milice, possessing the most capable men of all collaborationist groups, had an agency in Wiesbaden under the leadership of two former French officers, DEGANS and FILIOL, who selected prospectives candidates and instructed them in future work. Both DEGANS and FILIOL had formerly acted as liaison officers with Amt VI. Another office of the Milice was established in Milan under KNIPPING.

      The PPF mantained an office and wireless school near Constance on Lake Constance in charge of BARTHOLEMY, who also had a small office in Milan. Still another office was in San Remo operated by the former PPF Chief, Pierre PETIER. The office in San Remo was equipped with wireless devices.

      At the end of the war in May 1945, BARTHOLEMY, had about 40 or 50 finished agents in Italy who never had a chance to be set up in France. Among these agents were leaders of the PPF, many of them chagrined at being estranded in Italy. Some of them were equipped with radios and all of them had automatic weapons and large sums of money.

      In addition-to the aforementioned agents, more than 400 other members of the party were brought to Italy during January 1945. Practically all of the above—mentioned 15,000 Frenchmen in Germany were living on the German economy, already taxed to its capacity, so it was convenient and expedient to relieve the burden by dumping these people on their relatives in Italy, after establishing the fact that relatives in Italy did exist. They were not schooled in intelligence and were to play subordinate roles in France. It is SOMMER’s opinion that because of their Fascist-minded political outlook, their knowledge of the Italian language, and connections gained through their relatives, the continued presence of these men in Italy constitutes a perpetual hazard to an orderly peace.

      The same situation is true with the Milice. In February 1945, DARNAND and 800 of his followers arrived in Milan with the idea of establishing an independent brown maquis group to fight alongside the Brigada Nera against the Italian Partisan groups, Later on, the same group was to fight the Allies in France, with special attention paid to sabotage and the disruption of oil lines between Marseille and the front. That no more than 800 came to Italy out of the 5,000 who entered France was due to the fact that 3,000 of them joined the SS Infantry Division Charlemagne and another 1,000 were put in war plants.

      No more than approximately 15 agents succeeded in reaching France. They were transported under cover of darkness in small speedboats from San Remo to their destination, San Raphael. According to SOMMER, the other agents are still in hiding in Italy. Because DEGANS, FILIOL and GOMBERT, a good friend of DARNARD and a regional chief of the Milice, were former members. of Eugene DELONCLE’s Cagoulards (former pro-Fascist French party) and as such were in contact with the Italian Intelligence Service in 1936 and 1937, specifically with BARANCO and PETINATTI, SOMMER assumes that these contacts are now being renewed.

Marcel DEAT with his entire steff is supposed to be in Italy still.

Joseph GARETTE, leader of the Jeunesse Europenne, a collaborationist youth movement, is known to be in Italy, as well as about 15 of his staff, all of whom were trained by two Amt VI agents (names unknown to SOMMER). GARETTE ’s main mission in France was to reorganize the youth group and fight the Allies in the area around the Pyrenees.

PALMIERI, a former agent of the Paris Abwehr office, came to Italy about the first week in March 1945, accompanied by five men, including a certain COTY, a restaurateur in Paris. This small group is of Corsicen descent, speaks fluent Italien,and arrived in Milan with false Swiss papers. Their last address was Milan.

      SOMMER estimates the number of trained French agents now hiding in Italy to be about 100, with approximately another 1,400 active political collaborationists scattered throughout Northern Italy. Knowing the mentality of these people, SOMMER convinced that their work did not end with the cessation of hostilities and that some clandestine activity must be going on.

Conclusions

      SOMMER came to this Center under the name Herbert SENNER and the interrogation proceeded according to the knowledge brief, with SOMMER seemingly co-operating 100%. It was not possible at this Center to check the veracity of his information. Even now, although in possession of the French data on SOMMER, which hardly differs at all from our version on the general intelligence aspect, although it shows discrepancies in SOMMER’s real name, birthplace and other pre-GIS data, it should be borne in mind that he still may be witholding information from us.

       When confronted with the new evidence, SOMMER readily admitted that the name SENNER, as well as all the other details of hid pre-GIS career, were given to him by Amt VI at the time he joined them. He was told to forget his real name completely and to be known only under the name SENNER.

      When SOMMER joined the Deuxieme Bureau, he revealed his family name, but at CIE 76, allegedly because of harsh treatment, he decided to withold the truth. At this Center, in spite of self-admitted satisfaction with the treatment, he still concealed the true facts. SOMMER claimed that he feared complications, solitary confinement, and a prolonged stay in this Center, if he revealed his real name.

      SOMMER as a personality is not to be considered reliable, but his information as given in this report is seemingly genuine. He is shwred, calculating and opportunistic. He is ready to work for his former enemies and at the same time professes to be nationalist. At all time he is ready to hunt with the hounds and run with the hare. (...) Signed John Heinig, Capt AUS Chief, CI Section."

***

SOMMERFELD, Hans Joachim. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. Previously in Miranda concentration camp. DOB. Berlin, 22 August, 1922.

SONNER, Hans. Capt. In France before coming to Spain. Born about 1914.

SPACEK, Victor. German agent. Technician for Skodawerke. Interrogated by Allied Control Commision about German armaments trade with Spain during war.

SPAHN, Hermann. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SPAHN, Walter. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SPARWASSER, Giselher. Agent in Spanish Morocco and Tangier, II-Unclassified in OSS records. Archeologist.

SPAZIER / SPATZIER, Kurt. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. Previously in Miranda concentration camp. DOB. Dolaufsaalke, 23 October, 1925.

SPERLICH, Anton. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SPERLING, Willi. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SPERRIE, General. Commander of Condor Legion.

SPIELER, Erwin. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: I.G. Farbenindustrie A.G. Employee. Paseo de Colon 8, 3o, Barcelona. Born Feldkirch (Vorarlberg), 7 December, 1902. Passport No 85/40 issued Bilbao 7.6.1940. Member of DAF.

SPIES / SPIESS, Hans Josef. Condecorated by FRANCO "Caballero de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas con Encomienda" (BOE, 11 Septiembre de 1940).Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 5/8/1902 in Kreuznach. Address in Germany, 1946: Venusberweg 34, Bonn/ Rh. (British zone).

SPINDLER, Conrad. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SPINDLER, Gisela. Agent classified B. Listed as B337. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Employed at Embassy, Madrid.

SPITZER, George / Georg. Repatriated from Bilbao. Munchen, 29 August, 1918.

SPITZI / SPITZY, Reinhard N. Agent classified A. Listed as C338. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. NSDAP member. Austrian. CPI Pink Card 45068. Representative of Skoda in Spain, possibly worked for Canaris who knew him well. Born about 1910.

      Connected with Skoda and Hispanese Industrial y Comercial S.A. Address: Miguel Angel 18, Madrid. Formerly employed by German Embassy.

      "La documentación consultada en el Archivo del Ejército del Aire se detiene en el manuscrito que el ministro Jordana presentó al Consejo de Ministros. Combinando este material con el que nos proporcionó la CHANA procedente de los servicios secretos norteamericanos, las acciones del coronel Vélez quedan en gran parte aclaradas. Como se sabe según este ultimo material, Vélez se reunió con Reinhard SPITZY, representante de la fábrica de armas alemana Waffen Union Skoda-Brunn, en Lisboa a fines de diciembre de 1943 (Embassy of the United States of America, Despatch 1902, Madrid January 17 1944 y Pangerm May 10 1946). La conversación giró sobre la posibilidad de que Argentina pudiera comprar a Alemania material de guerra (artillería antiaérea, artillería antitanque, etc.). SPITZY se ofrece únicamente a mediar en las negociaciones. Así lo hace al informar primero al Embajador de Alemania en España, Walter DIECKHOFF, de lo que VÉLEZ le ha propuesto (29 de diciembre de 1943). Dieckhoff, quien consulta el caso con Walter BECKER, Consejero de la Embajada Alemana, cree que la posibilidad de transportar armas hacia la Argentina sería difícil, a pesar de que dicho negocio sería una garantía para mantener la neutralidad de este país sudamericano. SPITZY dirige una última comunicación aparentemente al presidente de la Waffen-Union en Berlín (30 de diciembre de 1943), en la que expresa la conveniencia militar y política de vender armas a Argentina. Mientras tanto, VÉLEZ ha regresado a Madrid, reiniciando las conversaciones con las autoridades militares españolas del modo como ha sido relatado en los párrafos anteriores, según la fuente consultada por esta unidad en el Archivo del Ejercito del Aire."

Mónica Quijada y Víctor Peralta España como lugar de tránsito de bienes y personas desde la Alemania Nazi hasta la Argentina durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial y la pos-guerra (CEANA).

 

SPLETTSTOSSER / SPLETTSTOESSER, Walter. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941). Counsellor.

SPRENG, Willi . Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 11/7/1924 in Mannheim. Address in Germany, 1946: Osningstr. 87b, Bielefeld (British zone).

SPRETTER, Guillermo / Wilhelm. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. General representative for German firms. Address: Apartado 301, Bilbao. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850:. Representative. Lic. Poza 3, 5o, izq., Bilbao. Born at Markdorf, Konstanz; on 30 July 1904. Passport No. 124/39 issued at Bilbao on 4.7.39. Member of DAF. (Was prominent member of German I.S. at Bilbao).

SPRINGER, Walter OPPENHEIMER, Lt. Agent classified I-B and II-B in OSS records. Physician. Lived in Barcelona most of his life. Attached to Santa Cruz Military Hospital, Tenerife. Received medical training in Germany.

SPURRENBERG, Heinrich. Col. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. Born about 1900. Lived in Madrid.

STAHLBERG, Gerhard. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941). Secretary at German Embassy, Madrid.

STAHLNOFER, Emil. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

STAMER, Captain of Watussi. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

      "At 1030 hours Force K received a sighting report from a Junkers Ju 86Z of 15 Sqd SAAFof a suspicious vessel in the area south of Cape Agulhas, 74 miles, 167¡ from Cape of Good Hope. Approximate position 35-44S, 18-47E. Force K then steered for the position of the suspicious vessel.

      The vessel sighted by the Ju 86Z of 15 Sqd piloted by Captain Boshoff, was the German liner the SS WATUSSI 9521grt. The WATUSSI had sailed from Lourenco Marques, Mozambique, on 22/11/39. She had on board 43 passengers and 155crew, and was believed to be attempting to return to Germany.

      Force H comprising the SUSSEX and SHROPSHIRE had recently completed fuel at Simonstown and were returning to the patrol area. When Force H received the sighting report they also steered for the poison of the suspicious vessel and being nearer they arrived first. On the approach of SUSSEX, Captain Stamer, the master of the WATUSSI set his vessel on fire and set the scuttling charges and the crew and passengers abandoned ship. The 155crew and 42 passengers were picked up by SUSSEX." Lt Cdr Geoffrey B Mason. Service histories of royal navy warships in World War 2, December 2, 1939.

STAMER, Theodore. Agent classified B & C. Listed as B339. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Employee of Alvargonzalez Erhardt y Cia. Address: Instituto 25, Gijon.

STAMER, Robert. Gefr V-Mann, II KO Portugal, Mar 40-Fall 41. Born 1905. 1.80 m, muscular, blond hair, blue eyes, reading glasses. Career: Asst to Maj RUDOLF, Leiter II KO Portugal but had few duties. Probably went to Turkey later as Abwehr II V-Mann. Misc: Married, 2 or 3 children. Before war had import-export firm in Hamburg. Had been in Brazil for many years. Speaks Portugese, some English, French, Spanish.

STAMMBERGER. Capt. Agent classified I-B and III-B in OSS records. Former teacher of Hitlerjunge. In Spain in 1945.

STAMMWITZ, Hans. Military auditor. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

STAMNITZ, Walter. Repatriated on SS Haighland Monarch 7 March, 1946. Employee of the OKW WNV interception cryptography unit in Spain (PLANKERT’s office). A-501 Official List. DOB. Liegnitz, 15 January, 1911.

STANKEWITZ, Herbert Josef. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. Previously in Miranda concentration camp. DOB. Oppeln, 5 February, 1923.

STAPF, Gottfried. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

STARK, Ludwig. . In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).Internee from Santander. Repatriated on SS Haighland Monarch 7 March, 1946. Brought to repatriation center under police escort. DOB. Nuiders (?), 9 July, 1901. E-133 Official List.

STARKE. Fr. I-M, KO Spanien (named in STUBBS and BUGGE’s report on I-M Spain)

STEGEMANN, Rudolf. Agent classified I-B and III-B in OSS records. Professor. Barcelona. Born about 1888.

STEGMANN, Eckhard, Agent classified III-A and IV-B in OSS records. Director del Colegio Alemán en Barcelona1940. Address: Calle Moia 4, Barcelona.

STEGMEIER, Heinrich. German formerly employed as technician by the Spanish Government.Listed for departure on SS Marine Marlin, scheduled to leave the Port of Bilbao about Agust 31, 1946. Born 27 July, 1910 at Schrobenhausen. Arrived Spain in 1941. Worked on Military airfield at Logroño for German aviation company. His services considered indispensable in January 5, 1943.

STEIDINGER. Agent classified B. Listed as B340. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Business man. Connected to Minerales del Sur, Sevilla.

STEIBRUEGGEN, Ulf. Uffz. I-M, KO Spanien (named in STUBBS and BUGGE’s report on I-M Spain).

STEIGERWALD, Ludwig. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

STEIN. Agent classified II-B in OSS records. W/T technician.

STEIN, Bruno. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941). First counsellor of German Government.

STEIN, Friedrich. Dr. Commander Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

STEINDORF, Ernst Ritter von. In US list of hardened nazis for repatriation. Address: Zaragoza 136, Barcelona. Born November 12, 1886 at Sinzing. Manager of Unicolor. Member of NSDAP.

STEINER, Wilhelm. Agent classified II-B in OSS records. Electrical engineer and film director. Born March 8, 1904, Viena. Formerly in France. Partner in Sevilla Film Co., Madrid. Address: calle Picon 8, Madrid.

STEINERT, Albin. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

STEINHAUSER, Friedrich. In US list of hardened nazis for repatriation. Address: Corcega 349, Barcelona. Born September 7, 1900 at Nuencken. Technical director of Unicolor. Member of NSDAP. Recommended for immediate repatriation.

STEINLE, Katharina. Secretary for the Air Attache of German Embassy. Repatriated on SS Haighland Monarch 7 March, 1946. A-505 Official List. DOB. Essen, 20 November, 1917.

STEINMETZ, Alfons. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850 :Representative. Bertendona 4, 52, Bilbao. Born at Pforzheim on 6 January 1914. Passport No. 255 issued at Calw on 7.10.37. Member of DAF.

STEINOCHER, Otto. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

STEINRODER, Fritz. Agent classified II-A in OSS records. Engineer. Bilbao. Born about 1900.

STELZNER. Agent classified IV-B in OSS records. Head of the Feminine Youth Movement in Spain.

STENSHORN, Karl. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. Previously in Miranda concentration camp. DOB. Bad Kreuznach, 17 July, 1916.

STEPHAN, Egon. Agent classified II-B in OSS records. Physician. Born about 1900. Barcelona.

STEPHAN, Kurt. German formerly employed as technician by the Spanish Government.Listed for departure on SS Marine Marlin, scheduled to leave the Port of Bilbao about Agust 31, 1946. DOB. Schneeberg, 13 February, 1909.

STERNKE Fritz Karl G. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 22/1/1899 in Stralsund Pommern. Address in Germany, 1946: Eipstr. 237b, bei Engel BAYERN, Neuburg/ Donau.

STICHER, Heinrich. Agent classified II-B in OSS records. Engineer. Worked in Andorra and Spain.

STICHLER, Karl. Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941). Counsellor.

STIEBERT, Adalbert. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. Previously in Miranda concentration camp. DOB. Gera, 13 October, 1924.

STILLE, Friedrich / Federico. Agent classified D. Listed as A343. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Agent classified I-B and II-B in OSS records. German consul in San Sebastian. Formerly in Paris.

STILLICH STUBS, Ernst / Ernesto. Agent classified II-A in OSS records. Technician. Merida. Born about 1897, Elbing, Germany.

STOBERMACK, Otto. In US list of hardened nazis for repatriation. Address: Villanueva de la Serena (Badajoz). Born January 1, 1903 at Eisenach. Married to German. Sent by Rowak to Sofindus and worked as industrial engineer with Montes de Galicia S.A.

STOCK, Josef. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

STOCK, Karl. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

STOCKHAUSEN, Bernhard. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

STOECKLER Karl W. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 22/7/1923 in Schwenningen a. Neckar. Address in Germany, 1946: Bahnhofstr. 10, Ludwigsburg (US zone).

STOEGER, Anton. Agent of KO Spain who left for Germany, March 1945.

STOEGER, Ursula. Wife of agent Anton STOEGER. Repatriated on SS Haighland Monarch 7 March, 1946. A-1062 Official List. Children: Ingrid Gris Ursula, aged 4 and Gottfried Anton, aged 3. DOB. Berlin, 27 June, 1919.

STOFER. Agent classified II-B in OSS records. Chemical engineer of Michelin, Lasarte factory, S.A.F.E.N., Address: Michelin, Aptdo. 139, San Sebastian.

STOLLBERG, Harry Otto. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 8/3/1924 in Helfta b. Eisleben. Address in Germany, 1946: Kupferdamm 98, Hamburg-Farmsen (British zone).

STOLZ, Wilhelm. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

STOPP / STOEPP, Blasius. From OSS Secret Intelligence Special Funds Record 2801-2850: Representative. C. Navarra 8, 5o dcha., Bilbao. Born at Innsbruck on 31 December 1900. Passport No. 26/39 issued at Lyon on 18.2.39.

STORGEL, Franz. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

STORK, Max. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

STRAESSNER, Alejandro. Agent classified II-A in OSS records. Engineer. Madrid. Born about 1900.

STRANZ, Ernst. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

STRAUCH, alias STRACHWITZ. Kpt/ Lt. I-M, KO Spanien (named in STUBBS and BUGGE’s report on I-M Spain)

STRAUCH, Fritz. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 29/12/1922 in Erfurt. Address in Germany, 1946: Boruthalweg 5, Erfurt (Soviet zone).

STRAUSS, Herbert. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. Huelva.

STRAUSS, Herbert. Agent classified A. Listed as C341. Colegio Aleman. Vigo.

STRAUSS und TORNEY, Günther von. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 23/12/1901 in Schleswig. Address in Germany, 1946: Eugen Richte strasse 41, Erfurt (Soviet zone).

STREIT / STREITH, Rudi. Repatriated on SS Haighland Monarch 7 March, 1946. In hospital and not interrogated. Reported to have arrived in Barcelona from Germany on 22 December 1944 as an employee of Lufthansa and subsequently worked for the German I.S. He was in contact in February 1945 with Hans URBAN and Ricardo HOPPE. A-684 Official List. DOB. 27 March, 1921.

STREPPEL, Kurt. Commander Decorated by FRANCO with the Medalla de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas. (BOE, 30 Septiembre, 1941).

STRIDDE, Gerard alias Gerhard STRIDDLE. DEGRELLE’s pilot. Deportee Madrid-Germany by Army air November 22 1946. Arrived at Civilian Internment Camp 74 near Stuttgart on 26 November 1946. I priority. Acoording to STRIDDE’s statement, DEGRELLE was hospitalized for shoulder bone fractures and remained in a Spanish hospital until 15 October 1946. His whereabouts were unknown.

STROBEL, Georg. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

STROHBACH, Kurt alias Leandro ESTROVA (in other files Leandro ESTROVA is taken as real name and Kurt STROHBACH as alias). German agent classified D. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Secretary. Address: calle Tapiolas 45, 4o, Barcelona.

STROSCHEIN, Richard. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

STRUB, Max. Agent classified III-A in OSS records. Professor. Born about 1900. Madrid.

STRUCHTEMEIER Erich. Agent classified D. Listed as D345. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Director of Prodelin. Address: Villa Amelia 11, Hernani, San Sebastian.

STRUNK, Roland Nazi journalist, Schutzstaffel (SS) officer, and adviser to Adolf Hitler. Condecorated by FRANCO "Caballero de la Orden Imperial del Yugo y las Flechas con Encomienda" (BOE, 11 Septiembre de 1940).

STUBBS, Erwin Hans, alias Erwin SCHMIDT, alias EL GALLEGO, alias DON JUAN. Agent classified A. Listed as A346. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Agent classified I-B in OSS records. Born July 31, 1912 in Barranquilla, Colombia. In Madrid for some time. Attached to German Embassy. Interned at Caldas de Malavella, March 1945. Repatriated from Spain by air (dates from January 29 to February 25, 1946). Po. No. 0081. Arrested 15 February 1946 by CI/MIS Det at CIE 76, Asperg. He arrived at USFET MIS Center 23 August 1946 and was accepted at the request of G-2 USFET.

      From Preliminary Interrogation Report (CI-PIR) No 134, dated 13 September, 1946 and CI-FIR/ 131, 27 November, 1946:

Personal data:

      Description: Height: 1.85m; weight: 90 kg; build: slender; face: long; hair: dark brown< wear glasses. Address: Wiesbaden

      Born 31 July 1912 at Barranquilla, Colombia, the son of a German father, Walter STUBBS, and a Colombian mother, Emilia KNAUER, nee MEYER DE URQUIJO. Brothers: Walter, Werner and Edgar. Sister: Ilse Baronin SCHENK zu SCHWEINBERG, Bezirk Kassel.

      Religion: protestant. Identity documents: Reisepass No 2048 (99948 Q42). Languages: some French, English, fluent Spanish.

1922 Entered the Deutsche Realschule in Bogota.

1928 Family returned to Germany.

1929 Graduated from the Thaer Oberrealschule in Hamburg and moved to Spain with the family.

1931 Attended the Academia Cots and received his Spanish Handelsdiplom. Worked for the Firma Industrias Sanitarias, S A, Barcelona.

1934 Transferred to the Madrid office as assistant Tech Dir. Joined the NSDAP, but withdrew one year later.

1936 Returned to Germany and worked for Paul HARTMANN, A G, Heidenheim / Brenz in the South American export section.

1940 Drafted into Inf Ers Btl 236.

1941 Transferred to Nachrichten Dolmetcher Abt.

January 1942 Promoted to Gefr.

June 1942 Promoted to Uffz.

August 1942 Transferred to OKV, Berlin. Underwent short Abwehr training course. Sent to Madrid as member of Ref I-M, KO Spain, where he was put in the Innendienst.

1943 Placed in charge of I-M Agents. Throug his father he obtained position with firm Elster, S A, Madrid, for camouflage purposes.

March 1945 Interned in Caldas, Spain.

February 1946 Repatriated to Germany

Administrative data:

Source of prisoner, including arresting agency: CI-MIS, CIE 76, Asperg.

Date of arrival: 23 August, 1946.

Documents sent with prisoner: Repatriation form, Declaration of Foreihn assets, Reisepass

Results of name check against PCI (Personal Card Index: Pin Card 1169)

(...)

      "What information has been gained is considered to be reliable"

Knowledge brief:

Referat I-M, KO Spain.

Address: Valera 4, Madrid.

      The following information about I-M, KO, Spain was compiled by US CI from the interrogations of Erwin STUBBS and Hans BUGGE (see supra BUGGE, Hans):

*see diagrame:


Personnel of I-M and Bureau FELIPE.

Madrid:

- Korv/ Kapt GAHLEMANN, succeded by

- Korv/ Kapt BALZER, succeded by

- Korv/ Kapt GELDERN, succeded by

- Korv/ Kapt OBERMUELLER

- Korv/ Kapt MOELLER

- Korv/ Kapt (?) BOHNY

- Korv/ Kapt REDL

- Korv/ Kapt BYDEKARKEN

Kpt/ Lt STRAUCH

- O/ Fw Guenther SICK

- Sonderfuehrer MOLDENHAUER

- Uffz Hans BUGGE

- Uffz Erwin STUBBS

- Uffz Ulf STEINBRUEGGEN

- Gustav FOCK

- Von der GOLTZ

- BROCHART

- Frl EHLERS

- Frl THIEL

- Frl BRUMM

- Frl GOEDEL

- Frl WALTERS

- Fr STARKE

- Fr HOFFMANN

Algeciras (BODEGA)

- Lt FANGER, CO, left for Norway in 1941, succeded by

- Korv/ Kpt KELLER, succeded beginning 1943 by

- Korv/ Kpt REDL

- Kpt MAUS, alias RATON (Merchant marine), returned to Germany in 1943

- JUANITO, assistant

- URBAN, driver

- Observers: Fw DOORMANN, O/ Maat HAESIUS, O/ Maat MOLL

- Photographers: Watchm Dr. KRUEGER, alias JARRO

- Radio operators: Funk O/Maat THIEL, Funk Gefr BALZIUS, Funk Watchm OPITZ, EMILIO

Ceuta (LEOPARD)

- O/Lt FIZIA, CO, succeded by

- Sonderfuehrer OHLENROTH

- Observers: Uffz ESDERS, Gefr ADRIAN, Gefr BLASS, Gefr ROTHFRITZ, Gefr von LOEH, - Funk Gefr MENSE, ALTENKAEMPER.

Tangier (LUCHS)

- Korv/Kpt KELLER, CO, succeded by

- O/Lt FIZIA

- O/Fw KERN

- Fw MERTENS

- Observers: O-Maat FUEGGEMANN, Uffz MEIXNER, Schtz KRUEGER, Schtz LAMPRECHT.

Spanish Morocco

- Obst/Lt RUDOLF, alias RECKE, alias MORUNO

Tetuan: FROHMULLER, GEISSENHOFER, von HENNET.

Ceuta: MEYER, alias MOVA, CENTENO, Gefr EGER

Melilla: KRAEMER

Tangier: KRUEGER, alias KRUSE, WIEDEMANN

Canaries

Las Palmas: Consul FICK, BERTRAM of Lufthansa, NIEMANN alias NEMO, RAHN.

Santa Cruz: Consul AHLERS

Algeciras (CAESAR)

- CARBE, alias CAESAR

- Ernst SCHULTZE, alias TINTO

- SIMMROSS, alias LAGARTO

- Manolo ALVAREZ.

Inspektion Nord

Bilbao, HQ: Sonderfuehrer OHLENROTH, Otto MESSNER, HINRICHSEN

Vigo: ALTEN MEYER, THOMAS alias Walter GIEZE, Alfred SCHULZ, Eduard ARNOLD

Coruña: JAUCKENS, THOMAS

Gijon: HERBERG, STAHMERS

San Sebastian: FURCH, Uffz SCHROTTE alias SCHROEDER, von der BECKE, Gefr MOHREN, Schtz EGER, WACK

Inspektion Ost

Barcelona, HQ: O/Lt FIZIA, RUEGGEBERG alias FEDERICO, MUELLER, BRACUN, HAAUPTMANN alias Dr. Alfredo KUHNE, alias Dr. HOLZER (I-M, Asst Hamburg)

Baleares: GOCI (*), Civil Governor of Palma de Mallorca, SCHLATTERER of I-L, VELA (radio operator).

(*) This is an error due, probably, to a misunderstanding of Spanish abbreviation of Go(bernador) Ci(vil). The Civil Governor in Mallorca in that years was General Luis GARCÍA RUIZ who succeded Mateu TORRES BESTARD. (Note by E. Meyer)

Cartagena: Consul FRICKE.

Alicante: NUTZ, von KNOBLOCH

Valencia: MEYER, PETERS alias JIMENEZ.

Inspektion Sued

Sevilla, HQ: Sonderfuehrer Reinhold OTTO, consul DRAEGER, BUCKHARDT

Almeria: Consul PRINZ, THIESSIER

Malaga: GIESE, SCHIEFFER

Huelva: Consul CLAUS

Cadiz: SIMMROSS alias GITANO, Consul CLASSEN, Sec VOLLMER, ALTENKAEMPER alias Alberto CANO.

Bureau Felipe

- Sonderfuehrer KUEHLENTAL

- Fritz KNAPPE

- ZIERATH

- KNITTEL

- LANG

- POREDA

- Lt alias CHICO (SIM officer working with Operation Cosmos).

Spanish Contacts:

- Joaquin Alonso COLMENARES, alias CRUZ (...)

- Jose ARDURA, alias ARBITRIO (...)

- Cesar CALDEVILLA, alias SECA. Lt. Col. (...)

- SARTORRE (...)

- Eloy PENA (...)

- RUIZ, alias RAYO (...)

- CORA LIRA, Gen. (...)

- Angel MORA, alias DUQUE, alias RIFFI (...)

- Pepe MORA, alias ROGER (...)

- Jose ALARCON, alias SARGENTO (...)

Receiving address

- Flora ROQUE, Esparteros 12, MADRID.

- Paquita CALLEJAS de SCHMIDT, wife of E. SCHMIDT

- Amancio (misspelled Amangio) GUERRA, calle de Arlaban, Madrid.

- Ricardo GARCIA (?)

Duties and tasks of the branch I-M

- Ship Interrogation Service.

      The duties of this branch were to obtain reports on enemy convoys, scattered freighters and warships at sea, and conditions and activities in foreign ports.o implement these missions, I-M recruited Spanish sailors as agents. (These men, at the various ports of call, would contact an agent or hand the German consulate a report of what had been observed at route. These reports were then forwarded to the German Embassy in Madrid in an envelope marked "Fuer SOMMER" or "Fuer SOMOZA", both cover names for KO Spain.) The placing of these agents on board was gratly facilitated by the willing cooperation of the ship-board and harbor police of the Spanish Brigada Movil. The agents were paid for each report according to its value, the highest amount paid was 1,000 Pesetas. The withdrawal of Allied certificates for Spanish sailors reduced the number of agents considerably.

- Observation of the Straits of Gibraltar.

      On the northern side of the Straits an observation port was installed at Algeciras for night and day operation. It was manned buy German seamen, who had a radio link with Madrid. On the other side there was one post at Ceuta, Morocco, run by Kurt MEYER, alias MOVA and another at Tangier run by KRUEGER, alias KRUSE. These men were commanded by Ost/Lt. RUDOLF, who was in charge of all Abt I activities in Morocco. He was responsible to Obst KIEKEBUSCH, I-Leiter KO Spain. MEYER and KRUEGER sent their reports by radio to Tetuan, capital of Spanish Morocco, from where they were sent to Madrid. In addition, RUDOLF stationed observers at the approaches to the Straits, the Western one at Cabo Spartel near Tangier, and the eastern one at Cape Tres Forcas near Melilla.

      The Straits were further observed by agents of the Bureau Felipe of Sdf KUEHLENTHAL. This Bureau came under Abt I, KO Spain, and was used by KIEKEBUSCH for special and secret missions, which he did not see fit to entrust to I-M, I-H or I-L. The observations of the Straits by KUEHLENTHAL’s men was known as Operation Cosmos, and observation post were maintained at Algeciras and Tarifa. Cosmos used part of the Network of Sirene, Servicio de Informaciones Militares, SIM (the Spanish Intelligence Service), because KUEHLENTHAL had excellent connections with the SIM. Reports were sent from Algeciras by Lt. alias CHICO, a Spanish staff officer, to alias JUAN, a radio operator located in the calle Reina Victoria 16, Madrid. Lt. Col. SANCHEZ RUBIO, a SIM officer at Algeciras, also had a hand in the Cosmos reports.

      Later I-M established a special post, Caesar, Algeciras, to recruit agents to observe the Rock and Basta, the harbor of Gibraltar. However, I-M was not satisfied with the results of any of its posts or agents, and early in 1942 the entire onservation system of the Straits was reorganized and the new system was called Gruppe Bodden. This gruppe had more efficient personnel, better equipment and was under the constant supervision of a I-M officer.

      Bodden stations were set up in Algeciras, Ceuta and Tangier, under the cover names of Bodega, Leopard and Luchs respectively. Bodega was equipped with three telescopic cameras, with which pictures were taken of convoys passing throug the Straits and, with assistance of Spanish authorities in Algeciras, of the Rock of Gibraltar. Some of these pictures were made available to the Spaniards. The film used was not sensitive to infrared radiations.

      Leopard was housed in a special building constructed for the Germans by the Spaniards within the Spanish military zone at Punta Leona near Ceuta. The arrangements for this were made by Obst/Lt RUDOLF with Gen ORGAZ, High Commissioner of Spanish Morocco, and the construction was directed by the Spanish staff officers Maj. ARENAS and Capt GABARON. Transportation of building materials and furnishing of passes to the military zone were effected by tho Spanish Lt Col DIAZ-FERNANDEZ. The German personnel of Leopard vas assigned to the Spanish Foreign Legion (Legion Extranjera), and this organization furnished the station with food and supplies. The equipment for the station vas brought by Spanish military transport. Despite these elaborate deceptive arrangements, radio communication could, not be established with Madrid because the Allies had discovered the existence of the post. So Leonard was moved to a private house on the beach near Ceuta, Playa Benitez, outside the Spanish military zone, and from here radio communication with Madrid was established.

      Both Bodega and Leopard were equipped with telescopes, large searchlights with infrared filters and special telescopes sensitive to infrared radiations. They also had an apparatus known as Elle which was a direction finder for ships, revealing their location by recording the heat radiations. Fog and other heat-dissipating atmosphereic con­ditions reduced the efficiency of Elle.

     In Autumn 1943 the Spaniards, acting under pressure from the Allies, forbade the use of these dovices, and tho Bodden stations were closed. The filters, telescopes and Elle were sent to Germany and the searchlights were given to the Spaniards. However, some of the equipment destined for Germany from Leopard was held by the Spanish authori­ties upon its arrival in Algeciras, and they refused to give it up in spite of the intervention of KIEKEBUSCH.

      After the closing of tho Bodden stations, the bulk of the Straits observation was made by Comos, although I-M set up a new group of posts. KRUEGER fron Bodega was sent to Malaga. MEYER and a Spanish W/T operator alias MENDOZA were set up at Ceuta, where another post was also established manned by four Spanish recruited by V-Mann OLIVARES alias LISTO from Cadiz. This station remained in contact with Madrid until the end of the war. In Tangier there were three posts; the first, established by Korv/Kpt KELLER and three Spaniards, was active until the end, but the second, under an architect fron Tangier, RUIZ alias GURUGU, was a failure, and the third, organized by OLIVARES, was started too late to show any results. KELLER left his post shortly after setting it up. The posts in Ceuta and Tangier were supervised by Ernesto BRAVO alias CAMPEON, a V-Mann of O/Fw SICK in Madrid. BRAVO came to Madrid once a month to make a personal report and settle the financial accounts. MEYER, the only German remaining in the Moroccan stations, was naturally not super­vised by BRAVO; he reported directly to KIEKEUSCH.

      Observation of the Straits under the Gruppe Bodden produced excellent results, principally because it was done by Germans with good equipment. Both day and night observations were conducted at all times, and were exceptionally successful under good atmospheric conditions. After the dissolution of the Bodden stations, however, the observation was done by Spaniards, who had neither interest nor experience in the work. Their incentive was purely monetary. Their observation was inaccurate during the day, and they made no attempt at night operations. For this reason, the observation done by Cosmos was always both better and ampler.

Ruecksugs Netz (Stay-Behind Network)

      Toward the end of I943 Berlin ordered all Nests of KO Spain to set up an R-Net, in order to be prepared for a possible Allied occupation of the country. This operation was directed from Madrid by Korv Kapt GELDERN alias GABERS and O/Fw SICK. The net consisted of agents and W/T operators. The agents were to collect the information normally collect­ed by I-M and give it to the operators, who were to wire it to Germany. GELDERN went to Sigmaringen and set up a message center called Sonja, which was to be the central station of the net. Those stations in Spain not capable of communicating with Sonja were to transmit to MK’s in Spain, which would relay the information. STUBBS set up an MK in Madrid manned by R-Mann alias TIBURON and W/T operator alias TIEMPO.

       The K-Maenner hired were paid by the Nests out of funds supplied by FRANZBACH alias PAGO, the paymaster of KO Spain. Certain sums were also set aside to establish caches of money with which to pay the net after a German withdrawal. Receipts for the money thus expended by the Nests were sent to tho paymaster so that an accurate check could be kept. I-M established no caches of sabotage equipment or weapons. Its net was to be an agency purely for the collection and dissemination of information. 17 transmitters were sent fron Paris and distributed. At the end of the war I-M discharged all its R-Maenner and the Nests returned to FRANZBACH the remainder of the money allotted for the maintenance of the net.

Missions to Foreign Countries

       Most of the missions abroad were entrusted to KUEHLENTHALs agents, members of the Bureau Felipe. The operations of the Bureau were secret, and the maintenance of security was so effective that the other sections of KO Spain seldom knew anything about them. One instance of a break in the security occurred at the end of 1944. A Felipe agent, a Madrid radio announcer called Bobby d’ELGLANE, sent news of his safe arrival in Buenos Aires to KUEHLENTHAL through the cover address used by one of STUBBSagents. STUBBS complained to KUEHLENTHAL, who gave him an explanation and promised that such a thing would not occur again.

      Missions to foreign countries sponsored by I-M were conducted hy FOCK, STUBBS and MOLDENHAUER, and they were invariably unsuccessful. STUBBS accounts for this by the fact that KUEHLENTHAL had all the fine agents. (The latter built up his Bureau in the first days of KO Spain and was greatly assisted in his work by connections made when he was serving in the Condor Legion, as well as by his friendship with influential persons in the Spanish Intelligence Service.)

      Typical I-M cases are as follows:

      V-Mann Joaquin BATICON alias BALTOS of Madrid was camouflaged as a waiter on a Spanish steamer bound for South America. Once there he was to make his way to the US nothing was heard from hin after his departure, and it is presumed that he was discovered and nrrested in Trinidad.

      V-Mann ESPINA, a Uruguayan consul, was to go to the US by the same route. It is known that he was apprehended at Trinidad.

       V-Mann GOMA was sent as a telegrapher to Santa Isabel on the island Fernando Po, off the coast of Spanish Guinea (Central West Africa). He was instructed to report on passing convoys. No reports were ever received from him and he was dismissed. (...)

Assistance from the Spanish authorities

      The aid received from Spanish authorities ranged from their active participation in the construction of the Leopard house to the granting of permission to photograph the Rock of Gibraltar from the restricted zone of Algeciras. Through Eloy PENA of the Brigada Movil it was possible to check at any time on the entry of all foreigners into Spain and their movements within the country. A direct use of the Spanish Intelligence Service occurred in the case of the alias CHICO and alias JUAN link in the operation Cosmos. Good relations were mantained with all Spanish ministries either through influential V-Maenner or through friends of the German veterans of the Condor Legion. The ministries sent many reports to I-M, and those which did not concern I-M (mainly foreign and domestic politics) were sent through KIEKEBUSCH to the German Embassy in Madrid. Towards the end of the war, when relations with the ministries were cooling, STUBBS claims that no attempts were made to penetrate them. I-M was not permitted to penetrate the Spanish Naval Ministry; that privilege was reserved to the German Naval Attache.

Conclusions

       According to STUBBS and BUGGE the outstanding succes of I-M, KO Spain was the operation of Gruppe Boddien, which ironically, the Spaniards were forced to dissolve at the sime time that they were giving the Germans enthusiastic support. The subordinate positions of the prisioners apparently prevented them from having any extensive knowledge of the activities of the Bureau Felipe, which seems to have conducted the more interesting cases. "

***

STUESSEL Vid. GRADOLPH

STULZ, Hannes. Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 22/4/1890 in Frankfurt a. M. Address in Germany, 1946: Kemmeweg 19, bei FROMMER, Berlin no 55.

STURM, Heinrich. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

STURM, Johann / Juan Federico. Agent classified B. Listed as B347. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain.Representative of B.M.V., Munchen-Berlin; Bucker-Flugzeugbau, Rangsdorf-Berlin; Deutsche Schiff und Maschinenbau, Bremen; Deutsche Werke Kiel, Kiel; Ernst Heinkel, Seestadt-Rostock; Hydraulik, Duisburg; Knorr-Bremse, Berlin; Maybach-Motorenbau, Friedrichshafen/Bodensee; Rheinmetal-Borsig, Berlin; Karl Zeiss, Jena; Zeiss Aerotopograph. Connected with Sofindus and cloaking activities. Interrogated by Allied Control Commision about German armaments trade with Spain during war. Address: Serrano 51, Madrid.

STURM, Josef. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

STUTZKE, Paul. In 1945 listed as German customs official refugee in Spain (OSS records).

SULZER, Richard. Agent classified B. Listed as B348. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Manager of Prodage. Address: Plaza America 3, 5th floor, Valencia.

SUMA. Japan Ambassador to Spain. Considered the head of the Japanese West and South European Espionage Service in Madrid. Involved in art looting. Connected with Spanish painter BENLLIURE.

SUMARAKOFF, Boris von, alias SOUSA . Agent classified B. Listed as B349. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. In Madrid (27 February, 1945) and San Sebastian.

SUMBEL, Waldemar Heinz Gustav. In List of obnoxious Germans proposed for repatriation from Spain. Repatriated on SS Haighland Monarch 7 March, 1946. German Consulate employee in Sevilla. Reported in July 1943 to be in charge of a group of German agents and also to be in charge of a w/t set. A-899 Official List, and III Priority List. DOB. Hamburg, 21 January, 1914. Private address: Ecuador 1, Sevilla.

SUNDERGELD, Wilhelm August Fritz. Agent classified I-B and III-B in OSS records. Professor at German College, Andalucia. address: Calle Brasil 1, Andalucia.

SUSAETA / GUSAETA, Ricardo. Spanish,, engaged in sabotage operations for the Abwehr. Connected with BLAUM, DIAZ and BORJABAD.

SUSEMIHL / SUSEMUEHL, Rolf Moritz Peter . Arrived Germany from Spain June 14 1946. German. DOB. 18.4.1910 in Mannheim. Address in Germany, 1946: Grosswesenberg bei Lubeck (British zone).

SYPEREK, Erich. Listed as repatriated from Bilbao August 21, 1946 to Bremerhaven on SS Marine Marlin. Previously in Miranda concentration camp. DOB. Dohringen, 8 December, 1925.

SZKOLNIKOW / SZKOLNIKOV / SZKOLNIKOFF / SOKOLNIKOV , Michel / Miguel / Mandai / Mendel, alias M.MICHEL. Born 28 January 1895 at Szarnoko , Vilno, Latvia. Son of Aizik and Feiga SCHLESINGER, Russian jews. He left the Soviet Union (unknown date) and arrived Paris in 30s. He has two addresses: 19, Rue de Presbourg, Paris and 39-41 Avenue Gambetta, Chatou, Departement de Seine-et-Oise. Married Raisa TCHERNOBYLSKI / CHERNOBILSKI.

      He established a business, Tesima. He is also alleged to have bought the Societe Commerciale de l’Ocean Indien, Paris, from Boissiere et Flo of Rouen. During the German occupation he worked for the Germans first selling them textil from confiscated firms and secondly helping some SS men in evading funds to Monaco and Spain. He thereby made a large fortune which he invested in real estate in Paris, the Cote d’Azur and Monaco.

      According to documents from the Comite de Confiscation du Departement de la Seine (Confiscation des Profits Illicites), dated 11 Jully 1945, GABISON’s partners in his dubious dealings were the Hauptsturmfuhrer Fritz ENGELKE, who protected him, his mistress, Helen SAMSON, nee Elfrida TIETZ, who introduced him in high places of the SS, and Georges SIMONET, Lyon. His cloak men and "hommes de confiance" were Mathieu CHOISIT, 51 Rue Grimaldi, Monaco and Nicolas BLANCHET. The research carried by out by the Services Financiers du département de la Seine discovered the following firms in the SZKOLNIKOV holding:

In Monaco:

Société de participations générales,

Société d’investissement foncier,

Société foncière azuréenne,

Société de coopération financière

All these controlling:

Paris : Société immobilière du boulevard de la Madeleine, owner of the Hôtel de Paris.

Cannes: Société immobilière de l’Hôtel Majestic, owner of the Hôtel Majestic

La Société des grands hôtels de Cannes, owner of the Hôtel Martinez

Société fermière de l’Hôtel Martinez

Nice: Société des grands hôtels de Nice, proprietor of Société nouvelle des entreprises d’hôtels, owner of the Hôtel Ruhl

Groupe des sociétés propriétaires et exploitantes de l’Hôtel Plaza et de France et des Sociétés propriétaires et exploitantes de l’Hôtel Savoy

Monte-Carlo: Seven or eight business.

Aix-les-Bains : La Société propriétaire et exploitante du Grand Hôtel

The holding owns and control the following places and properties:

In Monaco:

Hôtel Littoral

Hôtel du Helder

Hôtel Louvre

Hôtel Mirabeau et National

Hôtel des Colonies

Hôtel Windsor

Hôtel Bristol et Majestic

Hôtel St-James et des Anglais

In Nice:

Hôtel Ruhl

Hôtel Plaza

Hôtel Savoy

In Paris

Hôtel de Paris

Restaurant de la Pomme d’Api

In Aix-les-Bains:

 Grand Hôtel

In Nice:

Grand Palais

Le palais Donadéi

In Cannes:

Hôtel Majestic

Hôtel Martinez

Hôtel Miramar

Grand Hôtel

Monaco: all the properties at rue Grimaldi and boulevard des Moulins

       "Vers 1942 ou début 1943. au nom d’un certain M. Michel, des démarches furent entreprises et des offres inespérées faites, tant auprès du syndic de faillite de la Foncière du Nord, qu’auprès du Comité notarial d’information, pour la reprise des affaires gérées par la SFNF. C’est ainsi qu’au furet à mesure la presque totalité des affaires hôtelières et immobilières de la Foncière du Nord passèrent sous le contrôle des sociétés monégasques de Michel Szkolnikoff."

      (Société des grands immeubles de la Côte d’Azur):" En 1942 la majorité des actions passe sous le contrôle d’A. Collenil prête nom pour la société de participation générale à Monaco, dirigée par Szkolnikoff."

(Alain Bottaro, Le fonds d’archives Donadéi - Martinez et Szkolnikoff)

      The SZKOLNIKOV holding controls in 1942 the following firms and societies: Elle prend le contrôle de multiples sociétés:

In Nice:

Société des grands immeubles de la Côte d’Azur

In Monaco:

Société Anonyme Hôtel du Helder

Société Anonyme Hôtel du Littoral

Société Anonyme Hôtel St James et des colonies

Société Anonyme Hôtel Mirabeau

Société Anonyme Hôtel Windsor

Société Anonyme Hôtel Victoria

Société Anonyme Palais Bellevue

Société anonyme l’investissement financier.

Société foncière azuréenne 12 bd Princesse-Charlotte

Société immobilière du Ténao

Société immobilière Trianon

Société de coopération financière

Société nouvelle de gestion.

       Also linked with Andre GABISON and his gang in the smuggling of jewels from France with a view to the establishment of huge sums in Spain for postwar SD activities.

      Also conected with TOMAS, aliases Charles BOYER, Manfred KATZ, Marcel BERGER or Thomas ALFRED.

      Apparently SKOLNIKOW was murdered in Spain, near Buitrago, Madrid, 9 June, 1945 in uncleared circumstances:

Safehaven report, OSS Washington Secret Intelligence Special Funds Records 1942-1946. dated August 3, 1945:

      "The report that Szkolnikoff had been murdered was subsequently denied by reports in the British press to the effect that the murdered man was not Szkolnikoff, but an unknown person whose body was so disguised as to make it appear that it was Szkolnikoff’s. No official confirmation of this latter report has been received by MEWFO.

      According to Roger Faligot and Pascal Krop, La Piscine. The French Secret Service since 1944, p. 29: " In January 1945 four DGER men, one of them an immediate assistant of Colonel Passy, executed ’Monsieur Michel’ in Spain. The Civil Guard discovered that the body was that of Michel Szkolnikoff, and were informed of his lurid past through the press: a dealer in cheapjack goods before the War, particularly in clothes, he had made his fortune by re-selling to the German Army. This was done under the egregious protection of the Gestapo’ to whom he passed information concerning Resistance ’terrorists’. Szkolnikoff had been betrayed by his Gestapo friend Rudy von Merode, also exiled in Spain."

Autor: Eliah Meyer

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Imagen de portada: Franco, generalísimo del "bando nacional", escoltado por la guardia mora y los nazis en Madrid.

15/04/2014 08:41. Editado por Gatopardo enlace permanente. ELIAH MEYER

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